Question
‡ What are examples in History, in which people were discriminated against, hated because of their race, religion or political ties? ‡ Discuss with a partner what it means to discriminate against?

Pyramid of Hate ‡ This pyramid shows how hate can escalate into something more than just discrimination but into extermination. .

Past and Current Genocides ± ± ± ± ± ± ± The Holocaust Armenians Soviet Union Cambodia Rwanda Yugoslavia Dafur ‡ . political. religious. or cultural group.What is Genocide? ‡ The Systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial.

Elements Leading to the Holocaust ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Totalitarianism combined with Nationalism History of Anti-Semitism Defeat in World War I Hitler¶s belief in the Master Race The Final Solution .

Totalitarianism ‡ Centralized control by an autocratic authority and the political concept that the citizens should be totally subjected to an absolute state authority .

Nationalism ‡ Loyalty and devotion to a nation. . and a sense of national consciousness exalting ones nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranational groups.

or racial group.Anti-Semitism ‡ Hostility toward or discrimination against Jews as a religious. . ethnic.

Master Race ‡ Used in Nazism to designate a supposed master race of NonJewish Caucasians usually having Nordic features. ± Blond hair and Blue eyes ± Known as the Aryan Race Chart Showing the Races of Germany .

Final Solution ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Ghettos Camps Transportation Gas Chambers Crematories .

Transportation ‡ Discuss with a partner on how you believe the transportation of millions of people was actually able to take place? Click Here for Answer .

Ghetto ‡ An area within a city that all Jews were forced to live. ‡ Major Ghettos ± Warsaw ± Lodz ± Kovno . ‡ Food rations and living conditions were very poor.

Concentration Camps ‡ Types of Camps ± Concentration/Labor ± Extermination/Death ‡ Major Camps ± ± ± ± Dauchau-Buchenwald Auschwitz Treblinkia Bikenau .

.Transportation ‡ Systematic Deportation ‡ Boxcar ± ± ± ± 100+ people in one car Doors were bolted shut No place to sit down Often people were forced to pay for their transportation ± No food or water given.

.Gas Chambers ‡ Many victims did not know of their death ± Gas Chambers were referred to as Baths/Showers ‡ Zyklon B ± was used as a poison ‡ Millions of people came to their deaths.

‡ Their job was to remove all valuables from the victims. Click here to watch a Survivors Testimony« .Crematoriums ‡ Prisoners were forced to staff the crematoriums.

Armenian Genocide ‡ ‡ ‡ 1915 ± 1923 1. women and children murdered 500.000 survivors expelled form their homes .000 men.500.

government and military leaders.Soviet Union (Famine) ‡ ‡ ‡ Peasants. and members of the elite 1932 ± 1933 Man made famine ± Soviet troops seized all of the crops .

technicians.700.1979 1.Cambodia ‡ ‡ ‡ Educated. 1975.000 murdered ± this includes those who died by slave labor . artists. formers government officials. and minorities. monks.

Rwanda ‡ ‡ ‡ Tutsi and moderate Hutus 1994 Lasted only 100 days ‡ 937.000 murdered ± largest amounts of people to die in genocide per day .

000 murdered .Yugoslavia ‡ ‡ ‡ Bosnian Muslims and Croats 1992 ± 1995 Srebrenica Massacre ± 8.

000.000 killed ± this is a conservative estimate .000 displaced Currently ongoing ‡ ‡ Conflict began in February 2003 Stems from the 1980¶s ‡ Estimates 200.Darfur ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ 80 black African groups (including ± Fur.000 murdered 4. Zaghawa and Massalit) 2.000.