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PLASTIC MATERIALS

electrical resistant and if required can be made electrically conductive also Basic material of all Plastics is HYDRO CARBON .strong.hydrogen.heat resistant.stiff. PLASTIC MATERIALS • large and varied group • consists of wholly or in part combination of carbon with oxygen.nitrogen and other organic or inorganic elements • solid in finished stage or moulded stage • liquid in manufacturing stage • moulded by application of heat / pressure • generally flexible • but can be made rigid.weather resistant.

PLASTIC MATERIALS Two types of plastics are Thermo plastic and Thermoset plastics • THERMOPLASTICS are either AMORPHOUS or CRYSTALLINE in structure • They form a linear or branched molecular chain • Formulated by Addition polymerization • Available in granules of Ø3x4mm • Undergoes Physical change only. on heating • Recyclable .

They will under go small volumetric changes when on processing. . AMORPHOUS PLASTICS They are having molecules going in all different directions and normally transparent. They are tougher and more flexible.

A crystalline area is stiffer and stronger. SEMI-CRYSTALLINE PLASTICS AMORPHOUS CRYSTALLINE Since commercially perfect crystalline polymers are not produced they are identified technically as semi- crystalline thermoplastics. . shrinkage. melt viscosity. It is difficult to process crystalline materials due to high melt temperature.

additives.PE.PA. PLASTIC MATERIALS By adding different modifiers.ABS.18.fillersand Reinforcements many formulationsof Plastics are derived (Approx.Commodity Plastics eg.PEEK 3.Liquid Crystral Polymer .PC.Engineering Plastics eg.000) Classification of Thermo Plastics:- 1.Speciality Plastics eg.PP.PS.PVC 2.

• Undergoes irreversable chemical change by application of HEAT & PRESSURE. . • Difficult to dispose off. • Cross linked between molecules by the reactive portion of Compound. • Available in Fine Powder form. • Not reusable or recyclable. • A compound partially polymerized. THERMOSETS • Formulated by Condensation Polymerization.

THERMOSET PLASTICS • Saturated polyesters • Cross-linking • Giant macromolecule .

• Brittle. Dense and Polished Shiny moulded component. Phenol Formaldehyde Melamine Formaldehyde Urea Formaldehyde Alkyds. Injection moulding . • Eg. Diallys. • Thermosets are normally moulded by 1. Silicones.• Forms a Hard. Transfer moulding 3. Unsaturated Polyesters. Compression moulding 2. Polyurethane. Highly Heat & Electrical Resistant • Has a Shelf life.

Brush Shrinkage = 0. Cost ( C.5% Water Pen barrels. A.05 gm. Tm = 170 to 250 ºC nil. Tough. Perspex moderate. Tough. Automobile Absorption.5 % resistant.V. (A. Electroplatable 2 Cellulose acetate Transparent. 1 Butadiene Styerne Temp. Low T.Cabinets.Low water rules. Stiff.) Good Gloss & Aberration Shoe heels./ cc handles.22 gm.B. Tm = 175 to 300 ºC Good Chemical resistance. Gloss good. Self extinguishing. Hard. Slide - Density = 1. Tool Density = 1.. Helmets.Low Creep resistance. Name of plastic Chief Properties Applications No.Good Electrical parts. Resistance to Acids – backs. Ornaments.5 % absorption..S./cc resistantance. Weatherability Fair.) . Acrylo Nitrile Translucent. Electrical resistance Good. PLASTIC MATERIALS AND APPLICATION Sl. Furnitures Shrinkage = 0.Grills. 2. Surface. Sun glass frames. toys & Dolls .

