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Time Management in Research Degree

By

Dr. E. Saibaba Reddy Professor of Civil Engineering JNT University Hyderabad

Things to be Managed During PhD

  • 1. Time Management

  • 2. Mind Management

  • 3. Human Resource Management

  • 4. Patience

  • 5. Finance Management

  • 6. Persistence

  • 7. Technical Skills

and more ............

Research Means

Satyam Shivam Sundaram

Knowing Everything about Nothing

School Intermediate Ph.D PG UG
School
Intermediate
Ph.D
PG
UG

Stages in Education

5

Purpose of Research

Doing some work expecting something new may

come-out (without specific plan)

To know why something is existing in a particular form/mode

To find some improvements over existing things:

may be to increase safety, reduce price, to add more facility etc.

To explore/search solutions for a problem of the Humankind.

And many more … ..

Output of Research

Research Publications Patents Solution to Society Problems Degree

Good Thinking and Analysing Process for a problem

To do good quality research Good & Clear Teaching

Types of Research

Experimental Work

- Model studies - Basic Experimental studies (Material Properties etc) (Ex. Material for Brick manufacturing)

Analytical/Numerical work

Analytical Modeling (Derived)

– – Empirical Modeling

Experimental cum Numerical Work Critical Review of Existing Concepts

Stages in Research

Identify Specific Field of Research

0-6 Months

Identify Research Problem and steps of Action6-10 Months

Basic Literature Review

0-6 Months

Tentative plan of action

2-8 Months

Critical Literature Review

6-36 Months

Conduct of Research

12-26 Months

Compare Project Goals with Results

18-20 Months

Review of Research progress

15-26 Months

Analysis of Results

15-30 Months

Thesis Writing

28-36 Months

Defining the Thesis

36 th Month

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Problem Identification (0-6)

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct
Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Basic Literature Review (0-6)

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct
Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct
Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Plan of Action

Steps of Action (6-10)

(2-8)

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Conduct of Research (10-26)

Review of Research Progress (15-26)

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct
Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Compare Goal with Results (18-20)

Analysis of Results (15-30)

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Literature Review (6-36)

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct
Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Thesis Writing (28-36)

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Defining Thesis

Problem Identification (0-6) Basic Literature Review (0-6) Plan of Action Steps of Action (6-10) (2-8) Conduct

Time Planning

Year Wise Planning

Time Planning Year Wise Planning Quarterly Planning Monthly Planning Weekly Planning Daily Planning 11

Quarterly Planning

Monthly Planning Weekly Planning
Monthly Planning
Weekly Planning

Daily Planning

Typical Experimental Work

Literature Review Plan of Action of Research Identify the Parameters to be Investigated

Apparatus Identification/Design of New One Calibration of Apparatus Conducting Preliminary Experiments Modification of Apparatus if required Conducting Experimental Programme

Typical Experimental Work

Analysis of a set of Results Review of Experimental Programme Modify the Apparatus Design or Experimental Programme if Required Complete the Experimental Work Analyse the Experimental Results

Check whether you achieved what you wants to Examine? If not design an additional tests to complete the gap.

Typical Experimental Work

Develop the Analytical Model if Proposed. Compare the Experimental Results with the analytical prediction, the reported literature

and the Mechanism associated and explain

with reasoning. Conclusion

Analytical/Numerical Work

Literature Review Plan of Action of Research Identify the Parameters to be Investigated

Development of Broad Algorthim for Major Problem

Splitting the Problem into a number of suitable Subroutines

Development of Detailed Algorithm to Each subroutine

Writing the Programme for Each subroutine

Analytical/Numerical Work

Testing of Each subroutine Modify the algorithm and programme if required. After Completing the Testing of all subroutine Write the Overall Programme and test it. Conduct the parametric Investigation Compare the results from other analytical models and Experimental results if any. Conclusions

Methodology

Tentative plan of action

Monthly targets

Yearly targets

Review of Progress

Literature Review

Conduct of Research

Review of Research progress

Analysis of Results

Thesis Writing

Content List

Introduction Literature Review

Investigation Plan and Details

Analysis and Discussion Results

Conclusions

Abstract

Defining the Thesis

Problems associated with Research at ..

