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Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 1

 1. life of installation
 2. future extension or alterations
 3. construction of building
 4. fire hazards or other special conditions
 5. corrosive fumes
 6. dampness
 7. type of wire and material used
 8. nature of load (lighting of power)
 9. safety of the system
 10. cost of wiring system

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 2

 1. single-phase two-wire system
 2. three-phase three-wire system
 3. three-phase four-wire system

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 3

 Commonly used types of wiring systems for
residential buildings ,commercial buildings
 1. Cleat wiring
 2. Wooden casing and capping wiring
 3. C. T. S or T. R. S. wiring
 4.Metal Sheathed or Lead Sheathed wiring
 5. Conduit wiring

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 Cleat wiring is normally used for temporary
wiring purpose.
 Ex..functions, marriages…etc.
 In this type of wiring vulcanized india
rubber(V.I.R) or polyvinyl chloride(PVC)
insulated wires are used as conductors.
 Wires are held by the help of porcelain cleat
which are placed 6mm off the walls or

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 6

 As shown in dia. Grooves are provided in the
base portion of the cleat for accommodating
the wires.
 wiring is done as shown in figure..

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 Types of cleats…………
 …1. one groove
 …2. two grooves and
 …3. three grooves

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 Advantages
 1. cheapest system of internal wiring
 2. installation and dismantlement is easy and
 3. material is recoverable after the
 4. inspection, alternations and additions can
be easily made
 5. skill required is little

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 9

 Disadvantages
 1. it is not looking good
 2. quit temporary and perishes quickly
 3. wire are exposed to mechanical injury
 4. oil and smoke are injurious to V.I.R
 5. not suitable for domestic premises.

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 10

 Field of application
 1. the wiring of this type is suitable for
temporary installations in dry places.
 2. this is also accepted where appearance is
not so important and cheapness is the main

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 11

 This is one of the cheapest type of wiring and
is commonly used for house wiring.
 The cable used in this type of wiring is either
V.I.R or P.V.C or any approved insulated
 Casing consist of V-shaped grooves and is
covered by rectangular strip of teak wood
known as capping.
 This type of wiring adopted up to 250 V in
dry places and in places where no risk of fire.

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 Advantages
 1. better appearance than cleat wiring
 2. cheap in cost
 3. easy to install and rewire
 4. easy to inspect by opening the capping

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 Disadvantages
 1. not suitable in damp places
 2. risk of fire
 3. this type of wiring can only be used on
surface and can not be concealed in plaster.
 4.Since it requires better workmanship ,
labour cost is more

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 16

 Field of application
 This type of wiring is suitable for low voltage
domestic installations in dry places and
where there is no risk of fire hazards

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 17

 This type of wiring is also used for house
wiring and is quite cheap.
 Cab tyre sheathed (C.T.S) wire or tough
rubber sheathed (T.R.S) wire is normally used
as conductor for this wiring.

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 18

 The wires are run on the teak wooden battens
which are fixed on the wall or the ceiling by
means of screws and wooden plugs.
 C.T.S OR T.R.S cables used are not much
affected by chemicals , water, and steam.

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 Advantages
 1. it is easy to install and repair
 2. it gives better appearance
 3. its life is long
 4. it is fire proof up to a certain limit
 5. it is cheaper than other types of wiring
except cleat wiring
 6. conductors have strong insulations
 7. chemicals do not affect the conductor

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 Disadvantages
 1. the conductors are open and liable to
mechanical injury thus this type of wiring
cannot be used in workshops etc.
 2. its use in places open to sun and rain is
 3. good workmanship is suitable where acids
and alkalis to be prescut.

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 This type of wiring is adopted for low voltage
 This system is similar to C.T.S wiring except
that the cable used is different in this wiring
 In this type of system conductors are
insulated with V.I.R and then covered with an
outer sheath of lead aluminium alloy
containing 95% lead and 5% aluminium.

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 22

 The metal sheath is provided over the
insulated conductor in order to protect
system from mechanical injury , dampness,
and atmospheric action.
 Same as C.T.S wiring system cables are run
on wooden batten and are fixed with the help
of tinned link clips.

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 Advantages
 1. conductors are protected against
mechanical injury
 2. it is suitable employed under damp
 gives better appearance
 has longer life
 5. conductors are protected against
 6. it can be installed in open space

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 Disadvantages
 1. cables are costlier than C.T.S OR T.R.S
 2. In case of leakage ,there is risk of shock
 3. skilled labour and proper supervision is
 4. it is not suitable for places where chemical
corrosion may occur

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 26

 Field of application
 This wiring system is suitable for low voltage
(up to 250V) installations.
 It may be used in places exposed to sun and
rain provided no joint is exposed.
 It may be used in damp placed with a suitable
protective covering.
 This type of wiring is very common in use
these days except for some small
installations and distribution boards etc.

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 Conduit wiring system is best for domestic
and commercial installations.
 It provide proper protection to the
installation against fire hazards, shock,
mechanical damage and dampness.
 The cable used in this system is either V.I.R
or P.V.C insulated and is run in mild steel or
P.V.C pipes called conduits.
 Conduits carrying the insulated wires can be
installed on the surface of the walls or
concealed in the walls and the ceiling.

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 Modern practice is to conceal the conduit in
the plaster of the wall , so that the
appearance of the house remains unuffected.

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 Advantages
 1. conduit provides protection against
mechanical injury and fire & is shock proof
 2. conduit provides protection against
 3. the whole system is water proof
 4. conductors are safety secured from
 5. this wiring has far better look
 6. it has a longer life

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 Disadvantages
 1. it is costly system of wiring
 2. it requires more time for erection
 3. it requires highly skilled labour
 4. internal condensation of moisture may
cause damage to the insulation unless the
system outlets are drained and ventilated

Dr.M.Srinivasan, NETS NIT 33

 Field of application
 1. places where considerable dust of puff is
present such as textile mills, saw mills, flour
mills etc.
 2. damp situations
 3. in workshops for lighting and motor wiring
 4. places where there is possibility of fire hazards
such as in oil mills, varnish factories, etc.
 5.placed where important documents are kept
such as record room
 6.residential and public buildings where the
appearance is of prime importance

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