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Assessment Marine Renewable

Energy in Indonesia

Muhammad Uswah Pawara (M2)

Supervisor: Prof. T. Waseda


Co-advisor: Prof. H. Matsuda
Introduction
Objectives

• Determine Suitable Location of MRE


• Design Hybrid Energy System with penetration of MRE
Papua
2025’-900’ S latitude, and 13000’-14100’E longitude.
Total area= 316.553,07 km2
Population

Annual Population Growth Rate (%)

2010-2016 = 0.02%
2015-2016 = 0.12%

Population Density
10.13 per km2

Statistics of Papua Province


Poverty 2017

Regency, City,
province

National

Papua Province Profile


Human Development Index (HDI) 2017
Papua : 59.09
National : 70.81

Low Medium High Very High

Statistics Indonesia (BPS)


Electrification Ratio 2017

Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Indonesia (ESDM)


Electrification Ratio of 28 regencies in Papua

0.0 – 15.0

15.1 – 30.0

30.1 – 45.0

45.1 – 60.0

60.1 – 93.0
(Innah,et.al 2017)
Indonesia’s electricity transmission and distribution system

Benhur PL. Tobing’s Slide Presentation (Deputy Director for Electricity Cooperation)
“DISTRIBUTED GENERATION ON ELECTRICITY SYSTEM IN INDONESIA” The APERC Annual Conference, 26 – 27 February 2013 Tokyo, Japan
Marine Renewable
Energy Assessment
Location
The coordinate ranges of analyzed grid data are in longitude 90 ∼ 145 E and in latitude 10 N ∼ 15 S with interval 0.25 x 0.25
ERA Interim Reanalysis Data
ERA-Interim is a global atmospheric reanalysis from 1979, continuously
updated in real time.

http://apps.ecmwf.int/datasets/data/interim-full-daily/levtype=sfc/
View Data attributes using Panoply
Data
• Spatial resolution 0.25 x 0.25
• 6h time step (00h, 06h, 12h, 18h UTC)
• Wind : 39 years , 01/01/1979 – 12/31/2017
• Wave : 39 years , 01/01/1979 – 12/31/2017

The Reliability of Data


• ERA Interim Data has been used widely (2288 citations)
Dee, D. P., Uppala, S. M., Simmons, A. J., Berrisford, P., Poli, P., Kobayashi, S., Andrae, U., Balmaseda, M. A., Balsamo, G., Bauer, P., Bechtold, P., Beljaars, A. C. M., van de Berg, L.,
Bidlot, J., Bormann, N., Delsol, C., Dragani, R., Fuentes, M., Geer, A. J., Haimberger, L., Healy, S. B., Hersbach, H., Hólm, E. V., Isaksen, L., Kållberg, P., Köhler, M., Matricardi, M.,
McNally, A. P., Monge-Sanz, B. M., Morcrette, J.-J., Park, B.-K., Peubey, C., de Rosnay, P., Tavolato, C., Thépaut, J.-N. and Vitart, F. (2011), The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration
and performance of the data assimilation system. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 137: 553–597. doi: 10.1002/qj.828

• Marine Renewable Energy


- Espindola and Araujo, 2017; assessed wave energy resource of Brazil using 35 years of ERA-interim reanalysis data
- Yong wan etl, 2018; assessed the joint development potential of wave and wind energy in the south china sea using 38 years data
- Raileanu etl , 2015; assessed wind energy potential in Black and Caspian seas with 10 years data
Methodology
Wind Energy Analysis

Mahmuddin, 2015
Wave Energy Analysis
Results
Sample Calculation

Data from 2007-2011 and measurement point of latitude 10 and longitude 90 will be analyzed
Determine c and k factors
PDF of Sample Data
CDF of Sample Data
Wind and Wave Energy Resources
from 39 Years of ERA-Interim
reanalysis Data 1979-2017
Wind Energy Resources
from 39 Years of ERA-
Interim reanalysis Data
1979-2017

