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Philippine Conditional Cash Transfer Program

Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s ) for the Regional Conference on Public Sector

Management in Support of the MDG’s

13-15 June 2012

Bangkok, Thailand

by:

Honorita B. Bayudan

Philippine Conditional Cash Transfer Program Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s ) for the Regional Conference on

Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)

Philippine Conditional Cash Transfer Program Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4P’s ) for the Regional Conference on

DSWD Mandate

“To provide assistance to local government units (LGUs), non-government organizations (NGOs), other national government agencies

(NGAs); people’s organizations (POs) and other members of civil society in effectively

implementing programs, projects, and services that will alleviate poverty and empower disadvantaged individuals, families and

communities for an improved quality of life.(Executive Order No 15 dated 20 August 1998)

DSWD Mandate “To provide assistance to local government units (LGUs), non-government organizations (NGOs), other national government

4P’s BASIC CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES

PROGRAM DESCRIPTION

It promotes and supports the Philippine Commitment to the UN

Convention of the Rights of the Child (CRC) through provision of

health, education and other services as basic rights of children.

The program was patterned after the Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) programs in Latin American countries such as Mexico, Columbia and

Brazil which have been proven successful as a poverty reduction and

social development measure.

PROGRAM GOALS

Social Assistance to provide cash assistance to the poor to alleviate their needs (short term).

Social Development to break the intergenerational poverty cycle through investment in human capital , i.e. health, nutrition and education ( long term )

4P’s BASIC CONCEPTS AND PROCEDURES PROGRAM DESCRIPTION • It promotes and supports the Philippine Commitment to

Designed to Meet the MDGs

4Ps works to attain the following MDGs:

Designed to Meet the MDGs 4Ps works to attain the following MDGs: Eradicating Achieving Promoting Extreme
Designed to Meet the MDGs 4Ps works to attain the following MDGs: Eradicating Achieving Promoting Extreme
Designed to Meet the MDGs 4Ps works to attain the following MDGs: Eradicating Achieving Promoting Extreme
Designed to Meet the MDGs 4Ps works to attain the following MDGs: Eradicating Achieving Promoting Extreme
Designed to Meet the MDGs 4Ps works to attain the following MDGs: Eradicating Achieving Promoting Extreme

Eradicating

Achieving

Promoting

Extreme

Universal

Gender

Poverty and

Primary

Equality

Hunger

Education

and Empowerin g Women

Reducing

Child

Mortality

Improving

Maternal

Health

Designed to Meet the MDGs 4Ps works to attain the following MDGs: Eradicating Achieving Promoting Extreme

Objectives

  • 1. To improve preventive health care among pregnant women and young children

  • 2. To increase the enrollment in and attendance rate of children in school

  • 3. To reduce the incidence of child labor

  • 4. To raise the average consumption rate in food expenditure of poor households

  • 5. To encourage parents to invest in their children’s (and their own) human capital through investments in their health and nutrition, education, and participation in community activities

Objectives 1. To improve preventive health care among pregnant women and young children 2. To increase

Conditions as Co-responsibilities

  • A. Health & Nutrition

Pregnant women avail pre- and post- natal care and Childbirth supervised by health professional

Children 0 to 5 years old avail complete immunization, weight monitoring, nutrition counseling & preventive health

services

Children 6 to 14 avail de- worming pills twice a year

Conditions as Co-responsibilities A. Health & Nutrition • Pregnant women avail pre- and post- natal care
Conditions as Co-responsibilities A. Health & Nutrition • Pregnant women avail pre- and post- natal care

Conditions as Co-responsibilities

  • B. Education

Children 3 to 5 years old enrolled in Day Care with 85% class attendance/month

Children 6 to 14 enrolled in elementary and high school

with 85% class attendance/month

  • C. Parenting Education Attend Family Development Sessions once a month

Conditions as Co-responsibilities B. Education • Children 3 to 5 years old enrolled in Day Care

