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MOTOTRBO™ System Training

Module 2 – System and Product Overview

MOTOTRBO™ System Training – Release 2.0


MOTOROLA, MOTO, MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS and the Stylized M Logo are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Motorola Trademark Holdings, LLC and are used under license.
All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. © 2010, 2011 Motorola Solutions, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Module Objectives

Upon completion of this module, participants will be able to:

– Describe the MOTOTRBO portfolio


– Explain MOTOTRBO system features
– Describe data application components
– Describe data applications capabilities

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 2
Module Map

Module 2 – MOTOTRBO System and Product Introduction


Introduction

MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology

MOTOTRBO Digital Features

Analog Features

Dynamic Mixed Mode

MOTOTRBO 2.X

MOTOTRBO Integrated Data

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 3
Topic 1 – Introduction

MOTOTRBO System

MOTOTRBO Portables

MOTOTRBO Mobiles

MOTOTRBO Repeater

MOTOTRBO Data

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 4
Introduction
MOTOTRBO System
MOTOTRBO Professional Digital Two-way Radio System is a digital
communications platform that combines the best of two-way radios
with digital technology.

Coming soon

Coming soon

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 5
Introduction
MOTOTRBO Portables
SL4000/4010 Model
DP 3600/3601 Model
(MOTOTRBO 2.X)
(MOTOTRBO 1.X)
DP 3600/3601 Standard Package
(MOTOTRBO 1.X)
• Display Portable Radio
DP4800/4801 Model • Antenna - Standard whip included with
(MOTOTRBO 2.X) DP 3600, GPS Monoplole included with
DP 3601
DP4600/4601 Model NiMH 1300 mAh Submersible Battery
(MOTOTRBO 2.X) • IMPRES™ Single Unit Charger
• 2 .5" Belt Clip Emergency
DP2600 Model Button
(MOTOTRBO 2.X) • Quick Reference Guide
Coming soon • Two-year Standard Warranty

Side Programmable
Button
Coming soon
Push-to-Talk

Coming soon Side Programmable


Button
Front Programmable Keypad
Button

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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Portables

DP 4400/4401 Model
(MOTOTRBO 2.X)
DP 3400/3401 Standard Package
DP 3400/3401 Model
(MOTOTRBO 1.X)
(MOTOTRBO 1.X)
• Non-Display Portable Radio
DP 2400 Model • Antenna - Standard whip included with
(MOTOTRBO 2.X) DP 3400, GPS Monopole included with
DP 3401
• NiMH 1300 mAh Submersible Battery
Coming soon • IMPRES™ Single Unit Charger
• 2 .5" Belt Clip Channel
• Quick Reference Guide Selector
• Two-year Standard Warranty
Coming soon
On/off/Volume
Control Knob

Microphone Universal
Accessory
Connector

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 7
Introduction
MOTOTRBO Portables – Display Radio
1. Flexible, menu driven interface with
user-friendly icons Additional features
• Enhanced call management: emergency,
2. Tri-color LED indicator remote monitor, radio disable, radio check,
lone worker, PTT ID, private call, all call *
3. Emergency button
• The GPS model can transmit location
coordinates with an emergency call *
4. New accessory connector
• Dual mode analog and/or digital scan –
5. The DP 3601 model includes an facilitates smooth migration from analog to
integrated GPS module digital
11 • Short free-form text messaging *
6. Large, easy-to-use navigation buttons • Contact list accommodates 1000 entries
3
2
7. IP57 submersible • Voice Operated Transmission (VOX) for
1 hands-free radio transmissions with the use
4
of selected radio accessories.
8. Powerful, front projecting speaker 10
5

6
• Single Site Trunking augmented usage
9. Three side and two front 9 capacity with shared logical channels *
programmable buttons • Seamless roaming among multiple Single
Site Conventional Systems connected via an
10. Large, texture push-to-talk button 7 Internet Protocol (IP) network *
• Makes use of Basic & Enhanced privacy *
11. 1000 channels 8
*Only in Digital Mode
NOTE: Non GPS model is not upgradeable to GPS

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Portables – Non-Display Radio
1. Tri-color LED indicator
Additional features
2. Emergency button. • Enhanced call management: emergency, lone
worker, private call, all call *
3. New accessory connector
• The GPS model can transmit location
coordinates with an emergency call *
4. The DP 3401 model includes an
integrated GPS module • Dual mode analog and/or digital scan –
facilitates smooth migration from analog to
5. IP57 submersible digital
• Send quick text message via programmable
6. Powerful, front projecting speaker button *
9
• Voice Operated Transmission (VOX) for
7. Three side programmable buttons 2 hands-free radio transmissions with the use
1
of selected radio accessories.
8. Large, texture push-to-talk button 6
3 • Single Site Trunking augmented usage
8 capacity with shared logical channels *
9. 32 channels 4

• Seamless roaming among multiple Single Site


NOTE: Non GPS model is not upgradeable to GPS 7
Conventional Systems connected via an
Internet Protocol (IP) network *
5
• Makes use of Basic & Enhanced privacy *
*Only in Digital Mode

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Mobiles

DM4600/4601 Model
(MOTOTRBO 2.X)

DM 3600/3601 Standard Package


(MOTOTRBO 1.X)
• Radio with Display Control Head
• Mounting Trunion
• 10 foot power cable
• Compact Microphone
• Quick Reference Guide DM 3600/3601 Model
• Two-year Standard Warranty (MOTOTRBO 1.X)

Menu Buttons Speaker


Channel Rocker

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 10
Introduction
MOTOTRBO Mobiles

DM 4400/4401 Model
(MOTOTRBO 2.X) DM 3400/3401 Standard Package
(MOTOTRBO 1.X)
• Radio with limited Display Control
Head
• Mounting Trunion
• 10 foot power cable
• Compact Microphone
• Quick Reference Guide
DM 3400/3401 Model
• Two-year Standard Warranty
(MOTOTRBO 1.X)

Power Button

Programmable Buttons
Compact Microphone

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 11
Introduction
MOTOTRBO Mobiles – Display Radio
1. Rugged durable accessory connector
Additional features
2. Multi-colored LED indicators
• Enhanced call management: emergency,
3. Large, easy-to-use volume knob remote monitor, radio disable, radio check,
4. The DM 3601 model includes an integrated PTT ID, private call, all call *
GPS module • The GPS model can transmit location
5. 1000 channels coordinates with an emergency call *
6. Powerful, front projecting speaker • Dual mode analog and/or digital scan –
7. Large, easy-to-use navigation buttons facilitates smooth migration from analog to
digital
8. Flexible, menu-driven interface with user
friendly icons • Send short free-form text message (requires
keypad microphone) and quick text message
9. Four programmable buttons
via programmable button *
10. Compact and ergonomically friendly speaker
• Contacts list accommodates 1000 entries
microphone. Additionally the keypad
microphone can be used for sending text • Single Site Trunking augmented usage
message capacity with shared logical channels *
4
• Seamless roaming among multiple Single Site
NOTE: Non GPS model is
not upgradeable to GPS Conventional Systems connected via an
10 8 5
Internet Protocol (IP) network *
3
2
7 6 • Makes use of Basic & Enhanced privacy *
1 9
*Only in Digital Mode

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Mobiles – Numeric Display Radio
1. Rugged durable accessory connector
2. Multi-colored LED indicators Additional features
3. Large, easy-to-use volume knob • Enhanced call management: emergency,
4. The DM 3401 model includes an integrated private call, all call *
GPS module • The GPS model can transmit location
5. 32 channels coordinates with an emergency call *
6. Powerful, front projecting speaker • Dual mode analog and/or digital scan –
7. Icon indication for private call, talkaround facilitates smooth migration from analog to
and scan digital
8. Two programmable buttons
• Send short free-form text message (requires
9. Compact and ergonomically friendly speaker keypad microphone) and quick text message
microphone. Additionally the keypad via programmable button *
microphone can be used for sending text
messages • Single Site Trunking augmented usage
capacity with shared logical channels *
NOTE: Non GPS model is not upgradeable to GPS
4 • Seamless roaming among multiple Single Site
Conventional Systems connected via an
Internet Protocol (IP) network *
• Makes use of Basic & Enhanced privacy *
5
9
2 3 7 6 *Only in Digital Mode
8
1

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 13
Introduction
MOTOTRBO Repeater

DR 3000 Standard Package


(MOTOTRBO 1.X / 2.X)
• DR 3000 Repeater
• AC Power Cord (100 – 240 VAC)
• Two-year Standard Warranty

DR 3000 Model (MOTOTRBO 1.X / 2.X)

Carry Handle
Carry Handle

LED Indications

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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Repeater
1. 100% continuous duty cycle

2. Two simultaneous voice or data path in digital


mode with 16 channels
1

3. Integrated power supply 9 2 3

4. Operates in analog, digital or dynamic


mixed mode 4
8
7 5
5. LED's clearly indicate transmit and
receive modes
6
6. Rack-or-wall-mountable

7. Sturdy handles make installation and handling


easier

8. Automated battery back up

9. Operates in Single Site, IP Site Connect and/or


Capacity Plus mode utilizing the built-in Ethernet
port

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Repeater

MTR3000 Standard Package


(MOTOTRBO 1.X / 2.X)
• MTR3000 Repeater
• AC Power Cord
• Two-year Standard Warranty

MTR3000 Model (MOTOTRBO 1.X / 2.X)

LED
Indications

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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Repeater
1. 100% continuous duty cycle

2. Two simultaneous voice or data path in digital


mode with 16 channels
1
3. Integrated power supply 3
2

4. Operates in analog or digital mode


4

5. LED's clearly indicate transmit and 9


6 8
receive modes 5

6. Operates in Single Site, IP Site Connect, and/or 7

Capacity Plus mode utilizing the built-in


Ethernet port

7. Easy access to station ports

8. Rack- or cabinet-mountable

9. Automated battery back up

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Introduction
MOTOTRBO Data

1. Standard USB connection

2. Built-in data modem

3. Text Messaging

4. Location Tracking

5. Telemetry

6. Application Partner Program

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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Topic 2 – MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology

Overview

Spectrum Efficiency

2 slot TDMA

Reduces Combining Equipment

Digital Audio Coverage

System Coverage Planning

Frequency Licensing

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Overview
Inputs:
Voice or Output:
IP data

The technologies that enable MOTOTRBO to deliver benefits like greater usable range, integrated
voice and data, spectrum efficiency, and increased battery life will be explored on the next 4 slides:
1: Analog to Digital Conversion
2: Vocoding and Forward Error Correction
3. Framing
4. TDMA Transmission
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 20
MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Overview: Step 1 - Analog to Digital Conversion
Analogous to how a written message is converted to a data stream by a fax machine, Analog
to Digital Conversion translates the user’s voice (microphone input) to a digital bitstream.

The digital bitstream contains a LOT of bits - far too many to transmit over a radio channel.
So some form of compression is required…..
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Overview: Step 2 - Vocoding & Forward Error Correction

Vocoding (Voice encoding) compresses speech by breaking it into its most important parts and encoding
them with a small number of bits. Because it focuses on human speech, it greatly reduces background noise.

Forward Error Correction (FEC) enables the receiving radio to correct bit errors that occur due to RF
channel impairments - enabling more consistent audio performance throughout the coverage area.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Overview: Step 3 - Framing

Framing organizes digital voice (or data) into digital packets: the voice or data becomes payload (like a letter
in an envelope) while the header describes the type of call, source and destination address, etc. (like the
addressing information on the envelope). This enables one radio to provide integrated voice and data.

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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Overview: Step 4 - TDMA Transmission

Transmission encoding completes the encoding process (like adding the machine-readable sorting
information on the envelope) and finally “mails the letter.”
TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) organizes a channel into 2 time slots: a given radio’s transmitter is
active only for short bursts, which provides longer battery life. And by transmitting only on their alternating
time slots, two calls can share the same channel at the same time, thereby doubling spectrum efficiency.….

