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Circulatory Diseases

High Blood Pressure
Coronary Artery Disease
Heart Failure
Abdominal Aortic Disease
Peripheral Artery Disease
High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
High blood pressure is a
common condition in
which the long term
force of the blood
against your artery wall
is high enough that it
may eventually cause
health problems, such
as heart disease.
Most people with high blood pressure
have no signs or symptoms, even if blood
pressure readins reach dangerously high
A few people with high blood pressure
may have headaches, shortness of breath
or nosebleeds, but these signs and
symptoms aren’t specific and usually...

...don’t occur until high blood pressure has

reached a severe or life threatening stage.
Risk Factors
Age - The risk of high blood pressure
increases as you age. Until about age
64, high blood pressure is more
common in men. Women are more
likely to develop high blood pressure
after age 65.
Family History - High blood pressure
tends to run in families.
Risk Factors

Too much salt (sodium) in your diet

Too little potasium in your diet
drinking too much alcohol
using tobacco
not being physically active
Heart attack or stroke
Heart Failure
Weakened and narrowed blood vessels in your
Thickened, narrowed or torn blood vessels in the
Trouble with memory or understanding.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a
condition which affects the arteries that
supply the heart with blood. It is usually
caused by atherosclerosis which is a build
up of plaque inside the artery walls. This
build up causes the inside of the arteries
to become narrower and slows down the
flow of blood.
Chest pain, or a feeling of heaviness in the chest
Pain in the arm, neck or jaw
Shortness of breath
Heart Palpitations ( a racing or irregular
Loss of consciousness
For women:
Sleep Difficulties
Shortness of breath
Chest discomfort
Heart Failure
Heart Failure, sometimes known as
congestive heart failure, occurs when your
heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as well
as it should certain conditions, such as
narrowed arteries in your heart (coronary
artery disease) or high blood pressure,
gradually leave your heart too weak or
stiff to fill and pump efficiently.
 Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you exert yourself or
when you lie down
 Fatigue and weakness
 Swelling(edema) in your legs, ankles feet
 Rapid or irregular heartbeat
 Reduced ability to exercise
 Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-
tinged phlegm.
 Increased need to urinate at night
 Lack of appetite and nausea
Risk Factors
High blood Pressure
Coronary artery disease
Heart attack
Alcohol use
Tobacco ose
Irregular Heartbeats

Kidney damage or Failure

Heart valve problems
Heart rhythm problems
Liver damage
A stroke occurs when
the blood supply to part
of your brain is
interrupted or reduced,
depriving brain tissue of
oxygen and nutrients
within minutes, brain
cells begin to die.
 A stroke is a medical emergency. Prompt treatment is
crucial. Early action can minimize brain damage and
potential complications
Trouble with speaking and
Paralysis or numbness of the face,
arm or leg.
Trouble with seeing in one or both
Trouble with walking.
Risk Factors

Physical inactivity
Heavy or bringe drinking
Use of illicit drugs such as cocaine and
High cholesterol
Personal or family history of stroke.
Others factors:


Paralysis or loss of muscle movement

Difficulty talking or swallowing
Memory loss or thinking difficulties
Emotional Problems
Changes in behaviour and self-care ability
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
An abdominal aortic aneurysm is an
enlarged area in the lower part of the
aorta, the major blood vessel that
supplies blood to the body. The
aorta, about the thickness of a
garden hose, runs from your heart
through the center of your chest and
A pulsating feeling near the
Deep, constant pain in your
abdomen or on the side of your
Back Pain
Risk Factors
Tobacco use
Being male
Being white
Family History
Other Aneurysms
High Blood Pressure

low blood pressure
fast pulse
Peripheral Artery Disease
Peripheral Artery Disease is a common
circulatory problem in which narrowed
arteries reduce blood flow to your limbs.
When you develop PAD your extremities-
usually your legs- don't receive enough
blood flow to keep up the demand. This
causes symptoms, most notably leg pain
when walking.
leg numbness or weakness
coldness in your lower leg or foot especially
when compare with the other side.
Sores in your toes, feets or legs.
a change in the color of your legs
hair loss or slower hair growth o your feet and
slower growth on your toenails
no plse or weak puls on your legs or feet
Risk factors
High Blood pressure
High Cholesterol
Family History
High levels of Homocyteine

Critical limb ischemia

Stroke or Heart