Program Benefits

4Ps provides conditional cash grants to beneficiaries, through Landbank cash , to wit:

Health and Nutrition Grant

P6,000 per year or P500 per month per

household or

$ 11.6

Education

P3,000 per year or P300 per month per child for 10 months a year, to a maximum of 3 children per household

or $

6.9

at

P 43 to a dollar

A household with three qualified children receives a subsidy of

P1,400/month during the school year or P15,000 annually as long as they comply with the conditionalities , the amount range from $ 11 ( P 500 ) to $ 32 (P 1,400.00) depending on the number of eligible children

• Land Bank ATM (cash card) = 1,019,819 HH • Land Bank Over-the-Counter (Off-Site) = 560,441

Land Bank ATM (cash card) =

1,019,819 HH

Land Bank Over-the-Counter (Off-Site) = 560,441 HH

Globe G-Cash Remit = 525,870 HH

Rural Banks = 417,860 HH

First Consolidated Bank (FCB) = 44,879 HH

Philpost 170,598 HH

The parameter as basis in determining the conduit is P 100.00 expense on the part of the beneficiary

• Land Bank ATM (cash card) = 1,019,819 HH • Land Bank Over-the-Counter (Off-Site) = 560,441
• Land Bank ATM (cash card) = 1,019,819 HH • Land Bank Over-the-Counter (Off-Site) = 560,441
 

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Selection of Households

Selection of Households

(Enumeration, PMT, &

Eligibility Check)

 
3 Selection of Households (Enumeration, PMT, & Eligibility Check) 2 Supply-Side Assessment (Availability of health &
2 Supply-Side

2

Supply-Side

   

Assessment

(Availability of health & education facilities & service providers)

3 Selection of Households (Enumeration, PMT, & Eligibility Check) 2 Supply-Side Assessment (Availability of health &
1

1

 

Selection of Provinces /

Municipalities

(SAE)

Program Cycle

5 4 Community Family Registry Preparation Assembly (Registration and Validation of (Final list of enrolled 4Ps
5
4
Community
Family Registry
Preparation
Assembly
(Registration and
Validation of
(Final list of enrolled
4Ps beneficiaries with
LBP enrollment)
Households)
6
1 st Release
7
8
Verification of
2 nd Succeeding
Releases
Compliance with
Conditions
Community Assemblies
Updates/Grievance and Complaints

NHTSPR Overview

PROJECT BACKGROUND:

NHTSPR was established after the 4Ps (CCT) proved the targeting system was a more effective approach in determining and ensuring poor households enjoy the benefits;

The NHTSPR Project Management Offices (N/RPMOs) were established last March 2009 composed of a mix of regular and contracted personnel of the DSWD to implement the nationwide assessment. The PMOs hired and trained field staff consisting of enumerators, encoders, area supervisors, area coordinators, regional field supervisors, and regional IT officers.

Target number of households to cover is 4.7M poor households out of 1,492 municipalities and 137 cities nationwide;

Information Technology (IT) systems such as Encoding Application (with validation routines), Proxy

Means Test module, and Duplicity Checker along with hardware equipments (such as servers, internet connectivity and collocation, laptops, storage facility, etc.) were simultaneously developed,

tested and deployed during the enumeration phase;

Executive Order 867 series of 2010, Providing for the Adoption of the National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction as the Mechanism for Identifying Poor Households who shall be Recipients of Social Protection Programs Nationwide”

The Household Targeting System

Feature of the Household Assessment

The Household Targeting System Feature of the Household Assessment Assess all households in all poor areas
The Household Targeting System Feature of the Household Assessment Assess all households in all poor areas

Assess all households in all poor areas and those pockets of poverty through house to house interviews using a 2- page questionnaire with 34 variables. Interviews are

conducted inside the household since most of the

variables used for assessing household status are observable and verifiable such as