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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Spectrum Efficiency

Today’s Analog MOTOTRBOTM

Slot 2
Slot 1
Regulatory Slot 2
emissions Slot 1
mask
Slot 2

Slot 1

12.5kHz Analog 12.5kHz TDMA


• 1 voice for each 12.5kHz channel • Divides existing channel into two timeslots
• 1 repeater for each channel • Delivers twice the capacity through repeater
• Performance is same or better than 12.5kHz FDMA
• 1 repeater does work of 2
• Reduces need for combining equipment
• Enables 40% increase in radio battery life

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
2 Slot TDMA
1. Radio gives priority to voice
(if it’s time for radio to send in its
GPS update and the user happens
to press PTT, the data will wait).

2. Radio cannot transmit and


receive at the same time.

3. Radio transmits in only one slot


at a time (radio cannot transmit
timeslot 1 timeslot 2 timeslot 1 timeslot 2 timeslot 1 timeslot 2 voice on slot one while also
transmitting data on slot two).

4. Calls are not dynamically


allocated to slots, they are
statically assigned to a
frequency and slot in CPS.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Reduces Combining Equipment

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Digital Audio Coverage

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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Digital Audio Coverage (Cont.)

• What end user will experience with Digital Audio:


- Consistent performance throughout coverage area with no gradual fade at
the fringes.
- Digital sounds different.
- Background noise reduction.

• What end user will NOT experience with Digital Audio:


- Digital radio ‘CD quality’.
- Digital cannot solve historic problems.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
System Coverage Planning
One accepted method
is known as Delivered
Before coverage Audio Quality (DAQ)
(usable audio range) can
be defined, identify the
minimum acceptable
audio quality

• DAQ measures the intelligibility and quality of voice conveyed through a


communications system.

• Audio quality is measured on a 5-point scale, with customers typically looking for
DAQ 3 at minimum.

• The definition of DAQ 3 is: ‘Speech understandable with slight effort. Occasional
repetition required due to Noise/Distortion’.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
System Coverage Planning (Cont.)

Coverage Considerations – • The figure illustrates the regions of


coverage that have comparable audio
Greater Usable Range quality for a MOTOTRBO site compared
to an equivalent analog site.

• For a DAQ 3, MOTOTRBO provides a


greater useable range than analog when
all other factors are considered equal
(e.g. transmit power level, antenna
height, terrain, etc.)

• In general, plan as you would for an


analog system at the same power level
and enjoy the better performance.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Radio Technology
Frequency Licensing

• The licensing process varies from region to region.

• Emission Designators: Includes several pieces of vital information, such as


modulation, signal, type of information and size of the channel.

• This determines the channel width your system will occupy. For MOTOTRBO
systems, the Emissions Designators are
– Data only: 7K60FXD
– Voice and Data: 7K60FXE

• If you have a 12.5kHz license, you will need to update your emissions designator.

• If you have a 25kHz license, you will need to update your emissions designator.
You will generally not be allowed to break it into two – 12.5kHz channels.

• For regulators who currently assign CTCSS/DCS tones to analogue PMR channel
licenses, for MOTOTRBO they will need to assign Color Codes instead.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
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Topic 3 – MOTOTRBO Digital Features

Digital Voice Features


Digital Telephone Patch (DTP)
Enhanced Channel Access (ECA)
Embedded Digital Signaling
Digital Signaling Features
VOX
Lone Worker
One Touch Access (Mobile)
Radio Password
Multiple Groups and Channel Scan
Transmit Interrupt
IP Site Connect
Site Roaming
Capacity Plus
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC)
Repeater Authorisation
IP Repeater Programming

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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Voice Features - Group Call
• Digital Group Call is a way of enabling groups to share a channel without distracting
and disrupting other radio users.

• Both transmitting and receiving radios must be on the same logical channel (frequency
and timeslot) and Talkgroup.

• Group Call considerations:


– Which members of a functional workgroup need to communicate with each other?
– How will workgroups interact with members of other workgroups?
– How can users collectively share the channel resources?

One-to-many call type

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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Voice Features - Private Call
• Private Call allows a radio user to directly communicate with another radio user, even
if they are not within the same Talkgroup.

• Private Call allows one-to-one communication between transmitting and receiving


radio.

• Employee may use a Private Call to privately alert a specific manager about a security
incident, rather than placing a Group Call that would be heard by the whole group.

Note: “Private Call” is also


known as “Individual Call”.

One-to-one call type

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Voice Features - All Call
• All Call is a one way voice communication between a privileged radio with other radio
users within the same logical channel.
• The transmitting radio uses a special All Call group that enables every radio user within
the same logical channel, (regardless of Group) to receive the communication.
• This feature is particularly useful when a supervisor needs to communicate to all radios
within the same logical channel (frequency and timeslot) rather than individual groups
or users.
• All Call follows the admit criteria of the selected channel.

One way voice communication

• For Capacity Plus Systems, All Call is setup politely on a Free Rest Channel and is
announced to all radios on the system (including those on busy channels), except:
• Radios transmitting on Busy Channels
• Radios listening to Emergency call(s)

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Voice Features - DTMF Hot Keypad

• DTMF stands for Dual Tone Multi Frequency.


• DTMF tones enable users to communicate via the numeric keypad
with a device connected to a control station.

• DTMF Hot Keypad provides the transmitting radio with the ability
to send the following characters encoded as DTMF during a voice
call:

0123456789*#
• This feature is supported in both analog and digital calls for
conventional Single Site, IP Site Connect, and Capacity Plus
system configurations.

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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch (DTP)

• DTP enables users of a MOTOTRBO digital system to make/receive telephone


calls between a landline telephone system and the MOTOTRBO radio system.
• DTP supports 2 types of phone patch calls:
– Individual : Voice call between a phone and radio user, initiated by either party
– Talkgroup : Voice call between a phone and a group of radio users, initiated
only by the phone user
• This feature is supported for Conventional Single Site Repeater, IP Site
Connect, and Capacity Plus system configurations.
• This feature operates only in half-duplex mode.

4-Wire
TELCO POTS
Interface

PSTN Repeater Radio


Telephone COTS
Phone User Analog Phone Patch Radio User

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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch (Cont.)

• DTP does not support Transmit Interrupt.


• DTP does not support Basic and Enhanced Privacy.
• DTP utilizes Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) Analog
Phone Patch (APP) boxes that are connected to the
repeater.
• DTP relies on the APP box to provide the following
services:
o Access and De-access Codes
o Phone Usage Time-out Timer
o Go-ahead tone to the phone user when the radio user de-
keys
o Direct connection to PBX/PSTN
o Type approvals for supported countries
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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch - Hardware

• The following are recommended APP Boxes:


• Zetron World Patch M30
• Gai-Tronics PL1877A (MRTI2000)
• Customers will need to have access to PSTN POTS or a
company’s PBX system.
• This feature does not require any new MOTOTRBO
hardware.
• To enable this functionality, just upgrade current system
software and activate* the feature.

(* requires a license for the phone gateway repeater)

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch – Making a Phone Call
Radio-to-Phone Call
A radio user can use the following dialing methods:
o Phone Address Book
o One Touch Button
o Manual Dial
Phone-to-Radio Call
1. A phone user dials phone number of APP box or PBX box.
2. PBX box connects call to APP box.
3. Phone user enters access code if required.
4. APP box validates access code and connects call to repeater.
5. Repeater sounds a tone and prompts phone user for target ID
to reach radio user / group.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch – Making a Phone Call (Cont.)

Single Site and IP Site Connect


• Target ID = CallType + TimeSlot + RadioID

Capacity Plus
• TargetID = CallType + RadioID

Overall Phone to Radio Number:


[APP/PBX Phone Number]+[Access Code]+
[CallType]+[TimeSlot* + RadioID]

(* omitted for Capacity Plus systems)


MOTOTRBO™ System Training
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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch – During a Phone Call

• The radio user has higher priority channel access than


the phone user.
• A phone call transmission is always clear, even if privacy
is enabled in the radio.
• The phone call duration is longer than a regular 2-way
radio voice call.
• There are 2 switches that happen:
o Radio-to-Phone
o Phone-to-Radio

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch – During a Phone Call (Cont.)
• Slight additional voice access time is introduced to
achieve best overall user experience.

The Enhanced Channel Access feature is used to


minimize the switching impact.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Telephone Patch – Ending a Phone Call

• A phone patch call can be ended by the radio user, phone


user, or the APP box, with the following methods:
o The radio user can push the “Back” button, push a
programmable “Phone Exit” button or manually send the
de-access code using the radio keypad.
o The phone user can simply hang up or send the de-
access code using the telephone keypad.
o If a phone timeout timer is configured in the APP box, the
APP box ends the call automatically when the call duration
exceeds the timer.
• The radio sounds a “phone exit” tone to alert the user
that the call has ended.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Enhanced Channel Access (ECA)

The Enhanced Channel Access feature is a call procedure in


which an initiating radio transmits a channel access request
and waits for access to be granted before transmitting.

Advantages
• Improves call success rate by minimizing call collisions
• Improves the GPS data success rate on the GPS revert
channel
• Prevents call transmission when the radio is out of inbound
range
• Provides correct call status indication to the user

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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Enhanced Channel Access - Considerations
• ECA is built into Capacity Plus trunked channels and
cannot be disabled.
• ECA is disabled when Enhanced GPS is enabled.
• ECA is disabled on Dynamic Mixed Mode channels.
• ECA is configurable in the radio (not the repeater) for
other repeater channel types.
– ECA follows the normal configuration while a phone call is
being setup, but ECA is always enabled while the phone
call is in progress.
• ECA is only applicable to polite transmissions including
data and CSBK calls.
• ECA increases latency for data and CSBK calls.
• ECA increases system/voice access time for voice calls.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling

• In the framing process, vocoded speech is formatted for transmission.

• This process includes organizing the voice and any embedded signaling information.

• Information such as call type (private, group or all system) as well as identification
information and/or control information, is used to notify listeners on a voice call system
events and status.

• ‘Late entry’ allows a user to join a voice transmission that is already in progress. The
system allows for this to happen because the digital signaling information is repeated
periodically during the course of the call.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling – Basic Privacy

• Basic (voice and data) Privacy is enabled using a non-cryptographic


algorithm (software scrambling) to protect information.

• Its primary purpose to thwart eavesdropping, however it will not


provide resistance against replay attacks or traffic analysis
(disclosure of information inferred by observing traffic patterns).

• Basic Privacy setting is not radio wide, but by channel selection.

• Basic Privacy controls the radio’s transmit setting.


- When a radio is programmed with Basic Privacy enabled, it will
transmit scrambled messages but is able to receive scrambled
and unscrambled transmission independent of the channel
privacy setting. It will use its provisioned key to descramble the
transmission.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling – Basic Voice Privacy

Transmit
Radio Receive
Radio

• The transmit radio will scramble the payload information prior to sending it
over-the-air.
• Upon receiving, the target radio will descramble the information.
• Embedded and stand alone digital signaling is not scrambled.
• Embedded digital signaling includes target and source ID, talkgroup ID and
emergency setting.
• Stand alone signaling includes Radio Disable, Radio Check, Call Alert and
Remote Monitor.
• Voice is not protected over any accessory or wire line.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling – Basic Data Privacy

Receive
Transmit Radio
Radio

• The transmit radio will scramble the payload information including IP/UDP
headers.
• Upon receiving, the target radio will descramble the information.
• Data that extends past the radio network is not protected.
- Text messages from deployed radios to mobile client’s e-mail addressable
devices are only protected over-the-air.
• Data messages are descrambled prior to entering the application server.
• Text messages stored in the radio’s inbox, outbox and sent items are not
protected.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling – Types of Privacy

• Two Types of privacy mechanisms


– Basic Privacy
– Enhanced Privacy

• Enhanced Privacy provides a higher level of protection


– Multiple keys
– Cryptographic algorithm
– Protects each superframe in a different manner

• Both mechanisms are not interoperable with each other.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


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MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling – User Control over Privacy
• Privacy can be enabled or disabled with each channel selection.

• User can choose to enable or disable privacy via radio ‘Menu’ access
or by programmable button toggle.

• The privacy icon is displayed when a channel is operating in secure


mode.

