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BIOMECANICA

COLOANEI VERTEBRALE
LP 12
FLEXIA – EXTENSIA
ROTATIA

Rotatia axiala in coloana lombara (1-57) : 5°.


Rotatia axiala in coloana toracala (1-58) : 35°
Rotatia axiala in coloana cervicala (1-59) : 45-50°.
Rotatia axiala dintre pelvis si craniu atinge 90°.
Inclinarea laterala

Atingerea amplitudinii totale este


conditionata de participarea
tuturor segmentelor coloanei
vertebrale.
Coloana lombara
(A) Unghiul sacrovertebral – format de
tangenta pe platoul superior al primei
vertebre sacrate si planul orizontalei,
≈30°

(B) Unghiul lombosacrat (promontoriu)


– unghiul format intre cea de-a 5-a
vertebra lombara si axa baza
sacrumului ≈140°

(C) Unghiul de inclinatie al pelvisului –


unghiul format de baza sacrumului si
simfiza pubiana≈60°
Flexia extensia coloanei lombare
Extensia - este acompaniata de hiperlordoza;
- atinge o valoare de aprox. 30°;
Flexia - presupune aplatizarea curburii
lordotice
- atinge o valoare de aprox. 40°;
Inclinarea laterala a
coloanei lombare
• Magnitude of slope of the lumbar spine, as in the case of fiexão-
extension, the amplitude of the infiexão side, also called slope,
varies depending on the age and of individuals: however, it can be
argued (fig. 3-68) that, on average, the slope is 20 to 30° on each
side. S. Tanz studied the amplitudes of the slope (fig. 3-69). These
decreases considerably with age, they are highest of two to thirteen
years, reaching 62° from one side and the other from middle
position; between the ages of 35 and 49 years old, the amplitude is
only 31° on each side; decreases to 29° between the ages of 50 and
64 years and 22° between 65 and 77 years. After you have been very
important to the thirteen years, the side infiexão remains relatively
stable at around 30° from 35 to 64 years, then decreases to 20°. The
average age of life, the full breadth of infiexão between right and
left is 60°, which is almost equal to the total amplitude of fiexão-
extension of the lumbar spine. It is interesting to note that the
amplitude segmentária the slope at the level of the hard LS-Sl is
quite limited, since 7° in youth decreases rapidly to 2°, 1° and
including 0° in advanced age. The maximum amplitude is located
between L4-LS and, especially, between L3 and L4 which is 16° in
youth and then to remain relatively stable at around 8° between the
ages of 35 and 64 years old and, finally, decrease to 6° in age.
Rezistenta vertebrei lombare la
forte compresive este data de
structura ei corticala iar
rezistenta la nivelul articulatiiei
interapofizare este data de
orientarea acesteia, capsula
ligamentara si intr-o anumita
masura de orientarea fatetei
laminare.
In ortostatism vectorul
fortei de greutate trece
ventral de corpul vertebrei
lombare.
Cu cat distanta dintre
vector si corpul vertebral
este mai mare cu atat
bratul fortei(Lw) este mai
mare si deci valoarea
acesteia este mai mare.
In suporturile pentru spate, cu cat inclinarea acestora este mai mare cu atat
forta de greutate care actioneaza asupra vertebrelor este mai mica.