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THE ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM

(ALS) – K to 12
Basic Education Curriculum

Ms. Sevilla A. Panaligan


Chief, Special Curricular Programs Division
Bureau of Curriculum Development
Sustainable
Development
Goals
CHINA

4.1 Universal primary 4.6 Universal youth and


and secondary education adult literacy

4.2 Early childhood development 4.7 Education for sustainable


and universal pre-primary development and global
education citizenship
4.3 Equal access to 4.A Effective Learning
technical/vocational and Environments
higher education
4.4 Relevant skills for decent 4.B Scholarships
work

4.5 Gender equality and inclusion 4.C Teachers and educators

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
R.A. 10533: Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013

The law aims to improve the quality


of basic education and adequately
prepare high school graduates to be
ready for higher education, work or
employment, middle skills
development, entrepreneurship and
make them globally competitive.

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2017-2022
Strategic Framework
• Strengthen inclusion programs. Improving the mechanisms for
mapping, profiling, and tracking of learners and school-aged
children will ensure that learners with special needs, indigenous
peoples, and out-of-school children and youth are provided with
the appropriate educational interventions. Intensifying and
expanding the ALS will enable those not reached by the formal
system to complete basic education or acquire lifelong
learning. Education inputs should also focus on areas with poor
education performance – targeting the needs of hard-to-reach
and vulnerable learners (such as street children, indigenous
peoples, PWDs, children-in-conflict with the law [CICL], and
children in conflict areas).

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
President Rodrigo R. Duterte

State of the Nation Address

“My administration shall


implement a human approach
to development and
governance, as we improve our
people’s welfare in the areas of
health, education, adequate
food and housing,
environmental preservation,
and respect for culture.”

“We are planning to increase spending on basic education and incorporate


mandatory education about the evils of drugs.”

“We will also intensify and expand Alternative Learning System


programs.”

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
10-Point Agenda of Secretary Leonor M. Briones

3. For those who are not reached by


the formal basic education system,
whether children, youth or adults,
we will intensify our efforts for
extensive positive outcomes on ALS.
We will do this through better
targeting of beneficiaries, broader
coverage, prioritization of these
programs by implementing units,
partnerships, and modalities that fit
the circumstances of target learners.
A highly successful ALS program will
be one of the major legacies of the
Duterte administration.

Department of Education
Department
Bureau of of EducationDevelopment
Curriculum
Bureau of Curriculum Development
The ALS-K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum (2017 Edition) will equip
learners with competencies that will prepare them for employment,
entrepreneurship, middle level skills and higher education

Department
Department ofof Education
Education
Bureau
Bureau ofof Curriculum
Curriculum Development
Development
FORMAL EDUCATION SYSTEM and ALTERNATIVE LEARNING SYSTEM
IN THE K TO 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM

Overall Goal: Functionally


Literate and Holistically
Developed Filipino

Formal Education System Alternative Learning System


National Curriculum
K to 12 Curriculum ALS Curriculum
Standards
Framework Framework

National Assessment
FLOs Framework
- Classroom-based/School- •FLOs
Flexible entry and re-
based entry and exit to both
•Community based
•Blended learning streams through a •Blended learning
•Open High School System of ( face-to-face interaction
Program • Comparability plus on line learning)
•Project EASE •Certification •Learning Modules
•MISOSA •Testing
•E IMPACT •Accreditation and
•Home School Equivalency
•Night High School
Major Changes in the ALS-K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum
OLD ENHANCED

Learning Strand Enabling Sub-Enabling Total NEW LEARNING Learning Sub-Learning Total
Objective Objective STRAND Competency Competency
1 1
Communication Skills 71 36 107 Communication Skills 154 103 257
(English) (English)
1
Communication Skills 275 26 301
(Filipino)
2 2
Critical 24 206 230 Scientific and Critical 33 290 323
Thinking/Problem Thinking Skills
Solving
(Scientific Skills)
2 3
Critical
35 167 202 Mathematical and
228 213 441
Thinking/Problem Problem Solving Skills
Solving
(Numeracy Skills)
3 4
Sustainable Use of
27 22 49 Life and Career Skills
48 103 151
Resources and
Productivity
4 5
Development of Self 19 119 138 Understanding the Self 160 284 444
and Sense of and Society
Community

5 6
Expanding One’s 48 2 50 Digital Literacy 42 87 129
World Vision
Total: TOTAL
224 552 776 940 1,106 2,046
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Total No. of Learning Competencies
(ALS & K to 12)
500

441 444
450

400

350
323
301
300
257
250 230
202
200
151
150 138
129
107
100
49 50
50
0
0
LS 1 (English) LS 1 (Filipino) LS 2 (Science) LS 2 (Math) LS 3 LS 4 LS 5
OLD ENHANCED

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Breakdown of the Enhanced ALS Curriculum Competencies