• For radios enabled with Basic Privacy but without full displays, it is
recommended to not allow the users to toggle their radio’s privacy
settings via a programmable button. Without the visible indication, the
user will not be able to differentiate a secure channel from an insecure
one.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 53
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling – Privacy Key Management
• Privacy key is a value used to scramble and unscramble voice calls
and data transmissions on a privacy enabled channel.

• Keys are provisioned to a radio via CPS. Once radios are


programmed, keys can only be retained or rewritten. User cannot use
the CPS ‘Read’ function to view a stored key. There is no option for
‘blank’, ‘null’, or ‘zero’ key.

• For Basic Privacy,


– One key per radio.
– CPS offers a selection from 1- 256 key indices.

• For Enhanced Privacy


– One key per channel
– Radio can hold up to 16 keys
– Value for each key can be selected from 1 – 1,099,511,627,774
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 54
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling - Privacy Key Management
• Both the transmitting and the receiving radio must have the same
privacy key values for a successful transmission.

• In the event a receiving radio does not share an identical key as the
transmitting radio, unintelligible audio (digital warbles) will be heard on
the receiving side of the transmission or the radio remains muted.

• For data transmissions between radios with mismatched keys, this


will result in an unsuccessful data transmission. The data message
will never make it to its intended target address.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 55
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Embedded Digital Signaling – Data Gateway Privacy Settings
• All data that is transmitted on a channel to and from a fixed client or
application server will go through the control station. Precise privacy
setting will ensure consistent data communication.
• In the event a fleet utilizes multiple keys, users must be grouped into
specific channels (slots) with their control stations utilizing the proper
keys. Control Station
Privacy Disabled Privacy Enabled
One direction data will Consistent
Privacy Disabled Privacy Enabled

be scrambled communication path


Control station will Radio will receive
receive scrambled. unscrambled.
Radio

Insecure channel. One direction data


will be scrambled
Radio will receive
scrambled.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 56
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features

• Digital Signaling features send special messaging packets over the network.
Radio Disable, Remote Monitor, Radio Check, Call Alert and Digital Emergency
are types of Digital Signaling features.

• An Acknowledging Message is received by the Initiating Radio for all Digital


Signaling Features.
NOTE: Non-Display radios do not support all of these features because it does not have keypad/display for menu functionality.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 57
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – PTT ID and Aliasing

• PTT
AliasID
- When programmed
- Allows target radiovia
to the CPS the
identify or front panel,of
originator aauser
call.friendly
alphanumeric ‘name’ will be displayed.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 58
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Radio Disable
• This feature allows a supervisor to disable a radio via:
• Another radio, or
• Third party IP-based repeater application

• The disabled radio displays blank screen and is unable to make or receive
calls.

• Once disabled, the radio can only be enabled via:


• The CPS, or
• A ‘Radio Uninhibit’ command from a third-party IP-based application
connected to the repeater, or
• A ‘Radio Uninhibit’ command from another supervisor radio, on
condition that the radio is within coverage of the site at which it was
disabled.

• This feature can be used to stop any inappropriate use of radio, or to stop
stolen radio from functioning.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 59
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Remote Monitor
• This feature allows a remote user to activate a target radio’s
microphone and transmitter for a period of time.

• A call is silently set up on the target radio, and its PTT is controlled
remotely without any indications given to the end user.

• This feature is used to ascertain the situation of a target radio which


is powered-on, but is unresponsive.

• Used in situations such as theft, incapacity of the radio user or


allowing the initiator of an emergency call to communicate hands-
free in an emergency.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 60
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Radio Check
• This feature allows the initiating radio to check if a target radio is
active within the system without notifying the user.

• Besides Busy LED; Transmit LED is also lit (to indicate ACK is sent).
There is no visible or audible indication on the target radio.

• The target radio automatically and silently responds with an


acknowledgement to the initiating radio.

• If a radio user is non-responsive, Radio Check could be used to


determine if the target radio is switched on and monitoring the
channel.

• If the target radio responds with an acknowledgement, the initiator


could then take additional action such as using the Remote Monitor
command to activate the target radio’s PTT.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 61
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Call Alert
• This feature allows the initiating radio to essentially page another
radio user.

• When a radio receives a Call Alert, a persistent audible and visual


alert is presented to the target radio (available on radios with full
display) . The radio ID of the initiator of the Call Alert is also present.

• If the target radio presses the PTT when a Call Alert screen is active,
it starts a Private Call to the initiator of the Call Alert.

• For in-vehicle applications, this is often used in conjunction with the


Horn and Lights option. When a user is away from his vehicle, a Call
Alert can initiate the vehicle’s horn and lights to sound and flash,
which notifies the user to return to the vehicle and call the originator.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 62
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Digital Emergency
• MOTOTRBO radios allow a user in distress to send out a confirmed
emergency alarm message and emergency voice to a supervisor
radio present within the system.

• The emergency alarm message contains the individual radio ID of


the initiator.

• Revert channels can be specified for emergencies, except on


Capacity Plus systems (where there are no revert Voice Channels).

• For IP Site Connect systems, Manual Site Roam is supported while


in an emergency.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 63
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Digital Emergency (Cont.)
• Three major methods of emergency alarm and the emergency call
are:
- Emergency Alarm Only
- Emergency Alarm and Call
- Emergency Alarm with Voice to Follow

• Four alarm types configurable via the CPS are:


- Disabled
- Regular
- Silent
- Silent with Voice

• Two methods are used to stop the emergency alarm:


- User presses a radio button or keypad
- Timer expires after a predefined duration

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 64
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Emergency Revert and GPS Revert

• When radio enters emergency state, it will attempt to transmit


emergency location response on a specific channel to the Location
Server with which it is registered.

• The transmission channel for these updates is defined by:


– Radio’s emergency mode (Emergency Alarm/ Emergency Alarm
with Call or Voice to Follow)
– GPS transmission channel (Selected or Revert)

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 65
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Digital Emergency In Capacity Plus

• When a radio enters emergency state on a Capacity Plus system, the


emergency call begins transmitting to the “Emergency” Group.
• The Capacity Plus system ensures the emergency call starts on a channel
where users monitoring the “Emergency” group are present - there are
some behaviour differences in software releases R01.05.00, R01.06.00
and R01.07.00 which are shown on the next slide.
• The start of an emergency call is announced over all busy channels - this
allows a radio already listening to another call that is interested in joining
the emergency call, to leave its channel and join the emergency call.
• A radio already listening to an emergency call joins the new emergency
call if the new emergency group has a higher priority than the existing
emergency group - the highest priority is the Tx-Group, followed by any
group in the radio’s Rx-Group list.
• Capacity Plus does not support Emergency Revert Channel(s).

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 66
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Digital Signaling Features – Digital Emergency In Capacity Plus (Cont.)

R01.05.00 R01.06.00
Emergency Call transmitted and above
impolitely over ongoing ALL Yes
CALL because all radios Is ALL CALL
already on channel where active?
ALL CALL active.
No

Emergency Call transmitted


over ongoing Emergency
Call because receiving Is
radios already on channel. Yes Emergency
For R01.05.00 and Call for same
R01.06.00, Emergency Call Talkgroup
transmitted impolitely. For already
R01.07.00 and above, active?
transmit interrupt may be
No
used to stop ongoing call.
R01.07.00 Transmit interrupt used to
Yes No Is call on Yes stop ongoing call.
Is Rest and above
Emergency Call transmitted busy Rest Emergency Call then
Channel
on Idle Rest channel. Channel transmitted on Idle Rest
Idle?
interruptible? channel.
R01.05.00
and No
R01.06.00

Emergency Call transmitted


impolitely over busy Rest
channel.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 67
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
VOX

• Voice Operated Transmission (VOX) provides hands-free radio


transmissions with the use of selected radio accessories

• The radio is keyed-up when VOX detects voice on the accessory


microphone
- Assuming the configured channel Admit Criteria are met

• Among the usage considerations are:


- User proximity to other audio sources
- Position of the VOX accessory
- Use of a trigger word when the Talk Permit Tone is enabled

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 68
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
VOX (cont.)

• VOX is suspended if the radio has any Transmit Interrupt feature enabled
• VOX is temporarily suspended when:
•The speaker un-mutes to incoming audio
- VOX resumes automatically when the speaker mutes
•The PTT button is pressed
- VOX resumes following a channel change, power cycle, or VOX re-
activation (via menu or programmable button)
•The Emergency Alarm button is pressed
- VOX resumes automatically after the emergency is cleared

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 69
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Lone Worker
• Lone Worker provides a way to monitor if a radio user has stopped
activity.
– If there has been no user activity for the predefined Response Time
period, the radio sounds a warning tone.
– If there is still no user activity for the predefined Reminder Time
period after the warning tone, the radio immediately raises an
Emergency.
• Response Time and Reminder Time are programmable via CPS.

• This feature is also available in Analog (MDC) mode.

• Useful in cases where the user is working alone, operating machinery, or


carrying out a security patrol.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 70
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
One Touch Access (Mobile)
• ‘One Touch Access’ button enables a mobile radio to switch to a pre-
configured channel assigned by the CPS with the press of a button.

• This feature is available both in Digital and Analog mode.

• Channels from the Capacity Plus Channel Pool can NOT be assigned to
the ‘One Touch Access’ button.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 71
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Radio Password
• Radios have a CPS-enabled password-based locking mechanism to protect
radios from unauthorized use.

• Upon powering up, the radio prompts the user to enter a 4-digit password.

• The numeric password selection/input method varies according to radio models:

• Display Portable – Numeric Keypad and “OK” button

• Non-Display Portable – Channel switch and Side Button(s)

• Full Display Mobile – Channel Rocker and “OK” button, or accessory


keypad.

• Numeric Display Mobile – Channel Knob and Front Button 2.

• The radio enters and remains in a locked state for 15 minutes, even if powered
off, after three incorrect password attempts.

• The password can be changed via radio menu or CPS.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 72
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Multiple Groups and Channel Scan
• MOTOTRBO supports:
– Multiple Groups (i.e. monitoring a list of different groups on a given channel / slot)
– Channel Scan (i.e. monitoring a list of different channels within a system)

• Multiple Groups and Channel Scan both compatible with:


- Repeater channels
- Direct radio channels

• Multiple Groups compatible with:


- Conventional digital channels
- Capacity Plus personalities.

• Channel Scan compatible with:


– Analog voice
– Digital voice
– Digital signaling
– Conventional channels

• Channel Scan incompatible with:


- Capacity Plus personalities
- Emergency
- Data
- Roaming (i.e. radio can not roam to site and then scan channels at that site)
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 73
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Multiple Groups

• The radio unmutes only when a relevant group is transmitting on the channel.

• The relevant groups for a given channel (group members) are defined by the
Receive (Rx) Group List associated with that channel.

• One Receive (Rx) Group List can contain a maximum of 16 group members and a
maximum of 50 Receive (Rx) Group Lists can be defined.

• For repeater channels, the group call hangtime is defined by a repeater timer and
for direct radio channels, the (talkaround) group call hangtime is defined by a radio
timer.

• The radio is allowed to talkback to the group for the duration specified by the group
call hangtime.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 74
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan

• If Auto Scan is enabled for a channel, a radio starts scanning as soon as that channel is
selected by the user, otherwise if Auto Scan is disabled, scan can be started / stopped via a
programmable button.

• While scanning, a radio is looking for “Activity of Interest” by continually sampling the Scan
Members (channels) contained in the Scan List associated with the selected channel.

• One Scan List can contain a maximum of 16 “Scan Members” and a maximum of 250 Scan
Lists can be defined.

• While sampling a given channel, “Activity of Interest” consists of incoming (voice or signaling)
transmissions addressed to the radio using:
• The radio’s individual address, or
• One of the group address contained in the Rx Group List associated with the channel
being sampled, or
• The “All Call” address

• A mixture of digital and analogue conventional channels may be included in a Scan List.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 75
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan (Cont.)
• While sampling a given channel, if “Activity of Interest” is found the radio stops scanning and switches to
that channel. The radio then remains on the channel until all “Activity of Interest” has ceased for a period of
time defined by the “Call Hang Timer” (if applicable) plus the radio “Scan Hang Timer”. The operation of the
“Call Hang Timer” and “Scan Hang Timer” (for Releases 1.7 onwards) is summarised below.