Density = 1. PLASTIC MATERIALS AND APPLICATION Sl. Cams. Valves. Clamps. of Battery Cases.5 % Elongation. Friction. Self Lubricating. Friction. Bearing./cc Temp. High Tensile Gears.&Chemical better. Tough. Electrically Good. Self Extinguishing./ cc Resistance high. Lowest Coeff. Good.. Shrinkage = 2. Bearing surfaces. Fatigue Springs. Temp.4 gm. Housings. Soldering Water Absorption 4 to10%. Showerheads. .15 gm. Tm = 175 to 250 ºC & Aberration Resistance – Sprinklers. Rigid. 3 Density = 1. Nylon or Polyamide Translucent. Combs. Shrinkage =1.5 % Wear resistantance Excellent. 4 Poly Oxy Methylene and Flexural Strengths. Creep resistance Good. Levers. Dimensional Stability Portable water Good. Low Coeff. Impact Pump Housings.O. Cams. Iron Handles Electrically not Good Poly Acetal ( P. Self Lubricating. Tm = 250 ºC Good Chemical resistance. Gaskets. High Gears. Name of plastic Chief Properties Applications No. CoilForms. Resistance to Housings.M ) Translucent. Lower Clips. Poor Weather ability. Of tanks. Glossy.

5 Density = 1. Covers. Impact Outdoor lighting.97 gm/cc (0.E) Translucent. Name of plastic Chief Properties Applications No. Friction. Chemicals.(P. Tm = 275 to 315 ºC Resistance. Tm = 200 to 280 ºC . of Aircraft Interiors. Low Coeff.6 % Stable.01%). PLASTIC MATERIALS AND APPLICATION Sl. Cheap. Dimensionally Lens. uniform in all directions.5 % Good Heat stability.2 gm. Density =0. items. 6 Polyethylene (P.C) Transparency 90%. Household 0. Self Extinguishing. Automobile Lamp Electrically Excellent. Containers. Polycarbonate. Costly. Electrically very good. . Tool and Shrinkage = 0./cc strength High. Good Chemical and Heat appliance housing. Toys & Shrinkage = 1. Inert to Furniture.91gm/ cc to Flexible. Poor Weather ability. Low density. Low water absorption Buckets. Shrinkage housings.

Less Water Furnitures. Rigid.A) . Indoor Density = 1. Dials. Excellent. Rigid.5 % absorption. Enclosures. Density =1. Tm = 160 – 3000C Weatherability – Poor. Signal lights. 8 ( P. Auto tail Outstanding. Lenses.Good.05 gm/cc Good. No. Toys. Electrically. Housings. lamps. Elongation. High Impact Excellent. Decorative – applications. Stop lights. Name of plastic Chief Properties Applications 7 Poly Transparent (92%) . Stability . High Packaging. Polystyrene Transparent ( 90%). General purpose & Tensile strength.M. Knobs. Dim. S ) Gloss. Tm = 160o C Gloss. Weather lighting. Brittle. Outdoor methylMethacrylate Hard.Acrylic ability Good. Shrinkage = 0. Low Household items. Chemically Good . High Containers. PLASTIC MATERIALS AND APPLICATION Sl. m/c (P.M.5 % Good. Instrument lenses.15 gm/cc Dimensionalstability very decorative Shrinkage = 0. Combs. Chemically. Name plates. Tape Cassettes.

resistance . PLASTIC MATERIALS AND APPLICATION Sl. Very high Containers .5 % strength and high Fatigue hinged applications . Name of plastic Chief Properties Applications 9 Polypropylene (P. (PVC) strength . pump Tm = 200o C -. containers . Density = 0. Shrinkage = 1. battery cases . . self extinguishing .2 – 1.4 good .90 gm/cc Tensile strength. Low water records .selfextinguishing electroplatable. cheap . chemical absorption. accelerator pedal. excellent chemical resistance. . parts . fittings . splash 2800C Excellent abrasion resistance . No. electrically good parts . guards.P) Translucent . poor weather ability .5 % . shoes . flexible. high impact Electrical cords . phonograph abrasion – good . Density : 1. door panels . weather ability handle grips . Impact household items . 10 Poly vinyl chloride Transparent . pipe Shrinkage = 0. excellent chemical vacuum cleaner gm/cc resistance . low friction .