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SIZING THE UPS

AND BATTERY

Uninterrupted Production and

Uninterrupted Data with
2016 Uninterrupted Power
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How to select UPS

 Power Voltage: a. Single or Three Phase

 b. Voltage Range
 c. Frequency Range
 Power Capacity: a. KVA, KW, P.F.
 b. Crest Factor
 c. Margin for spare
  Motor
 Transformer
  High inrush current
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How to select UPS

 Environment: a. Temperature
b. Humidity
c. Air flow
d. Noise
 Site: a. Path for transit
 Save: a. Efficiency
b. EMI
 Management: a. Monitoring and control

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UPS sizing for IT

1.List all equipment to be protected by the UPS.(Remember to include

monitors, external hard drives, routers, etc.)
2.List the amps and volts for each device. These ratings can typically be
found on the label on the back of the equipment. Multiply amps by volts
to determine VoltAmps (VA). Some devices may list their power
requirements in watts. To convert watts to VA, divide the watts by power
factor. For servers, the power factor is often 0.9.
3.Multiply the VA by the number of pieces of equipment to get the VA
subtotals.
4.Add the VA subtotals together.
5.Multiply the total by 1.2 to get the grand total. This step accounts for future
expansion.
6.Use the grand total to select a UPS. When choosing a UPS, be sure that the
total VA requirement of supported equipment does not exceed the VA
rating of the UPS.

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UPS sizing for Different power factor loads

Load kVA PF kW kVAR

Computer
Loads 50 0.6 30 40
Resistive
Loads 150 1 150 0

Motor Running 20 0.8 16 12

Total 220 0,89 196 52

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UPS sizing for Different power factor loads

Maximum Active Power : 196 kWatts

Maximum Apparent Power : 220 kVA
Power Factor : 0.89
Crest factor : 2,5

UPS Sizing Calculation ( kVA): Active Power / UPS Rated P.F.

: 196/0.8
: 245kVA
Safety Margin@20% : 245X1.2
: 294kVA
Nearest Available Rating : 300kVA

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UPS Sizing Transition load

1. Get the power data from its label , flier or user manual
2. Measure the machine power with power analizer.This is the
best way for sizing the UPS

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Sizing the UPS with measurement 1
Date Time Status Umax1 Umax2 Umax3 MaxFreq MaxIrms1 MaxIrms2 MaxIrms3 MaxIrms4 MaxPsum MaxSsum MaxQsum MaxPFsum

30/04/2008 22:15:10 0 220.10 222.90 222.10 48.75 239.30 213.50 221.40 50.40 138100.00 141600.00 34100.00 0.95

30/04/2008 22:16:10 0 220.20 223.00 222.40 48.60 238.80 212.80 220.80 50.50 137800.00 141300.00 31500.00 0.95

30/04/2008 22:16:20 0 221.00 222.00 222.20 48.61 208.30 243.00 218.20 62.10 144300.00 147500.00 34300.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:16:30 0 219.70 222.50 222.10 48.63 238.70 212.50 220.30 50.50 137500.00 140900.00 32200.00 0.95

30/04/2008 22:16:40 0 220.80 222.20 222.10 48.62 207.80 242.70 218.10 62.10 144100.00 147200.00 34500.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:16:50 0 220.20 222.70 222.20 48.61 265.30 270.60 273.40 50.60 166700.00 178100.00 63000.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:17:30 0 220.10 223.00 221.40 48.63 245.00 249.80 226.30 50.30 148200.00 151600.00 36700.00 0.96

30/04/2008 22:17:40 0 221.00 222.40 221.60 48.61 214.10 249.20 223.40 62.30 147900.00 151300.00 35500.00 0.92

30/04/2008 22:17:50 0 220.40 223.00 221.80 48.61 238.90 241.60 220.50 50.40 143500.00 146500.00 35100.00 0.96

30/04/2008 22:18:00 0 221.20 222.40 221.40 48.61 207.30 241.90 217.10 62.10 143700.00 146800.00 29900.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:18:10 0 220.50 222.70 221.50 48.60 237.10 241.30 218.80 63.80 138900.00 142200.00 35200.00 0.96

30/04/2008 22:18:20 0 221.10 222.70 221.70 48.61 168.00 213.20 179.40 63.20 113100.00 117600.00 32100.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:18:30 0 220.20 223.30 221.70 48.61 239.00 243.40 220.80 50.30 144600.00 147700.00 35100.00 0.96

30/04/2008 22:18:40 0 220.60 222.50 221.50 48.61 168.40 205.50 178.80 63.10 111100.00 115100.00 30500.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:18:50 0 220.30 222.80 221.50 48.59 238.10 244.00 220.20 50.30 145000.00 148200.00 34400.00 0.96

30/04/2008 22:19:00 0 221.00 222.70 222.00 48.60 208.70 243.50 218.60 40.60 144600.00 147800.00 33000.00 0.94

30/04/2008 22:19:10 0 220.70 222.50 221.50 48.60 236.70 241.30 218.20 49.20 143400.00 146400.00 32200.00 0.96

30/04/2008 22:19:20 0 220.90 222.70 222.00 48.59 164.80 190.40 176.10 62.50 109300.00 113100.00 32200.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:19:30 0 220.90 222.60 221.40 48.60 239.20 242.90 221.30 62.20 144400.00 147500.00 33300.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:19:40 0 220.80 222.40 221.60 48.60 168.40 175.50 179.40 62.20 111300.00 115300.00 30600.00 0.93

30/04/2008 22:19:50 0 220.70 222.60 221.40 48.60 269.30 303.60 276.70 65.50 175200.00 186900.00 65300.00 0.89

30/04/2008 22:20:00 0 220.60 222.60 222.00 48.59 172.70 182.00 183.20 64.10 113800.00 118100.00 37800.00 0.92

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Sizing the UPS with measurement 1

Maximum Active Power : 175.2 kWatts

Maximum Apparent Power : 186.9 kVA
Power Factor : 0.89
Crest factor : 2,5

UPS Sizing Calculation ( kVA): Active Power / UPS Rated P.F.

