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7.1: TYPES OF V
ETISV
A substance is:

A) Magnetic:
 If it is a magnet.
 It always demonstrates a magnetic force

^ 
^    

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 If it is attracted to a magnet.
 If it can be temporarily magnetized in the presence of a
magnet.
 It always contains Fe, Ni and/or Co.

R 

^    ^  

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M 


 If it is not attracted to a magnet

R :


  

Õ
7.2: 
TOVY OF  V
ET

A) The Ends of a Magnet:


 p north (N) pole
 p south (S) pole


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 Makes more magnets.

 !

 !  !

!
  



    
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7.3: L S OF TTR TIO
& REPULSIO

A) The Laws:

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# "     


7.4: THE V
ETI FIELD & LI
ES OF FOR E

A) Magnetic Field:
 It is the space around the magnet where the magnetic
forces are felt.
 Iron filings are used to see it.

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u  
  
 They are used to represent the magnetic field.
 Lines of force never cross.

R    
$ %
 ! 


7.5: THE BR V
ET

A) Magnetic Field:

& #   '  

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7.8: THE HORSESHOE V
ET

A) Magnetic Field:

#   '  

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7.9: STRE
TH OF V
ETI FIELDS

 &  
   
 
  
 ' 

 & '
 

   
 ( " 
 ' 


 & '    


  
 & '   ( "


  

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7.9: DIRE TIO
OF THE LI
ES OF FOR E

The Laws of Direction:

#   ''   ' 


!


! u 


!

p
u) N - S:

 M  

p?
Ñ   

R   


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7.10: OVPSS

-  

  
'
  
 '


 &   (  
' (


  ' ' 

 
'  
!

 


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7.11: ERTH

-hy does a compass point towards the north if it·s supposed


to point towards the south ?!

  
)  
) * +,,,

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M & 
- 

ë To align the domains in a ferromagnetic substance.


REMEMuER OUR FACILE LEARNING LECTURE!
(Direction of electrons!)

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ëë
Ñ & Ñ 
- 

ë To destroy the alignment of the domains in a magnet.

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 Ñ   

 

  


 
  

 
   
.

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R & M  


ë It·s the temperature at which magnetic substances


become non-magnetic.

F) Retentivity or Magnetic Remanence:

ë It·s the ability to remain magnetized.

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O  
ë Magnets with a high retentivity.

ë
  

ë Is easily magnetized.
ë Its domains align easily.
ë Its domains can be destroyed easily too.
ë Has low retentivity.
ë Is magnetically ´softµ.

ë?
!


ë Is tough to magnetize.
ë The domains are tough to align.
ë They·re tough to destroy too.
ë Stays magnetized longer.
ë Has high retentivity.
ë Is magnetically ´hardµ.

ë