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Test Report of Engine Room Temperature

2018.06.02

Naval & Special Ship Design Division


Content

1. Summary of Engine Room Temperature Problems & Improvement

1-1. 1st Improvement in Section 10

1-2. 2nd Improvement in Section 20

2. Temperature Measurement method

3. Temperature Measurement Data

4. Compare Temperature Measurement Data

5. Conclusion

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1. Summary of Engine Room Temperature Problems & Improvement

1) High Temperature Problem in Section 10


- Problem: The engine room top area is heated by solar heat, and then, the top area is getting hot
when ship is anchored.
- Modification: DSME installed additional cooling air ducts for cooling engine room top.

2) High Temperature Problem in Section 20


- Problem: The engine room top is heated by engines until a couple of hours after shut down to
engines.
- Modification: DSME reversed ventilation concept to blow cooling air to engines top area as Cakra
and modified insulation thickness of exhaust gas line for engines from 30mm to 40
& 50mm.
Air conditioning unit
Sun-exposed area: 5.6m for cooling Section 20
ACU K1
Draft

Engines

Solar heat gain


Propulsion motor fans Cooling air duct
for cooling Section 10 Suction air duct
Circulation

Section 10 Section 20

Previous Ventilation Concept

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1-1. 1st Improvement in Section 10

1) Previous Condition
- The outside pressure hull of engine room top in section 10 is exposed to solar when ship anchored.
- Propulsion motor fans for cooling to section 10 were stopped during ship anchored in the harbor.
-> The temperature of engine room top was over the 60℃.

2) Modification
- DSME installed additional cooling ducts for cooling to engine room top. Cooling air comes from
engine room top area and decreased to air temperature under the solar.

Additional Duct
Outside hull
temperature:
Solar Heat Max. 67℃

Pressure hull

Insulation 50T Insulation 50T

Inside hull
temperature:
Temper Max. 63℃
ature
Sensor

Propulsion Motor Fans

Solar Heat Gain of Engine Room Top in Sec. 10 Additional Cooling Duct Line at Port Side

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1-2. 2nd Improvement in Section 20 (1/2)

1) Previous Ventilation Concept


- According to previous ventilation concept, the ACU(air conditioning unit) K1 sucked heated air from
engines to engine top and blow cooling air to engine room side and bottom. Therefore heated air
collected engine room top area.
-> The temperature of engine room top is increased until a couple of hours after engine to shut down.

2) Modified Ventilation Concept


- Cooling air comes from engines top and blows to engines as KRI Cakra 401. This concept is effected to
prevent collecting the heated air to engine room top area.

Suction duct
Hull duct
Suction duct
Supply duct Cooling air

Cooling air

Before After
<5>
1-2. 2nd Improvement in Section 20 (2/2)

3) Increase of Exhaust Gas Line Insulation Thickness


- DSME modified insulation thickness of exhaust gas line for engines from 30mm to 40mm and 50mm.
- Heat emission and surface temperature was decreased.

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2. Temperature Measurement method

1) Test condition
Operation condition Surface and Snorkel
Diesel engine 4 diesel engine running
Air con. compressor: Fast speed
Air con. operation
ACU K1: Fast speed

2) Evaluation
The average temperature on point 1 to 6 should be less than 45 ℃ according to MOMs (Refer attach1).

3) Temperature Measurement Position (Refer attach2)

Point8

Point7

*Point 7 and 8 were checked additionally.

<7>
3. Temperature Measurement Data(1/5)

1) Measurement Data on 1st day with surface operation

D/E ON D/E OFF


Time
Position 16:00 16:30 17:00 17:30 18:00 18:30 19:00 19:30 20:00 20:30 21:00 21:30 22:00 22:30
Tool
Engine room temperat D/G panel in C
28 28 29 30 30 30 30 28 28 28 31 31 31 31
ure sensor [℃] R
Sea Water temperature
Thermometer 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 29 29 29 29
[℃]

Point 1 air temperature


Thermometer 35 35 36 36 36.5 37 36 35 35 35 36 37 37 36
[℃]

Point 2 air temperature Thermometer


34 35/35.9 36/37 36.5/37.3 37/38.1 37.5/38.6 35.5/36.9 35.5/36.5 35/35.5 36/37.3 38/39.3 39/39.9 38/39.9 38/39.3
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 3 air temperature


Thermometer 33 34 35 35 41 41 36 35 35 35 38 39 40 38
[℃]

Point 4 air temperature


Thermometer 30 30 35 37 37.5 38 39 38.5 38 39 41 41 41 40
[℃]

Point 5 air temperature Thermometer


33 32/32.8 35.5/35.9 36/36.3 38/38.8 39/39.8 38/38.5 37.5/38.2 37/37.8 39/40 40/41 40/40 40/40.6 39/40.4
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 6 air temperature Thermometer


