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 erland.shtml
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ŒEmpoldering refers to the creation of polders.
ŒA polder is a piece of land in a low lying area
reclaimed from a body of water by building dikes and
by drainage.
ŒEmpoldering can be carried out in coastal and
inland areas suchofas
Features lakes.
polders
r ’olders are enclosed by dikes to keep out the sea.
rTo prevent the polders from being waterlogged, they
are managed by drainage canals and pumps.
Dikes protect the polder from erosion
Drainage
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canals carry away excess water from the polders

Major characteristic on polders reclaimed in the 17th century
in north of Amsterdam

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A typical pasture area with high water levels and extensive agriculture.

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§ First, a dike is constructed around the area to be reclaimed


to keep water from coming in. The water in the reclaim area
is replaced with freshwater.
§ Secondly, pumps and drainage canals is used to drain the
area.
§ Thirdly, reeds are sown to help the soil absorb excess
water in the soil.
§ Three years later, the reeds are burnt. Drainage pipes are
constructed. ’loughs are used till mix the fertile ash into
the soil.
§ After around 15 years, the polder can be used for growing
crops, building houses and constructing roads.
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Œ The Zuider Zee ’roject was so successful that empoldering is now
used in many parts of the world to control floods or to increase
land supply.

FOR MORE INFO...

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