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Personality Traits

NPS

• The 5-factor model measurement tool was developed by Costa and McCrae (1985). in 1949. The Big Five Personality Factors • A remarkably strong consensus of what traits are basic has emerged over the last 20 years. • The early evidence was first published by Fiske. During the 1980s and 90s a vast array of research has combined to support. • Five super ordinate factors have emerged and are referred to as the Big 5. • Five factors are well supported by a wide variety of research. .

Openness to Experience. Extraversion. Agreeableness and Conscientiousness (Remember OCEAN. Big 5 The Big 5 according to the NEO are Neuroticism. or NEOAC): • Neuroticism (Emotional Stability) • Extraversion (Introversion) • Openness to experience (Closedness to experiences) • Agreeableness (Disagreeableness) • Conscientiousness (Lack of conscientiousness) .

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MBTI • Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) stated that the totality of an individual’s personality is represented by the psyche which is consists of various interacting systems. • Jung believes that personality is strongly rooted from the ancestral past. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. • Jung stresses that the archetypes are man’s inherited predispositions to respond to things in a certain manner. . product of heredity.

and dreams. Introversion: Individuals whose energies are directed to the internal world of thoughts. difficult to remember names. Introverts are oriented towards the subjective inner world. talk to everyone.Personality Orientation (by Jung) 1. and prefer social life. (Energized by inner thoughts. things. less concentration to readings) 2. feelings. fantasies. love gathering. Extroversion: Individuals whose energies are directed to the external world of people. think more. talk more. and activities (Want more interactions with others. speak less) . want alone.

connects ideas to one another to form intellectual concepts (Decide on the basis of logic. and touch in getting information. focus on personal like and dislikes. rational and logical. emotional response (follow their heart rather head. typical characteristic of children (realistic. usually like clear guidelines) . perception process that is beyond the conscious process. sound. and feel uneasy while other disagreed) • Intuiting type: instinctive apprehension. good memorization. analysis and reason. intuition is seen when people understand something but cannot explain why they understand • Thinking type: determines what is present and interprets its meaning. smell. no care to other’s feelings. irrational and perceptual. strongly hold principle) • Sensing type: uses the sensory perceptions of sight. oriented toward present. kindness. entirely subjective. structured. intellectual. good at observing and listening. Four Psychological Functions • Feeling type: evaluative. taste. use five senses extremely.

Based on this theory. Introversion as basic and adding an additional three: • Extroversion vs. accepting Extroversion vs. Introversion (E-I) • Sensing vs. desire to have things done so judgments can be made) . • It is also called the Big Four model. MBTI test • David Keirsey elaborated Jung’s theory or concept further. Myers and Briggs developed the inventory to assess personality. called MBTI. Judging (J-P). Feeling (T-F) • Perceiving vs. (desire to perceive events vs. iNtuition (S-N) • Thinking vs.

skilled trades. arts. arts • INTJ= Technical field. leadership . writing. skill trades • ENFP= Counseling. administration. business. teaching • ENTJ= Management. applied technology • ESFP= health care. teaching. technical. • ISTJ= Management. management. health care. computer. coaching. health care. Law enforcement. law enforcement. teaching. religious setting • INFJ= Religion. agriculture. military • ISFP= Health care. law enforcement • INFP= Counseling. business. Occupational Trends by Type American Institute of aeronautic and Astronautics (1993) states that the occupational success relates particular type of personality. teaching. accounting • ISFJ= Education. religion • ENFJ= Religion. technology. law • ISTP= Skilled trades. arts • ESTJ= Management. administration. law enforcement • ESFJ= Education. arts • ENTP= Science. law enforcement. arts • INTP= Scientific or technical field • ESTP= Marketing. childcare worker. religion. counseling.