Average Seasonal wind power density

West Season
DJF: December, January, February

1st Transition
MAM: March, April, May

East Season
JJA: June, July, August

2nd Transition
SON: September, October, November
Multi-year annual averages of wind power density
Monthly Mean
WAVE ENERGY
Wave Energy Resources from 39 Years of ERA-Interim reanalysis Data
(1979-2017)

Multi-year annual averages of wind power density


S
e
a
s
o
n
a
l

M
e
a
n
Monthly Mean
Design Hybrid System
• Limited Studies on
Conventional-Marine Hybrid
Power System
• Majority research refers to
the optimal configuration of
hybrid system that uses wind
energy and solar radiation in
association with diesel
aggregate and batteries
(Krcum, M. 2013)

Research Gap
General Hybrid
System
Wave Energy Batteries
a
a
Converter
a
Charger Regulator
Wind aEnergy
Converter
BatteryaCharger a
Inverter
Diesel
a Ac Load
Generator

Proposed System
Conclusion

Preliminary assessment of wave and wind energy resources around Indonesia’s


ocean has been carried out with using 39 years of ERA-Interim reanalysis data and
found that one of the promising regions is Papua which is has poor economic and
social indicators.
The results of assessment indicate that highest seasonal mean of wind and wave
energy is East and West Seasons respectively.
Next Steps

1. Tidal Energy Assessment


2. Design the hybrid System (Economic and Social Issues)
References
• A. Fischer, J. S. Silva, A. Beluco, and L. E. B. Almeida, “Simulating ocean and tidal current power plants with Homer,” Comput. Water, Energy, Environ.
Eng. 4(3), 38 (2015)
• D. Neves, C.A. Silva, S. Connors, “Design and implementation of hybrid renewable energy systems on micro-communities: a review on case studies”
Renew Sustain Energy Rev, 31 (2014), pp. 935-946
• Rozali Rahmat, Mostavan Aman, Albright Spencer, 1993,“Sustainable Development in Indonesia: A Renewable Energy perspective”, Renewable Energy
Journal, Pergamon Press Ltd Vol 3 No: 2/3 Page 173-174.
• Yonghong Kuang, YongjunZhang, BinZhou, CanbingLi, YijiaCao, LijuanLi, Long Zeng. (2016), A Review of Renewable Energy Utilization in Islands, College
of Electrical and Information Engineering.
• Bindu U Kansara, Modeling and Simulation of Distributed Generation System Using HOMER software. International Conference on Recent
Advancements in Electrical, Electronics and Control Engineering.(2011). pp.no. 328-332
• N.P. Purba, “Suitable Locations of Ocean Renewable Energy (ORE) in Indonesia Region-GIS Approached, in Conference and Exhibition Indonesia - New,
Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation,” in the 3rd Indo-EBTKE ConEx 2014 (Elsevier Ltd., 2015), pp. 230-238.
• Fischer, A. , Silva, J., Beluco, A. and Almeida, L. (2015) Simulating Ocean and Tidal Current Power Plants with Homer. Computational Water, Energy, and
Environmental Engineering, 4, 38-55.
• N. Saleous, Salem Mohammed Ghaleb Issa, J. Al Mazrouei, GIS-BASED WIND FARM SITE SELECTION MODEL OFFSHORE ABU DHABI EMIRATE, UAE.
(2016)
• Abdul Maulud, K. N., Karim, O. A., Sopian, K., & Abdul Aziz, S. N. F. (2009). Determination of tidal energy resource location in east coast of Peninsular
Malaysia using geographical information system. In Proceedings of the 3rd WSEAS International Conference on Energy Planning, Energy Saving,
Environmental Education, EPESE '09, Renewable Energy Sources, RES '09, Waste Management, WWAI '09 (pp. 25-31)
Thank you for Attention

Have a nice summer vacation