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WHAT IS A DOOR?

Door is a hinged, sliding or


folding barrier of wood, metal
or glass for opening and closing
an entrance to a building, room
or cabinet. The minimum size of
a standard doo is 0.90/1m wide
and 2.10m long.
BRIEF HISTORY
The earliest in records are those represented in the
paintings of the Egyptian tombs, in which they are
shown as single or double doors, each in a single
piece of wood. Doors were once believed to be the
literal doorway to the afterlife, and some doors
leading to important places included designs of the
afterlife. All ancient doors were hung by pivots at the
top and bottom of the hanging stile which worked in
sockets in the lintel and sill, the latter being always in
some hard stone such as basalt or granite.
TYPES OF MECHANISM
HINGED DOORS
Most doors are hinged along one side to allow the
door to pivot away from the doorway in one
direction, but not the other. The axis of rotation is
usually vertical. In some cases, such as hinged garage
doors, the axis may be horizontal, above the door
opening. This is sometimes the case in trains or
airplanes, such as for the door to the toilet, which
opens inward.
Sliding doors
It is often useful to have doors which slide
along tracks, often for space or aesthetic
considerations. The doors can slide in either
direction along one axis on parallel overhead
tracks, sliding past each other. Sliding glass
doors are common in many houses,
particularly as an entrance to the backyard.
Such doors are also popular for use for the
entrances to commercial structures.
Rotating doors
A rotating or revolving door has several
wings or leaves, generally four,
radiating from a central shaft, forming
compartments that rotate about a
vertical axis. It allows people to pass in
both directions without colliding, and
forms an airlock maintaining a seal
between inside and out.
Up-and-over DOORS
Up-and-over or overhead doors are
often used in garages. Instead of hinges
it has a mechanism, often
counterbalanced or sprung, that allows it
to be lifted so that it rests horizontally
above the opening. A roller shutter or
sectional overhead door is one variant of
this type.
High-speed doorS
A high-speed door is a very fast door some with
opening speeds of up to 4 m/s, mainly used in
the industrial sector where the speed of a door
has an effect on production logistics,
temperature and pressure control. High speed
clean room doors are used in pharmaceutical
industries for the special curtain and stainless
steel frames. They guarantee the tightness of all
accesses.
Automatic DOORS
Automatically opening doors are
powered open and closed either by
electricity, spring, or both. A
mechanism is set in modern
automatic doors to ensure that door
will be in open state in case of
power failure.
SWING DIRECTIONS
TYPES OF DOORS
swinging doors
A door that turns on hinges or pivots
about a vertical edge when pushed
or pulled. Paneled doors, it is a door
having a framework of stiles, rails
and sometimes muntins, filled with
panels of a thinner material.
sliding doors
A type of door that operates of
moves by sliding on a track,
usually parallel to a wall.
automatic doors
A door that automatically
opens a door when activated
by radio transmitter, electric
eye or other device.
Glass door
A door of heat-strengthened
or tempered glass, with or
without rails or stiles and it is
used primarily as an entrance
door.
Accordion door
A multileafed door that is
hung from an overhead track
and opens by folding back in
the manner of an accordion.
Bifold door
A folding door that divides
into two leaves, the inner
edge of each leaf being hung
from an overhead track and
the outer edges pivoted at
the jamb.
Overhead door
A large door constructed of
one or several leaves,
opening by swinging or
rolling up to a position above
the door opening.
Balanced door
A pivoted door that is
partially counterbalanced for
easier opening and closing.
Louvered door
A door having a louvered
opening for the passage or
circulation of air, it is also
called a blind door.
Revolving door
An entrance door for excluding
drafts from the interior of a
building, consisting of four leaves
set in a form of a cross and
rotating about a central, vertical
pivot within a cylindrically shaped
vestibule.
Flush door
A door having smooth-surfaced faces.
Flush doors are most commonly
employed in the interior of a dwelling,
although slightly more substantial
versions are occasionally used as
exterior doors, especially within hotels
and other buildings containing many
independent dwellings.
Kalamien door
A door having a structural
wood core clad with
galvanized sheet metal.
Dutch door
A door divided horizontally
so that the upper or lower
part can be opened or closed
separately.
Paneled doors
A door having a framework of
stiles, rails and sometimes
muntins, filled with panels of
a thinner material.
Batten door
A door constructed of vertical
boards held together by
horizontal battens and
diagonal bracing.
French door
A door having a rectangular
glass panes extending
throughout its length and
often hung in pairs, it is also
called a casement door.
Prehung door
A door hung in a door frame
before installation in a wall,
sometimes prefinished and
prefitted with all necessary
hardware and casing trim.
Screen door
An exterior door having
wood or aluminum stiles and
rails that hold a wire or
plastic mesh to admit air but
exclude insects.
single acting doors
A door hang on hinges that
permit to swing on one
direction only.
double acting doors
It is a door hung on hinges
that permit it to swing in
either direction from a close
position.
Solid-core door
A wood flush door having a
solid core of staved lumber,
particle board, or a mineral
composition.
Hollow-core door
A wood flush door having a
framework of stiles and rails
encasing an expanded honeycomb
core of corrugated fiberboard or a
grid of interlocking horizontal and
vertical wood strips.
Combination door
An exterior door having a
frame into which different
types of panels can be
inserted such as a screen for
summer or storm sash for
winter.
Storm door
An outer supplementary
door, usually glazed, for
protecting an entrance door
from drafts, driving rain, or
severe weather.
Double doors
A pair of doors hang in the
same door frame.
Acoustical door
A door having a sound deadening
core, gasketed stops along the
top and sides, and an automatic
drop seal along the bottom, it is
also called a sound insulating
door.
Steel security door
Made from strong steel, often for
use on vaults and safe rooms to
withstand attack. These may also
be fitted with wooden outer
panels to resemble standard
internal and external doors.
wicket door
A pedestrian door built into a
much larger door allowing access
without requiring the opening of
the larger door. These might be
found on the ceremonial door of a
cathedral or in a large vehicle
door in a garage or hangar.
Jib door
A door hinged to be flush
with the wall on either side
and treated so as to be
indiscernible when closed.
Pivoted door
A door carried on and
swinging about on a center
or offset pivot, as
distinguished from one hung
on hinges
Folding door
A door with hinged sections
that can be folded flat
against one another when
opened.
Rolling door
A large door consisting of
horizontal, interlocking metal
slats guided by a track on either
side, opening by coiling about
an overhead drum at the head
of the door opening.
PALLADIAN DOOR
A door topped with a rounded
arch; flanked by vertical recta
ngular areas of fixed glass on e
ach side that are narrower
and usually not as high as the
door.
Venetian door
A doorway having a form
similar to that of a palladian
window.
Pocket door
A door that slides into and
out of a recess in a doorway
wall.