4 views

Uploaded by vishnumani3011

wsp

- sm3-053
- MAP: Pequannock Future Wastewater Service Areas Rev4
- Sewage Treatment
- CBE 40 F14 Midterm Solutions
- IMGWWt,Sludge&Ponds
- Yokogawa
- 14 Mass Balance Notes (1)
- British Virgin Islands Sargassum Information Brochure-2
- Purafil Side Access Bulletin
- Theory n Assumptions'
- Switcher – Premgroup Water Project
- An Overview of Filtration
- eiuefefgdfbsdcscvnfblgkvhfdkjshvfukS
- water quality index 2
- Nov Dec 2011 Theory Exam
- Solved Papers
- 8 Hydrograph Analysis
- 9.Bod
- ASME B31.3 Pipe Wall Thickness
- Hec-Ras tutorial.pdf

You are on page 1of 36

(WSP)

WASTE STABILIZATION POND

(WSP)

Advantages:

Simplicity

simple to construct

Low Cost

cheaper than other wastewater treatment

processes

no need for expensive equipment

High Efficiency

BOD removals > 90%

Types of WSP

Anaerobic pond

Facultative pond

Maturation pond

Anaerobic Pond

2-5 m deep

Receive high organic loading (usually >

100 g BOD/m3 d) – contain no dissolved

oxygen and no algae

Primary function is BOD removal

Retention times are short (e.g. 1 day)

Facultative Pond

1-2 m deep

Two types:

1. Primary Facultative Pond

– receive raw wastewater.

2. Secondary Facultative Pond

– receive settled wastewater

(e.g. effluent from anaerobic pond)

The primary function is the removal of

BOD

3 zone exist:

exist in a symbiotic relationship. The algae

provide the bacteria with oxygen and the

bacteria provide the algae with carbon dioxide.

solids are decomposed by anaerobic bacteria.

partly anaerobic in which the decomposition of

organic wastes is carried out by facultative

bacteria.

Maturation Pond

1-1.5 m deep

Receive the effluent from a facultative

pond

Primary function is the removal of

pathogens

BOD Removal

sedimentation of settleable solids

settled water (anaerobic pond effluent), the

remaining non-settleable BOD is oxidized by

heterotrophic bacteria

wastewater), the above functions of anaerobic

and secondary facultative ponds are combined

BOD removal occurs

Pathogen Removal

Bacteria

Faecal bacteria are mainly removed in

facultative and especially maturation ponds

The principal mechanism for faecal bacteria

removal are:

1- Time and temperature

- Faecal bacteria die-off in ponds increase

with both time and temperature

2- High pH

- Faecal bacteria (except Vibrio Cholerae) die

very quickly (within minutes) at pH>9

3- High light intensity

- Light of wavelength 425 – 700 nm can

damage faecal bacteria

Design of WSP

1. Anaerobic Pond

Volumetric BOD loading (g/m3d)

V Li Q / a ------- (1)

Where

Li = influent BOD, mg/L (=g/m3)

Q = flow, m3/d

a = anaerobic pond volume, m3

V should lie between 100 and 400 g/m3d

to avoid odour release

ta (day) is determined from:

ta a / Q --------- (2)

Design values of permissible volumetric loading on and

percentage BOD removal in anaerobic ponds at various

temperatures

(oC) loading (g/m3d) removal(%)

<10 100 40

10 – 20 20T – 100 2T + 20

2. Facultative Ponds

Surface BOD loading ( s, kg.ha d)

s = 10LiQ/Af

------ (3)

where

Af = facultative pond area, m2

The permissible BOD loading, s max

Once a suitable value of s has been

selected, the pond area is calculated

from equation (3) and its retention time

(tf, day) from:

Where

D = pond depth, m

Q = wastewater flow, m3/day

3. Maturation Ponds

Where

Ne = number of FC per 100 mL of

effluent

Ni = number of FC per 100 mL of

influent

kT = first order rate constant for FC

removal, per day

t = retention time, day

for a series of anaerobic, facultative and

maturation ponds, equation (6) becomes:

Ni

Ne

1 K T t a 1 K T t f (1 K T t m ) n --- (7)

per 100 mL of the final effluent and raw

wastewater

The value of kT is highly temperature

dependent.

