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Reference:
oil Compaction
Principles of Geotechnical Engineering 8th edition by B.M Das & K Sobhan
Basic Fundamentals of Geotechnical Engineering 5th edition by V. Besavilla Jr.
Lectures by : Engr. M.N Adizas, Engr. N.L Castillo

SOIL MECHANICS
HOLY ANGEL UNIVERSITY
COMPACTION
Densification of soil by removal of air,

Dry Unit Weight

COMPACTION
Relative Compaction

90% - 95%
COMPACTION
Water acts as a softening agent.
Dry Unit Weight Increases
Moisture Content Increases

BUT
COMPACTION
OPTIMUM MOISTURE CONTENT (OMC)

At this moisture content, the maximum dry unit weight is

attained.

Any increase in the water content the dry unit weight tends to
reduce.
Example 1
A soil sample was determine in the laboratory to have a liquid limit of 41
% and a plastic limit of 21.1 %. If the water content is 30 % determine the
following:

a) Plasticity Index
b) Liquidity Index
c) What is the characteristic of soil?
Example 2
The following results from the liquid limit test for soil and the plastic limit
happens to have a value of 18.7 %.
# of Blows (N) w (%)
15 42
20 40.8
28 39.1
a) Determine the liquid limit.
b) What is the plasticity index of the soil?
c) What is the liquidity index of the soil if w=24%
d) What is the consistency index?
PLASTIC LIMIT TEST

Example 2 TRIA
Total Unit
weight
(kN/m3)
Dry Unit
Weight
(kN/m3)

In a liquid limit, using a penetrometer, L

1 128.6 105.4
the ff. readings were recorded and 2 141.4 116.8
tabulated as shown: 3 132.6 109.6
4 134.5 111.2
5 136 113.4

a) Determine the liquid limit of the soil. Moisture Cone

Penetration
b) Determine the plasticity index of the Content (mm)
42.5 16
soil. 47.5 17.5
c) If the natural moisture content of the 58.1 22.8
soil is 38 %, determine the 60 26

liquidity index.