32 31.5/31.9 34/34.8 36/36.6 36/37.1 37.5/38.8 38.5/39.6 39/40.1 40/41.3 43/45 45/46.4 45/45 45/46.6 44/45.3
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 7 air temperature Thermometer


32 32 38/40.2 40/40 41/41.3 41/42 42/42.8 41.5/43.3 42/43 42/42 42/42.9 43/43 42/42.3 41/42.7
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 8 air temperature


Thermometer 30 30 29 30 31 31 32.5 32.5 33 35 38 38 39 38
[℃]

Average engine room


Analog
temperature 32.8 32.9 35.3 36.1 37.7 38.3 37.2 36.8 36.7 37.8 39.7 40.2 40.2 39.2
Thermometer
(Point 1 to 6)

After 1 hour D/E shut-down, the average temperature is maximum.

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3. Temperature Measurement Data(2/5)

2) Measurement Data on 2nd day with surface operation(1/2)

D/E ON D/E OFF Continue next page->


Time
Position 4:30 5:00 5:30 6:00 6:30 7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00
Tool
Engine room temperat D/G panel in C
28 31 31 31 28 28 28 29 28 28
ure sensor [℃] R

Sea Water temperature


Thermometer 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28
[℃]

Point 1 air temperature


Thermometer 37.5 38 38 38 37 35.5 35.5 35.5 35 35
[℃]

Point 2 air temperature Thermometer


37.5/38.6 37.5/39.1 37.5/39.2 38/38.5 36.5/37.4 35.5/36.3 35.3/36.3 35.5/36.6 36.5/38.4 36/37.7
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 3 air temperature


Thermometer 37 35.5 36 38 37.5 35 34.5 34 34 34.5
[℃]

Point 4 air temperature


Thermometer 34 34 34 38 40 39.5 40 39 41 40.5
[℃]

Point 5 air temperature Thermometer


36/36.2 36.5/36.6 36.5/36.9 38/38.9 38.5/38.2 37.5/37.6 37.5/37.4 38.5/38.3 40/40.7 40/40.3
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 6 air temperature Thermometer


36/37.3 35/35.3 35/35.5 38/38.9 40/40.7 42/41.8 41/41.8 42/43.1 46/47.3 46/47.2
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 7 air temperature Thermometer


36/36.3 36.5/37.2 36.5/37.5 42/42.2 42.5/42.1 42/41.6 41/41.7 41/41.4 42/42.2 41/41.2
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 8 air temperature


Thermometer 34 31 31 32 32.5 31.5 32 33 37 37.5
[℃]

Average engine room


Analog Thermo
temperature 36.33 36.08 36.17 38.00 38.25 37.50 37.30 37.42 38.75 38.67
meter
(Point 1 to 6)

<9>
3. Temperature Measurement Data(3/5)

2) Measurement Data on 2nd day with surface operation(2/2)

D/E RE-START D/E OFF


Time
Position 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00 12:30 13:00 13:30 14:00 14:30
Tool

Engine room temperatu


D/G panel in CR 27 28 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 31 31
re sensor [℃]

Sea Water temperature[


Thermometer 28 28 28 29 28 28 28 28 28 20 20
℃]
Point 1 air temperature
Thermometer 35 35 36 36 36.5 37 37 37 37 36 36
[℃]

Point 2 air temperature Thermometer


36/37.9 35/36.1 37/37.5 37/37.7 37/38 38.5/39.2 39/39.7 40/40 40/40 39/39.2 38/38.9
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 3 air temperature


Thermometer 35 34 36 36 37 38 38 39 39 38.5 38.5
[℃]
Point 4 air temperature
Thermometer 40.5 38.5 40 39 38 40 40 41 41 40 40
[℃]

Point 5 air temperature Thermometer


40/40.2 37.5/37.7 38/38 38/38 38/38.7 40/40.6 40/40.9 40/40.9 40/40.9 40/40.9 41/41.2
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 6 air temperature Thermometer


46/46.4 39.5/40.4 41.5/42.3 41.5/43.9 42.5/44.1 44/46.5 44/46.4 45/46 45/46 44/45.3 44/45.2
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 7 air temperature Thermometer


41/41.2 40/40.5 41/41.6 40.5/41.1 41.5/42 42/42.4 42/42.5 42/42 42/42 41/41.7 42.4/42.4
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 8 air temperature


Thermometer 38 32.5 32 32 32 35 35 37 37 38 38
[℃]

Average engine room


Analog Thermom
temperature 38.75 36.58 38.08 37.92 38.17 39.58 39.67 40.33 40.33 39.58 39.58
eter
(Point 1 to 6)

After 1 hour D/E shut-down, the average temperature is maximum.


