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capital of South Sulawesi Province.highland). This is likely since Bentong culture is influenced by elements of both the Bugis and Makassar cultures. The Bentong language is part of a larger linguistic grouping called the Makasar which also includes the Konjo Pesisir (Konjo .coastal). Selayar. Makasar and Selayar. . Konjo Pegunungan (Konjo . they are the descendents of a marriage between the prince of Bone and the princess of Ternate. They are located inland about 2 hours from Makassar. Other sources state that the Bentong are the descendents of Bugis and Makassar peoples. Bentong are nomads and are considered an "isolated" society by the government. According to the Bentong. The Bentong people are known as "To Bentong".

rice and various forest products. newlyweds may live near either the groom's or the bride's family. the groom gives a dowry. only narrow footpaths that connect to the outside world. By and large. In the past. The Bentong live in a hilly area 400-500 meters above sea level. After getting married. The Bentong marriage system calls for marriages among people of the same group. this dowry took the form of land or cloth. This area is marked by dense forest underbrush. with limited land available for both irrigated and non-irrigated rice fields. A young man desiring to marry a woman outside his own group must remember that he has a duty to give preference to a woman within his own group. In their tradition. Their primary crops include dried coconut meat (kopra). There are no major roads in this area. . the Bentong live as farmers and fishermen.

This system of worship is referred to as arajang. shield. This ceremony is conducted in the rice fields during the planting season and is led by the pinati (a traditional healer/shaman who acts as a mediator between humans and the ancestral spirits). namely belief in ancestral spirits. Nevertheless. spear. umbrella and the like are only brought out at certain times for worship. . specifically at the king's inauguration. elements of traditional beliefs are still maintained. Marriage and burial ceremonies are done in accordance with Islamic laws. Other forms of worship involve showing respect to the pantansa (a small yellow house that symbolizes the gods). sacred objects and sacred locations. marriage ceremonies and natural disasters. They believe this system will bring safety and it must be done to avoid being cursed. Arajang objects such as a keris (traditional ceremonial knife). The Bentong are followers of Islam.

diseases of the skin and eyes and other illnesses. They regard cleanliness as a hindrance to their daily activitites. The Bentong need adequate healthcare as well as healthcare education. The Bentong need help in management of commerical farming so they can achieve more significant yields. dysentery. As a result. since neither Bentong adults nor children have had many educational opportunities. They also need better education. . many Bentong are sick with malaria.

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