Terminal ALS K to 12 New Total


Objective
1 (English) 106 91 60 257
1 (Filipino) 0 301 0 301
2 (Science) 223 100 0 323
3 (Math) 236 205 0 441
4 35 95 21 151
5 197 232 15 444
6 0 0 129 129
Total: 800 1,037 104 2,046

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Basic
K Education
to 12 Basic Program
Education Program

through formal school through ALS

Basic Literacy
Kindergarten
to Grade 1
Elementary
Lower Level
Grades 2 to 3
Elementary
Grades 4 to 6
Advanced Level
Grades 7 to 10
JHS
Grades 11 to 12
SHS

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
How this Curriculum Framework is Organized
Learning Strand (Existing) Learning Strand (New)
LS 1:Communication Skills (including listening, speaking, LS 1:Communication Skills (including listening, speaking, reading
reading and writing from print and electronic media in Filipino and writing and viewing from print and electronic media in Filipino
and English) and English)
LS 2:Problem Solving and Critical Thinking (including LS 2:Scientific and Critical Thinking Skills (including scientific, and
mathematical skills and scientific thinking) critical thinking)
LS 3:Sustainable Use of Resources and Productivity (including LS 3: Mathematical and Problem Solving Skills (including
entrepreneurial spirit and skills, and the use of appropriate numeracy, and problem solving)
technologies for the sustainable and productive use of resources
in different ecosystems)

LS 4:Development of Self and a Sense of Community (including LS 4: Life and Career Skills (including ability to earn a living as an
intrapersonal relationship, interpersonal relationship, local employed or self-employed, sustainable consumption, and
governance, national identity and understanding civil and productivity)
political rights)

LS 5:Expanding One’s World Vision (including knowledge, LS 5: Understanding the Self and Society (including self-
acceptance, respect and appreciation for diversity, peace and development, a sense of personal and national history and
nonviolent resolution of conflict, global awareness, identity, cultural pride, and recognition and understanding of civil
independence and solidarity) and political rights, knowledge, respect and appreciation for
diversity, peace and nonviolent resolution of conflicts, ASEAN
regional integration, global awareness and solidarity)

Department of Education LS 6: Digital Literacy (including knowledge of digital concepts and


operations, using internet and digital system networks, using ICT
Bureau of Curriculum Development
and digital devices & applications in daily life and practicing digital
Components of the ALS-K to 12 Basic Education
Curriculum per Learning Strand

OLD ENHANCED
Narrative/Description Narrative/Description
Schematic Diagram Schematic Diagram
Focus Content Standard
Terminal Objective Performance Standard
Enabling Objective Learning Competency
Codes (K to 12 & ALS)

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Budget of Work/Time Allocation
ALS-K to 12 Strands Total Hours per
Learning Strand

LS 1A – Communication Skills (EN) 149 hours


LS 1B – Communication Skills (FIL) 149 hours
LS 2 – Scientific Literacy and Critical Thinking 149 hours
LS 3 – Mathematical and Problem Solving Skills 149 hours

LS 4 – Life and Career Skills 86 hours


LS 5 – Understanding the Self and Society 59 hours
LS 6 – Digital Literacy 59 hours
Total: 800 hours

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
ALS-K to 12 Learning Stages
Secondary Level
Junior HS Senior HS
(Gr. 7-10) (Gr. 11-12)
-LS 1 Communication Exit to Exit to
Skills (English) 1. middle level skills 1. higher
-LS 1 Communication development education
2. employment
Skills (Filipino)
3. entrepreneurship
Elementary Level -LS 2 Scientific
Lower (Gr. 2-3) Literacy and Critical 1. SHS subjects 1. SHS Core subjects
Thinking Skills specified in the 2. All specialization
Advanced (Gr. 4-6) -LS 3 Mathematical SHS section of subjects of any of
-LS 1 Communication Skills and Problem Solving each learning the Academic
(English) Skills strand Track Strands
Basic Level -LS 1 Communication Skills -LS 4 Life and Career 2. All (ABM, HUMMS,
(K-1) (Filipino) Skills plus 1 NC specialization STEM, GAS)
-LS 2 Scientific Literacy and -LS 5 Understanding subjects of any
-LS 1 Communication
Critical Thinking Skills the Self and Society of the following
Skills
-LS 3 Mathematical and -LS 6 Digital Literacy SHS Tracks:
-LS 3 Mathematical
Problem Solving Skills Sports, Arts and
and Problem Solving
-LS 4 Life and Career Skills Design or TVL
Skills
-Other learning strand -LS 5 Understanding the
will be used as Self and Society
functional contents -LS 6 Digital Literacy

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
ALS SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
1. SHS subjects specified in the SHS section 1. Middle level
of each learning strand skills
development
2. all specialization subjects of any of the
2. Employment
following SHS Tracks: Sports, Arts and
3. Entrepreneur
Design or TVL lessons may be ship
conducted
1. in the classroom
2. through FLOs:
• ADM
• ALS
1. SHS Core subjects
Higher
2. all specialization subjects of any of the Education
Academic Track Strands
(ABM, HUMSS, STEM, GAS)
ALS SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Exit: Middle Level Skills Development, Entrepreneurship and Employment
LEARNING STRAND Core Applied Specialization

