WIRELESS DE BANDA ANCHA

Ing GUSTAVO GIANNATTASIO, MBA, PMP

AGENDA

DONDE ESTA AUMENTANDO LA VELOCIDAD  FUNDAMENTOS QUE ES FIBERCHANNEL INFINIBAND Y FCoverETHERNET LA INTRODUCCION DE ETHERNET 40Gbps y 100Gbps MODULACION , DE BPSK A OFDM ADAPTACION DE PREFIJO CICLICO OFDM Y OFDMA MIMO SIMO SISO BEAMFORMING TDD Y FDD EVOLUCION DE IEEE802.11 3GPP ITU EVOLUCION DE VERSIONES EVOLUCION DE GSM A LTE ADVANCED EVOLVED PACKET CORE TECNICAS ESPECIFICAS DE LTE ADVANCED RELEASE 10 ENLACES PUNTO A PUNTO EN BANDA DE 60 GHZ RESUMEN DE ESTADO ACTUAL DE LA TECNOLOGIA

WIRELESS DE BANDA ANCHA

100GbE 40GbE 10Gb GbE

FCoE FIBER CHANNEL OVER ETHERNET

REDES DATACENTERS

FCoE FIBER CHANNEL OVER ETHERNET

REDES DATACENTERS

PRESENTE Y FUTURO DE ETHERNET

CONVERGENCIA IP

Modulación

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MODULACION OFDM

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OFDM, FFT y IFFT

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OFDM CYCLIC PREFIX

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OFDM Y OFDMA

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MIMO – SIMO - SISO

United States Patent 7068628

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MIMO – SIMO - SISO

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BEAMFORMING

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TDD y FDD

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IEEE 802.11 EVOLUCION

IEEE 802.11 VARIANTES ADOPTADAS

IEEE 802.11n MIMO, BEAMFORMING MEJOR S/N

IEEE 802.11n MAS CORTO INTERVALO DE GUARDIA

IEEE 802.11n MAS SUBCARRIERS MAS VELOCIDAD

IEEE 802.11n AGREGACION DE MAC MENOS OVERHEAD

IEEE 802.11n BLOCK AKNOWLEDGE MENOS OVERHEAD

IEEE 802.11n POLLING SELECTIVO CON INHIBICION

OK OK

X

IEEE 802.11 VARIANTES EN PROCESO

IEEE 802.11 CAPA FISICA Y DEPENDENCIAS

IEEE 802.11 CAPA ENLACE Y FUNCIONES

IEEE 802.11 RESUMEN VARIANTES

WIRELESS DE BANDA ANCHA

WIRELESS DE BANDA ANCHA

….enhanced peak data rates to support advanced services and applications (100 Mbit/s for high and 1 Gbit/s for low mobility were established as targets for research)*.

WIRELESS DE BANDA ANCHA

LOS GRUPOS DE NORMALIZACION
• 3rd Generation Partnership Program (3GPP)
– 1998 – El mas importante para celular • Developed legacy GSM, GPRS, UMTS, • LTE

• Telecom & Internet Converged Services & Protocols for Advanced Networks (TISPAN)
– Focalizada en interconexión y en Next Generation Networks (NGN) – IMS

WIMAX Forum Networking Group (WMF NWG)
– 2001 – Desarrollo WIMAX • Competidor de 3GPP • Integración entre los dos esta considerada

• 3rd Generation Partnership Project Nr. 2 (3GPP2)
– Contraparte de 3GPP para USA Pacífico y parte de Asia – Desarrollo varias especificaciones
• CDMA2000 ©, 1xRTT, EV-DO or HRPD

32

© NEC Corporation 2009

– Integración entre 3GPP2 y 3GPP está considerada

Otras organizaciones y 3GPP
Developing Recommendations Referring to specs

ITUR/T
Input specs Developing Wireless LAN/MAN specs Cross reference of specs Requirements Cross reference of specs