: 175.2/0.8
: 219kVA
Safety Margin@20% : 219X1.2
: 262.8kVA
Nearest Available Rating : 300kVA

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Sizing the UPS with measurement 2
CNC machine

Date Time Umax1 Umax2 Umax3 Umin1 Umin2 Umin3 MaxFreq MaxIrms1 MaxIrms2 MaxIrms3 MaxPsum MaxSsum MaxQsum MaxPFsum

20/05/2008 12:43:12 238.9 239 239.6 237.9 237.9 238.6 50.2 0 0 5.4 200 1300 1300 0.15

20/05/2008 12:43:12 240.2 240.8 240.8 232.6 232.8 233.5 50.43 54.1 53.5 54.2 34700 37800 14800 0.14

20/05/2008 12:43:12 238.7 238.7 239.4 237.9 237.9 238.5 50.13 8 6.6 8.7 3500 5600 4300 0.49

20/05/2008 12:43:12 238.8 238.8 239.5 238 238 238.6 50.2 6.6 5 7.4 2500 4500 3800 0.49

20/05/2008 12:43:12 238.6 238.6 239.2 238 238.1 238.6 50.09 6.7 5.1 7.4 2600 4500 3800 0.49

20/05/2008 12:43:12 239 239.1 239.7 237.6 237.8 238.4 50.28 6.7 5 7.4 2500 4600 3800 0.49

20/05/2008 12:43:12 239.1 239.1 239.8 237 237.1 237.8 50.28 9.3 8.2 9.9 3900 6500 5400 0.45

20/05/2008 12:43:12 238.6 238.8 239.3 237.2 237.3 237.8 50.06 9.8 8.7 10.2 4500 6800 5300 0.42

20/05/2008 12:43:12 238.8 238.9 239.5 237.4 237.6 238.2 50.12 9.6 8.6 10.1 4400 6700 5300 0.42

20/05/2008 12:43:12 238.7 238.9 239.3 236.8 237 237.5 50.09 10.6 9.3 11.1 4900 7400 5900 0.4

20/05/2008 12:43:12 237.9 238.1 238.7 236.4 236.6 237.3 50.2 10.9 9.5 11.8 5200 7700 5700 0.53

20/05/2008 12:43:12 237.9 238 238.5 236.5 236.7 237.1 50.33 11.1 9.5 11.6 5100 7600 5700 0.52

20/05/2008 12:43:12 237.8 237.9 238.4 236.4 236.6 237 50.12 11.1 9.7 11.7 5300 7700 5600 0.52

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Sizing the UPS with measurement 2
CNC Machine
From the measurement
Maximum Active Power : 34,7 kWatts
Maximum Apparent Power : 37,8 kVA
Power Factor : 0.14
Crest factor : 2

UPS Sizing Calculation ( kVA): Active Power / UPS Rated P.F.

: 34,7/0.8
: 43,375kVA
Safety Margin@20% : 43,375 X1.2
: 52,05kVA
Nearest Available Rating : 60kVA
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Sizing the UPS with measurement 2
CNC Machine

Observed the Reverse Power appears due to Spindle Motors

rotates forward & Reverse Direction
UPS has to have reverse power suppress unit (CNC Option)

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Sizing the UPS

Up to now we consider the load power,Power factor and the crest factor less than 3.
We gave example about the machinery and calculate the UPS power for only one
machine which is balanced load (each phase power are equal)

Unbalanced load the calculation will be done from the highest phase and multiply by
three.

We have to consider the crest factor if it is more than 3.Most of the UPS producer
produces UPS with crest factor 3.If the load Crest factor is 3,9 we calculate the UPS
power as below.

If the crest factor is less than 3 the UPS power will be atleast 45 x 1,2 = 54kVA and we
offer 60kVA UPS

If the crest factor is 3,9 UPS power will be 45 x 3,9 / 3 x 1,2 = 70,2 kVA and we offer
80kVA UPS

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Battery Selection

1. Calculate the load active power

a. Calculate the active power for full load
b. Calculate the active power for 50% load
c. Calculate the active power for customer demand
2. Calculate the battery group power
3. Calculate the battery power
4. Calculate the cell power if you need it
5. Calculate the back up time by using battery W discharge table

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Battery Selection
Battery Calculator
cosPhi (Power Factor) 0,9
Inverter efficiency 0,94
Apparent Power VA 60000
Battery group Watt 57447
Battery Qty 30
1 String Watt/Block 1915 Watt/Cell 319
2 String Watt/Block 957 Watt/Cell 160
3 String Watt/Block 638 Watt/Cell 106
4 String Watt/Block 479 Watt/Cell 80

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Battery Selection
LPX 65-12

LPX 100-12

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Battery Selection

minutes minutes minutes

60 120 W/min Load minutes Back up time
Backup time Calculator
138 77 1 106 28 92

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Q&A

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