EUROPEAN MOSAICS Educating Heritage Seekers about Europe’s New Minorities

NAFSA: Association of International Educators Annual Conference Opening Minds to the Global Community Seattle, Washington June 3, 2005 David Comp Office of International Affairs The University of Chicago dcomp@uchicago.edu

Profile of U.S. Students Abroad 2002-2003

• Total U.S. students abroad = 174,629
– Race/Ethnicity
• • • • • • Caucasian Asian-American Hispanic-American African-American Multiracial Native American
– Source: Open Doors 2004
Percentage of students abroad Number

83.2% 6.0% 5.1% 3.4% 1.8% 0.5%

145,291 10,478 8,906 5,938 3,143 873

U.S. Population General Demographics
• Total U.S. population = 281,421,906
– Race
• • • •
Number Percentage of population

White Black/African American American Indian Asian
– – – – – – – Asian Indian Chinese Filipino Japanese Korean Vietnamese Other Asian

211,460,626 34,658,190 2,475,956 10,242,998
1,678,765 2,432,585 1,850,314 796,700 1,076,872 1,122,528 1,285,234

75.1% 12.3% 0.9% 3.6%
0.6% 0.9% 0.7% 0.3% 0.4% 0.4% 0.5%

• Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander • Some other race • Two or more races
Source: U.S. Census 2000

398,835 15,359,073 6,826,228

0.1% 5.5% 2.4%

http://censtats.census.gov/data/US/101000.pdf

U.S. Population General Demographics

• Total U.S. population = 281,421,906
– Hispanic or Latino and Race Number
population Percentage of

• Hispanic or Latino (of any race)35,305,818
– – – – Mexican Puerto Rican Cuban Other Hispanic or Latino 20,640,711 3,406,178 1,241,685 10,017,244

12.5%
7.3% 1.2% 0.4% 3.6%

Source: U.S. Census 2000 http://censtats.census.gov/data/US/101000.pdf

U.S. Students Abroad in 2002-2003 Top 10 Western Europe destinations
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. United Kingdom received 31,706 U.S. students Italy received 18,936 U.S. students Spain received 18,865 U.S. students France received 13,080 U.S. students Germany received 5,587 U.S. students Ireland received 4,892 U.S. students Austria received 2,798 U.S. students Greece received 2,011 U.S. students Netherlands received 1,792 U.S. students Switzerland received 1,148 U.S. students

The following data focus on the population demographics of these top 10 Western Europe countries for U.S. students abroad.
– Source: Open Doors 2004

European Imperialism and Colonialism A Brief Overview
• United Kingdom – Several islands in the Caribbean, parts of North America, Egypt, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana (Rhodesia), Nigeria and Ghana, India/Pakistan/Bangladesh, Hong Kong, Burma, Singapore, Malaysia. Spain – Several islands in the Caribbean, much of Central and South America, parts of North America, Morocco, Philippines. Italy – Libya, Eritrea, Somalia, Ethiopia, Albania. France – Several islands in the Caribbean, parts of North America, Algiers, Senegal, Mauritania, Chad, Gabon, Republic of Congo Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia. Germany – Namibia, Tanzania. Netherlands – Some territory in the Caribbean, Indonesia, Sumatra, Suriname, South Africa.

• • •

• •

U.K. Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 58,789,194
– White – Mixed – Asian or Asian British
• • • • Indian Pakistani Bangladeshi Other Asian

54,153,898 677,117
1,053,411 747,285 283,063 247,664 565,876 485,277 97,585

– Black or Black British
• Black Caribbean • Black African • Black Other

– Chinese – Other

247,403 230,615

- Source: Census 2001, Office for National Statistics, United Kingdom http://www.statistics.gov.uk/

Spain Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 40,847,371
– Nationals 39,298,430 – Other EEA-Nationals 364,063 – Most important third country nationals
• • • • • • • • • • • • Morocco Ecuador Colombia Romania Argentina Peru Dominican Republic China Cuba Bulgaria Ukraine Others 244,630 213,965 158,164 56,873 47,274 38,161 31,381 27,214 25,613 25,613 25,588 294,508