Check the BOD effluent concentration, le

li --------- (9)

le

K 1t 1

Where

le = BOD effluent concentration, mg/L

li = BOD influent concentration, mg/L

K1 = first order rate constant for BOD

removal, per day

t = retention time, day

The value of K1 is highly temperature

dependent

where

K1@ 20oC = 0.3 per day and

= 1.05

For n ponds in series, BOD effluent can be

calculated as follows

li

le

1 K t 1 K t

1 f 1 m

n

------ (11)

Example

to treat 10,000 m3/day of a

wastewater which has a BOD of 350

mg/L and 1x108 FC per 100 mL. The

effluent should contain no more

than 1000 FC per 100 mL and 20

mg/L BOD. The design temperature

is 18oC.

Solution

From Table the design loading is given by:

v = 20T–100 = (20 x 18)-100 = 260 g/m3d

a = LiQ/ v

= 350 x 10,000/260 = 13,462 m3

The retention time is given by equation (2)

as:

R = 2T + 20 = (2 x 18) + 20 = 56 percent

(b) Facultative Ponds

The design loading is given by equation (4)

as:

= 350 (1.107 – 0.002T)T-25

= 350[1.107 – (0.002 x 18)]18-25

= 216 kg/ha d

Thus the area is given by equation (3) as:

s = 10LiQ / Af

Af = 10 x 0.44 x 350 x 10,000/216

= 71,300 m2

The retention time is given by equation (5) as:

tf = AfD/Q

tf = 71,300 x 1.5/10,000

= 10.7 day

(c ) Maturation Ponds

For 18oC the value of kT is given by equation

(8) as:

The value of Ne is given by equation (7):

Ni

Ne

1 K T t a 1 K T t f (1 K T t m ) n

Taking tm = 7 days, this becomes:

108

Ne

1 1.84 1.351 1.84 10.7 (1 1.84 7) n

For n = 2, Ne = 7201 > 1000 FC/100 mL

For n = 3, Ne = 518 < 1000 FC/100 mL , OK

For a depth of 1.5 m, the area of the

maturation pond is

Am = Q tm /D

= 10,000 x 7/1.5

= 46,667 m2

BOD Removal

Facultative and Maturation Pond:

18 20

K 1(18) 0.3 x1.05 0.272 / day

li

le

1 K t 1 K t

1 f 1 m

n

154

le = 1.6 mg/L

1 0.272 10.7 1 0.272 7 3

- sm3-053Uploaded bySadie Hnatow
- MAP: Pequannock Future Wastewater Service Areas Rev4Uploaded byMorris County NJ
- Sewage TreatmentUploaded byvipin_nair01
- CBE 40 F14 Midterm SolutionsUploaded bySteven Truong
- IMGWWt,Sludge&PondsUploaded byAbdulsalam Yousif
- YokogawaUploaded byAkkal Nizamudeen
- 14 Mass Balance Notes (1)Uploaded byDavid Tomy
- British Virgin Islands Sargassum Information Brochure-2Uploaded bymicael
- Purafil Side Access BulletinUploaded byPablo Torres
- Theory n Assumptions'Uploaded bywill Lee
- Switcher – Premgroup Water ProjectUploaded byEchtLeder
- An Overview of FiltrationUploaded byWade Coleman
- eiuefefgdfbsdcscvnfblgkvhfdkjshvfukSUploaded bymrinalkantibhaduri
- water quality index 2Uploaded byapi-235669157
- Nov Dec 2011 Theory ExamUploaded byHem Kant
- Solved PapersUploaded byAamirP
- 8 Hydrograph AnalysisUploaded byMiera Said
- 9.BodUploaded byahm531
- ASME B31.3 Pipe Wall ThicknessUploaded byaike_5
- Hec-Ras tutorial.pdfUploaded bynastase_gabriela_2
- Aliran TransienUploaded bymdalimunthe_3
- Hazop-Gas%20Processing%20ComplexUploaded byscribpenumaka
- Vallabh Engineers Company ProfileUploaded byvallabhbellows
- Industrial PP SpecificationUploaded byLessly Lorena Apala Ramirez
- Pipe Stress Training Course - SSUTAUploaded byalizadeh2222
- 09.1HAZOPStudyTrainingCourseUploaded byhelton_bsb
- Continental Emsco F-1000 Mud PumpUploaded byifebrian
- day 4 - hazop implementation and evaluation procedures.pptUploaded byRabah Amidi
- dietz.pdfUploaded bymooltenauta
- CHE_F244_1183Uploaded byPiyush hurkat