MRP

Terminal certification based on 3GPP specs Terminal Certification

Partners of 3GPP Referring to 3GPP specs for the local specs

Organisational Partners
EU Japan Korea China North America

WIRELESS DE BANDA ANCHA

ESTRUCTURA 3GPP

Technical Specification Group

Working Group

GSM/EDGE RAN

UTRA/E-UTRA

Service and system aspects

CN and Terminals

EVOLUCION Y VERSIONES
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 GSM/GPRS/EDGE enhancements

Release 99 W-CDMA Release 4

1.28Mcps TDD HSDPA, IMS
Release 6

Release 5

HSUPA, MBMS, IMS+
Release 7 HSPA+ (MIMO, HOM etc.) Release 8

ITU-R M.1457
IMT-2000 Recommendations

LTE, SAE
Release 9
Small LTE/SAE enhancements

Release 10 LTE ADV-

NOMENCLATURA

NOMENCLATURA (II)

EPS = Evolved UTRAN + Evolved Packet Core

2G

PSDN
BSC BTS BSC HLR SMS-SC MSC/VLR BSC

PLMN
MSC/VLR BSC

BTS Base Transceiver Station BSC Base Station Controller
GMSC

Tandem CO CO

PSTN

Tandem CO

MSC Mobile Switching Center VLR Visitor Location Register HLR Home Location Register

GSM
NSS Um Abis BSS E A B MS BTS BSC MSC VLR C D H HLR GMSC PSTN

PSTN, ISDN, PSPDN, CSPDN,

SS7

AuC

EIR

BSS Base Station Sub-System BTS Base Transceiver Station BSC Base Station Controller MS Mobile Station

NSS Network Sub-System MSC Mobile-service Switching Controller VLR Visitor Location Register HLR Home Location Register AuC Authentication Server GMSC Gateway MSC EIR Equipment Identity Register GSM Global System for Mobile communication

Circuit Switched Data versus IP
• • • • • • CSD Un canal asignado al usuario durante la conexion Uso ineficiente de recursos Facturación solo por tiempo Calidad de servicio determinística Recursos asignados a la comunicación Adecuado para aplicaciones en tiempo real Menores bit rates (14.4 kbps) Ancho de banda reservado Tiempo de acceso fijo • • • • IP Recursos asignados por paquetes Usuarios comparten canal Facturación por paquete Ideal para tráfico de datos

• • •

• Mayores bit rates (up to 100 kpbs ?) • Ancho de banda compartido • Tiempos de acceso variable

3G AGREGA DATOS IP
Out to another MSC or Fixed Network (PSTN/ISDN)

3G Network Layout
Internet (TCP/IP) IP Gateway

Mobile Switching Center

Network Management (HLR)

Out to another MSC or Fixed Network (PSTN/ISDN)

Mobile Switching Center

Network Management (HLR)

IP Gateway Internet (TCP/IP) - Base Station - Radio Network Controller

EVOLUCION GSM A LTE Adv.

1 Gbps

2 Mbps UMTS

LTE Adv

384Kbps
384 kbps 115 kbps GPRS EDGE

?

236Kbps

14.4Kbps 48Kbps
9.6 kbps GSM

1997

2000

2003

2003+
3G

2010/14 4G

GSM evolution

EVOLUCION HSPA+ a 4G

EVOLUCION UMTS a 4G

Versiones 3GPP

• 3GPP define migracion de GSM a UMTS (W-CDMA)
– core network evoluciona de solo GSM para soportar GPRS and nuevas facilidades con W-CDMA

• 3GPP Release 99 - Agrega 3G radios • 3GPP Release 4
– Agrega softswitch/ voice gateways y packet core

• 3GPP Release 5
– Primer IP Multimedia Services (IMS) w/ SIP & QoS

• 3GPP Release 6
– Red “Todo IP”