• For digital and analogue repeater channels:


- On termination of a radio transmission, the repeater starts its Call Hang Timer running.
- On expiry of the Repeater Call Hang Timer, receiving radios start their Scan Hang Timers running.

• For digital direct radio channels:


- On termination of a radio transmission, receiving radios start their (Talkaround) Call Hang Timers
running.
- On expiry of a (Talkaround) Call Hang Timer, a receiving radio starts its Scan Hang Timer running.

• For analogue direct radio channels:


- Call Hang Timers generally do not apply here, so on termination of a radio transmission, receiving
radios start their Scan Hang Timers running immediately.
- For certain 5-Tone and MDC calls there is an Auto Rest Timer which acts like a (Talkaround) Call
Hang Timer. For such calls, a receiving radio starts its Auto Reset Timer running on termination
of a radio transmission, then starts its Scan Hang Timer running on expiry of its Auto Rest Timer.

• Once the “Scan Hang Timer” expires then the radio resumes scanning again.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 76
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan (Cont.)

• Channel Scan limitations


– Since Channel Scan requires the radio to switch between channels, there is a
possibility that the radio will miss a transmission.
– The larger the Channel Scan list, the greater the possibility that a transmission
will be missed.
– The Channel Scan list should be configured to be as short as possible.
– A scanning radio will eventually detect group and “All Call” transmissions via
“late entry”, however most individually addressed transmissions (e.g. Private
Call) will need to be prefixed with “Transmit (Tx) Preamble” if they are to be
detected by a scanning radio.
– Channel Scan (even with preamble) will NOT work for emergency calls or data.
Both these types of call can only be received on the selected channel
irrespective of whether Channel Scan is enabled or disabled.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 77
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan – Tx Designated Channel and Talkback
• If the user presses the PTT while the radio is scanning, the radio will (depending on its
configuration) transmit on one of the following channels:
- The Selected channel - this is the typical configuration.
- A specified conventional channel.
- The Last Active channel* (i.e. the most recent channel on which the radio stopped
scanning as a result of finding “Activity of Interest”).

• If the user presses the PTT after the radio has stopped scanning as a result of finding
“Activity of Interest”, the radio will (depending on its configuration) transmit on one of the
following channels:
- The Active Channel (i.e. the current channel on which the radio stopped scanning as a
result of finding “Activity of Interest”) – this is the typical configuration.
- The selected channel.
- A specified conventional channel.

* The radio only remembers the Last Active channel and NOT the Last Active group, therefore
this configuration results in a transmission to the TX Contact Name associated with the Last
Active channel (which is not necessarily the Last Active group). To avoid confusion, it is
recommended that this configuration is only used if there is a single group in the RX Group
List for each channel and this single group corresponds to the channel’s TX Contact Name.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 78
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan – Priority Levels

• Priority levels can be configured for members of a Scan List. Three levels
of priority are:
- Priority-1
- Priority-2
- Non-Priority

• Priority levels are configurable via CPS.

• Priority levels affect the order of scanning. The radio may re-order Non-
Priority scan members in order to optimize the scan efficiency.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 79
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan – Priority Levels (Cont.)
• If the following type of “Activity of Interest” is found while the radio is
scanning:
- Data addressed to the scanning radio (note: data can only be received
on the selected channel)
- An individual call (Private Call)
- Priority-1 scan member

then the radio stops scanning and switches to that channel for the duration
of the call.

• If however the “Activity of Interest” is a voice group call on a Priority-2 or a


Non-Priority scan member, the radio continues to periodically scan any
higher priority scan members defined.
- If “Activity of Interest” is subsequently detected on a higher priority
channel, then the radio switches to the higher priority channel
immediately without waiting for the current call to end.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 80
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan – Channel Marking
• Although relatively short, its does take time to determine if activity is of interest on a
higher priority scan member. During this time, there is an audio hole on the current
scan member.

• Channel marking offers a way to mitigate the duration of the audio hole.

• The radio assumes that if the activity on the higher priority scan member has
already been identified as not of interest, then there is no need to fully review it at
every scan interval.
- For a partial review the radio only verifies that the activity on the higher priority scan
member is of the same type as the activity which was previously identified as not of
interest, If this is the case then the radio assumes the current activity on the higher
priority scan member is the same activity which was previously identified as not of
interest. By verifying just the type of activity, the radio is able to get back to the current
call much faster. This assumption is made for a pre-determined number of times, after
which the activity on the higher priority scan member is fully reviewed again.

• The feature greatly increases audio quality while a radio is in priority sampling
mode.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 81
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan – Scan members with similar receive parameters

• A scan list with members that share the same receive parameters but different
transmit parameters may result in misdirected reply transmissions.

• When scanning, a radio only qualifies the receive parameters before landing on a
particular channel.

• Let’s review the following example to better understand the scenario:


- A scan list has two scan members: Channel 1 (Rx: F1, Tx: F2) and Channel 2
(Rx: F1, Tx: F3), where, both channels are Analog CSQ.
- A scanning radio will qualify the receive parameters and land on either channel
making an assumption about the transmit parameters.
- If the radio makes an incorrect assumption about the transmit parameters,
then this will result in misdirected transmissions.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 82
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Channel Scan – Scan members with similar receive parameters

• In an analog system, this can be resolved by assigning PL or DPL codes. In a


digital system, the solution is unique color code or receive group per channel
assignments.
F2
F2

F1 Channel 1 F1
Radio 2

Analog: PL / DPL code


Digital : Color code / Rx Group

Radio 1 – Scanning radio

Radio scans
Channel 1 & 2
F1
F1

F3 Radio 3
F3
Analog: PL / DPL code
Digital : Color code / Rx Group
Channel 2

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 83
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Transmit Interrupt

• Allows a radio to end an on-going interruptible voice transmission


• This applies to all call types
(i.e. Privacy-enabled/disabled Group/Private/Emergency/All Calls)
• Radios are provisioned via the CPS, with 2 separate capabilities to consider:
– Radios with voice transmissions which are interruptible
– Radios which can interrupt interruptible voice transmissions
• Radios may be provisioned with none, either, or both, of the capabilities
mentioned.
• For this feature to operate consistently, all radios using the channel are
recommended to be provisioned with the ability to be interrupted
• Upgrade software versions of all radios and repeaters to R01.06.00 or later to
prepare a system to be fully Transmit Interrupt capable

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 84
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Transmit Interrupt (cont.)
• Transmit Interrupt is a Motorola propriety feature suite containing 4 variations
– Voice Interrupt
• Radio can de-key an interruptible voice transmission to initiate its own voice transmission within the
same call
• Interrupting radio must be partied to the call
– Emergency Voice Interrupt
• Radio can de-key an interruptible voice transmission and clear down the call to initiate its own
emergency transmission
• Interrupting radio does not have to be partied to the original call
• For Capacity Plus systems, this occurs on the busy rest channel (if all channels are busy)
– Remote Voice Dekey
• Radio can de-key an interruptible voice transmission and clear down the call
• Used for example by a supervisor radio to remotely dekey a radio that is inadvertently transmitting
• Interrupting radio does not have to be partied to the call
• For Capacity Plus system, the interrupting radio only interrupts transmissions on its own channel
– Data Over Voice Interrupt
• Radio controlled by a third-party application (option board or attached PC) can de-key an interruptible
voice transmission and clear down the call to initiate its own data transmission
• Interrupting radio does not have to be partied to the original call
• For Capacity Plus systems, a radio does not perform Data Over Voice Interrupt if:
• That radio is already transmitting
• The data message is for a revert channel
• The Rest channel is idle

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 85
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
IP Site Connect

• A conventional system connecting multiple Single Site


systems together via an Internet Protocol (IP) back-end
network.

IP Network
Repeater

R1 R2

Repeater

Subscriber S2
S3

S1
Subscriber Subscriber

Single Site System Single Site System

IP Site Connect System

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 86
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
IP Site Connect – Key Benefits

• Connecting two or more dispersed locations for day-to-day


communications.

• Building a larger or more effective RF coverage area.

• Broadcasting announcements to all sites.

• Connecting repeaters operating in different RF bands.

• Connecting to IP-based applications.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 87
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
IP Site Connect – New Concepts

• Master: The repeater that is responsible for registering new repeaters and
notifying other repeaters of IP address changes.

• Peer: A repeater or RDAC IP application in the IP Site Connect system.

• RDAC (Repeater Diagnostics and Control): Software application that allows a


system administrator the ability to monitor and control repeaters within the
MOTOTRBO system.

• All Sites Light Up: Every radio call that is made is repeated across all linked
logical channels.

• Site Roaming: Ability to roam between sites of an IP Site Connect system.

• Roam List: A list of channels that corresponds to sites in an IP Site Connect


system.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 88
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Site Roaming

• MOTOTRBO supports roaming between sites of an IP Site Connect


System.

• Roam List – List of channels, each is a site of the IP Site Connect


system.

• Home Site – The site within the Roam List on which the radio
chooses to operate.

• Beacon – Periodic short transmission sent by de-keyed repeaters.

• Two methods of Site Roaming


• Passive Site Searching
• Active Site Searching

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 89
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Site Roaming

• User Control
– Change radio dial to change channels/sites.
– Initiate the Manual Site Roam to roam to next available
site.
– Use the Site Lock On/Off to lock to the current site.

• User Indications
– LED blinks yellow
– Site Roaming icon appears on display

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 90
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Site Roaming – Passive Site Searching

• Radio searches Roam List whenever the signal strength of its current
Home Site dips below preprogrammed RSSI threshold.

• Site with the strongest signal is identified as the new Home Site.

• While passive site searching:


– Roam List is sorted according to signal strength to optimize follow-up
roaming attempts.
– For repeaters where no voice/data activity is present, signal strength of
the beacon is measured.
– Sites that have been detected in previous attempts are searched first.
– Radio inspects the current Home Site for activity in between searching
other sites.
– Late Entry on calls on the Home Site may occur when radio is
searching other sites.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 91
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Site Roaming – Passive Site Searching

Home Site =
Home Site =
Site 1 Site 2
A B

IP NETWORK IP NETWORK

Home Site = Home Site =

Site 1 Site 2
C

SITE 1 SITE 2

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 92
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Site Roaming – Active Site Searching

• Radio sends wake-up message to each repeater in the Roam List


until it finds an active site.

• First active site found in range and transmitting is identified as the


new Home Site.

• Active site searching occurs when:


– Radio initiates transmission but home site repeater cannot wake up.
– User initiates a Manual Site Roam.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 93
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Site Roaming – Roaming Considerations
• Roam List
– A system can contain more than one IP Site Connect system, each
with one or two wide area channels.
– Each wide area channel should have its own Roam List.
– Each list should contain 1 logical channel from each site
corresponding to the wide area channel.
– Only wide area channels are added to the Roam List.

• Scan or Roam
– MOTOTRBO does not support the ability to both roam between sites
and scan channels at a particular site.

• RSSI Threshold
– Programmable via CPS.
– If too low, radio stays at weaker site although stronger site is available.
– If too high, increase in roaming, increase in late entry.
– Site configuration should be taken into consideration.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 94
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Site Roaming – Roaming Considerations

• Beacon Duration and Beacon Interval


– Programmable via CPS
– Factors: number of sites, radio roaming frequency, system configuration.

• Revert Channels and Roaming Interactions

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 95
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Capacity Plus

• A single-site trunking configuration of the MOTOTRBO radio system.

SU SU SU SU SU

Subscribers

Channels

– Trunking utilizes a pool of channels for virtually unlimited number of Groups.


– Trunking provides efficient utilization of channels by allowing radios to share
logical channels, resulting in:
• Less waiting time to access the system
• Increased channel capacity for a given Quality of Service
• Lower probability of a call being blocked

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 96
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Capacity Plus – New Concepts
• Rest Channel: The idle voice channel that hosts all radios that are not
participating in a call.

• Beacon: Periodic short transmissions indicating the Rest Channel.

