Definition

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‡ Is the Internet-based computing, whereby shared resources, software, and information are provided to computers and other devices on demand like electricity grid.

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Characteristics of Cloud Computing
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Capital expenditure minimized Device and location independence Multitenancy Performance is monitored and consistent Reliability Sustainability

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Key Features

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Agility Device and location independence Multi-tenancy Reliability Scalability via dynamic provisioning of resources ‡ Maintenance applications are easier to maintain ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

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Components of Cloud Computing
‡ Application ‡ Client ‡ Infrastructure ‡ Platform ‡ Service ‡ Strorage

Cloud Application
‡ Influences the cloud model of software architecture, often eliminating the need to install and run the application on the customer s own computer, thus reducing the software maintenance, ongoing operations and support. ‡ Examples: 
Volunteer computer  Web application  Software as a service  Software plus services

Cloud Client
‡ Consists of computer hardware and/or computer software that relies on cloud computing for application delivery, or that is specifically designed for delivery of cloud services and that, in either case, is essentially useless without it. ‡ Examples: computers, phones etc.

Cloud Infrastructure
‡ The delivery of a computer infrastructure as a service. ‡ Example: 
Full virtulization Grid computing Management Paravirtualization

Cloud Platform
‡ The facilitates deployment of applications without the cost and complexity of buying and managing the underlying hardware and software. ‡ Example: 
Web application frameworks Web hosting Propietary

Cloud Service
‡ Is a software system designed to support interoperable machine-to-machine interaction over a network. ‡ Example: 
Identity Integration Mapping Payments Search

Cloud Storage
‡ Is the delivery of data storage as a service, often billed on a utility computing basis. ‡ Example: 
Database Network attached storage Synchronisation Web service

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Roles of cloud computing
‡ Provider 
Owns and operates cloud computing system to deliver service to third party. Requires significant resources and expertise in building and managing the next generations of data centers.

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End

‡ User 
Consumer of cloud computing.

‡ Vendor 
Sells products and services that facilitate the delivery, adoption and use of cloud computing. Example: computer hardware, platform virtualization, operating system.

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