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Block Diagram Reduction

Block Diagram Reduction

Subsystems are represented in block diagrams


as blocks, each representing a transfer function.
We will consider how to combine the blocks
corresponding to individual subsystems so that
we can represent a whole system as a single
block, and therefore a single transfer function.
Reduction techniques
1. Combining blocks in cascade or in parallel

G1 G2 G1G2

G1
G1  G2
G2

2. Moving a summing point behind a block

G G
G
3. Moving a summing point ahead of a block

G G
1
G

4. Moving a pickoff point behind a block

G G
1
G

5. Moving a pickoff point ahead of a block

G G
G
6. Eliminating a feedback loop
G
G
1  GH
H

G
G
1 G

H 1
7. Swap with two neighboring summing points

A B B A
Find the transfer function of the following block diagrams:
Example No. 1

+
Example No. 2
+ +
X Y
G1 G2
- -

H
Example No. 3
Example No. 4
Example No. 5
Example No. 6
Example No. 7
Example No. 8
Example No. 9
Example No. 10
Example No. 11
Example No. 12
Example No. 13