• Capacity Plus Voice Channels: Channels for voice and data calls.

• Capacity Plus Data Channels: Channels for data calls, except radio-to-radio
text messaging.

• Capacity Plus Voice List: List of all available Capacity Plus Voice Channels to
be used by the Capacity Plus system.

• Capacity Plus Data List: A list of all available Capacity Plus Data Channels to
be used by the Capacity Plus system.

• Back-end Network : The connection for Repeaters in the system to


communicate with each other.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 97
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Capacity Plus – How it Works

• Radios not participating in any call remain on the Rest Channel.

• At the start of a call


– The Rest Channel repeater selects the new Rest Channel from idle voice
channels.
– A status message is sent to inform the radios about the new Rest Channel.
– The current Rest Channel is converted into a traffic channel for the call.
– Radios on the current Rest Channel with no interest in the call move to the new
Rest Channel.

 If the current Rest Channel is the last idle channel,


 the call starts on the channel
 participating and non-participating radios shall remain on the channel
 the system busy tone is heard if any user tries to start another call
 the next available idle voice channel is identified as the new Rest Channel

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 98
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Capacity Plus – How it Works (cont.)

• At the end of a call,


– the repeater broadcasts to the participating radios
• the current Rest Channel
• the status of the other available channels
– Radios on the channel shall move to
• the current Rest Channel
• channels with calls of interest to the radio

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 99
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Capacity Plus – Rest Channel Management
• No central controller manages the Rest Channel
– All trunked repeaters manage the Rest Channel collectively
– A trunked repeater informs other trunked repeaters when
• A new Rest Channel is selected
• Each time the status of a channel changes

• Capacity Plus does not require an exclusive control channel


– Rest Channel changes with every call, repeater failure, or interference
– A non-exclusive Rest Channel system has these advantages:
• Easily satisfies regulator frequency coordination (where exclusive
use of channels not possible)
• No “Request and Grant” mechanism required
• Suitable for channels shared by multiple radio systems
• Improves reliability of the Capacity Plus system
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 100
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC)

• A software application that allows the system administrator the ability to


monitor and control repeaters within the system.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 101
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC)

• The following services are provided by the RDAC application:

Repeater Diagnostics Repeater Alarm Reporting


Read Enabled/Disabled Status Detect and Report Receiver Lock Detect Failure
Read Analog/Digital Status Detect and Report Transmitter Lock Detect Failure
Read Wide or Local Area Status Detect and Report AC Power Failure
Read Transmit Power Status Detect and Report RF PA / System Overheating
Read Available Channels Detect and Report RF Power Out
Read Inbound RSSI Detect and Report High VSWR Detection
Read IPv4 Address and UDP Port Detect and Report RF PA Fan Failure Alarm1
Detect and Report EEPROM Corruption1
Repeater Control Detect and Report Low and High RF PA Voltage1
Change Enabled or Disabled Status Detect and Report SCM Reference Incompatibility Alarm1
Change Channels Detect and Report FRU Incompatibility Alarms1
Change Transmit Power Level Detect and Report Main Fan Failure2
Reset Repeater Note:
Knockdown Repeater 1Applicable only to the MTR3000
2Applicable only to the XPR 8300 / XPR 8380

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 102
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC) - Alarms

• Categorization of RDAC alarms


– Major Alarms: Indicate hardware failures that prevent the repeater
from functioning normally.
– Minor Alarms: Warning alarms causing the repeater to enter a
disabled state and does not transmit, receive nor repeat.
– Mixed Alarms: Major or minor, depending on the availability of a
backup repeater and type of system configuration.
• Locked State
– Occurs after any 3 major alarms are reported.
– Repeater enters locked state and sets Major Alarm pin.
– LEDs on the Repeater front panel illuminate solid.
– Repeater does not service any calls over the air.
– RDAC displays the locked state and can retrieve logs.
– Repeater exits locked state after major alarm counter is reset via the
CPS.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 103
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC) - Connections

RDAC application can connect to the repeater in 2 ways:


– Remotely via the network
– Provides access to all repeaters
– Requires static IP address and UDP port of Master repeater
– Provides all services of RDAC application

– Locally via USB port


– Provides access only to the local repeater
– Provides only the Repeater Diagnostics and Repeater Alarm
Reporting services

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 104
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC) – Multiple Systems
- Version 2.2 (onwards) of the RDAC application has the ability to monitor and
control up to 8 different radio systems (i.e. IP Site Connect and/or Capacity Plus)
simultaneously.
- To monitor and control multiple radio systems the Multi Systems feature needs to
be activated using the RDAC application and this requires the purchase of a
separate license key for each RDAC application.
- License keys are purchased via Motorola On-Line (part HKVN4041A) and an
Entitlement ID is delivered by email for each order placed.
- To activate the Multiple Systems feature:
- Install the RDAC application and ensure the computer has internet access (to
register the feature with Motorola).
- From the Help Tab, select Register Features.
- Use the RDAC Register Feature Wizard to enter the Entitlement ID and
register the Multiple Systems feature.
- Once the Multiple Systems feature has been registered, it will be possible to select
multiple radio systems using the Connect Tab (note: the systems must previously
have been defined for selection using the Systems Tab).

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 105
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC) – Email Notification
• With no systems connected, ensure
“Email Notification” option selected
• Configure email account settings for
outgoing email (from RDAC application)

• Add email addresses to


which alarms will be sent

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 106
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC) – Email Notification (Cont.)

• For each system, specify


the email address (or
addresses) to which the
alarms will be sent and
select which alarms
should be sent.
• Different email addresses
and alarms can be
selected for different
systems.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 107
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Diagnostics and Control (RDAC) – Compatibility

- RDAC version 1.0 is not forward compatible with DR 3000 Repeaters containing
firmware R01.06.11 onwards and MTR3000 repeaters

- To ensure compatibility, the minimum requirement is for RDAC version 2.5 to


be installed.

- If you have already purchased a copy of RDAC version 1.0, please contact
Motorola Customer Care for a free replacement RDAC CD.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 108
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Authorisation

• Repeater Authorisation consists of:


– Repeater slot Enable / Disable
– IP console radio Inhibit / Uninhibit

• These commands are initiated by an IP-based application connected


to a repeater.

• These commands are compatible with wide and local area IP Site
Connect channels and Capacity Plus systems.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 109
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
Repeater Authorisation (Cont.)
• For repeater slot Enable / Disable:
– Once an unauthorised radio keys up, the application can instruct the repeater
disable the slot, thereby preventing the voice from being repeated over the
air.
– Unfortunately, unauthorised radios will make the channel unreliable for other
authorised radios
– The repeater will re-enable the slot as soon as the unauthorised radio dekeys

• For IP Console radio Inhibit / Uninhibit:


– When the application detects an unauthorised radio’s attempt to access the
system, it can initiate an “IP Console Radio Inhibit / Uninhibit command to that
radio.
– This is feature is compatible with R1.7 MOTOTRBO radios and later.
– Such radios can not be programmed to ignore this command.
– IP Console Radio Inhibit / Uninhibit commands are initiated from an IP-based
console and can not be initiated from another radio.
– When inhibited, a radio can no longer make or receive calls.
– Inhibited radios can be re-enabled over the air and via the CPS.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 110
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
IP Repeater Programming (IRP)
• IRP allows a System Administrator to program (via CPS) repeaters that are on a
system utilizing the IP network.

Master
IP Network R2
R1 Master

R6
R4 R5
Peer
R3
Peer
Peer
Peer
CPS

• The following services are provided with IRP:


• Repeater Configuration • Repeater Upgrade
– Read the current repeater configuration – Upgrade repeater firmware and/or
– Write a modified repeater configuration codeplug version
• Repeater Feature Enable
– Activate a purchased feature on the
repeater
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 111
MOTOTRBO Digital Features
IP Repeater Programming (cont.)
• Prerequisites:
• Supported by 32MB* MOTOTRBO repeaters and firmware version R01.07.00 or above.
• Repeaters must already be configured locally (via USB) to operate on an IP Network and
‘communicate with’ or ‘act as’ a Master repeater.
• Compatible with IP Site Connect, Capacity Plus and Single Site systems.
• Repeater mode can be Enabled, Disabled, Knockdown, Digital, Analog or Dynamic Mixed Mode
(DMM).
• Single Site repeaters must be configured as Master repeaters.

* It is possible for the Master or any of the Peer repeaters on the IP Network to be 8MB repeaters, however the
CPS will only “see” the 32MB repeaters on the IP Network.

• Operation:
• Configure CPS with IP address and UDP port number of Master repeater via Remote->IP System
Settings... on menu bar.
• Use Connect option to allow CPS to establish a connection with repeater system.
• On connecting to Master repeater, CPS learns addresses of all Peer repeaters on repeater system
(note: access to all Peer repeaters is via Master repeater).
• Firewall configuration may be required depending on system set up.
• When programming Repeaters within an IP Site Connect or Capacity Plus system, it is recommended
that Master repeater be programmed last.
• Codeplug password authentication may be required to access each repeater.
• IRP temporarily disables a repeater until programming is complete.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 112
Topic 4 – MOTOTRBO Analog Features

Introduction

Voice Features

Additional Features

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 113
MOTOTRBO Analog Features
Introduction

• To facilitate a smooth “digital” migration from legacy “analog”


systems, MOTOTRBO also supports “analog” operation.

• MOTOTRBO portable and mobile radios are able to switch


between “analog” and “digital” operation either via user selection
(i.e. channel selector) or automatically (i.e. dual mode scan).

• MOTOTRBO repeater is configured either for analog or digital


operation.

• In analog mode, MOTOTRBO portable and mobile radios are


able to operate in either repeater or direct/talkaround mode.

• In analog mode, MOTOTRBO utilizes traditional FM technology


(both 12.5, 20kHz and 25kHz channel bandwidth supported).
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 114
MOTOTRBO Analog Features
Voice Features
Feature Name Description

Time-Out Timer Sets the amount of time that the radio can continuously transmit before the transmission is
automatically terminated.
Squelch Special electronic circuitry added to the receiver of a radio which reduces or squelches,
unwanted signals before they are heard through the speaker.

Admit Criteria Enables a radio to refrain from transmitting on a channel which is already in use.

Monitor/Permanent Monitor The user can check channel activity by pressing the monitor button. If the channel is clear,
the user hears static. If the channel is in use, the user hears the conversation. It also
serves as a way to check the volume level of the radio, as while pressing the monitor
button, the user can adjust the volume of the static/conversation heard.

Priority/Dual Priority Scan Priority Scan allows a user to program the radio to scan more frequently transmissions on
the most important channel, and ensure they do not miss critical calls. Dual Priority Scan
allows a user to program a radio to frequently scan transmissions on the two most
important channels, and ensure they do not miss critical calls.

Talkback Scan with Home Talkback Scan allows activity on different communications channels to be monitored and
Channel Revert answered. Home Channel Revert allows a user to automatically access a preferred
channel.
Talkaround Allows a user to talk directly to another unit for easy local unit-to-unit communications and
bypass the repeater.
Nuisance Channel Delete Allows a user to remove a channel with unwanted activity (i.e. a Nuisance Channel) from
the scan list temporarily.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 115
MOTOTRBO Analog Features
Additional Features

• In analog mode, MOTOTRBO supports a limited MDC signaling


feature set (i.e. Emergency Signaling, PTT-ID and Call Alert).

• Additionally, a 3rd-party 5-tone option board is available for


MOTOTRBO 1.X.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 116
Topic 5 – Dynamic Mixed Mode

Overview

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 117
MOTOTRBO Dynamic Mixed Mode
Overview
• Dynamic Mixed Mode (DMM) is a repeater-only configuration

• Allows a mix of legacy Analog radios and Digital MOTOTRBO radios to share
the same repeater.

