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Closed LOOP MIMO

Benchmark
LTE Huawei
Closed LOOP MIMO
objective
TARGET cells selection: LTE (3.2 MHz)

• 21 cells of LTE Huawei were


selected. MIMO adaptive switch
was changed from OL_ADAPTIVE
to CL_ADAPTIVE. LTE (3.2 MHz)

• OL_ADAPTIVE: The open-loop Expected output:


adaptive MIMO transmission mode
is used. In this mode, UEs report
• Improvement in Downlink
RANK and CQI values but do not
Throughput
report PMI values to the eNodeB.
• Improvement in CQI
• CL_ADAPTIVE: The closed-loop
adaptive MIMO transmission mode
is used. In this mode, UEs report
RANK, CQI, and PMI values to the
eNodeB.

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3GPP Rel 8 LTE DL
transmission modes
› TM 1 (”Single antenna port”) LTE (3.2 MHz)
– Single layer, no tx diversity
DCS 1800 (5.6 MHz)
› TM 2 (”Transmit Diversity”)
– MISO (Multiple In Single Out)

› TM 3 (”Open loop spatial multiplexing”) LTE (3.2 MHz)


– Tx schemes: Rank 2 OL DCS 1800 (5.6 MHz)

› TM 4 (”Closed Loop spatial multiplexing”)


– Tx schemes: Rank 2 CL

› TM 5 (”Multi User MIMO”)


– Tx schemes: MU-MIMO

› TM 6 (”Closed loop spatial multiplexing, single layer”)


– Tx schemes: Rank 1 CL

› TM 7 (”Single antenna port”)


– UE specific reference signals for beamforming
Ericsson Internal | 2017-04-07 | Page 3
Closed LOOP MIMO
Description
• When closed-loop MIMO is enabled, PMI LTE (3.2 MHz)
(precoding matrix
indicator) is sent with the CQI (channel quality
DCS 1800indicator)
(5.6 MHz) & RI (rank
indicator).

• To avoid interference between spatial channels, codewords are


LTE (3.2 MHz)
mapped onto different layers, and layered
DCSdata
1800 is
(5.6multiplied
MHz) by a
precoding matrix and mapped onto different antenna ports for
transmission. After transmission over spatial channels, the
received signals are equivalent to a group of parallel signals
without interference between them

• Closed-loop MIMO is more efficient than Open-loop MIMO in low


mobility environments where user’s radio conditions doesn’t
change rapidly

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KPI Results
Cluster Benchmark
(21 Cells)
Dashboard
Executive summary of major LTE KPIs is given below:

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DL MIMO Scheme

MIMO scheme has changed from open loop to closed loop

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AVERAGE Cqi

Significant improvement is being observed in CQI

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DL Modulation Scheme

Significant improvement is being observed in DL 64QAM %

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DL UE Throughput Mbit/s

Downlink user throughput has improved

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DL Cell Throughput Mbit/S

Downlink cell throughput has improved

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DL Data Volume VS
Connected USERS

No degradation observed in DL Data Volume & RRC Connected Users

Ericsson Internal | 2017-04-07 | Page 12


Closed LOOP MIMO
Summary
• Significant improvement has been observed
LTE (3.2
inMHz)
major LTE KPIs
including CQI, DL 64QAM, DL UE Throughput
DCS 1800&(5.6
DLMHz)
Cell
Throughput after changing MIMO scheme from Open-Loop to
Closed-Loop Spatial Multiplexing
LTE (3.2 MHz)
• No degradation has been observed in DL Data
DCS 1800 Volume
(5.6 MHz) & RRC
Connected Users

WAY Forward
• As next step, it is suggested to change MIMO adaptive switch from
CL_ADAPTIVE to OC_ADAPTIVE which will dynamically trigger
different MIMO modes, leveraging the strengths of both Open-loop
& Closed-loop MIMO depending on radio environment
Ericsson Internal | 2017-04-07 | Page 13
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