Presented by Irshad Sunil

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Meaning of Motivation Concept of Motivation Motivation Theories Employees Motivation Dist b/w Morale & motivation Conclusion

‡ Motivation is derived from the Latin word movere, ³to move.´ The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines motivation (root motive) as ³something (as a need or desire) that causes a person to act´ while motivate is defined as ³the object influencing a choice or prompting an action.´

‡ Motivation refers to a set of forces that energise people to behave in certain ways. ‡ Motivation is necessary to accomplish tasks to produce quality goods and for other related purposes.

Definition of Motivation According to Brech, Motivation is a general inspiration process which gets the members of the team to pull their weight effectively, to give their loyalty to the group, to carry out properly the tasks they have accepted and generally to play an effective part in the job that the group has undertaken.

Concept of Motivation
‡ You can buy a man¶s time, you can buy a man¶s physical presence at a given place, but you can not buy his enthusiasm,intiative and loyalty.´ ‡ Motivation aims at transforming the ability to do into µthe will to do¶. ‡ Performance of specific task is a P= f(S,M)





Motivation Theories

‡ Maslow ¶s Need Hierarchy theoryThis model of Hierarchy of Needs indicate the propositions about human behavior.

Maslow¶s Need Hierarchy Related to the Job
SelfActualization Esteem Belongingness, Social, and Love Safety and Security Physiological

5- Stages of Maslow¶s Theory
‡ Physiological Needs- basic life needs like food, water, etc.

‡ Safety Needs- protection ,security stability,etc. ‡ Social Needs - family, relationship, workgroup ,etc. ‡ Esteem Needs - achievement ,status ,reputation ,etc. ‡ Self-actualization Needs ± personal growth.

Maslow¶s Hierarchy of needs
‡ This theory points out that the people are motivated by unfulfilled needs. It also states that once a particular need is satisfied, it ceases to be a motivating factor. ‡ Maslow pointed out that as lower level needs are satisfied, upper level needs replace them and become important.

Mc Gregor¶s Theory ‡ Theory X
‡ This theory is also referred as the authoritarian management style ,
Theory X offered by McGregor assumes that employees dislike work, are lazy, seek to avoid responsibility, and must be coerced to perform. It is a negative view about people.

A manager who view employees from theory X perspective believes.
‡ Employees dislike work and, whenever possible, will attempt to avoid it. ‡ Because employees dislike work, they must be coerced, controlled, or threatened with punishment to achieve desired goals. ‡ As employees are lazy they do not want responsibilities and have no ambition. ‡ Individuals prefer to be directed and want security above everything else.

‡ Management that believes in theory-X assumptions, creates stick-and-carrot approach based firms with restrictive discipline.

‡ Managers tend towards theory x, and generally get poor results.

Theory Y
‡ This theory is also referred as the participative management style
‡ Theory Y assumes that employees are creative, seek responsibility, and can exercise self-direction. It is a positive view about people.

A manager who view employees from a Theory Y perspective believes.
‡ The average employee likes work, and is selfmotivated. ‡ Employees will apply self-control and self-direction in the pursuit of organizational objectives, without external control or the threat of punishment. ‡ If individuals are given freedom there is opportunity to increase productivity.

‡ Management that believes in theory-Y assumptions, creates trust based firms with empowered employees. ‡ Managers use theory y, which produces better performance and results, and allows people to grow and develop.

Employees motivation
‡ What is the 'primary aim' of your company? ‡ What obstacles stop employees performing to best effect? ‡ Do employees feel empowered? ‡ Are employee goals and company goals aligned? ‡ How do employees feel about the company ‡ How involved are employees in company development?

Dist b/w Morale & motivation
‡ Motivation is individualistic while Morale is a group instinct. ‡ Morale is on various favorable attitudes while motivation is intrinsic. ‡ Morale the mental and emotional condition of a group with regard to the function or tasks at hand while motivation is act of stimulating someone to get a desired goal.


To motivate employees in organization is not easy, but we give motivation and morale of employees in right time and right way then individual and organization can achieved desire goals.

‡ Motivational thoughts: ‡ A winner never quits and a quitter never wins, is a valuable application in every type of situation. ‡ Patience and understanding allow us to learn from the mistakes of others without criticizing them. ‡ The value of knowledge is qualified and quantified when knowledge is put into action. ‡ There are good times and bad times, happy times and sad times, they go together. ‡

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