• When the MOTOTRBO repeater is operating in DMM, it will


– Dynamically switch between analog and digital modes based on the
current call received.
– Transmit one analog call at a time, or 2 digital calls at a time (one on each
logical channel)
• Scan lists with Analog and Digital channels are programmed into the
MOTOTRBO radios
– Allows users to monitor both analog and digital voice transmissions on the
same frequency.
• DMM does NOT support: IP Site Connect configurations, Capacity Plus
configurations, FCC Type-I and Type-II monitoring, Transmit Interrupt, RDAC
over IP, Repeater Knockdown or Antenna relay.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 118
Topic 6 – MOTOTRBO 2.X

Bluetooth®

Audio and Display

Integrated 5 Tone

A Selection of Other Features

Programming / Test & Alignment Cables

Antennas

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 119
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Overview

• The MOTOTRBO radio supports the following Bluetooth


device connection types:
• Headset Profile (HSP)
• Serial Port Profile (SPP)
• Remote PTT
• These connections can be used for communication with:
• Motorola Bluetooth headset with remote PTT
• Motorola Bluetooth PTT Only Device (POD)
• Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) Bluetooth headset
• COTS Data Peripheral such as a Bluetooth barcode
scanner

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 120
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Pairing a Device with Display Radios
• Pairing with display radios:
• Place your headset in pairing or discover mode.
• Bluetooth menu > Find Devices
• After the radio detects a Bluetooth device, the user can initiate a
connection request for the selected Bluetooth device.
• If pin authentication is preprogrammed, the user will be
prompted to enter the pin code via the keypad to establish a
connection.
• The radio display and tone indicators alert the user upon
establishing a connection.
• If successful, the display shows “<Device> Connected.”
A positive tone sounds and a Bluetooth Connected icon appears
on the status bar.
• If unsuccessful, the display shows “Connecting Failed”.
A negative tone sounds.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 121
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Pairing a Device with Non-Display Radios
• Pairing with non-display radios:
• Place your headset in pairing or discover mode.
• Press the preprogrammed Bluetooth button on the radio to
connect to the Bluetooth device.
• If pin authentication is required for pairing, pin codes should be
programmed via CPS.
• The radio LED and tone indicators alert the user upon
establishing a connection.
• If successful, the LED blinks yellow. A positive tone sounds.
• If unsuccessful, a negative tone sounds.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 122
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Pairing and Connection
• Bluetooth operates within a range of 10 meters line-of-sight. This
is an unobstructed path between the radio and the Bluetooth
device.
• Should the voice or tone quality start to sound “broken”, simply
position the radio and the headset closer to each other to re-
establish a clearer audio reception.
• The radio can connect to a Bluetooth headset, a Bluetooth
scanner and a Motorola Bluetooth POD simultaneously.
o However, it is recommended to pair with data devices such
as the scanner and/or Motorola POD prior to the headset.
o This pairing procedure provides a better pairing experience in
comparison to pairing with the headset prior to data devices
first.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 123
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Radio Operation with Motorola Headset and POD

• Motorola Bluetooth Headset with remote PTT


• For Motorola Bluetooth headsets equipped with a remote
PTT, the remote PTT can be used to initiate outgoing voice
transmissions.
• The headset’s audio path is used after a connection to the
headset/PTT is established.
• Motorola PTT Only Device (POD)
• The POD can be connected and used as a remote PTT,
with or without headset, for radio PTT initiation.
• The POD is used to initiate outgoing voice transmissions
and is not equipped with a local mic/speaker.
• Upon pressing remote PTT, the currently selected active
audio path is use for radio audio communication.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 124
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Radio Operation with Bluetooth Headset HK200

• After the radio and headset are successfully paired, the radio
sends ringing indications to the headset when there is an
incoming call. Ringtones will be heard on the headset speaker.
• The incoming call can be accepted by pressing the multi-function
button on the headset.
• This establishes a link with the headset and allows the headset
speaker/mic to be used as the active audio path for
communications.
• Upon disconnect of the Bluetooth headset, the radio reverts back
to its prior audio routing.
• If the headset is subsequently paired with the radio again, the
headset accepts the call automatically without requiring the user
to press the multi-function button. In this scenario, the ringtone
may not be heard by the user.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 125
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Radio Operation with Bluetooth Headset HK200 (cont.)

• When the headset is connected, the user can manually press the multi-
function button on the headset to disconnect from the radio.
• The audio path can be switched on/off via the radio’s interface even
when the headset speaker/mic are connected to the radio and
configured as the selected active audio path.
• Portables: Supports active audio path switching from the radio’s
interface via menu or a programmable button.
• Mobiles: Supports active audio path switching via programmable on/off
hook.
• The radio’s audio path is used for voice communication in the following
scenarios:
• When the Bluetooth audio path is switched off
• When the radio PTT button is pressed
• A separate Bluetooth Mic Gain is CPS programmable for both analog
and digital operation. This field is used for fine tuning the volume level
for outgoing voice communication.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 126
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Data

• The radio can connect wirelessly to a Commercial Off-the-Shelf Data


Peripheral such as a Bluetooth barcode scanner.
• A non-display radio can support the management of Bluetooth data
and audio in the same way a display radio.

• Paring to a Bluetooth Data peripheral device (such as a barcode scanner)


does not automatically provide additional value unless used in
conjunction with an application.
• The application is needed to manage the data from the barcode
scanner data and put it in a readable / customizable format.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 127
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Data (cont.)

• After a barcode scanner has been paired to the radio, the data sent from
the barcode scanner to the radio can be routed to 3 possible locations:
o Radio option board
 Supported for both analog and digital mode.
o Remote radio via Over-the-Air (OTA) interface
 Supported only for digital mode.
 Security for OTA interface transmissions can be provided by the radio’s
Enhanced Privacy feature.
 Requires destination UDP port and IP address configuration via CPS.
o Data accessory
 Supported for both analog and digital mode.
 A non-PC XCMP peripheral that runs on a Serial Port Profile.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 128
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Recommended Devices
Model Description

89409N Motorola HK200 Operations Critical Wireless, 128-bit


Encryption, Commercial Secure Simple Pairing (SSP) v2.1
NNTN8125 Motorola Bluetooth Wireless Accessory Kit, STD Pairing, 12"
Cable
NTN2572 Motorola Bluetooth Accessory Earpiece with 12" Cable

NNTN8143 Motorola Bluetooth Wireless Accessory Kit, STD Pairing

NNTN8126 Motorola Bluetooth Wireless Accessory Kit, STD Pairing, 9.5"


Cable
NTN2575 Motorola Bluetooth Accessory Earpiece with 9.5" Cable

Symbol CS3070 COTS Symbol Barcode Scanner

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 129
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Adjusting Microphone Gain Settings
• This option enables the user to adjust the volume level for all
outgoing voice communication from a Bluetooth wireless
device.
• The Bluetooth mic gain settings can be adjusted for both
digital and analog operation.
• Adjust the Bluetooth mic gain settings in the accessory
configuration section via CPS.
• Audio quality is not impacted by adjusting the Bluetooth mic
gain settings.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 130
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Bluetooth® - Avoiding Accidental Connection
• Once a Bluetooth headset has been paired with a radio, re-
pairing is not required in subsequent usages.
• Because each radio could be assigned to different people, this
can cause the headset to accidentally reconnect to the wrong
radio belonging to a different user.
• Therefore, it is recommended to erase all information after
each pairing.
o HK200 – Erase all pairing information by pressing and
holding the volume button and call button together,
followed by turning on the headset.
o Motorola Headset/PTT and POD – Erase all pairing
information by pressing and holding the PTT button,
followed by turning on the headset.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 131
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Audio and Display - Intelligent Audio
• Intelligent audio adjusts the volume in response to stationary
and non-stationary noise sources.
• The radio samples and measures the surrounding noise and
automatically adjusts the volume level for voice transmissions
to be heard above the surrounding noise.
• Users do not need to continually adjust the radio volume
based on the environment they are in.
• In extreme cases, the radio volume may be adjusted to the
maximum. The volume returns to normal when the radio
leaves the noisy environment.
• This feature includes:
o Automatic Volume Control
o Adaptive Noise Masking
o Audio Shaping
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 132
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Audio and Display - Color Display
MOTOTRBO Professional Portable and Mobile are available with
a large full color display. Patented technology enhances the
display resolution to minimize pixelation, making it easier to read.

Mobiles
Portables
Coming
soon
Coming
soon
Coming
soon
Coming
soon
Coming
soon

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 133
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Audio and Display - Color Display (cont.)
• The color display models support 8-bit color that shows 256
distinct colors.
• The MOTOTRBO Professional Portable screen is
transflective, has brighter background color, making the
display easy to read in bright sunlight and does not drain
battery life.
o Color display: 132 x 90 resolution
o Grayscale display: 132 x 72 resolution
• The MOTOTRBO Professional Mobile screen is transmissive,
requiring to be viewed with the backlight turned on (drains
battery).
o Display has large fonts
o Resolution: 160 x 72 dpi

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 134
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Audio and Display - Voice Announcement
• Voice announcement enables the user to know which zone,
channel, and programmable buttons are selected on the radio
without having to view the home screen nor use the channel
selector switch.
o Announces a channel and zone when navigating the radio
o Announces a programmable button when short pressed or long
pressed
• Announcing Zone and Channel when feature is enabled:
o When the user scrolls or navigates to a new channel in one
zone, the radio announces the latest channel with “Channel X”.
o When there is a zone change, the radio announces the latest
selected zone and channel with “Zone X Channel Y”.
• This feature is supported on analog and digital channels for
MOTOTRBO Professional Portable, Mobile and MOTOTRBO
Commercial/Mid-Tier Portable.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 135
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone – A Brief History
• Select 5 (also known as 5 Tone) is a tone signaling protocol which utilizes a brief burst of
sequential audible tones.

• Subscribers configured to respond to the transmitted tone sequences will un-mute, while
others will remain muted.

• Select 5 tones are encoded via telegrams.


• A Select 5 telegram is composed of 1 to 3 Select 5 sequences, and each sequence is
composed of 1 to 12 Select 5 tones.
• A Select 5 tone is a single frequency audible (300-3000 Hz) tone
• The tones frequency and duration are specified by the sequences’ associated
signaling standard.

• A Select 5 signaling standard defines 16 tones (0-9 and A-F), as well as 2 single tones (T1
and T2). The frequency and duration of the single tones are specified in the CPS.
• The CPS allows one to specify variable digits within tone sequence definition and these
digits will be replaced with 0-9, A-F before use. The supported digits are:
• A1-A8, replaced with the target subscriber’s address
• U1-U8, replaced with the initiating subscriber’s address
• S1-S3, replaced with the initiating subscriber’s status
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 136
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone - Differences

• There are some minor differences between the 5 Tone implementation for the new
MOTOTRBO 2.X platform and the legacy Motorola analogue radio platforms.

• These differences (which are described in this section) fall into the following
categories:
• Buttons
• Alerts
• Lists
• Emergency
• Radio stun

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 137
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone - Buttons

• The MOTOTRBO buttons are merged with legacy 5 Tone subscriber


button functionality.

• The legacy 5 Tone missed call button is expanded to access the


MOTOTRBO missed/outgoing/answered call log lists.
• The legacy 5-Tone External Alarm on/off button is replaced by the
MOTOTRBO Horn & Light on/off button.
• The legacy 5 Tone Monitor/Call Cancel button is replaced by the
MOTOTRBO Monitor button, but this button still cancels a call if the call is
active.
• The legacy 5 Tone Call Buttons 1~4 are expanded to the MOTOTRBO
one touch buttons 1~6.
• The legacy 5 Tone Memory channel is replaced by the MOTOTRBO one
touch home revert feature.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 138
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone – PTT User Interface

• When the PTT key-up mode is disabled:


“Selective Call” is displayed upon PTT press.
“Call Ended” is displayed for auto reset timer expiry.

• When the PTT key-up mode is enabled:


The target address/alias is displayed upon PTT press.
“Tx Telegram” (message) follows when the telegram is being sent.
“Call Ended” is displayed for auto reset timer expiry.

• While waiting for an acknowledgement:


The subscriber will sound a Talk Prohibit tone for repeated PTT presses.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 139
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone - Alerts
• Most legacy 5 Tone alerts are replaced by MOTOTRBO digital / analog subscriber style ring
tones.