  • Housing conditions (walls, roof) and tenure status (own or rent house),

  • Access to basic services (toilet, water supply, electricity) and

  • Ownership of assets,

  • Household composition and size by key age groups (small children, school age children, elderly),

  • Education of household members (no education, elementary, high school, college),

  • Occupation

STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION

DATA SHARING

  • DSWD’s Pantawid Pamilya, Social Pension, and Rice Subsidy for Farmer’s and Fisherfolk’s

  • Philippine Health Insurance’s Social Indigent Sponsorship Program

  • Department of Energy on Electrification Project

  • NAPC on Waterless Communities Project

  • Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process on Internal Displacement Project

  • International Labor Organization on Child Labor

  • World Vision

  • All Congressmen

  • Five (5) Provincial Governor s

Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System NHTS NPMO

Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.
Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.
  • 1. Geographical Targeting

Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.
Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.
  • 2. Household Assessment (Enumeration)

 
3. Selection of Poor Beneficiaries using Proxy Means Test
  • 3. Selection of Poor Beneficiaries using Proxy Means Test

3. Selection of Poor Beneficiaries using Proxy Means Test
Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.
  • 4. Eligibility Check

Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.

Selection of Areas to be surveyed based

on Poverty Incidence (NSCB data)

  • Assess all households in areas selected based on geographical targeting.

Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.

Income is estimated through proxy
variables of the socioeconomic conditions of the HH instead of asking directly about their income.

Selection of Household Beneficiaries through the Household Targeting System – NHTS NPMO 1. Geographical Targeting 2.

Identification of potential 4Ps
beneficiaries (i.e. households with

pregnant women and or children 0-14

y/o

PROGRAM SYSTEM AND COMPONENTS

  • I. SUPPLY SIDE ASSESSMENT (SSA)

II. BENEFICIARY DATA MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

III.COMPLIANCE VERIFICATION SYSTEM IV.FAMILY DEVELOPMENT SESSION V. GRIEVANCE REDRESS SYSTEM VI.PAYMENT SYSTEM

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT

AND MECHANISM

4Ps Project Management & Organizational Structure

National Project Management Office

(NPMO)

  • Management Team

National Project

INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT AND MECHANISM 4Ps Project Management & Organizational Structure National Project Management Office (NPMO) Management

Regional Project Management Office

(RPMO) ,

  • Management Team

Regional Project

National Project Management Office - oversee and provide technical support to the overall management and operations of the program, and mainstreamed in the overall operation of DSWD at the national level through the NPMT.

Regional Project Management Offices -execute all plans, policies,

tasks

and

activities

in

the implementation of the program and

mainstreamed in the overall regional operation through the RPMT.

Interagency Partnerships

Interagency Partnerships 4Ps is implemented through an inter-agency cooperation between the Department of Social Welfare and
Interagency Partnerships 4Ps is implemented through an inter-agency cooperation between the Department of Social Welfare and
Interagency Partnerships 4Ps is implemented through an inter-agency cooperation between the Department of Social Welfare and
Interagency Partnerships 4Ps is implemented through an inter-agency cooperation between the Department of Social Welfare and

4Ps is implemented through an inter-agency cooperation between the Department of Social Welfare and

Development and the ff partners:

Department of Education (DepEd)

Department of Heath (DOH)

Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)

National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC)

Council for the Welfare of Children (CWC)

National Nutrition Council (NNC)

National Economic Development Authority (NEDA)

Department of Budget and Management (DBM)

Local Government Units (LGUs)

4Ps Joint Memorandum Circular s. of 2009 signed by the agencies articulates the collective and specific responsibilities of each agency in the implementation of Pantawid Pamilya.

