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At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:

a. Identify the periods in the history of the English
b. Gain a broad perspective of the periods in the history
of the English Language.
 Old English usually refers to the period in the history
of the English language covering the years from 449
(or 450) to 1100 (or 1150). Around the year 450, England
was invaded by the Germanic tribes (the Angels, the
Saxons, and the Jutes). These Germanic tribes are
regarded as “the founders of The English nation”
[Albert C. Baugh and Thomas Cable, A History of the
English Language (London: Routledge, 2002)]. The
account of these invasions is
 found in the Benedictine monk Bede’s work
Ecclesiastical History of the
 English People, which was completed in 731 (Baugh
and Cable 2002). The earliest records of the language
date back to about 700.
 Middle English covers the period from 1100 (or 1150) to
1500. William of Normandy, a French territory,
conquered England in 1066. The French rule brought
change to the English language. The Anglo-Saxons
chronicle existed until 1154. By that time, the English
language had taken on new futures different from the
ones of Old English.
 Modern English covers the period 1500 to the present
in the history of the English language. The
introduction of the movable printing process into
England by William Caxton in 1476 made possible the
production of uniform copies of big numbers of books.
The increase in the number of schools, in literacy
production, and in travel and explorations brought
change to the language from the time of the
Renaissance in the 1500s.
 The Anglo-Saxon is the term that came about with
reference to the Teutonic
 tribes that invaded England. The term is often used to
refer to “the earliest period of English” (Baugh and
Cable 2002).
 Indo-European language is the family of languages to
which English belongs.
 The Celts were “the original inhabitants of the British
Isles before the arrival of the Romans” [Phillip, The
Story of English (London: Quercus, 2009)].
 Dialect is a variation of a language.
 Case is the choice of form depending on the function
of words (nouns, pronouns, adjectives) in the
sentences in a language.
 Standardization suggests an “ideal” norm or model of
 Mutually intelligible language indicated that the
language are distinct from each other and are not
dialects of the same language.
 What is the importance of using the English language
in the Philippines and in Asia?

 What is the role of the English language in global

Choose some words used by Filipinos and explain how
these words became part of the local language in the
Define the following words:
1. Old English
2. Indo-European language
3. Dialect
4. Standardization
5. Mutually Intelligible Language

Look up the origin of the following words and their

1. Chef
2. School
3. Drive
4. Military
5. great