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Two Stroke

 Reciprocating motion, used in reciprocating
engines and other mechanisms, is back-and-
forth motion.

 Each cycle of reciprocation consists of two

opposite motions: there is a motion in one
direction, and then a motion back in the
opposite direction.

 Each of these is called a stroke.

WHAT IS 2S & 4S ?
 A two-stroke petrol engine is an internal
combustion engine that completes the process cycle in
one revolution of the crankshaft. Thus, one power
stroke is obtained in each revolution of the crank
 A four stroke diesel engine is an internal
combustion engine that completes the process cycle in
two revolution of the crank shaft. Thus, one power
stroke is obtained in each two revolutions of the crank
Basic Parts of the 2 stroke petrol
• Cylinder block
 Piston
 Piston rings
 Spark plug
 Connecting rod
 Crankshaft

First stroke

Fig. A Fig. B

Piston uncovers transfer port

Beginning of the first stroke
During first stroke
Second Stroke

Fig. C. Fig. D.

Transfer port Compression

covered commenced
Spark Plug
 Electric match used to
begin the combustion
process of burning air
and petrol to create
 It provides the means
of ignition when the
petrol engine’s piston is
at the end of
compression stroke,
close to Top Dead

Connecting Rod
 Connects the piston
and piston pin to the

A sliding plug that
harnesses the force of
the burning gases in
the cylinder.

 Along the the piston
pin and connecting
rod it converts the up
and down motion
(reciprocating) of the
engine to spinning
(rotary) motion.

 1.Here suction and exhaust strokes are eliminated.
Instead of valves, ports are used.

 2.The exhaust gases are driven out of the cylinder by

the fresh charge entering the cylinder.
 3. The intake & exhaust are controlled by movement of

 4. The fresh charge enter to cylinder due to difference of


 5. The charge is compressed by the pumping action of the

piston due to the design of crankcase.
 8. As the piston continues to move upward, exhaust and
transfer port get closed and the compression is continued.

 9. In the end of compression the spark is created which

ignites the charge and the products of combustion thrust
the piston from TDC to BDC.

 10. This cycle is repeated continuously.

Advantages of 2S-petrol engine
 The power developed will be nearly twice that of four-
stroke engine of same dimension and operating at the
same speed.

 The work required to overcome the friction of the

exhaust and suction strokes is saved.

 Low weight.
 Construction is simple.
Disadvantages of 2S-petrol engine
 As working on Otto-cycle, a part of the fresh mixture is
lost through exhaust port.

 Part of the piston stroke is lost.

 Heavy consumption of lubricating oil.

End of Lecture