Advisory Committees

National Advisory

Committee

Advisory Committees National Advisory Committee Policy Directions and Guidance Act as Nat’l Grievance Committee Regional Advisory

Policy Directions and Guidance

Act as Nat’l Grievance

Committee

Advisory Committees National Advisory Committee Policy Directions and Guidance Act as Nat’l Grievance Committee Regional Advisory

Regional Advisory Committee

Advisory Committees National Advisory Committee Policy Directions and Guidance Act as Nat’l Grievance Committee Regional Advisory

Provincial Advisory Committee

Advisory Committees National Advisory Committee Policy Directions and Guidance Act as Nat’l Grievance Committee Regional Advisory

Municipal Advisory Committee

Translate national policies into
region-specific operational

guidelines. Resolves grievance

and complaints

Advisory Committees National Advisory Committee Policy Directions and Guidance Act as Nat’l Grievance Committee Regional Advisory

Supply Side augmentation and Monitoring, provision of support

  • services and resolutions of grivances & complaints

Advisory Committees National Advisory Committee Policy Directions and Guidance Act as Nat’l Grievance Committee Regional Advisory

Ensure/facilitate provision of

Advisory Committees National Advisory Committee Policy Directions and Guidance Act as Nat’l Grievance Committee Regional Advisory

supply side needs and support services for 4Ps beneficiaries .

Partnerships with Volunteers

For transparency and participation the DSWD enjoins the involvement of Volunteer Groups

and NGOs in the implementation of its mandate;

Aimed at sharing of expertise, skills,

and

knowledge in working with disadvantaged individuals, groups and families;

Affirmation

of

commitments

through a

Memorandum of Agreeement for partnership and collaboration in the implementation of the program.

Partnerships with Volunteers • For transparency and participation the DSWD enjoins the involvement of Volunteer Groups

PROGRAM STATUS AND TARGETS FOR 2012

Table A. Geographic

Coverage

LEVEL

TOTAL NATIONWIDE /1

COVERAGE

% OF COVERAGE

Region

17

17

100.00%

Province

80

79

98.75%

City

138

138

100.00%

Municipality

1,496

1,261

84.29%

Barangay

42,026

32,639

77.66%

Household Coverage by Island Group (as of 23 May 2012 Visayas Mindanao 689,859 1,295,492 (22.88%) (42.96%)
Household Coverage by Island Group
(as of 23 May 2012
Visayas
Mindanao
689,859
1,295,492
(22.88%)
(42.96%)
Luzon
1,030,320
(34.17%)
21 omê millora
21
omê millora

STATISTICS/

 

Increase/

REPORT

SET 1

SET 2

SET 3

SET 4

SET 5

TOTAL

(Decrease) /2

HOUSEHOLD BENEFICIARIES

321,624

273,117

405,902

1,289,457

725,571

3,015,671

(342)

GRANTEES

321,624

273,117

405,902

1,289,457

725,571

3,015,671

(342)

Male

39,025

20,913

26,179

95,879

59,942

241,938

1,906

Female

282,599

252,204

379,723

1,193,578

665,629

2,773,733

(2,248)

CHILDREN 0-14 YEARS OLD

753,353

648,208

1,050,308

3,226,238

1,867,508

7,545,615

(3,728)

Male

387,372

333,854

542,566

1,665,142

968,150

3,897,084

(2,215)

Female

365,981

314,354

507,742

1,561,096

899,358

3,648,531

(1,513)

CHILDREN 0-2 YEARS OLD

254

1,915

30,559

115,856

94,894

243,478

(5,309)

Male

122

952

15,789

60,106

49,376

126,345

(2,849)

Female

132

963

14,770

55,750

45,518

117,133

(2,460)

CHILDREN 3-5 YEARS OLD

145,710

155,286

242,317

755,064

440,406

1,738,783

(2,190)

Male

75,249

80,323

125,864

390,336

229,100

900,872

(1,088)

Female

70,461

74,963

116,453

364,728

211,306

837,911

(1,102)