LS 1A – Communication English for Academic and Practical Research 1 &2


Skills (EN) Professional Purposes

LS 1B – Communication Filipino sa Piling Larang


Skills (FIL)

LS 2 – Scientific Literacy and Inquiries, Investigation and


Critical Thinking Immersion

LS 3 – Mathematical and Statistics and Probability


Problem Solving Skills
LS 4 – Life and Career Skills Entrepreneurship

LS 5 – Understanding the Self Discipline and


and Society Ideas in the
Applied Social
Sciences
LS 6 – Digital Literacy Empowerment Technologies

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
ALS SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Exit: College-Bound
LEARNING STRAND Core
LS 1A – Communication Skills (EN) Oral Communication
Reading and Writing
21 century Literature from the Philipinnes and the World
st

LS 1B – Communication Skills (FIL) Komunikasyon at Pananaliksik sa Wika at Kulturang Filipino,


Pagbasa at Pagsusuri ng Iba’t-ibang Teksto Tungo sa Pananaliksik

LS 2 – Scientific Literacy and Critical Earth and Life Science


Physical Science
Thinking
Physical Education and Health
Disaster Readiness and Risk Reduction
LS 3 – Mathematical and Problem General Mathematics
Statistics and Probability
Solving Skills
LS 4 – Life and Career Skills Personal Development

LS 5 – Understanding the Self and Contemporary Philippine Arts from the Regions
Introduction to Philosophy of the Human Persons
Society
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics
LS 6 – Digital Literacy Media and Information Literacy

Department of Education
Bureau of Curriculum Development
Key Features of the
ALS-K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum

• It is substantially aligned with the K to 12 curriculum


but not a mirror image.
• It is designed to equip ALS learners with necessary
functional skills for employment,
entrepreneurship, middle level skills and higher
education.
• It responds to the unique context of ALS learners
(out-of-school youth and adult learners).
• It uses the standard terminologies and coding
system of K to 12 Curriculum.

Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
Key Features of the ALS-K to 12 Basic
Education Curriculum

• Given the expanded content scope of the new


ALS Curriculum, the length of time needed
by learners to develop these competencies
through participation in an ALS learning
program will be much longer than the old
ALS program duration.
• Actual time to finish each level would depend
on the prior educational
background/existing knowledge level of
learners entering the ALS program.
Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
ALS-K to 12 Curriculum Organization
1. Six (6) interrelated learning standards which bring
functional literacy and content knowledge
2. Anchored on the original ALS-K to 12 with some refinements:
 Inclusion of Learning Strand 1: Communication Skills:
Filipino
 Revision of the content scope and title of Learning
Strand 3 to Life and Career Skills
 Separation of the former Learning Strand 2 into two
separate strands (LS 2: Scientific Literacy and
Critical Thinking Skills, and LS 3: Mathematical
and Problem Solving Skills)
Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
ALS-K to 12 Curriculum Organization
. . . . Anchored on the original ALS-K to 12 with some
refinements:
 Integration of the former Learning Strand 4:
Development of Self and a Sense of
Community and Learning Strand 5: Expanding
One’s World Vision into a new single learning
strand Learning Strand 5: “Understanding the Self and
Society”
 Development of new learning competencies for Learning
Strand 6 focused on digital literacy

Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
Process of ALS -K to 12 Basic
Education Curriculum Development

• Competencies related to Viewing were added as a macro


skill area of Learning Strand 1 Communication Skills.
• The content scope of Learning Strand 4 was revised to
focus on Life and Career Skills. Competencies related to
sustainable use of environmental resources were
transferred to Learning Strand 2.
• Additional competencies that respond to recent global
developments which include ASEAN regional integration
and global citizenship were added to the new Learning
Strand 5: Understanding the Self and Society.

Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
Process in the ALS-K to 12 Basic
Education Curriculum Development
• Similarly 21st century digital citizenship
competencies were added to the new
Learning Strand 6 focused on Digital
Literacy.
• The leveling of the Basic Literacy
competencies was revised to focus on core
competencies related to literacy macro
skills (reading, writing, listening, speaking
and viewing) and numeracy.

Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
The Alternative Learning System (ALS)-K to 12 Basic
Education Curriculum can be accessed at

www.deped.gov.ph

Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
“EDUCATION is all a
matter of building bridges
through a CURRICULUM”
-Ralph Ellison

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
“BUT, More important than the
Curriculum is the question of the
methods of teaching and the spirit
in which the teaching is given.”
-Bertrand Russel

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
“Every learner can learn
not on the same day, or on
the same way.”
-George Evans

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development
THANK YOU

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
Department of Education
Department
Bureau of Education
of Curriculum Development
Bureau of Curriculum Development