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HUMAN SECURITY

OVERVIEW

HUMAN SECURITY
▸ Freedom from fear , Freedom from want, freedom to live in dignity
▸ “...to protect the vital core of all human lives in ways that enhance human freedoms
and human fulfillment. Human security means protecting fundamental freedoms –
freedoms that are the essence of life. It means protecting people from critical
(severe) and pervasive (widespread) threats and situations. It means using
processes that build on people’s strengths and aspirations. It means creating
political, social, environmental, economic, military and cultural systems that together
give people the building blocks of survival, livelihood and dignity.” (CHS Report)
▸ The interface among Human development , Human rights and Human Security.
▸ Human security brings together the ‘human elements’ of security, rights and
development
▸ Role of the state
▸ PURPOSES OF MEASUREMENT

MEASURING HUMAN SECURITY

▸ Focusing attention on problem areas.


▸ Redefining national and international policy priorities.
▸ Setting national and international standards.
▸ Generating new social scientific knowledge.
POINTS TO REMEMBER

MEASURING HUMAN SECURITY

▸ Balancing between the need to keep Human Security as wide as possible and its
▸ No one indicator which can encompass Human Security
▸ Intention not to identify the best indicator.
▸ Variety enriches discourse
▸ Offers multiple angles
▸ Quality of Life Index, Human Development Index, Gross National Happiness Inde
3 INDICATORS

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX


life expectancy

adult literacy rate

Gross domestic product per capita (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP)

INEQUALITY ADJUSTED HDI ( IHDI)

Loss to human development due to inequality by identifying co-efficient of


Human inequality.
9 INDICATORS

GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS INDEX

Psychological well-being

Health

Time use

Education

Cultural diversity and resilience

Community vitality

Good Governance

Ecological diversity and resilience

Living standards
24 INDICATORS

GLOBAL PEACE INDEX


Number of external and internal conflicts fought

Number of deaths from organised conflict (external)

Number of deaths from organised conflict (internal)

Level of organised conflict (internal)

Relations with neighbouring countries

Level of perceived criminality in society

Number of refugees and displaced persons as percentage of population

Political instability

Terrorist activity

Political terror scale

Ease of access to small arms and light weapons


24 INDICATORS

Number of homicides per 100,000 people


GLOBAL
Level of violent crime
PEACE INDEX
Likelihood of violent demonstration

Number of jailed persons per 100,000 people

Number of internal security officers and police per 100,000 people

Military expenditure as a percentage of GDP

Volume of transfers of major conventional weapons as recipient (imports) per 100,000


people

Imports of major conventional weapons per 100,000 people

Volume of transfers of major conventional weapons as supplier (exports) per 100,000 people

Exports of major conventional weapons per 100,000 people

Financial contribution to UN peacekeeping missions

Nuclear and heavy weapons capability


CHALLENGES IN MEASURING HUMAN
SECURITY
▸ Cultural Bias
▸ Validity and reliability
▸ Assignment of different weights
▸ An aggregate measure
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