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The Three World Religions

Europe is home to many religions. There are three main


religions, however. These are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
These religions have some similarities and even a common
history. They are also different in their beliefs about God and
man. Sometimes these beliefs cause disagreements between
people. Disagreements can even happen between people of the
same religious group.
Religion has been very important in the history of Europe.
Wars have been fought, and government leaders have been
changed, because of religious issues. Today, most Europeans
have the legal freedom to choose their religion. Most Europeans
recognize and respect the rights of others to choose their own
religion.
Three World Religions

MAIN IDEA: Three major world


religions began in Europe.

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have


become major world faiths. All three
religions are examples of Monotheism, or
the belief in one God.
Judaism
 Oldest of the three Religions
 Founded by Abraham
traces its heritage to the covenant God made with Abraham
that God would make them a sacred people and give them a
holy land.
 Called Jews/Jewish
 Believes in 1 God- Monotheistic
 Holy book- Torah
 Worships in a synagogue with a
raabi
 Founded in Caanan – present day
Israel
Judaism
Southwest Asia
Judaism
 The Torah is the most important
Jewish scripture – Holy Book

 It contains the basic laws of


Judaism.

 Talmud is the written version of


the Oral Law
Judaism

 Today there are over 15 million


followers of Judaism scattered
throughout the world.

 A large number of those people live


in the Jewish nation of Israel. Over
six million live in the United States.
Judaism
 Symbol – The Star of David
Judaism
Additional Facts
 Matrilineal - anyone with a Jewish mother also has
irrevocable Jewish status; in other words, even if
someone with a Jewish mother converts to another
religion, that person still is considered Jewish.

 Prays 3 times a day

 Celebrates Passover, Rosh Hashanah, Hanukkah

 Does not eat pork – Kosher Diet

 Jews in Europe were nearly wiped out by Hitler and


Nazi Germany
Judaism
The Wailing Wall
Christianity
 Judaism gave rise to another monotheistic
religion-Christianity.
 Founded in Southwest Asia
 Patriarch/Founder – Abraham/Jesus Christ
 Followers – Christians
 Worship in a church with a
priest/minister/pastor
 Holy book- Bible

 More than 2.1 Billion followers today


Christianity
Additional Facts

 Largest religion in the world

 Based on teaching of Jesus Christ

 Special rituals- baptism, Holy Communion

Celebrate Christmas and Easter

 22,000 Christian groups called


denominations
• Methodist, Baptist, Catholic, ect.
Christianity
Symbol - Cross
Islam
 ISLAM is the name given to
the monotheistic religion
founded by the prophet
Muhammad.
 Patriarch- Abraham
 Founded in Southwest
Asia (Saudi Arabia)

 Followers are called


Muslims.
Islam
Southwest Asia
Islam
 The holy book of Islam
is the Koran or Quran.

 Allah, is the Islamic


God.

 Place of worship is
called a Mosque.

 It has about 1.3 billion


followers, most of them
in the region north and
east of the
Mediterranean Sea.
Islam
Additional Facts
 Must complete the 5 Pillars of Islam
• Declaration of faith
• Pray 5 times a day
• Give to the poor
• Fast during Ramadan
• Pilgrimage to Mecca
 Over several centuries, Islam spread
into areas of Asia, North Africa, and
parts of Europe.
 Diet – No Pork

 Spread by conquest
Islam

 Symbol – Crescent Moon


Islam
Islam
The Dome of the Rock
Jerusalem, holy to all three
religions…
Spread of the 3 Religions