Good/bad key tone:


• Good key tone – When pressing a call button to set up a call.
• Bad key tone - When pressing a call button if the call is not allowed.
Positive/negative indication when features are turned on/off:
• Positive indication tone – When a feature is turned on.
• Negative indication tone – When a feature is turned off.
Acknowledgement (ACK) receive/failure tone:
• ACK receive tone – When an ACK is received to a previously transmitted telegram.
• ACK failure tone – If ACK wait timer expires.
Talk permit/prohibit tone:
• Talk permit tone – Signifies a user is allowed to talk on PTT press
• Talk prohibit tone – Signifies a user is blocked from talking on PTT press
User-selected ring styles:
• A user can select the ring style for a contact entry.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 140
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone - Lists

• The legacy 5 Tone Contact / Status / Call Log lists are presented with the
MOTOTRBO screen layout.

• The legacy 5 Tone Address / Status manual dial can also be accessed from the
MOTOTRBO Contact / Status lists.

• The legacy 5 Tone Call log is expanded.


• Separated Missed / Outgoing / Answered lists.
• The oldest entry is replaced if the list is full.

• The legacy 5 Tone Missed call alert list is part of the MOTOTRBO Notification list.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 141
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone - Emergency

• The legacy 5 Tone “Emergency Cycle mode” can no longer be programmed for
unlimited cycles. This is now configured from 1 to 255 (max) cycles.

• The legacy 5 Tone Emergency squelch is determined by the MOTOTRBO


Emergency Alarm Type.

• The legacy 5 Tone Secret Emergency is replaced by the MOTOTRBO Silent


Emergency
• The screen will freeze instead of showing blank.

• The legacy 5 Tone Emergency button debounce is replaced by the MOTOTRBO


Emergency Short Press Duration.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 142
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Integrated 5 Tone – Radio Stun etc.
• Radio stun:
• When a radio stun is received, the screen will go blank and will not show
“Radio Stun” on the display.

• The subscriber can be revived on receiving an “Unstun” command from


another subscriber.

• Miscellaneous Differences which are NOT 5 Tone specific:


• Force monitor is not supported.
• Monitor1 is not supported.
• Only Configuration Byte 2 is supported.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 143
MOTOTRBO 2.X
A Selection of Other Features
• One Touch Home Revert:
• Since the portables contain a continuous rotary, it is now possible for both
portables and mobile to revert to any channel via a programmable button.
• Designated Power Up Channel
• Direct Channel Dial
• Direct dial to any channel in the “current” zone.
• Analogue Vote Scan
• In analogue mode, the radio scans multiple base station frequencies and
selects the strongest signal based on a voting process.
• Additional languages supported
• Turkish will be added initially, however a future software release will also
introduce Arabic.
• Multi-Language keypad
• Multi-language keypads (Roman/Latin, Russian and Arabic) available.
• Initially only English text messaging is supported, however a future
software release will expand this to cover other languages.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 144
MOTOTRBO 2.X
A Selection of Other Features (cont.)
• Customized User Guide
• An improvement to the current “CPS “Customer handout” feature.
• Provides customized subscriber configuration views and additional detail
on programmable / accessory button configurations.
• Notification List
• Used to collect and present all ‘un-handled’ incoming events. Includes
unread text / telemetry messages and missed calls / alerts.
• Non-GPS / BT Upgrade
• Field service kit available to upgrade non-GPS / Bluetooth mobile models
to support GPS / Bluetooth.
• Companding (legacy analogue feature)
• Full alias / name search
• Allows user to easily locate list items.
• Navigation button
• Allows user to scroll up / down and left / right
• Improved emergency functionality including multiple Hot Mic cycles and an
alarm list to manage all received emergency alarms.
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 145
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Programming / Test & Alignment Cables

• There is a new programming cable (PMKN4012B) for the MOTOTRBO 2.X


professional portable subscribers.

• PMKN4012B is backwards compatible with MOTOTRBO 1.X professional


portable subscribers, however PMKN4012A is NOT forwards compatible with
MOTOTRBO 2.X professional portable subscribers.

• PMKN4013C is the test & alignment / programming cable for both


MOTOTRBO 2.X and 1.X professional portable subscribers.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 146
MOTOTRBO 2.X
Antennas
• There are new antennas for the MOTOTRBO 2.X professional portable
subscribers.
• MOTOTRBO 1.X and MOTOTRBO 2.X antennas are NOT
interchangeable.
• MOTOTRBO 1.X antennas will fit on MOTOTRBO 2.X radios, but the
radio will NOT work properly.
• MOTOTRBO 2.X antennas will fit on MOTOTRBO 1.X radios, but again
the radio will NOT work properly.
• The distinguishing differences between the 2 families of portable antennas
are as follows:
• The MOTOTRBO 1.X antennas are thinner at the top and have a round
end.
• The MOTOTRBO 2.X antennas contain groves/markings near the base
where colored antenna bands can be fitted.
• The MOTOTRBO 2.X antennas contain a colored o-ring at the base
stating “Made in Malaysia” and the frequency band.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 147
Topic 7 – MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Overview of Data Services
Built-in Text Messaging
Components of Text Messaging Services
Text Message Alert
Location Tracking
Revert Channels
ARS Initialization Delay
Telemetry
Repeater IP Interface
Accessories and Peripherals
Application Partner Program

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 148
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Overview of Data Services

MOTOTRBO supports data services in digital mode only:


• Built-in data modem
– Standard UDP/IP – compatibility with IP applications
– Internet Protocol (IPv4) addressing
– Approx 2kbps protected data throughput per slot
– Future enhancement - double throughput with dual-slot data
• Text Messaging
– Direct radio-to-radio or via 3rd party application
– Free-form (up to 138 characters)
– Pre-programmed messages entered via CPS (up to 10 messages)
• Location Tracking
– GPS equipped portables and mobiles available with built-in GPS receivers.
– Using the integrated data services, GPS equipped portables and mobiles are able to
transmit their location coordinates over the radio system, to a 3rd party application.
– A GPS revert channel option is provided to offload location updates to a pre-
programmed digital channel (thereby allowing the selected channel to accommodate
increased voice loads or provide an enhanced user experience).

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 149
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Overview of Data Services (Cont.)

• Telemetry
– Basic built-in telemetry functionality allows the radio to translate the receipt
of a telemetry message to GPIO (General Purpose Input/Output) action,
and to translate GPIO action to a transmitted text message.
– Ability to configure radios as telemetry transponders. Telemetry commands
can be sent from the radio. The radios may be used to automatically send
information to the control and receive status of another device, and to send
messages to report the status of local devices. A user can enter a number
of text strings and assign an action and a destination address to each
string.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 150
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Built-in Text Messaging
• MOTOTRBO radios can send and receive information in text format.

• Text messaging is only supported in the digital mode of operation.

• User can create a text message in one of two ways:


- Status or canned message (Quick Text). Up to 10 messages can be
programmed via CPS. (Applicable for the display and non display radio models).
- Limited free-form text messages. Up to 138 characters. (Applicable for the
display models only).

• The radio can store up to 30 received or sent messages at a time.

• The radio can store up to 30 draft messages at a time.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 151
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Built-in Text Messaging
• Built in text messaging

- Supports unit to unit messaging via confirmed service that includes


acknowledgements and retries.
- Supports unit to group messaging via unconfirmed service, e.g. message
is sent once.
- All messaging is direct routing, i.e.: sender and receiver have to be on the
same channel & slot at the same time (unless receiver is scanning).

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 152
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Components of Text Messaging Services
Leveraging the capabilities of the built-in
text messaging services, the radio user
has the ability to send and receive
messaging using ‘Mobile’ and ‘Fixed’ Text
Messaging Client applications.
USB

Tx / Rx Tx / Rx

MOTOTRBO Radios
Control Station Application Server

LAN /
Internet

Tx / Rx

Mobile Client Fixed Client Cell phone or e-mail


Text Messaging Client Text Messaging Client addressable device

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 153
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Text Message Alert

• There are 2 options for the Text Message Alert Tone:


o Momentary
o Repetitive
• Momentary - the alert tone is played once and the alert screen is
dismissed after 60 seconds.
• Repetitive - the alert tone is played repeatedly and the alert screen
remains open until the user closes it.
• Text Message Alert Tone for all new and unknown contacts is set to
repetitive by default.
• Toggling between these options can be done via CPS or the radio
menu.
• These options can be set differently for each private contact.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 154
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Location Tracking
• MOTOTRBO systems enable location services via two complementary
functions.

– MOTOTRBO Portable and Mobile radios includes models that are equipped
with a built-in GPS receiver.

– Using the integrated data services, GPS equipped portables and mobiles are
able to transmit their location coordinates over the radio system, to a receiving
application that can display the radios’ geographic locations on a high
resolution map.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 155
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Location Tracking (Cont.)
Components of a Tracking Application

Tx / Rx Tx / Rx
USB

MOTOTRBO Radios MOTOTRBO Repeater Control Station Application Server

LAN

Fixed Client
(Location Client Application)

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 156
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Location Tracking (Cont.)
Services provided to Radio User

• An icon is displayed on the radio when the GPS signal is received.


The icon blinks if the radio is receiving poor GPS signal.

• The radio does not display its current location on the screen.

• The radio is told, by the location application server, how frequently to


report locations. The application can also poll the radio for its location.

• A radio user can trigger a location update to a location application server if


the Emergency button is pressed.

• Radio user is not aware that the radio is transmitting location coordinates
over the radio system.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 157
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Location Tracking (Cont.)
Services provided to a Location Application

• When a radio is turned on, and a channel is configured with the ‘ARS
Parameter’, the radio registers with a presence service. The location
application then learns that the radio is present within the system, and will
request explicit location updates as configured in the server application.

• The GPS equipped radio transmits updates over the radio system in
response to three service methods:

– Single location update


– Periodic location update
– On emergency

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 158
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – GPS Revert
• GPS revert channel allows offload of location updates to a pre-
programmed digital channel that differs from the selected channel.

• This feature effectively allows selected channel to free up and


accommodate increased voice loads or to enhance user experience (by
reducing the number of channel busies during voice calls).

• GPS Revert effectively allows large groups to communicate on a single


voice channel while offloading location updates to other channels. This
increases location update throughput, especially for users belonging to the
same group.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 159
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – GPS Revert (Cont.)

• Revert channel option is configurable via CPS. CPS options for the GPS
transmission are Selected, All or None.

Selected: GPS updates are transmitted on current channel

All: GPS Revert channel. Updates are transmitted on


any other programmed channel.

None: No revert channel or the GPS update transmission


is disabled.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 160
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – GPS Revert (Cont.)
• GPS Revert, when used correctly can significantly improve voice and
location data performance of a system. In order to maximize location
throughput, while minimizing missed data (text, telemetry) and voice
transmissions, there are a number of factors that must be considered.

- Non location update traffic should not be transmitted on the GPS Revert
channel when attempting to maximize the location load on the GPS
Revert channel.

- Do not add the GPS Revert channel into the scan list if the location load
is high. Scanning radios will often land on this channel and qualify
traffic that is not for them, this can slow scanning.

- In repeater mode, avoid placing the alternate slot associated with GPS
Revert channel into the scan list if the location load is high.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 161
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – GPS Revert (Cont.)

- When using a portable as control station (although not recommended)


do not enable sleep mode since the location update message is not
preceded with preamble to account for this.

- Voice, data or control messages that are sent to a SU on the GPS


Revert channel will not be received. The radio is only on a GPS Revert
channel to transmit location updates and it does not qualify activity on
this channel.

- If group data is to be supported on a system, the inclusion of preamble


should be added to minimize the occurrence of the group data message
being missed while a SU is on the GPS Revert channel.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 162
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – GPS Revert (Cont.)

- Avoid situations where a large number of subscribers are powered on in


a relatively short period of time, this causes a flood of registration
messages that impacts the voice quality of service on the Selected
Channel during the registration process.

- In order to minimize users from inadvertently changing a radio to the


GPS Revert channel, it is recommended that the GPS Revert
channel(s) are placed in a different zone to the primary voice and data
channel(s).

