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POPULATION

 INDIA
 LIKELY TO SURPAAS
CHINA IN
 POPULATION BY 2030.
INDIA ’ S POPULATION
With 1,150,000,000 (1.15 Billion)
people, India is currently the
world’s second largest country in
population.
Consists 17% of the world’s
population.
1 out of every 6 people lives in
India.
India’s population is growing at
the rate of 1.9% per year.
INDIA ’ S POPULATION
In 1947 : 342 Million.
In 1951 : 361 Million.
In 1991 : 846 Million.
In 2001 : 1027 Million.
In 2009 : 1150 Million.
INDIA ’ s FUTURE
POPULATION
In 2025 : 1.4 Billion.
In 2050 : 1.8 Billion.
In 2100 : 2.2 Billion.

 Expected to be the 1st and only


country on planet to reach a
population of more than 2 Billion.
INDIA ’ s contribution
to world ’ s population

 India contributes in 2001 :


 1.03 Billion Out of 6.14 Billion
population.
 India will contribute in 2025 :
 1.36 Billion Out of 7.82 Billion
population.
 India will contribute in 2050 :
 1.63 Billion Out of 9.04 Billion
population.
POPULATION FACTS


Birth Rate :
 25.94 births / 1000
population.

 Death Rate :
 9.61 deaths / 1000 population.

POPULATION FACTS


Age Structure :
 0 – 14 years : 34 %
 15 – 64 years : 62 %
 65 years & above : 4 %
POPULATION FACTS


Sex Ratio :
 At birth : 1.05 Male / Female.
 Under 15 : 1.06 Male / Female.
 15 – 64 years : 1.08 Male /
Female.
 65 years & above : 0.98 Male /
Female.
POPULATION FACTS


Life Expectancy at birth :
 Total Population : 63.9
years.
 Male : 63.2
years.
 Female : 64.6
years.
POPULATION FACTS

 Infant Mortality Rate :


 Total : 57.92 deaths /


1000 live births.
 Male : 57.29 deaths / 1000 live
births.
 Female : 58.52 deaths / 1000
live births.
POPULATION FACTS


Literacy Rate :
 Total Population : 59.5%
 Male : 70.2 %
 Female : 48.3 %
POPULATION FACTS


Fertility Rate :
 An Indian women has an average
of 36 children.Rates vary
widely from region to region.
 Kerala ( Southern ) : 2
children.
 Bihar & Uttar Pradesh : 6
children.
POPULATION FACTS
According to the New National
Policy.
Total Fertility Rate in 2000 was

expected to be 1.7, but actually


it was 2.1
Expectations of the New National
Policy. Total FertiltyRate in
2010 will be 2.1,
 but in 2009, it is 2.6
Population census of
states ( 2001 ).

 Uttar Pradesh – Highest


populated state.
 Its population – 166,197,921.

 West Bengal – Densely populated


state.
 Its population – 8,017,619.

Comparing population
of state with
respective economic

performance .

 Maharastra- Per Capita Income


is Rs. 4853. per month with a
population of 96 Million.

 Bihar – Per Capita Income is Rs.


1010. per month with a population
of 82 Million.
Population census of
cities ( 2001 ).

Mumbai – Most populated city of
the country with 11,914,398 of
population & ranks 3rd in the
world after Tokyo and Mexico.
 Delhi – 9,817,439 of population.
 Kolkata – 4,580,544 of
population.
 Banglore – 4,292,233 of
population.

Sources of population

Availability & Acceptability of
contraceptives and Health
services for women & children.
Cultural preferences for sons.
Educational status of women.
Infant Mortality Rate.
Sources of population
Illiteracy.
Sex Imbalance.
High Fertility.
Low Mortality.
Increasing Rural – Urban
migration.
Industrialisation.
Sources of population

Poverty :-
30 – 40 % of the population
live in poverty.
4 out of 5 of India’s poor live
in rural areas.
Effects of population
growth .
Shortage of water & food.
Climatic changes.
Shortage of Resources.
Depletion of Forests.
Half of remaining Rainforest could
soon dissappear.
Growth of deadly diseases.
Effects of population
growth .
Environmental Pollution :
Air Pollution from Industries
& Factories.
Vehicular Pollution.
Pollution from Energy
production.
Water Pollution.
Land Pollution.
Effects of population
growth.

Soil Erosion :
Due to Soil Erosion, It affects 83 to
163 million
hectares of Agricultural Land every
year, which leads
to the loss of productivity equal to
US $ 2.4 Billion.

Effects of population
growth .

Shortage of Land & Water
Resources.
Shortage of Mineral Resources.
Increased pressure on Arable land.
Traffic congestions.

Effects of population
growth .

Every year India pays to the
World Bank,

 US $ 10 Billion for
Environmental Damage.
 US $ 1.3 Billion for Air
Pollution.
 US $ 5.7 Billion for Water
Degradation.
MEASURES

Special efforts for educating
general masses should be
undertaken.
Family Planning.
Reducing environmental pollution.
MEASURES & CONCLUSION
 Rapid population growth continues to be
matter of concern for the country as it has
manifold effects, one of the most important
being environment degradation.

From
 various effects of environmental
degradation on human beings, it appears that
if human beings wants to exists on earth,
there is now high to give top priority to
control pollution of all types for a healthy
leaving.
CONCLUSION

 It can be said that even after 50


years of Independence, India is
unable to achieve the desirable
standards of health for its
population as consequences of
environmental degradation.