POLLUTION

‡ The change in the environment caused by natural or artificial input of harmful contaminants into the environment and may cause instability, disruption or harmful effects to the ecosystem. Definition: Presence of matter (gas, liquid, solid) or energy (heat, noise, radiation) whose nature, location, or quantity directly or indirectly alters characteristics or processes of any part of the environment, and causes (or has the potential to cause) damage to the condition, health, safety, or welfare of animals, humans, plants, or property.

TYPES OF POLLUTION .

or damages the natural environment into the atmosphere.Air Pollution ‡ Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals. or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms. particulate matter. .

Air pollution .

. It occurs when waste is not disposed properly.Land Pollution ‡ is the degradation of Earth's land surfaces often caused by human activities and their misuse of land resources.

Urbanization and industrialization are major causes of land pollution. and improper use of soil by inadequate agricultural practices are a few factors. .Land Pollution Health hazard disposal of urban and industrial wastes. exploitation of minerals.

causing diseases in both humans and other species of animals.Land Pollution ‡ The Industrial Revolution set a series of events into motion which destroyed natural habitats and polluted the environment. .

where they become dissolved or suspended in the water or deposited on the bottom. accumulating to the extent that they overwhelm its capacity to absorb. break down. and thus interfering with the functioning of aquatic ecosystems. . or recycle them.Water Pollution ‡ State resulting when substances are released into a body of water.

Water pollution .

noise pollution contaminants are not physical particles. irritating. As with other forms of energy pollution (such as heat and light pollution). but rather waves that interfere with naturally-occurring waves of a similar type in the same environment. or damaging sounds are freely audible. .‡ Noise pollution is a type of energy pollution in which distracting.

.

The temperature change be upwards or downwards. .Thermal Pollution ‡ is a temperature change in natural water bodies caused by human influence.

Effects of Pollution .

.Effects of Pollution ‡ Pollution produces physical and biological effect that vary from mildly irritating to lethal. The more serious of the two are the biological effects.

‡ Physical Effects The physical effects of pollution are those that we can see. . but they include eff ects other than actual physical damage.

Oil spills. One obvious physical effect of pollution is the result of oil spills that are caused by ship collisions or other accidents. Oil spilled into the seas coats everything it touches. .

.

asbestos. When combined with other pollutants (soot. Burning oil and coal produce Sulfuroxides.sulfur oxide particulates cause corr osion to occur at an even faster rate. Air pollutants damage a wide variety of materials. and so on). By themselves. . which cause steel to erode two to four times faster than normal. smoke. structures. and equipment.Air pollutants. particulates damage and soil materials. lead.

in extreme cases. Pollution candestroy vegetation that provides food and shelter. can cause the death of humans. and marine life.‡ Biological Effects The most serious result of pollution is its harmful biological effects on human health and on the foodchain of animals. birds. It can seriously disrupt the balance of nature. . and.

as a health precaution from the pollutants in normal everyday drinking water. . or own filters for their tap water. Everyone seems to be concerned with issues such as.Solution for Pollution ‡ Recycle Everyday. people recycle cans. glass bottles. littering. Many people buy bottled water. and what is going to happen when there are no more land fills. and newspapers.

.‡ Car Pooling The solution for problems caused by automobiles can only be taken to the level of removing vehicles off the road that cause excessive pollution.

.‡ Enforce existing laws A politician pontificating about a great new anti-pollution law they've sponsored means little if they continue to allow existing laws to go un enforced.

‡ Encourage smart agricultural practices. Right-sizing applications of fertilizer and using techniques like biodynamic farming. no-till planting. and riparian buffer zones can help keep polluted runoff from entering streams. settling ponds. .

‡ Reduce urban/suburban runoff of lawn fertilizers and pesticides. landscaping. making your future gardening efforts that much more difficult and reliant on chemicals. . much of their volume is washed by rain or blown by air to nearby streams. and rivers. and gardens. ponds. you are part of the water pollution problem. pesticides. If you put "normal" fertilizer. and other chemicals on your lawn. While you may find these products helpful. They also tend to degrade your soil over time.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful