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VIRGINIA Class Submarine

Cost Reduction Effort

Presented by Joel Binder


December 5, 2007
EMSE 231
Program and Project Management
Professor Jim Collins

Approved for Public Release


Introduction to Submarines

Ballistic Missile Submarine Fast Attack Submarine (SSN)


(SSBN)
– OHIO Class – VIRGNIA Class
• Length: 560 feet
• Length: 377 feet
• Beam: 42 feet (10.1 meters)
• Beam: 34 feet (10.1 meters)
• Displacement: 18750 t
submerged • Displacement: 7800 t
submerged
– Patrols oceans on strategic
deterrence missions – Open ocean and littoral missions
– Four SSBNs converted to – Cost Reduction Program
SSGNs
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Fast Attack Submarine Classes

LOS ANGELES Class SEAWOLF Class VIRGINIA Class


Length: 360 feet (109.7 meters) Length: 353 feet (107.6 meters) Length: 377 feet (114.91 meters)
Beam: 33 feet (10.1 meters) USS JIMMY CARTER - 453 feet Beam: 34 feet (10.36 meters)
Displacement: 6,900 t Beam: 40 feet (12.2 meters) Displacement: 7,800 t submerged
submerged Displacement: 10,248 t submerged Speed: 25+ knots
Speed: 25+ knots USS JIMMY CARTER - 12,151 t Ships: USS VIRGINIA (SSN 774)
Ships: 688 and 688(I) – 46 total Speed: 25+ knots USS TEXAS (SSN 775)
Crew: 153 (total) 134 (deployed) USS HAWAII (SSN 776)
(14 Officers, 120 Enlisted) Ships: USS SEAWOLF (SSN 21) Seven ships under construction.
USS CONNECTICUT (SSN 22) Crew: 134 (total) 118 (deployed)
USS JIMMY CARTER (SSN 23) (14 Officers, 104 Enlisted)
Crew: 145 (total) 134 (deployed)
(14 Officers, 120 Enlisted)

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Platform Description

Design Requirements: Characteristics: Features: Key Performance


• Design for stealth • Length: 377 Feet • Lock-in/Lockout Trunk Parameters:
performance equal to • Beam: 34 Feet • Next generation • Radiated noise
SEAWOLF Class • Displacement: 7800 LT propulsor • Active target strength
• Make the design flexible Submerged • Reconfigurable • Electro-magnetic quieting
enough to adapt to changing • Test Depth: > 800 Feet torpedo room • Non-acoustic signatures
missions • Modular Isolated Deck
• Speed: > 25 Knots • Flank speed
• Build in capability to accept Structure (MIDS)
• Weapons Launchers: • Torpedo launch rate
future technology upgrades
• Be affordable; Required 4 Horizontal, 12 Vertical • Payload
trading off speed, depth, and • Accommodations: 119 • VLS missile cells
payload capacity total berths; 118 crew • Test depth
deployed • Endurance
• Net ready
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New Technology on the
Baseline VIRGINIA Class

Advanced Seal Delivery System Capable DDS Capable Weapons


Lock-In / Lock-Out Chamber Logistic Shipping
Plug Trunk Hatch
Universal
(LPT)
Lockout Modular Masts
Logistic Escape Trunk Trunk
(LET) (LOT)
Sail
Array
Sonar
Sphere

Wide Aperture
Array Panels High Frequency
Chin
Array
Reconfigurable
12 Vertical
Torpedo Room SOF Control Launch System
Station Canisters
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Multiple Mission Capability to Counter
Multi-Faceted Threats

Supporting Sea Power 21 concepts: Sea Shield by control of the seas and sustained littoral access;
Sea Basing as a sovereign platform capable of deploying Special Operations Forces (SOF); and
Sea Strike through information superiority and flexible strike capabilities.

Sea Shield Sea Basing Sea Strike

Anti-Surface Ship Warfare Covert Mine Warfare Battle Group Support

Anti-Submarine Warfare Covert Intelligence/ Covert Insertion, Support & Power Projection
Surveillance & Extraction of SOF
Reconnaissance

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VIRGINIA Program Overview

• Innovative design and construction arrangement


– Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) environment
– Shipbuilders―General Dynamics, Electric Boat (EB) and Northrop
Grumman Newport News (NGNN) are the design and construction
team; EB is prime contractor

• Thirty ship program


– 10 ships under contract including 3 ships delivered and 6 ships under
construction

• Cost Prohibitive
– Target price was to be $1.8 Billion per ship compared to the $2 Billion
SEAWOLF
– Actually cost $2.4 Billion in 2005 dollars.

