Nursing research  a scientific process that validates and refines existing knowledge and generates new knowledge that

directly and indirectly influences nursing practice

Research 

Systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data to answer a question or solve a problem

PURPOSES of Research 

Primary goal : to develop a scientific knowledge base for nursing practice Specific goals: to describe and explain, predict and control nursing phenomena 

4.Characteristics of Research 1. 2. 3. Demands a clear statement of the problem Requires a clear objectives and a plan Builds on existing data / work of others Generalizable Empirically verifiable . 5.

Empirical Evidence      By experimentation By systematic observation By interviews or surveys By psychological or clinical setting By careful examination of documents .

standards for nursing practice. staffing patterns and quality of care) .Development Of nursing research      Began with Florence Nightingale Notes on Nursing (1859) Little research activity followed Mid-1900s. nurses characteristics. Studies of the 50s and 60s (nursing education.nurses begin to actively involve themselves in research.

Kinds of Nursing Research .

) Pure research . to learn more about the basic laws of nature Undertaken to accumulate information or refine a theory Studies of nature of normal events. chemical. anatomy. microbiology.g. and functional mechanisms of life processes and events (e. pharmacology.etc.Basic or Fundamental     Aims at better understanding of the universe. physical.

Of new drug/therapy/procedure.g. determinants of health and disease) . dev.Applied or directed   Aims to discover or develop application of the basic knowledge to the solution of problems Application of existing knowledge to a specific biomedical problem (e.

Research Methods .

Basic Strategies     Description of the nature of events by observation of all members of a defined population or an adequate representative sample Generation of hypothesis Testing of hypothesis Formulation of solutions .

Steps in Conducting Research          Problem identification/ Hypothesis Objective Formulation Review Related Literature Research Design Sampling Design and Sample Size Data Collection Data Analysis Writing the Report Dissemination of Result .

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Health Allied Research Unit De La Salle Health Sciences Institute 14 . College of Nursing Chair.RN.Problem Identification and Clarification Rommel L.MAN. DrPH Full Professor. Salazar.

responsive and sensitive to other s spoken and unspoken needs.COMPASSION  That we may learn to be considerate. Teach us to bear each other s burdens that we may grow in solidarity with those who suffer and those who are less fortunate. 15 .

CHARACTER FIRST! It is only as we develop others that we permanently succeed. 16 .

The issue to be settled It does not represent a moral or ethical position on an issue 17 .Research Problem    The question to be answered or resolved.

the research question usually asks about:      1.Identification of a Research Problem  In Medicine and Nursing.g. Nature or characteristics of an event or phenomenon: E. anatomic structure Physiologic principle Biochemical pathway Pathologic process 18 .

  Pharmacologic action Clinical course of illness Disease pattern in population 2. Relationship between two or more variables or events such as: Precursor and product Exposure and outcome Cause and effect 19      .

Factor and prognosis  Intervention and result  Process and reflections  20 .

Independent vs Dependent Variables    Effects of Preparatory Sensory Information on the Anxiety Level of Clients Undergoing Esophagogastroduodenoscopy IV : Preparatory Sensory Information DV : Anxiety Level of Clients Undergoing Esophagogastroduodenoscopy 21 .

     1. Correlates of Condom -use Behavior Among Male adolescents 22 . Effects of Health Education on Compliance to Mammography 2. Spiritual Therapy : Its effects on Quality of Life of Cancer Clients 4. Relationship between Depression and Level of Hope of Clients with Undifferentiated Schizophrenia 5. Factors Associated with Board Exam Performance of Nurses 3.

Serendipity  3. Analysis of needs and practice  4. Organized and systematic determination of research needs  23 .Where do research problems come from?  1. Intellectual curiosity 2.

Determine if the problem is researchable  A problem is researchable if it can be resolved through research 24 .How does one proceed after he identifies a problem?  1.

Consider the following whether to pursue the problem or not. 2.  SIGNIFICANCE  Is the potential result worth the effort. time and money that will be put to research?  Will it fill an important gap in knowledge?  Will it have possible practical application?  Will it improve the practice of the profession? 25 .

 FEASIBILITY Is the required methodology feasible and practical?  Are there enough data or subjects for the study?  Are resources available?  Is time not a constraint?  26 .

 CRITICAL MASS Is the problem broad and large enough such that there would be adequate mass of information to work on?  Are there enough variables and potential results?  Is the problem too specific and small in scope?  27 .

INTEREST   Is there current interest in the problem area? Is the problem within the mission of the CNM / Nursing & Health Professions? 28 .

29 .3. Clarify problem through literature review and / or consultation with experts. Dissect and clarify the problem   Break down the problem into smaller components or subproblems.

4. State the problem and the subproblems clearly 30 .

Formulate a hypothesis 31 .5.

_________________ 3._________________ 32 ._________________ 2.Nursing Research Title Proposal: A Requirement Name of Students BSN III. ___ ________________ ________________ ________________ Proposed Thesis Titles 1.__ Grp.

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