- Velachery to AirportUploaded byvishnumani3011
- ACCEPTANCE TEST OF ALL CONCRETE POLES.pdfUploaded byIsuru Kasthurirathne
- List of Codes - IndianUploaded byvishnumani3011
- is 1893Uploaded bysaf
- Wall FootingUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Broms Method From Reese Book (1)Uploaded byroy anant
- Zapdf.com Ieee Guide for Transmission Structure Foundation dUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Beam Calculation GB5Uploaded byvishnumani3011
- Airport to VelacheryUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Cct DesignUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Cct DesignUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Eccentric FootingUploaded byChandra Sekhar Talasila
- SBR DESIGN1Uploaded byvishnumani3011
- Howa gjnsUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Water TankUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Design of Overhead Circular Water TankUploaded byvishnumani3011
- 7356_1.pdfUploaded byvishnumani3011
- 148+833_MJB_DRG_SuperUploaded byvishnumani3011
- 228_10Uploaded bysaurabhpathak39
- 2.4-WSPUploaded byvishnumani3011
- 2110.pdfUploaded byvishnumani3011
- 118+380_MIB_DRG_GAD_R0Uploaded byvishnumani3011
- 9 Excel for UploadedUploaded byvishnumani3011
- LVUP_DRGUploaded byvishnumani3011
- DocumentUploaded byvishnumani3011
- AqueductsUploaded byMayyee Kumar
- is.6596.1972.pdfUploaded byvishnumani3011
- IS 2912Uploaded bysd2s
- is.14263.1995.pdfUploaded byvishnumani3011
- Is.9578.1980 Centrifuge DatasheetUploaded bygkvmit

- Ashanti RegionUploaded bymaztorks
- unknownUploaded byKevin Gutierrez
- 80082.pptUploaded byadilos10
- the diamond flushUploaded byapi-321341858
- C3 Technical Guidance May 2013 (Low Res) - Alameda CountyUploaded byDebo Sodipo
- 432 ProjectUploaded bySahil Pal
- atv-dvwk_a_281_eUploaded byMehmet Emre Bastopcu
- PR Suez ContractUploaded byChintalaRao
- 1Uploaded bysuresh
- Biomass Production of Papyrus (Cyperus Papyrus) in Constructed WetlandUploaded byAhmad Firdaus
- Turbidity MWRAUploaded byFrank Massiah
- RRFRUploaded byRaja Rohana Raja Ishak
- AbstractUploaded byLuminita Monica
- Grey Water Use A Need of Hour.pdfUploaded bySalman Ghanchibhai
- Cc607 Topic 1 Water Resources and QualityUploaded byAfifuddin Azizuddin
- Urine Separation Toilets - Closing the nutrient cycleUploaded byGreen Action Sustainable Technology Group
- Oxidation Ditch ProcessUploaded bysupriya2009
- DOC088.pdfUploaded bySteve Wilson
- 06ky2831Uploaded byAnonymous Ja3jvaX
- 12 8 What is Green GGGCUploaded byBambang Tutuko Sudiro
- List of Environmental ProblemsUploaded byLeslie Ann Hope Cedro
- Treatment of Distilleries and Breweries Spent Wash WastewaterUploaded byesatjournals
- The Ganges River PollutionUploaded byAdnan Khan
- 33 Reviews, Explanation of Novelty, Ecology, reviews of 33 Top Publications on Environmental Science. https://ru.scribd.com/doc/249333240/Uploaded bySergei Ostroumov
- IFAS MediaUploaded byagusrahayu
- Tull AhomaUploaded byLTE002
- wastemanagementUploaded byIvy Joy Cee
- SWAMP GuidelinesUploaded byMEHDI135812
- UASB ReactorUploaded byPuneet Sharma
- Introduction to the Principles and Concepts of Waste ManagementUploaded byBedatrayee05