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Experiment 9

Instrumentation and Computation


Lab

RC and RL Circuits

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Capacitor
A capacitor is a two terminal component. Capacitor stores
energy in electrical field between the positive and
negative plates.

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Charging and Discharging a Capacitor

Vmax

Capacitor Charging Capacitor Discharging

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Charging and Discharging a Capacitor

V
V

Vmax Vmax

Steady
state

Transition state time time

Fig : Capacitor Charging Fig : Capacitor Discharging

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Inductor
An Inductor is a two terminal component which
resists the change in electrical current passing
through it. Inductor temporarily stores energy in
the magnetic field in the coil.

Image : Air Core Inductor Image : Iron Core Inductor

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Inductor Charging and discharging

Fig: Inductor Charging


Fig: Inductor Discharging

Imax I

Imax

Steady
state

I
Transition state time

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Today’s Lab
R1
Decade Resistance
Box
4.5k
For square wave
Input. V1
C1 What is the
150nF Capacitor Voltage
Output?

Function Decade Capacitance


Generator Box

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Today’s Lab
R1

For square wave 6k


1
Input.
V1 L2
500mH

What is the
Inductor Voltage
Output?

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