3GPP Release 4 Agrega softswitch/ voice Gateways y packet core
2G MS (voice only) BSS Abis A Mc BSC BTS 2G+ MS (voice & data) RNS ATM Iub IuPS RNC Node B 3G UE (voice & data) BSS Base Station System BTS Base Transceiver Station BSC Base Station Controller CN Core Network MSC Mobile-service Switching Controller VLR Visitor Location Register HLR Home Location Register RNS Radio Network System RNC Radio Network Controller AuC Authentication Server GMSC Gateway MSC SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node Gn SGSN GGSN Gb MSC Server Gs IuCS Gr HLR AuC VLR CS-MGW Nc Mc B C D H GMSC server PSTN CN Nb CS-MGW

PSTN

SS7 IP/ATM
Gc Gi

PSDN

• 2G handset to 3G handset: Transcoder free

2G PLMN
MSC CS-MGW CS-MGW

TRAU

Radio Access Network

2G MS

3G UE

Radio Access Network
MSC Server

3G Packet Core Network

GMSC Server

C D

GSM Coding (TrFO)

T F O

[GSM Coding + TFO Sig] (lsb) + G.711 (msb) / 64 Kb

T F O

GSM Coding

D C

3G rel 5 Architecture (UMTS)
2G MS (voice only) BSS Abis A/IuCS Mc BSC BTS 2G+ MS (voice & data) RNS Iub IuPS RNC Node B 3G UE (voice & data) IM IP Multimedia sub-system MRF Media Resource Function CSCF Call State Control Function MGCF Media Gateway Control Function (Mc=H248,Mg=SIP) IM-MGW IP Multimedia-MGW CSCF MRF IM-MGW IM Gs PSTN Gb/IuPS MSC Server Gs IuCS ATM Gr HSS Gn SGSN GGSN VLR CS-MGW Nc Mc B C D H GMSC server PSTN CN Nb CS-MGW

PSTN

SS7 IP/ATM
Gc Gi

AuC

IP Network

IP
Mg Mc MGCF

EVOLVED PACKET CORE

Service & Applications Internet

Applications SDP PCRF DNS Border GW L2/L3 SW Micro wave transport / Optical S/P-GW Router Aggregation SW IMS S/P-GW MME HSS

Firewall Evolved Packet Core
To other networks

Transport & Backhaul

Evolved Radio Access User Terminals

LTE Femto

eNB

Terminals

PROCESO….

• Primera liberación de …
Evolved UTRAN + Evolved Packet Core = Evolved Packet System

… se normalizó en 3GPP Release 8

• Oficialmente adoptado Junio 2008
Start of All IP Start of Networks Study Architecture Study Start of Normative Work

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

3GPP REL 8

LTE Access Scheme UL DL Bandwidth Minimum TTI Sub-carrier spacing Cyclic prefix length DFTS-OFDM OFDMA 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20MHz 1msec 15kHz Short 4.7µ sec Long 16.7µ sec Modulation QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM

Spatial multiplexing Single layer for UL per UE Up to 4 layers for DL per UE

LTE Categorías de Usuarios

Category Peak rate DL Mbps UL

1 10 5

2 50 25

3 100 50

4 150 50

5 300 75

Capability for physical functionalities RF bandwidth Modulatio DL n UL 20MHz QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM QPSK, 16QAM QPSK, 16QAM, 64QAM

Multi-antenna 2 Rx diversity 2x2 MIMO Assumed in performance requirements. Not supported Mandatory

4x4 MIMO

Not supported

Mandatory

Ventajas de LTE
• Frexibilidad en Espectro
– Ancho de Banda – Servicio Duplex
1.25 MHz 20 MHz

• Antenas avanzadas
– Diversidad – Beam-forming – Multi-layer transmission (MIMO)
TX TX

• LTE radio access
– Downlink: OFDM – Uplink: SC-FDMA
OFDMA SC-FDMA

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LTE ADVANCED REL 10

Ant. Config. Capacity [bps/Hz/cell] DL 2-by-2 4-by-2 4-by-4 UL 1-by-2 2-by-4 Cell-edge DL user throughput [bps/Hz/cell/u ser] UL 2-by-2 4-by-2 4-by-4 1-by-2 2-by-4

Rel. 8 LTE*1 1.69 1.87 2.67 0.74 – 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.024 –

