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Dynamics of the Filipino Family

The family may be described …

• In terms of relationships –
Extended family
Close and intimate
Loving parent-child relationships
Family defined…2

• In terms of functions –
 economic security
Procreation and socialization of children
Nursing and protective activities
Affective functions as in emotional support
Forms of Family Traditional Family (Patriarchal)
- A family form in which the
roles of husband and wife are clealy
defined and the husband
monopolizes and makes the major
family decisions.

 Couples as Partners in Marriage

- A more democratic form
where the husband and wife
contribute to the family’s eonomic
resources, share authority and
decision-making, and work together
in child-rearing.
Variations in Family Structure

• Two-parent married couple families

• One-parent family (solo parents)
• Step families
• Cohabiting couple
• Gay and Lesbian couples
• Single persons
Transactional Patterns

• It refers to the boundaries among family members.

• Boundaries are defined in terms of rules – who may
and may not participate in any family activity.
Types of Family Transactional Patterns

• Healthy family – boundaries are neither too rigid nor too

diffused; Members are indeoended of one another yet united
on the welfare of the family.
• Enmeshed family – Boundaries between some or all of the
family members are undifferentiated, permeable, and fluid;
Members lack a sense of independence; as a matter of fact
there is a resemblance of physical and emotional dependence
• Disengaged family – Members of the family have very little to
do with one another, and the independence of each member
is rigidly respected.
Interactional Patterns of the Family

• Marriage
• Power relations
• Closeness and Intimacy
• Communication
• Problem solving abilities
• Ability to deal with loss
• Family Values
• Autonomy
Tension Points involving women (VAW)

• Structural Discrimination – inequality in many

aspects: education, ability to control conception and
birth , sexual satisfaction, access to jobs and careers
• Cultural discrimination – stereotyping, language
used, socialization; culture of silense
• Sexual Exploitation – spawned by a double standard
of morality
• Role strain created by marriage and motherhood
Tension Points Involving Children

• Child abuse (as per RA 7610)

• Child Neglect
• Culture of silence
• Lack of opportunity for education, health and
…Involving the Elderly

• Elder Abuse (economic, psychological, and

• No security/no insurance for old age
• Separation from the family (isolation,
• Ill health, subsistence income or none at all
1. Wives, even
mothers with small
children, are likely • Possible Results of Tensions
to be employed in the Family
outside the home
2. More families are
likely to end with
3. Single Parent
families are more
likely to become

• It is that complex whole which includes

knowledge, art, belief, moral laws, customs
and traditions, and other habits accepted by
man as a member of society. It refers to the
way of life followed by the group that is called
Characteristics of Culture

• It is learned – usually • Dynamic

from respective families; • Diverse – distinct in terms
role modeling, others. of language, patterns of
• It is shared – transmitted behaior, beliefs, etc.
from one generation to • Whole (mutual
the next through teaching interdependence of its
• Cummulative – increases parts)
in size as a result of
successive addition
(media, colonialism, etc.)
• Beliefs - Example: belief in God,
superstitious belief
• Values – Shared concept of what is
good and desirable, appropriate or
not appropriate. Example: SIR.
Close family ties, love for children
Some Aspects of • Norms
Culture – Folkways – pattern of behavior that is
organized and repetitive but does not
require strict compliance. Ex:
– Customs – common manner of doing
things as in dressing
– Mores - a norm that involves moral or
ethical values and violation is
Dimensions/facets of culture

• 1. Tool that hones • 3. Language – symbols,

man’s capacities boundaries, meaning of
which is transmitted
• Ex: technology through social
• 2. Social interaction
Organization: It is • 4. Child-rearing
structured. Ex:
social class, status,
Other terms related to Culture

• Ethnocentrism -