CHILDREN 6-14 YEARS OLD

607,389

491,007

777,432

2,355,318

1,332,208

5,563,354

3,771

Male

312,001

252,579

400,913

1,214,700

689,674

2,869,867

1,722

Female

295,388

238,428

376,519

1,140,618

642,534

2,693,487

2,049

CHILDREN 15-17 YEARS OLD

168,881

135,738

207,764

624,577

339,292

1,476,252

1,888

Male

87,440

69,701

106,633

322,370

176,187

762,331

1,038

Female

81,441

66,037

101,131

302,207

163,105

713,921

850

IP Beneficiaries

39,623

89,247

82,184

229,997

104,000

545,051

(1)

Households with PWD Members

*

13,960

21,692

66,359

44,566

146,577

(20)

Hearing

*

1,291

1,996

5,962

3,780

13,029

(2)

Mental

*

1,287

1,753

5,789

3,874

12,703

(1)

Multiple Disabilities

*

2,267

3,572

10,004

6,819

22,662

(2)

Orthopedic

*

1,984

2,907

9,629

6,620

21,140

(2)

Speech

*

1,563

2,129

7,198

4,430

15,320

(3)

Visual

*

2,252

3,506

11,397

7,863

25,018

(5)

Other type

*

3,316

5,829

16,380

11,180

36,705

(5)

Households with Solo Parents

*

16,750

28,966

85,933

47,048

178,697

(60)

Households with Farmers and/or Fisherfolks

233,036

211,038

264,873

738,744

330,257

1,777,948

(256)

*variable not included in HAF for Set 1 /1 Source: National Statisitical Coordination Board

/2 A decrease is attributed to the 361 delisted households from 17-23 May 2012 of which 309(85.60%) were delisted after voluntarily waived from the program. Meanwhile, there were 12 reactivated households and 7 late registered households, which resulted to the difference of 342 households.

Convergence and Commitments with Partners

Partnership with CSOs - As of March 2012, the Department has engaged with 311 CSOs, of which 304 are local partners with 7 national networks thru a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) in monitoring the transparency of program implementation under the framework Bantay, Gabay, Tulay, and Kaagapay. Some of the CSO’s with MOA with DSWD are I Serve QC, Sinag PPVR QC, CO Multidiversity in NCR and Rizal,Urban Poor Alliance, Negrense Volunteers for cchange, MAGNETO, Change Politics Movement

TrabahongLansanganngProgramangPantawidPamilyang Pilipino Program. DSWD and DPWH jointly launched the said project in 5 September 2011 inTondo, Manila. From January to March, a total of 1,651PantawidPamilya beneficiaries were hired to work on landslide maintenance, road maintenance, declogging of drainage laterals, and street sweeping. For this year, a total of 2,167 beneficiaries are targeted for the project.

Students Grants-in-Aid Program in Poverty Alleviation. As part of the approved Disbursement Acceleration Plan of Commission on Higher Education (CHED) and reflecting the Government thrusts in effectively addressing poverty, Department of Environment and Natural Resources for the greening of the environment as its contribution to climate change

4Ps Pilot Spot Check SWS STUDY

AREAS COVERED - Municipalities of Palapag, Mondragon, and

Pambujan in Northern Samar in February-March 2010 (760 hh

beneficiaries)

  • On average, each pregnant woman received 4.7 visits (antenatal care services) during the duration of the pregnancy

  • Of 611 respondents, 79% (482) attended ante-natal care services at least 3 times during the duration of the pregnancy;

  • 82% (564 of 689) of children under-five years old attend growth monitoring and health checkups in health centers in accordance to DOH protocols

  • 62% (101

of

164) of

the

children 1-2

years old received full

immunization, and 84% (137 of 164) had received at least one immunization

  • All 6-14 years old (1,018) received deworming pills at least once while 32% received two doses during the last school year

  • 6-11 year-olds: 96% (422 of 440) attend more than 85% of the school days in the last 3 months

  • 12-14 year-olds: 86% (77 of 90) attend more that 85% of the school days in the last 3 months

