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Energy Management:

Organizing for energy

Jose Carlos Vela Garcia 1622119
Energy applications
• To understand the energy consumption patterns in a facility, its important to
understand the applications of energy processes. There are 6 major groups
Space conditioning

• Energy used to comfort an

• Energy utilized to heat water
Boiler fuel
Direct process
Energy used to heat the product
being processed.
Fuel used as an ingredient in the process
Mechanical drive
Motors used for ventilation systems, pump, crushers, etc.
possess this mechanical drive.
Energy saving methods
Energy savings can be grouped as
Housekeeping measures

• Energy savings can result from better maintenance and

operation. Such measures include shutting off unused
equipment; improving electricity demand management;
reducing winter temperature settings; turning off lights;
and eliminating steam, compressed air, and heat leaks.
• Examples include the use of more durable or
Equipment and more efficient components; the implementation
of novel, more efficient design concepts; or the
process replacement of an existing process with one
using less energy.
Better utilization of equipment

• This can be achieved by carefully examining the

production processes, schedules, and operating
Reduction of • Reduction in heat loss is achieved by adding
insulation, closing doors, reducing exhaust,
losses in the utilizing process heat, etc.
building shell
Surveying energy uses and losses
• The first step for the energy team is to use an energy audit to determine the
amount of energy that enters and leaves a plant. This determination will
probably be an approximation at first, but the accuracy should improve with
• The audit consists of a survey and appraisal of energy and utility systems at
various levels of detail.
Establishing load type for
demand control

• Each piece of equipment or process shall

be identified by at least the following four
“control” categories:

• Equipment/processes are those whose energy

curtailment will be detrimental to the
operation of the facility.

• Necessary equipment/processes are those whose continual energization is

important to the operation of the facility.

• Deferrable load is that equipment/process

deenergized for a given
that can be

period of time without any

financial, production, or other loss.

• This equipment should not be in operation; so

it shall be shut off as soon as possible.
Energy conservation opportunities

• After developing the energy balance and listing all of the energy
conservation projects, each project should be evaluated for implementation
using the following procedure:
Energy monitoring and forecasting
• Managing energy is more than the implementation of energy conservation
opportunities. Since energy management is a continuous process, it is
extremely important to monitor energy usage and to use the results to gauge
future actions.
Percent reduction energy rate method

• This reduction is determinated by comparing the projects product energy

rate, expressed in Btu/lb (kJ/kg) with the existing plants product energy rate.
Activity method
• The activity method compares the anticipated energy saved with energy
purchased. The percent energy savings is based on the annual energy savings,
expressed in Btu, compared with the plant's total purchased energy.
• The activity method gives a rapid response to conservation results.