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- clause in the CBA that guarantees the

status of the union as the exclusive


bargaining agent on the duration of
the CBA except during the freedom
period
 Closed shop agreement
 Maintenance of membership agreement
 Union shop agreement
 Modified union shop agreement
 Exclusive bargaining agreement
 Bargaining for members only agreement
 Agency shop agreement
 Preferential hiring agreement
 All covered employees must become
members of the union and maintain
membership in good standing as a
condition of employment
 All present members and those who
shall be members of the union shall
maintain membership in good standing
as a condition for continued
employment for the duration of the
CBA
 Any person can be employed by the
employer but once employed such
employee must, within a specific
period, become a member of the
contracting union and remain as such
in good standing for continued
employment for the duration of the
CBA
Maintenance of
Union Shop Agreement
Membership Agreement
 Any person can be employed  All present members and
by the employer but once those who shall be
employed such employee
must, within a specific members of the union shall
period, become a member of maintain membership in
the contracting union and good standing as a
remain as such in good condition for continued
standing for continued employment for the
employment for the duration duration of the CBA
of the CBA
 Mostly used in the USA
 Employees who are not union members
at the time of signing the contract need
not join the union but all workers hired
thereafter must join.
 The union is recognized as the sole and
exclusive bargaining agent of all the
covered employees in the bargaining
unit, whether union members or not.
 Under this agreement, the union is
recognized as the bargaining agent
only for its own members.
 An agreement whereby the employer
must either join the union or pay the
union as exclusive bargaining agent a
sum equal to that paid by the members.
 An agreement whereby the employer
merely agrees to give preference to the
members of the bargaining union in
hiring, promotion or filing vacancies
and retention in case of lay-off. The
employer has the right to hire from the
open market if union members are not
available
All covered employees must become
members of the union and maintain
membership in good standing as a condition
of employment. In cases of vacancies resulting
from resignation, retirement, death, promotion
etc.. the company agrees to hire and give
preference to members of the union ,only in
case of unavailability from the list of the union
may the company fill up the vacancy.
All present members and those who shall be
members of the union shall maintain
membership in good standing as a condition
for continued employment for the duration of
the CBA. All other covered employees who
shall avail of the benefits in the CBA shall pay
an agent fee equivalent to the union dues paid
by the members.