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VIRGINIA Class Submarine Cost Reduction

3 Element Strategy
• 7 Ship Multi-Year Procurement
Contract (Block III)
– Legislative Proposal along with
Presidential Budget
• Construction Performance
– 84 to 60 months
– Capital Expenditure Program
• Design for Cost Reduction
$600M FY08-FY13 Program

Reducing Cost Without Reducing Capabilities

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VIRGINIA Cost Reduction Status

Target is $2B in FY05$ by FY12


Milestones (FY05$)
$2.4 B 7 Ship MYP Contract (Block III)
Transition to 2/yr VA in a MYP contract with EOQ material buys
$200M Anticipated to achieve savings of $150M to $200M per hull
No further initial investment required to achieve this savings
Confidence this savings can be delivered is high

Proposed Potential Realized


$2.2 B Investment /ship /ship
Construction Performance
$150M Work Share Allocation: NA $50M $10M
Producibility: NA $10M $5M
Capital Expenditures (CAPEX) NA $15M $8M
Construction Span Reduction (84 to 60) $15M $55M $0M
NPES Initial Outfit $10M $20M $0M

$2.1 B
Design for Proposed Potential Realized
Cost Reduction Investment /ship /ship
$150M Capability Neutral ~$500-600M $150M $9.2M
Capability Reduction $TBD $TBD $0M

$2.0 B

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Construction Performance
CAPEX (Capital Expenditure) Project
• Special incentive in Block II contract
– Provides $91M (funds available) for shipyard projects that
facilitate reduced construction cost
• 9 projects approved to date, 4 complete
• Total cost $61.2M on approved projects; total savings of $416.2M
on approved projects

VIRGINIA
Project
Class
Project Description Locn Investment
Savings
($ in Millions ) ($ in Millions )

Sheetmetal Light Fabrication Facility Project EB $9.4 $31.0

NGNN Modular Outfitting Facility Upgrade NN $7.1 $41.2

Module Transportation Project EB $13.1 $98.6


Horizontal Machining Center Upgrade NN $0.6 $4.7
Quonset Point Coating Facility Project EB $9.3 $139.5
Pre-launch Final Assembly Facility (B260)
EB $18.2 $81.3
Upgrade
Multi-Purpose Portable Enclosures NN $2.1 $8.7
AMI Clamp-On Welders NN $0.9 $7.4 Module Transportation Project Sheetmetal Light Fabrication
"To Fit Work" (TFW) Machining Facility NN $0.5 $3.8 Facility Project
C-Seam Welding Machines NN $1.8 $5.8

7:1 Return on Investment through FY20 Ship


Saving $8M/Ship on Block I & II Ships
QP Coating Facility Project 10
Construction Performance
“84 to 60” Schedule Reduction

Current VIRGINIA Class Ships Under Construction LEGEND


Months From Construction Start Construction Start

12

24

36

48

60

72

84

96
0

Contract Delivery
SSN 775 Scheduled Delivery
SSN 776
EB Construction
SSN 777
NGNN Construction
SSN 778
Early Delivery
SSN 779
SSN 780 Late Delivery
SSN 781
SSN 782
SSN 783
60-Month 72-Month
Construction Construction
Span Trend Span Trend
36

48

60

72

84
0

12

24

96
Months From Construction Start

FY09 Ship at 63 Months; $30M-$50M Price Reduction


Increased Velocity Through the Construction Cycle will Lower Cost
and Deliver Ships Sooner to the Operational Commander

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Program Methodology

The Navy and the Shipbuilder agreed that a new


approach was required to produce an affordable
submarine for low rate production
– Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) or
Design/Build Concept
• Requires early selection of a Designer/Integrator
• All stakeholders - Government and Shipbuilder Design,
Planning, and Production trades work together from the start
• Integration of all aspects of design, planning, and construction
• Streamlines design process

Maximize advantage of computer technology


– CAD/CAM electronic design
• CATIA and IGRIP interactive design tools
• 3-dimensional design instead of traditional engineering drawings

Fully integrated electronic data throughout the life of the program, from design
concept to construction to lifecycle maintenance
– Single database supports all applications
• Links design with production and business operations; lead yard with follow yard
• Fully integrated electronic data throughout lifecycle

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VIRGINIA Bow Redesign

• 2 Large (7 ft dia) VA Payload Tubes (VPT) replace


12 VLS tubes
• Large Aperture Bow (LAB) array replaces spherical array
• FY12 Hull Savings: ~$40M per ship
– LAB array: $11M
– VPT: $8M
– 25 Associated design changes: $20M
• Will be part of the Block III RFP and go aboard the FY 09
boat, SSN 784

VIRGINIA Payload Tubes (VPT)


Large Aperture Bow (LAB) Array

Large Payload Volume and Adaptable Electronic Interface


Provide an Open Architecture Payload System
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VIRGINA Payload Tubes

FY 09 VIRGINIA Current
Payload Tubes Bow Design

• Two SSGN Multiple All-Up Round Canisters (MAC) replace 12 VLS Tubes
– Payload volume increased from 1,200 ft3 to 2,300 ft3
– Interoperable with future SSGN payloads

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Large Aperture Bow Array

Medium
Frequency
Active

Passive
Array

• Water-backed Geo/Conformal array replaces air-backed spherical


array to reduce construction and life cycle costs
– Improved passive, equal active, capabilities
– Removes 1,000+ SUBSAFE openings
– Utilizes proven, life of the hull sensors

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Tracking the Savings

$2.25

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Milestone and Current Production Schedule

Notional Build Rate (FY09 OSD Submit)


FY98 FY99 FY00 FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 FY13 FY14 FY15 FY16 FY17 FY18 FY19 FY20 Total
1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 30
Block I Block II Block III Block IV Block V

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Questions?

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