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8oreho|es
W used for soll classlflcaLlon and ldenLlflcaLlon purposes
or for Lhe Laklna of samples
W Lo deLermlne Lhe naLure of Lhe around usuallv below
6m depLh
1¥ÞL5 CI 8CkING ML1nCD CCMMCNL¥
U5L IN MALA¥5IA
a) kC1Ak¥ 8CkING
W Pole advanced bv cuLLlna blL aLLached Lo Lhe boLLom of
drlll sLrlna and hvdraullc LhrusL wlLh cuLLlnas
LransporLed upwards bv drllllna fluld/waLerŦ
W use compaLlble caslnas and rodsţ draa and cuLLlna blLs
varvlna wlLh soll LvpesŦ
W AlmosL all waLer dlscharaed sldewav
Advantages D|sadvantages
MosL rock formaLlons can be drllledŦ 8equlres caplLal expendlLure ln
equlpmenL
WaLer and mud supporLs unsLable
formaLlons
WaLer ls requlred for pumplna
lasL 1here can be problems wlLh bouldersŦ
CperaLlon ls posslble above and below
Lhe waLer Lable
8la requlres careful operaLlon and
malnLenance
Þosslble Lo drlll Lo depLhs of over 40
meLersŦ
Þosslble Lo use compressed alr flush
b) LIGn1 ÞLkCU5ICN DkILLING
W 1hls drllllna meLhod has been used ln Chlna for
over 3000 vearsŦ
W also known as 'shell and auaer' drllllnaŦ
W lL ls conslsL ofť
1Ŧ A collapslble 'A' frameţ wlLh a pullev aL lLs LopŦ
2Ŧ A dlesel enalneţ connecLed vla a handŴoperaLed
frlcLlon cluLch
3Ŧ A wlnch drum whlch provldes pulllna power Lo
Lhe rla rope
W Þercusslon borlna ls used for landŴbased around
lnvesLlaaLlonţ waLer supplvţ aroundwaLer observaLlon
and monlLorlna and mlneral exploraLlonŦ
Þercuss|on dr||||ng |n c|ays
W use a sLeel Lube known as a clav cuLLer
W clav cuLLer normallv has a solld or sloLLed welahLţ
called a slnker barŦ
Þercuss|on dr||||ng |n sands or grave|s
W ln aranular maLerlalsţ such as sands or aravelsţ a shell
ls used
W AL leasL 2 m of waLer ls puL ln Lhe boLLom of Lhe
boreholeţ and Lhe shell ls Lhen suraedţ movlna abouL
300mm up and down everv second or so
Advantages and D|sadvantages
Advantages
D|sadvantages
Slmple Lo operaLe and malnLaln
Slowţ compared wlLh oLher meLhods
SulLable for a wlde varleLv of rocksŦ
LqulpmenL can be heavv
CperaLlon ls posslble above and below
Lhe waLerŴLable
Þroblems can occur wlLh unsLable rock
formaLlonsŦ
lL ls posslble Lo drlll Lo conslderable
depLhs
WaLer ls needed for drv holes Lo help
remove cuLLlnas
b) Auaer borlna
W slmplesL and mosL economlcal meLhod of drllllna
holes ln sofL solls
Wshould be Laken carefullv of auaer from Lhe around
mav aeneraLe sucLlon ln Lhe borehole whlch can
dlsLurb Lhe soll Lo be sampled
Advantages D|sadvantages
ŴllLLle or no surface dlsrupLlon and
Lhe spoll ls removed bv auaers
whlch ls a drv meLhodŦ
ŴlenaLhs Ǝ obsLacles ln Lhe bore
paLhŦ
C1nLk 1¥ÞL5 CI 8CkING ML1nCD
a) Pand auaer borlna
W LxLremelv sulLable for soll researchŦ Lxample ť uuLch
auaerţ aravel auaerţ small hellcal auaer barrel auaerţ
splral auaer Ŧ
W Commonlv use ln Sl ls lawn auaer and use dlameLers
beLween 100Ŵ200mmŦ
W Lach Lvpe of auaer have Lhelr own essenLlalŦ
W borlna depLh depends on varlous facLors ť
aroundwaLerţ soll proflleţ and Lhe characLerlsLlcs of
Lhe maLerlalŦ
ADVAN1AGL5 DI5ADVAN1AGL5
WlnexpenslveŦ WSlowţ compared wlLh oLher
meLhodsŦ
WSlmple Lo operaLe and malnLaln WLqulpmenL can be heavvŦ
WÞroblems can occur wlLh
unsLable rock formaLlonsŦ
WWaLer ls needed for drv holesŦ
) MLCnANICAL AUGLk
Cont|nuous I||ght Auger (CIA)
WA moblle base flLLed wlLh a hollowŴsLemmed fllahL auaer
whlch ls roLaLed Lo requlred depLh of pllllnaŦ
WLffecLlve on sofL around and enables Lo lnsLall a varleLv of
bored plles of varlous dlameLers LhaL able Lo peneLraLe a
mulLlLude of soll condlLlonsŦ
WCperaLlon of roLarv auaer soll musL free ť Lree rooLsţ
cobblesţ and bouldersţ and musL be selfŴsupporLlnaŦ
Advantages D|sadvantages
O Quicker to erect and dismantle O The soil condition must be
stable to use this method
O Able to use variety diameter
W eed the high skills to handle
c) WA5n 8CkING
W 1hls meLhod uses chopplna blL Lo cuL Lhe soll and
waLer ls pumped Lhrouah a sLrlna of hollow
borlna rod and released under pressure Lhrouah
narrow hole Lo Lhe lower end of rodŦ
W Wash borlna can be used ln mosL Lvpe of soll and
slower proaress for coarse and larae aravel slzeŦ
Advantages
D|sadvantages
1he soll lmmedlaLelv below Lhe hole
remalns undlsLurbed
Should noL be used when undlsLurbed
sample are deslred above around
waLer level
LlahL and lnexpenslve equlpmenL and
can be used for small and larae hole
noL sulLed ln verv sofL sollţ flne Lo
medlum aralned coheslon less soll
and ln hard and cemenL soll
noL obsLrucL around waLer
observaLlon
d) WA1Lk IL11ING
W 1hls meLhod made Lhe hole advanced bv [eLLlna
of hlah pressure waLer downwards lnLo soll below
caslna and suralna and roLaLlna acLlon of caslnaŦ
W 1he hole malnlv bv desLrucLlve forces of waLer
under hlah pressure and reLurn waLer ouLslde of
Lhe caslnaŦ
Advantages D|sadvantages
8equlre llLLle sklll Lo handle volume of soll conLamlnaLed wlLh
waLer
lasL
Cheap
e) DIkLC1ICNAL 8CkING
W orizontal directional drilling(
W nstall underground pipes along a prescribe
W bore path Irom the surIace
W g : telecommunications, power cable
conduits, water lines, sewer lines, gas
lines, oil lines, product pipelines and
environmental remediation casings
Advantages D|sadvantages
Less Lrafflc dlsrupLlon ueeper lnsLallaLlon posslble
Lower cosL Lonaer lnsLallaLlon posslble
no access plL requlred
ShorLer compleLlon Llmes
Safer for Lhe envlronmenL

 

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