Identification of the broad area of Research

Identification of Specific Field of Research

Identification of Tentative Problem of Research

Preparation of plan of action

Review of literature

Conducting of Research

Analysis of Results

Thesis Writing

Defining the Thesis

My Experience of Research

My PhD

Interview at UGC

What you want to do in UK?

Why can't you do this in India?

Offshore Structures are now Existing. What is that you wants to do New?

Experience in England Mr. Reddy! What you want to do? Research in Offshore Pile foundation. How you want to do? You should Guide me.

I don’t know any thing about Offshore piles, how can I guide you?

Mr. Reddy Give your research Programme for the Next 36 Months. Started with Numerical Work Worked for 6 months. There was no data to verify the model. So What? How you want to Proceed ? I Want to do Experimental work to get Performance of Pile. So go ahead.

Literature Review

Collect all the Literature that you feel they are related to your work.

Get the back literature from the references for the latest

papers.

Group the Papers according to sub topics of your research Ex: Experimental work, Analytical work etc.

Literature Review is a Continuous Process Till the End Project

Numerical Work

• Numerical Work Experimental Work • Experimental Work: Developed a number of apparatus and trials which

Experimental Work

Experimental Work: Developed a number of apparatus and trials which did not Figure in the Thesis.

Work Culture in UK. Doing more Experimental work without Labour. Working Holidays.

Thinking about a problem or the Results in leisure even at Home.

Some Experiences

On a Programme developed my guide said

What is this? This can be written on back of a Cigarette pack.

On some Critical argument the same guide said

You are right I am sorry, I will take back my words.

A set of results are contradicting each other, Can you guide me why?

I don’t know it is your research. After your PhD you

will called Expert of Pile foundations not me.

Some Experiences

I Designed and developed an apparatus, which was being discouraged by my guide.

The apparatus did not give the required values, however It provided with other useful data and facts.

Supervisor Said: “I told you that it will be of no use!

Keep the apparatus details in the appendix”.

Thesis Writing

Introduction Literature Review Apparatus and materials Used Experimental Programme Analysis and Discussion of Results Conclusions

Viva-voce Examination

Examiner Dr. Rechard Jardine Prof. from Imperial

College London

Critical Review of the Thesis (Each page, References etc)

Your Good work is in Appendix

Post Doctoral Research I

At Saint Maries University, Halifax Canada

Contact of The Project is to develop Analytical Model and to verify with the Experimental data available.

Asked for literature.

There is no literature we are the first researchers

investigating

Development of Analytical Model (Not Accepted)

After 5 Months Same progamme was well appreciated.

Post Doctoral Research -II

University of Birmingham UK

Research that is needed for the Society. On Geo Environmental Engineering

Research Ethics

  • 1. Do not claim some one’s work as yours

  • 2. Do the research for the betterment of the society

  • 3. Do not try/manipulate results to prove your theory.

  • 4. Do not propose a theory with limited investigation.

  • 5. Do not Publish the same material in different places.

  • 6. No research work is failure.

My observations in RRMs and Colloquiums

Title of the thesis Abstract, Introduction Literature Review Objective of work Core of Research

Experimental/Analytical/Both

Analysis and Discussion of Results Conclusions

State of Mind of Researcher During Research

Enthusiasm Appears very clear of objective

Literature review creates confusion (No. of thoughts)

You may lose line of sight (May forget what you intended to do)

Frustration Physical, Mental, Psychological, Financial stress

Dos in Research

Be clear about the subject around your Research

problem Be clear about the research problem

Be a researcher but not a technical assistant to your supervisor

Be confident and but not Over Confident Give clear reference to researchers

If you can't understand any results discuss with your supervisor.

Don’ts in Research

Do not modify the results to meet your ideas. Never say no one has worked in this area. Never claim some ones research as yours. Never publish the same research paper in more than one place. Do not argue with your supervisor

Thank you very Much

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