< 10 >
3. Temperature Measurement Data(4/5)

3) Measurement Data on 4th day with surface operation


D/E ON 9:45 D/E OFF
Time
Position 5:30 6:00 6:30 7:00 7:30 8:00 8:30 9:00 9:30 10:00 10:30 11:00 11:30 12:00
Tool
Engine room temperatu D/G panel in C
28 28 29 29 30 30 28 28 28 30 30 31 31 32
re sensor [℃] R

Sea Water temperature[


Thermometer 26 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28 31 28 28
℃]

Point 1 air temperature


Thermometer 35.5 36 36 36.5 37 37 37 36 35.5 35 36 36.5 37 36.5
[℃]

Point 2 air temperature Thermometer


34.5/35.7 35/36.2 35.5/36.7 36/37.4 36.5/37.8 37/38.3 36/36.4 36.5/36.3 35.5/36 36/36.4 37.5/38 38/38.6 38.5/39.3 38.5
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 3 air temperature


Thermometer 35 35 35 35 36 36 35 34.5 34 34 37 38 39 38.5
[℃]

Point 4 air temperature


Thermometer 35 35.8 36.5 38 38.5 39.5 40 39 38.5 40 41 40 40 40
[℃]

Point 5 air temperature Thermometer


35/35.3 36/36.1 36.5/36.7 37/37.1 37.5/37.6 37.5/37.6 38/38 37.5/37.4 38/38 39/40.3 39/40.2 40/40.2 40/40.4 40/40
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 6 air temperature Thermometer


34.5/35.5 35/36 36/37.3 37.5/37.9 38.5/39.5 39/40 39/40.6 40/41.5 39.5/40.7 44.5/46.4 46/47 45/46.1 44.5/45.3 43.5/44.4
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 7 air temperature Thermometer


34/34.3 35/40.2 39/40.2 40.5/41.4 41.5/42.1 41.5/42.4 42/42.4 42/42.5 42/42.5 41/41.2 40.5/40.7 40/40.5 40/40.6 40/40
[℃] (Analog/Digital)

Point 8 air temperature


Thermometer 32 31 30 31 31 31 32 32 32 36 35 37 37.5 37
[℃]

Average engine room te Analog Thermo


34.92 35.47 35.92 36.67 37.33 37.67 37.50 37.08 36.83 38.08 39.42 39.58 39.97 39.50
mperature (Point 1 to 6) meter

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3. Temperature Measurement Data(5/5)

4) Measurement Data on 3th day with snorkel operation

2hour with full D/E OFF


load + 1hour
Time
Position 17:00 18:00 19:00 19:30 22:00
Tool
Engine room temperatu D/G panel in C
- - 31 31 31
re sensor [℃] R

Sea Water temperature[


Thermometer - - 26 26 26
℃]

Point 1 air temperature


Thermometer 36 37 35 36 36.5
[℃]

Point 2 air temperature


Thermometer 39 41 36/38.3 38/39.2 38.5/39.7
[℃]

Point 3 air temperature


Thermometer 36 41 41 40 40.5
[℃]

Point 4 air temperature


Thermometer 41 41 41 41 41
[℃]

Point 5 air temperature


Thermometer - - 41/42 42/42.4 42/42.5
[℃]

Point 6 air temperature


Thermometer 45 47 46/48.4 46/47.9 46/47.7
[℃]

Point 7 air temperature


Thermometer 42 42 42/43.1 42/42.8 42/42.7
[℃]

Point 8 air temperature


Thermometer - - 39 39 39.5
[℃]
Average engine room t
Analog Thermo
emperature (Point 1 to 39.83 41.50 40.00 40.67 40.75
meter
6)

< 12 >
4. Compare Temperature Measurement Data

1) Engine Room Temperature at Hot spot (Point 6)


- The average engine room temperature is lower than 45℃.
- Highest temperature on hot spot was decreased after modification.

Before After
Hot spot
Modification Modification
Location Korea -> Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia
Date 14-22th Aug. 2017 th
7-8 , Jan. 2018 st nd
1 -2 Jun. 2018
3 D/E operation 4 D/E operation
Diesel engine 4 D/E operation
with 100% load with 100% load
Max. temp.
52.3 ℃ 46 ℃ 46 ℃
on hot spot
Position of hot spot

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5. Conclusion

1) The max. average engine room temperature was about 40℃ and be satisfied engine room
temperature of 45 ℃ in the technical specification.

2) Highest temperature on hot spot (point 6) was decreased after modification.

3) After shut down diesel engine, the hot spot (point 6) temperature is over 45℃ during
1hour 30min.

4) The average engine room temperature was changed by diesel engine operation and
equipment operation.

< 14 >
Attach1. MOM of Temperature measurement

- Indonesian delegate agreed to evaluate the average temperature.


- The average engine room temperature should be less than 45℃.

< 15 >
Attach2. Temperature Measurement Position

1) Temperature Measurement Position

Height: about 1.5 meter from main deck


Point8
*Point 7 and 8 were checked additionally.

Point7

< 16 >