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STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-I

Lecture-12
Problems’ Solution
Problems
Problem Statement:
A force of 150 lb is applied
to the edge of the member
shown in Fig.12-1a. Neglect
the weight of the member
and determine the state of
stress at points B and C.
Fig.12-1
Problems
Solution:
Internal Loadings. The
member is sectioned
through B and C. For
equilibrium at the section
there must be an axial force
of 150 lb acting through the
centroid and a bending Fig.12-1

moment of 150lbx5in about


the centroidal or principal
axis, Fig.12-1b.
Problems
Stress Components.
Normal Force. The uniform
normal-stress distribution
due to the normal force is
shown in Fig. 12-1c. Here

Fig.12-1
Problems
Bending Moment. The
normal-stress distribution
due to the bending moment
is shown in Fig. 12-1d.The
maximum stress is

Fig.12-1
Problems
Superposition. If the above normal-stress
distributions are added algebraically, the
resultant stress distribution is shown in
Fig.12-1e. Although it is not needed here,
location of the line of zero stress can be
determined by proportional triangles; i.e.,

Fig.12-1
Problems
Superposition. If the above normal-stress
distributions are added algebraically, the
resultant stress distribution is shown in
Fig.12-1e. Although it is not needed here,
location of the line of zero stress can be
determined by proportional triangles; i.e.,
Problems
Elements of material at B
and C are subjected only to
normal or uniaxial stress as
shown in Figs.12-1f and 12-
1g. Hence,

Fig.12-1
Problems
Problem Statement:
The member shown in Fig. 12-2a has a
rectangular cross section. Determine the
state of stress that the loading produces at
point C.

Fig.12-2
Problems
Solution:
Internal Loadings. The support reactions
on the member have been determined and
are shown in Fig. 12-2b. If the left segment
AC of the member is considered, Fig. 12-
2c, the resultant internal loadings at the
section consist of a normal force, a shear
force, and a bending moment. Solving,
Problems

Fig.12-2
Problems

Fig.12-2
Problems
Stress Components.
Normal Force. The uniform normal-stress
distribution acting over the cross section is
produced by the normal force, Fig. 12-2d.
At point C,
Problems
Shear Force. Here the area since
point C is located at the top of the
member. Thus and for C, Fig.
12-2e, the shear stress
Problems
Bending Moment. Point C is located at
from the neutral axis, so the
normal stress at C, Fig. 12-2f, is
Problems
Superposition. The shear stress is zero.
Adding the normal stresses determined
above gives a compressive stress at C
having a value of