Source: EUROPA < http://europa.eu.int/>. EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union

Italy Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 57,844,017
– Nationals 56,481,387 – Other EEA-Nationals 22,300 – Most important third country nationals
• • • • • • • • • • • Morocco Albania Philippines Romania Tunisia China Serbia Montenegro Senegal Egypt Sri Lanka Others 158,094 144,120 75,377 64,215 56,566 46,494 43,650 36,614 34,811 34,464 668,225

Source: EUROPA < http://europa.eu.int/> http://europa.eu.int/>. EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union

France Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 59,342,121
– Nationals 56,072,509 – Other EEA-Nationals 1,189,735 – Most important third country nationals
• • • • • • • • • • • Algeria Morocco Turkey Tunisia Serbia and Montenegro Senegal Mali China Congo, Democratic Rep. Poland Other 537,059 458,054 173,051 161,101 45,189 43,632 39,940 35,506 30,723 28,240 527,382

Source: EUROPA < http://europa.eu.int/> http://europa.eu.int/>. EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union

Germany Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 82,440,309
– Nationals 75,122,094 – Other EEA-Nationals 1,979,211 – Most important third country nationals
• • • • • • • • • • • Turkey Serbia and Montenegro Poland Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina Russian Federation United States of America Ukraine Iran Romania Others 1,947,938 627,523 310,432 223,819 159,042 136,080 113,528 103,477 98,555 88,102 1,630,508

Source: EUROPA < http://europa.eu.int/> http://europa.eu.int/>. EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union

Ireland Population General Demographics
• Total Population =
– – – – – – – – – – – – Irish Dual Irish/other UK Other EU Rest of Europe Africa Asia USA Other countries Multiple nationality No nationality Not stated

3,858,000
3,535,700 49,300 103,000 30,000 23,100 21,000 21,800 11,400 11,200 2,300 800 48,400

- Source: Census 2002, Central Statistics Office, Ireland http://www.cso.ie/

Austria Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 7,988,305
– Nationals 7,335,226 – Other EEA-Nationals 110,010 – Most important third country nationals
• • • • • • • • • • • Serbia and Montenegro Bosnia and Herzegovina Turkey Croatia Poland Romania Hungary Macedonia Slovak Republic Czech Republic Others 128,373 101,413 98,801 56,820 19,660 17,884 17,573 12,682 9,980 8,695 71,188

Source: EUROPA < http://europa.eu.int/> http://europa.eu.int/>. EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union

Greece Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 10,645,343
– Greek 98% – Other 2%
Note: The Greek Government reports there are no ethnic divisions in Greece
Source: www.NationbyNation.com

Netherlands Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 16,105,285
– Nationals 15,414,892 – Other EEA-Nationals 207,858 – Most important third country nationals
• • • • • • • • • • Morocco Turkey United States of America Indonesia Suriname China India Israel Dominican Republic Others 104,262 100,309 15,217 10,127 8,491 9,395 3,417 1,332 1,158 222,515

Source: EUROPA < http://europa.eu.int/> http://europa.eu.int/>. EUROPA is the portal site of the European Union

Switzerland Population General Demographics
• Total Population = 7,262,372
– – – – – German 65% French 18% Italian 10% Romansch 1% Other 6% - Source: www.NationbyNation.com

Questions Education Abroad Providers May Want to Consider or Ask Themselves
• • • • • • Do we know the race and ethnicity of the student body on our campus and/or the campuses we serve? Do we know the race and ethnicity of the students we send abroad? Do we provide programs for students who want heritage seeking opportunities? Do we highlight these opportunities for our students? Do we incorporate information/discussion about heritage seeking in our pre-departure orientation? Based on the demographics of our campus and students abroad, can we develop programs that incorporate heritage seeking opportunities in Western Europe?

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