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Drosophila melanogaster

M F

Drosophila melanogaster
GAMETOGENESIS
CHROMOSOME NUMBER:

D. Melanogaster ovary D. Melanogaster testis

0.18 mm in width and 0.51 mm in length 2.0 mm


CENTROLECITHAL
GAMETOGENESIS
D. MELANOGASTER OVARY :

Width: 0.18 mm
Length: 0.51 mm
Centrolecithal

CHROMOSOME NUMBER: 8
Testis

Sperm size: 1.9 mm


Drosophila bifurca sperm
Almost 6 centimeters
FERTILIZATION
TYPE OF FERTILIZATION: INTERNAL
FERTILIZATION

TYPE OF FERTILIZATION: INTERNAL FERTILIZATION

Fertilization in Drosophila is not your typical


type of fertilization.
- Sperm storage by the female
- The production of enormous sperm by the
male
- Sperm competition based on male-female
interactions
FERTILIZATION AND CLEAVAGE
FERTILIZATION AND CLEAVAGE
BLASTULATION
BLASTULATION
GASTRULATION
What are imaginal discs?
GASTRULATION

WHAT IS A GERM BAND?


ORGANOGENESIS
GASTRULATION

What are imaginal discs?


Structures formed in the embryo of holometabolous insects, that grow during larval life and differentiate into
adult structures during metamorphosis.
ANTERO-POSTERIOR PATTERNING
ANTERO-POSTERIOR PATTERNING
ANTERO-POSTERIOR PATTERNING

WHAT ARE GAP GENES AND THEIR


SIGNIFICANCE?
ANTERO-POSTERIOR PATTERNING
What are pair-rule genes and their
significance?

Function between gap and segment polarity


genes in the developmental hierarchy

Control expression of Hox genes

Significant for the development of segmented


embryos in insects
ANTERO-POSTERIOR PATTERNING

Pair-rule genes are genes involved in the development of segmented embryo. They function as a layer in the
developmental hierarchy between gap genes and segment polarity genes. They also play a role together with
gap genes in controlling regional expression of specific homeotic genes in establishing a unique segmental
repeating pattern

http://www.mun.ca/biology/desmid/brian/BIOL3530/DEVO_02/devo_02.html
ANTERO-POSTERIOR PATTERNING
What are Hox genes and their significance?
ANTERO-POSTERIOR PATTERNING

Hox genes are regulatory genes, meaning they control the expression of another gene.
They play a role in directing early segmentation of embryo specifically the segments of
anteroposterior axis.
DORSO-VENTRAL SPECIFICATION
DORSO-VENTRAL SPECIFICATION
DORSO-VENTRAL SPECIFICATION