4Ps Pilot Spot Check – SWS STUDY AREAS COVERED - Municipalities of Palapag, Mondragon, and Pambujan

Key Findings of IPC -Ateneo de Manila

Generally observed improvements in school attendance and use of health services (Immunization, nutrition, illness management, and maternal health services

Students come to school with better clothing, project materials, and food making them more active in classrooms

4Ps is subsidizing the most essential needs of beneficiary households and significantly eased the scarcity during the lean season

Changes to beneficiary behaviors for demanding more and better health and education services are observed

Reduction in child labor MORE COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION IS CONTINOUSLY BEING DONE BY WORLD BANK AND OTHER DEVELOPMENT PARTNERS Conclusion:

4Ps has a lot of potential in improving people’s lives and changes in beneficiary behaviors (related to health and education) have been observed.

Key Findings of IPC -Ateneo de Manila • Generally observed improvements in school attendance and use

CHALLENGES

Need to address supply side requirements in Pantawid Pamilya areas

Intensify validation process of household beneficiaries to reduce inclusion/exclusion errors

Strengthen partnership with NGAs, NGOs, CSOs and Faith Based Groups along Bantay,

Gabay, Tulay, and Kaagapay

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Explore other modalities of payments in very isolated Pantawid Pamilya areas

Increase involvement of key stakeholders such as PSWDO, SWDOs, NAC, PAC, MAC members

Implement exit and graduation schemes and plans for Set 1

and 2 beneficiaries through Case Management System using Social Welfare Indicators as a tool.

Accessing and augmentation of support services by the

LGUs in preparation for and as part of the exit plan/graduation scheme for beneficiaries.

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There is a need to strategically pool together the expertise and resources of the Department to

There is a need to strategically pool together the expertise and resources of the Department to be more efficient in the implementation of projects and programs for poverty reduction.

  • Common understanding (what and how)

  • Common commitment (institutional support)

  • Common resolve (convergent action)

Objectives are :

Maximize resources by reducing duplication of Efforts and enhancing efficiency

  • Enhance local skills, knowledge, and collaborative action between

stakeholders for sustainability .

Enhance local skills, knowledge, and

collaborative action between stakeholders for sustainability

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GEOGRAPHIC CONVERGENCE
GEOGRAPHIC CONVERGENCE
GEOGRAPHIC CONVERGENCE KALAHI-CIDSS 48 provinces 48 provinces 46 provinces 46 provinces SEA-K 4Ps 78 78 79
KALAHI-CIDSS 48 provinces 48 provinces 46 provinces 46 provinces SEA-K 4Ps 78 78 79 provinces provinces*
KALAHI-CIDSS
48
provinces
48 provinces
46 provinces
46
provinces
SEA-K
4Ps
78
78
79
provinces
provinces*
provinces*

* Excluding cities, with Metro Manila counted as one province.

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Convergence of Strategies

• Inclusion • Accountability Poor CDD Communities Transformative Kalahi-CIDSS • Building Social Capital Economically Active Poor
• Inclusion
• Accountability
Poor
CDD
Communities
Transformative
Kalahi-CIDSS
• Building Social
Capital
Economically
Active Poor
•Entrepreneurship
•Wealth creation
Livelihood
Promotive
SEA-K
• Prevention
• Protection
CCT
Poorest
Protective
4Ps
• Investing in human
capital
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Convergence of Outcomes Improved Kalahi- delivery of Services to the poorest CIDSS Reduced Poverty Inclusion and
Convergence of Outcomes
Improved
Kalahi-
delivery of
Services to the
poorest
CIDSS
Reduced
Poverty
Inclusion
and
Participation
Improved
Human and
Social Capital
SEA-K
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Support to the Convergence Efforts

BANTAY Projects & activities on anti-corruption GABAY A mechanism in extending technical assistance TULAY

Refers to facilitating action, feedback and monitoring

KAAGAPAY Projects and activities on anti-poverty

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