OVERVIEW OF TELECOM SCENARIO IN INDIA

including rapidly changing technology in the telecom
K. Sridhara Member (Technology) Department of Telecom
TDSAT SEMINAR 26 November 2006

Contents 
   

Telecom Sector Current Telecom scenario Key Policy initiatives Technology development Issues & challenges

26 November 2006

Dept. of Telecom

2

of Telecom 3 .Telecom Sector      Most vibrant sector with highest growth rate ± more than 60 lakh customers are added every month Plethora of services Easier access/ availability Drastic reduction in tariff World class service 26 November 2006 Dept.

59 5.17 3.03 9.68 6.8 4.3 2.47 2.87 36.71 45.Fixed & Mobile subscriber base (1982 onwards) (in millions) 140 120 120 105.58 38.9 3.7 60 52.05 14.88 76.54 11.65 21.5 33.88 26.17 3.17 40 47.03 9.8 14.67 2.83 48.9 3.48 44.91 47.8 32.55 22.9 3.07 5.98 8.81 18.16 80 Fixed including WLL(F) 71.34 0.15 0 2.59 5. of Telecom 4 .2 Financial Year 26 November 2006 Dept.8 12.61 17.29 28.81 13 1.81 Mobile inlcuding CDMA (CDMA+GSM) Total (Fixed+Mobile) 2.49 3.67 2.3 2.38 Subscriber Base (in million) 54.08 98.07 5.48 42.6 41.8 8.08 100 112.17 4.88 1.8 4.07 0.5 65.17 4.49 3.05 57.8 0.58 6.54 6.47 2.15 2.33 20 2.

Major classes of Services † Fixed † Mobile Copper. Wireless GSM and CDMA based † Narrow band Voice. Optical Fibre. Fax † Broad band High speed Internet. Video . Internet.

Above 800 138 13 8 . 26 November 2006 Dept. Infrastructure providers etc. of Telecom 6 .Above 650 Access Service (Mobile & Fixed) National Long Distance International Long Distance ISPs.Current Telecom Scenario  Total Number of Operators     .

36 m 6.79 m 112.15 m 15.2 m 105.12 8.Current Telecom Scenario (contd)        Fixed lines Mobile lines WLL Fixed Total wireless lines Teledensity Internet connections Broadband connection 49.92 m 26 November 2006 Dept.4 m 1. of Telecom 7 .

00 8.00 3.00 42.00 12.00 Mar-98 Mar-99 Mar-00 Mar-01 Mar-02 Mar-03 Mar-04 Mar-05 Sep-05 26 November 2006 Dept.00 0.00 60.20 1.Mobile Growth and effective charge per minute 18.00 4.00 6.00 18.00 48. per min.00 6.00 Mobile subscriber base (in Million) 8 2.50 0. of Telecom .00 Effective charge (in Rs.00 24.88 6.00 10.00 54.00 16./min) Mobile Subscriber base (Millions) NTP '99 Telecom Tariff Order 3rd & 4th cellular operator WLL introduce d CPP introduced Lowering of ADC from 30% to 10% of sector revenue 66.58 Fixed Mobile (Rs.00 12.00 0.00 30.) 14.88 1.00 36.

of Telecom Sep-98 Mar-98 50 40 30 20 10 0 9 .Sep-06 Mar-06 Sep-05 Urban & Rural Teledensities Mar-05 Sep-04 Total Mar-04 Sep-03 Mar-03 Rural Sep-02 Mar-02 Sep-01 Mar-01 Urban Sep-00 Mar-00 Sep-99 Mar-99 26 November 2006 Dept.

60 2. of Telecom 38 30 24 9 4.80 3.40 1 10 26 November 2006 .Fall in STD Rates (Rs/min)         Pre ± April 1999 April 1999 October 2000 January 2002 March 2003 April 2004 September 2004 March 2006 Dept.

Key Policy Initiatives/milestones  New Economic Policy (1991) Opening up of Telecom service sector (Mobile ± metros)  National Telecom Policy 1994 Telecom. Provide world class telecom service at affordable cost 26 November 2006 Dept. key for development Inadequacy of public resource to meet demand Private sector to supplement Govt. of Telecom 11 .

)   Establishment of TRAI (1997) New Telecom Policy (NTP 99) Transition from fixed license fee to revenue share Introduction of free competition Technology neutral licenses Tariff rebalancing   Creation of BSNL (2000) Establishment of TDSAT (2000) 26 November 2006 Dept. of Telecom 12 ..Key Policy initiatives (contd.

.)     Opening of National & International long distance Launching of mobile service by BSNL (2002) Establishment of USO Fund Broadband policy (2004) 26 November 2006 Dept.Key Policy initiatives (contd. of Telecom 13 .

Data.CDMA based mobile VSAT based satellite WiMax Next Generation Networks Voice .Video convergence Telecom networks increasingly software intensive 26 November 2006 Dept. of Telecom 14 .Technology Trend     Optical fiber based wireline networks Wireless networks GSM.

Store Info Instantaneously & Interactively Perhaps feeling and sharing ambience Seamlessly . Hear. Everywhere . See. Always at Affordable cost with Agreed Quality of Service .Subscribers Wish List VIRTUAL PRESENCE Speak. Seek.

Downloading & Recording Video ‡ Digital Audio & Video Broadcast .Convergence ‡ Scenario for Residences Members of the same household are On-line Simultaneously ‡ Browsing Web ‡ Watching.

of Telecom 17 .Future Growth  Demand for Wireless based services.  Content rich services. IP based technology to provide requisite cost economics to achieve attractive business cases. 26 November 2006 Dept.

CONTENT RICH TELECOM SERVICES        LOCATION BASED SERVICES. USING DIGITAL MAPS. e-EDUCATION e-MEDICINE INTERACTION WITH GOVERNMENT ENTERTAINMENT 26 November 2006 Dept. VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORKS VIDEO CONFERENCING. of Telecom 18 .

Issues to be addressed in the Indian Scenario   Unique Rural Scenario : low teledensity Need for Spectrum re-farming & reallocation Lack of Content in Local Languages Confidence on e-Commerce Network Security Bridging Digital Divide     .

of Telecom 20 .The real Challenge ! How effectively can the: Government with its policies TRAI with regulation & TDSAT with dispute resolution can keep pace with the fastest growing and complex Telecom sector 26 November 2006 Dept.

of Telecom 21 .THANK YOU 26 November 2006 Dept.

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