Nonroutine
Problem
CLOSED OPEN

ENDED
Many of the questions we 
ENDED
These questions allow a
ask students call for a variety of correct
single number, figure, or responses and elicit a
mathematical objects. different kind of student
thinking?
Example:
What is 6x8? Example:
How could you
use 5x6 to find
the answer to
8x6?
Closed Ended
Question
Routine Non
Problem in mathematic Routine
lesson that involves easy
and simple problem Problem in mathematic
solving. lesson that involves
difficult problem solving.
What is the odd number
between 10 and 20?
Factor of x²  2x  8
open ended
questions allow a
variety of correct
responses and elicit
a different kind of
student thinking.
Where to find open
ended items
• Intermediate Units – “Performance
Assessment Lesson Plan Topics”
• Text resource books
• Multistep word problems from your
textbook
• Teachermade questions
Why used openended
Questions ?
• Traditionally: questions required
single number answers
• 5 x 6 = 30 • 5 x 6 = 30
• I need 3 more 6’s to • Using my fingers I
make a total of 8 can start at 30 and
groups of 6 – that’s count out six fingers
18 3 times.
• 30 + 18 = 48 • That gives me 48
Using each of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 once
and only once, fill in the circles so that
the sums of the numbers on each side
of the three sides of the triangle are
equal.
Example OpenEnded
Question
A paddy lorry weight is one tone.
How many paddies can be fill in
that lorry?
1) No fixed clue : Can be division, multiplication, addition or ratio.
2) Not all data given
3) Can make own assumption
4) Making decision and estimation on the weight of paddy.
Johnny wants to plant a garden in the shape of a
rectangle. Using the figure below, how would he
divide the garden so that 50% of the garden is pea
25% is beans, 15% is corn, and 10% is carrots.
50% 25% 15% 10%
50%
1. It is not 3 x 4
2. It is not > 56.
3. It does not equal 4 tens.
4. It does not equal 2 x 7.
5. It is not the missing number
in 3 x n = 12.