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Academic Writing

Essential Writing Tips

1) Answer 2) Develop A
the question position

3) Use a TDR
Structure
1) Answer The Question…
Breaking the question for Relevancy

Evaluate the Government’s Stance on Climate Change

Command Scope
word
Topic Word
word

Answer approach
…Answer The Question…
Breaking the question for Relevancy
Economic Crisis
Evaluate the Government’s Stance on Cricket Crisis
Road accidents

C T S
Answer approach
…Answer The Question
Breaking the question for Relevancy
Public’s Stance Economic Crisis
Evaluate the Government’s Stance on Cricket Crisis
Cricket Board’s Stance Road Accidents

C T S
Answer approach
2) Develop A Position (on the
topic)
Academic position on a topic differ in 03 ways to
a normal position:-
1. Evidence based & Verifiable (Reference)
2. Impersonal & objective (Not Personal)
3. Qualified and Precise ( reliable and exact)
EXAMPLE: Develop A Position for;
Evaluate the Government’s Stance on Climate Change

Position
Evidence based & Verifiable Impersonal & objective Qualified and Precise
Evidence from Relevant Fact and logical arguments Empirical data and statistics
sources
Government repots and keep distance from the
statements answer
Researches of recognized
scientists
Researches of recognized
scientists
Other country’s
comparative reports
3) Use a TDR Structure

Five Paragraph Essay


1
opic (introduction to the position)

3
evelopment of position

einstatement Position

1
…Use a TDR Structure…

Topic
Topic Wow factor
Introductions

Development BODY
Detail Detail Detail

Reinstatement Conclusion
Wow factor
…Use a TDR Structure… for
Evaluate the Government’s Stance on Climate Change
Real Effect Of Climate Change
Importance Of Government
Topic
Topic Wow factor
Introductions
Responses / what they do
Academic Position Of Responses
Organize The Academic Argument

Development Detail Detail Detail BODY


Summaries key points
Significance of
Reinstatement Conclusion Government response
Wow factor Implication of the
response
Further research
The magic of 3
Explain the good characteristics of good parent

C T S
1. Patience
2. Unconditional love
3. Respect
Introduction:-The essential characteristics of
good parents are patience , respect and love (1)

The first characteristic is Patience:-


Respect:- Body (3)
Love:-

• Conclusion:- parents are the most


important teachers of patience, (1)
respect and love
The magic of 3
Explain why do so many students fail degree

C T S
1. First student often
2. Second many student cannot
3. Third student find that
The magic of 3
Discuss the principle causes of global warming

C T S
1. First
2. Second
3. Third
Contraction
• Don’t • Do not
• Can’t • Cannot
• Shouldn’t • Should not
• Couldn’t • Could not
• Wouldn’t • Would not
• Isn’t • Is not
• Haven’t • Have not
• Hasn’t • Has not
Avoid there is / there are
• There are many issues • Students face many
that student face in issues in university
university
• There are many • The UN supports many
developments projects development projects
that UN support

Shorter |clear | concise and to the point


sentences
Avoid:- really | very | a lot | so
• Many students thinks • Many students thinks
university is very hard university is difficult
• 20th amendment is • 20th amendment is
really controversial controversial
• A lot of student • Many student
• A lot of time wasted • Much time wasted

Weak words Strong words


Use Strong words
• He gave assistance to my • He assisted my
friend friend
• Made and objection • Objected
• Conducted an Investigation • Investigated
• Did an audit • Audited
Passive voice vs Active voice
• Health care reforms • Trump implemented the
were implemented by health care reform.
Trump
• The war was won by the • French won the war
French