LTE-Advanced*2 2.4 2.6 3.7 1.2 2.0 0.07 0.09 0.12 0.04 0.07

IMT-Advanced*3 – 2.2 – – 1.4 – 0.06 – – 0.03

x1.4-1.6

*1 See TR25.912(Case 1 scenario) *2 See TR36.913(Case 1 scenario) *3 See ITU-R M.2135(Base Coverage Urban scenario)

TECNICAS LTE ADVANCED: AGREGACION CANALES
 Wider bandwidth transmission using carrier aggregation • Entire system bandwidth up to, e.g., 100 MHz, comprises multiple basic frequency blocks called component carriers (CCs)  Satisfy requirements for peak data rate • Each CC is backward compatible with Rel. 8 LTE  Maintain backward compatibility with Rel. 8 LTE • Carrier aggregation supports both contiguous and non-contiguous spectrums, and asymmetric bandwidth for FDD  Achieve flexible spectrum usage
System bandwidth, e.g., 100 MHz UE capabilities
• 100-MHz case • 40-MHz case • 20-MHz case (Rel. 8 LTE) CC, e.g., 20 MHz

Frequency

TECNICAS LTE ADVANCED: MIMO DL MEJORADO
 Extension up to 8-stream transmission • Rel. 8 LTE supports up to 4-stream transmission, LTE-Advanced supports up to 8stream transmission  Satisfy the requirement for peak spectrum efficiency, i.e., 30 bps/Hz  Specify additional reference signals (RS) • Two RSs are specified in addition to Rel. 8 common RS (CRS) - Channel state information RS (CSI-RS) - UE-specific demodulation RS (DM-RS)  UE-specific DM-RS, which is precoded, makes it possible to apply noncodebook-based precoding  UE-specific DM-RS will enable application of enhanced multi-user beamforming such as zero forcing (ZF) for, e.g., 4-by-2 MIMO
CSI feedback

Max. 8 streams

Higher-order MIMO up to 8 streams

Enhanced MU-MIMO

TECNICAS LTE ADVANCED: MIMO DL MEJORADO

Single-user MIMO (SU-MIMO)
Ex)

Single-layer beamforming (Single-layer BF)
Ex)

Multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO)
Ex)

Ex )

Joint processing CoMP (JP-CoMP)

Coordinated scheduling/beamforming-CoM (CS/CB-CoMP)
Ex) suppress

TECNICAS LTE ADVANCED: MIMO UL MEJORADO

 Introduction of single user (SU)-MIMO up to 4-stream transmission • Whereas Rel. 8 LTE does not support SU-MIMO, LTE-Advanced supports up to 4-stream transmission  Satisfy the requirement for peak spectrum efficiency, i.e., 15 bps/Hz  Signal detection scheme with affinity to DFT-Spread OFDM for SU-MIMO • Turbo serial interference canceller (SIC) is assumed to be used for eNB receivers to achieve higher throughput performance for DFT-Spread OFDM  Improve user throughput, while maintaining single-carrier based signal transmission

Max. 4 streams

SU-MIMO up to 4 streams

TECNICAS LTE ADVANCED: MIMO UL MEJORADO

Single-input multiple-output (SIMO)
Ex)

Multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO)
Ex)

Single-user MIMO (SU-MIMO)
Ex) Ex)

CoMP

QUE PODEMOS ESPERAR ( REL 8 y Rel 10)

(FUENTE 3GPP)

QUE PODEMOS ESPERAR

QUE PODEMOS ESPERAR

Specification Highlights The WiGig version 1.0 specification includes the following key elements: Supports data transmission rates up to 7 Gbps – more than 10x faster than the highest 802.11n rate Supplements and . . . .

QUE PODEMOS ESPERAR

QUE PODEMOS ESPERAR

QUE PODEMOS ESPERAR

http://www.broadband.gov

http://www.broadband.gov

ESTADISTICAS BB OECD DICIEMBRE 2009

POR MAS INFORMACION : WWW.COMSOC.ORG

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