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 163
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – GPS Revert (Cont.)
• CPS configuration:

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 164
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – Data Revert (Capacity Plus)

• Optional digital data channel in Capacity Plus for all Radio-to-Server


data transmissions.
• Reduces data traffic from Trunked (Voice) Channels.
• CPS options for the GPS transmission channel in Capacity Plus:
– Trunked
• Data messages to Server are transmitted on the Rest Channel.
– Revert
• Data messages to Server are transmitted over one of the Data Revert
Channels.
– None
• Disables transmission of data messages on Data Revert Channels.
• Useful when radio is known to be out of range of any control station
accepting location updated.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 165
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – Enhanced GPS Revert Channel
• Enhanced GPS is an enhancement on the existing GPS Revert and Data Revert
channels.
• Enables subscribers to access the channel in a synchronized manner, therefore:
• Eliminates collisions
• Allows for efficient channel usage - up to 360 GPS data transmissions per
minute per channel running at 90% capacity (standard GPS revert supports
80 GPS data transmissions per minute for channel at 85% reliability)
• Supports unconfirmed GPS data transmissions on single site repeater, IPSC and
Capacity Plus system configurations.
• Channel is divided into timeslots called “windows” that are reserved by subscribers
for GPS data transmissions
• Each window consists of an announcement slot followed by a number of GPS data
bursts
• Window size is configured by the CPS in both the repeater & subscriber
• Synchronization between radios and windows is managed by the repeater

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 166
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – Enhanced GPS Revert Channel (Cont.)
Channel Structure Example (Window Size = 6)

1 Data Superframe (16 Data Frames : 8 mins)

0 1 2 ……..…………...….. 13 14 15

1 Data Frame (100, 83, 71, 62, 55 or 50 Windows : 30 secs)

0 1 2 3 …………..……...….. 79 80 81 82

1 Window (5, 6, 7, 8, 9 or 10 Frames)

A B A B A B A B A B A B Window Size # Windows /


(# slots) Data Frame
5 100
Announcement Slot
(contains: current window #, data frame 6 83
and subscriber ID for next reserved
GPS Data Bursts 7 71
window)
8 62
9 55
Window Size must be set to the same value (by
the CPS) in both the repeater and the subscriber 10 50

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 167
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – Enhanced GPS Revert Channel (Cont.)
• Channel data structure:
• Each (8 min) Data Superframe contains 16 x (30 sec) Data Frames.
• Each (30 sec) Data Frame contains Windows, the number of which are dependant on
the Window Size configured by the CPS.
• Window Size is dependent on:
• Parameters to be sent in a GPS location response such as longitude etc.
• Whether IP/UDP header compression enabled
• Whether enhanced privacy enabled
• To transmit periodic GPS location responses:
• Subscriber requests (using a free window) a set of periodic reserved windows from
repeater
• The following update periods (cadences) are supported: 0.5, 1, 2, 4, and 8 minutes (if
an application requests a different cadence, then the subscriber responds with an error
message)
• Repeater allocates reserved windows if available and informs subscriber
• Subscriber stores window timing
• Before each allocated window arrives, subscriber reverts to Enhanced GPS Revert
Channel, verifies its reservation (by listening to confirmation grant from repeater), then
transmits GPS location responses in reserved window
MOTOTRBO™ System Training
Module 2 - 168
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – Enhanced GPS Revert Channel (Cont.)
Scheduling Example (Window Size = 6)
1 Data Frame (30 secs)

30 sec
Window Window Window Window Window Window
1 min …. …. ….
0 1 2 3 81 82
2 mins
4 mins Data Frame 0 Sub 23 - Sub 48 Sub 13 - - - Sub 32 -

8 mins Data Frame 1 Sub 23 Sub 8 Sub 55 Sub 43 - - - - -

Feee Window Data Frame 2 Sub 23 - - - - - - Sub 32 -


Data Frame 3 Sub 23 - Sub 55 - - - - - -
Data Frame 4 Sub 23 - Sub 48 - - - - Sub 32 -
Data Frame 5 Sub 23 Sub 8 Sub 55 - - - - - -
Data Frame 6 Sub 23 - - - - - - Sub 32 -
Data Frame 7 Sub 23 - Sub 55 - - - - - -
Data Frame 8 Sub 23 - Sub 48 Sub 13 - - - Sub 32 -
Data Frame 9 Sub 23 Sub 8 Sub 55 - - - - - -
Data Frame 10 Sub 23 - - - - - - Sub 32 -
Data Frame 11 Sub 23 - Sub 55 - - - - - -
Data Frame 12 Sub 23 - Sub 48 - - - - Sub 32 -
Data Frame 13 Sub 23 Sub 8 Sub 55 - - - - - -
Data Frame 14 Sub 23 - - - - - - Sub 32 -
Data Frame 15 Sub 23 - Sub 55 - - - - - -

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 169
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Revert Channels – Enhanced GPS Revert Channel (Cont.)
• Repeater eventually frees up windows reserved for subscribers that stop transmitting GPS location
responses (e.g. when they go out of range).
• Subscriber considerations:
• Recommended to keep Enhanced GPS Revert channels in subscriber “Channel Pool” to prevent
users from selecting (and interfering with) Enhanced GPS Revert channels .
• A channel is configured as Enhanced GPS Revert by selecting its “Enhanced GPS” option. To send
responses to an Enhanced GPS Revert channel, the Enhanced GPS Revert channel needs to be
specified by the "GPS Revert" field of the selected channel
• Not recommended to transmit non-GPS data on GPS Revert channel. Only exception is for
Capacity Plus systems where ARS data is transmitted on GPS Revert channel.
• Repeater considerations:
• One or both slots can be configured as Enhanced GPS:
• For single site and IPSC – other slot could be used for voice or standard GPS revert
• For Capacity Plus – other slot could be used for data
• Repeater Window Size should match Subscriber Window Size
• Upper limit on windows used for periodic updates can be configured as 90%, 75%, 60% or 45%
• Remaining windows can be used for window assignment requests, non-GPS data, one-time GPS updates and
emptying out queued GPS data (accumulated while subscribers participating in voice calls).
• For an IPSC wide area Enhanced GPS Revert channel, the associated slot for one of the repeaters should
specify a periodic window reservation (90%, 75%, 60% and 45%), while the associated slots for the other
repeaters should be set to “None”.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 170
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
ARS Initialization Delay
• Upon power on, radios register with the Presence Notifier by sending ARS messages
immediately

• In a system with many radios powering on within a short time, there can be many
collisions between ARS registration messages.

• To reduce collisions, the user can configure (using CPS) the maximum value of an
initial random delay for ARS registration in a range of 0 min to 4 hours
– Note “0 min” means that ARS registration message will be sent out between 5 sec
- 15 sec (not delayed)

• When to use:
– To avoid collisions of large number of radios sending ARS in a short period of time
– In any scenario where large number of radios power on in a short period of time
and delay in ARS registration message can be tolerated

• When not to use:


– ARS registration message is immediately needed (text messaging from server to
radio may not work properly if this feature is enabled)

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 171
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Telemetry

• MOTOTRBO radios supports telemetry functionality for digital mode of operation


only.

• Basic built-in telemetry functionality allows the radio to translate the receipt of a
telemetry message to GPIO (General Purpose Input/Output) action, and to
translate GPIO action to a transmitted Telemetry text message.

• Telemetry commands can be sent from the radio on a specific revert channel. A
user can enter a number of text strings and assign an action and a destination
address to each string.

• MOTOTRBO also supports the configuration of radios as telemetry transponders.


The radios may be used to automatically send information to control and receive
status of another device, and to send messages to report the status of local
devices.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 172
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Telemetry – Simple Tank Example

1. Programmable button 1 on Radio 1 is


pressed as shown by the leftmost button
turning blue.

2. Radio 1 sends a telemetry message to


Radio 2 as shown by the blue arrow going
from Radio 1 to Radio 2.

Disclaimer: This is just an illustrative example. Actual control of fluid tanks may
have regulatory requirements.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 173
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Telemetry – Simple Tank Example (Cont.)

3. Radio 2 receives a telemetry message to


open the valve.

4. Radio 2 toggles the GPIO pin's voltage,


turning on the valve as shown by the line
from the GPIO and the valve turning blue.

5. The tank fills with liquid, trips the sensor and


pulls the GPIO pin to the active level as
shown by the sensor and GPIO line turning
red.

Disclaimer: This is just an illustrative example. Actual control of fluid tanks may
have regulatory requirements.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 174
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Telemetry – Simple Tank Example (Cont.)
6. Radio 1 receives a telemetry message that
the tank is full.

7. Radio 1 sets the GPIO line high illuminating


the light bulb as shown by the line and bulb
turning red.

8. Programmable button 1 on Radio 1 is


pressed again to close the valve as shown
by the leftmost button turning blue.

9. Radio 1 sends a telemetry message to


Radio 2 as shown by the blue arrow going
from Radio 1 to Radio 2.

Disclaimer: This is just an illustrative example. Actual control of fluid tanks may
have regulatory requirements.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 175
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Telemetry – Simple Tank Example (Cont.)

10. Radio 2 receives the telemetry message


and toggles the GPIO pin voltage low,
turning off the valve as shown by the line
from the GPIO connector and the valve
turning black.

11. The tank stops filling with liquid.

Disclaimer: This is just an illustrative example. Actual control of fluid tanks may
have regulatory requirements.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 176
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Telemetry – One Touch Telemetry

• This feature provides the end user with the capability to


configure 3 one touch telemetry buttons as 3 digital revert
channels (with revert capability).
• The user pushes the one touch button to send out a telemetry
message on a digital revert channel pre-configured via CPS.
• The radio returns to a normal voice channel automatically after
a telemetry message transmission on the revert channel.
• The one touch telemetry message revert transmit and receive
is supported in a Single Site Conventional, IP Site Connect or a
Capacity Plus system.
• The One Touch Telemetry Revert channel is configurable on a
per personality basis in CPS.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 177
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Repeater IP Interface
• The Repeater IP interface supports the following I/O:

1. Wide area IPSC Voice/data Channels:


• Local IPSC voice/data channels:
1. Repeater to application voice Applications can send and receive voice and data.
2. Repeater to application data Applications can also send and receive control messages.
3. Bi-directional CSBKs This enables IP console and controller applications.

• Wide area IPSC voice/data channels:


2. Local IPSC and Capacity Plus Voice/Data Channels:
1. Bi-directional voice
2. Bi-directional data Applications can receive voice and data.
3. Bi-directional CSBKs Applications can also send and receive control messages
(e.g. radio check, radio disable, radio enable etc.).
• Local and wide area IPSC GPS revert channels: This enables IP voice/data logging applications.
1. Repeater to application data

3. GPS and Data Revert Channels:


• Capacity Plus voice/data (trunking) channels:
Applications can receive data.
1. Repeater to application voice
2. Repeater to application data This enables data applications without the need for control
3. Bi-directional CSBKs stations on the GPS / Data Revert channels.
Note: Control stations will still be needed on local IPSC
voice/data channels and Capacity Plus voice/data (trunking)
• Capacity Plus data revert channels:
channels until these channels support bi-directional data.
1. Repeater to application data

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 178
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Accessories and Peripherals

• The MOTOTRBO Radios support an improved accessory and


peripherals interface. This new interface is Motorola’s platform for
the future accessory development and it is not backwards
compatible with older accessories.

• It supports the following capabilities:


- Enhanced Audio Functionality
- USB Capability
- Core peripherals
- RF Input/Output
- Rugged and Submersible

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 179
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Application Partner Program

• The MOTOTRBO system is complete and robust enough to fulfill the


diverse needs faced by a variety of customers.

• The Application Partner Program enables third party developers to create


customized applications that add value to customers in different vertical
applications.

• Motorola provides support to third party developers who are members of


the Application Partner Program.

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 180
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Application Partner Program – Application Development Kits

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 181
MOTOTRBO Integrated Data
Application Partner Program – Application Development Kits

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 182
Summary

We have reached the end of the module.


You have covered the following successfully:

• MOTOTRBO system features


• MOTOTRBO portfolio
• MOTOTRBO data

MOTOTRBO™ System Training


Module 2 - 183