You are on page 1of 1

History and Lineage of the English Bible

1: ORIGINS 3: post KING JAMES


OT
1450BC
Archaic
partOT
900BC Hebrew
Aramaic Hebrew English Latin Greek
Daniel and Ezra
OT+A+NT
OT 1611AD
500BC KING JAMES
Square
400BC 3rd Authorised (KJV)
Culmination of C16
Script translation work.
Hebrew OT+A
300 to 200BC OT+NT
Greek 1782AD
150BC Dead
written
Sea Scrolls
Septuagint from 500AD Robert Aitken
from Codex S
Jesus spoke Masoretic Text First US Printing
30AD Aramaic
King James Version
without Apocrypha
copy errors NT+L
90AD 1842AD OT+NT OT+NT
Slavonic Writings in English English
OT+A Greek Orthodox Greek about Inspired Version (1833) Hexaplex Hexaplex
Origen Jesus 7 column printing of 7 column printing of
rationalises and 1867AD by Joseph Smith, Church
of the Latter Day Saints
Greek plus 6 English Greek plus 6 English
corrects Greek NT+L
300AD Septaugint
1873AD OT+NT
Eusebius of Textus
Armenian C5
Georgian C5
Caesarea From TR and Receptus (TR)
defines Canon OT+NT other fragments Oxford edition is con-
Old Latin Emp Constantine 322 1881-5AD REVISED
sidered definitive TR
Coptic C3
Ethiopic C4-5 1885AD Apocrypha removed from
the King James Bible
First major attempt to
translate rigorously.
Work of 65 scholars.

350AD Codex Vaticanus (B)


Codex Siniaticus (S)
OT+A
LATIN
NT+L
1901AD OT+NT
American
[oldest NT surviving] Codex B, S, A Standard
based on the Revised

NT
383AD OT+A +NT 1904AD 20 Century NT
Jerome’s
397AD Council of Carthage (397) &
Hippo(393) fix NT cannon
Latin Vulgate
Greek literal
translation

450AD
OT NT
600AD Rome says
Masoretic Text
1934AD Riverside NT
“Latin only”
680AD Caedmon translates vowel and accent
standardisation
Hebrew Translation in
“today’s” language
Greek
stories to Anglo Saxon 1947AD Dead Sea Scrolls
discovered

995AD King Alfred’s translation


into the “venacular” 2: BEGINNINGS
1382AD OT+A+NT 4: post DEAD SEA SCROLLS
Wycliffe Bible
First English
1439-43 Council of Florence
defines NT 27books
Wycliffe’s bones were
ground down to dust.
OT+NT A
1952AD
1455AD GUTENBERG INVENTS PRINTING OT+A+NT
Gutenberg
Revised
Standard
Bible NCC in USA sponsor.
First printed book is a Strong Greek basis.
2 vol. Bible in Latin

1516AD Erasmus’ parallel


Greek / Latin Bible
OT+A+NT
Textus
1959AD OT+NT
Berkeley Bible
Receptus (TR)
1522AD Luther’s German NT
(Greek & Hebrew origin)
Typesetable Greek
over 200 versions.

OT+A+NT
NT 1961AD
1525AD Tyndale: NT
New English
OT+A+NT
Tyndale was burned
1965AD CoS inspired. Conte-
mporary. Abstracted Vulgate 1965
at the stake in 1537. from modernism's. Revised Vulgate
approved by
Vatican Council 2.
OT+NT
1971AD New American
OT+A+NT Standard Bible
1535AD Myles Literal translation.

Coverdale
1st Complete English
OT+A+NT OT+NT
1537AD Thomas
Bible (80 books)
Living Bible
Matthew Liberal translation
A Revision of seen as too “free”
Tyndale’s Bible. by purists.
OT+A+NT
1539AD Taverner’s GREAT BIBLE
1546AD Council of Thomas Matthew
Trent starts minus notes.
1st Authorised
Version.
OT+A+NT
Clementine
1976AD OT+NT
Good News
Triggered by Trent, Simple vocabulary
OT+A+NT
1550AD published in 1592.
Exclusive Latin bible. Stephanus’ TR
and plain use of
English. (TEV)
Major landmark in
OT+A+NT interpretation and
1560AD GENEVA
accuracy.
1978AD OT+NT
New
Written in Geneva by
exiled reformers. International
First Study Bible. Contemporary phrase
1568AD BISHOP’s
by phrase. (NIV)

2nd Authorised. The OT+NT


Geneva minus anti-
papal study notes.
1982AD New King
James
New Bible in King
1582AD Rome surrenders
Latin only edict.
James Version style.

OT+A+NT
1609/10 Douay / Rheim
First, and root
“Catholic” Bible

KEY:
1611AD OT+A+NT date Important
events.
historical content
BIBLE NAME OT: Old Testament
KING JAMES A: Apocrypha
Brief description and
3rd Authorised (KJV)
Culmination of C16 facts about version NT: New Testament
translation work. L: Laodiceans
Main flows of
style and
Hebrew English Latin Greek source material language