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**2 UNDERSTANDING PRESSURE IN LIQUIDS
**

Learning outcomes Relate depth to pressure in a liquid. Relate density to pressure in a liquid Explain pressure in a liquid and state its formula Describe the applications of pressure in liquids Solve problems involving pressure in liquids

Hands-on Activity 3.1 pg 52

Aim : 1 To observe the directions which the pressure in liquids act 2 To study the relationship between depth and pressure in a liquid.

DISCUSSION

Pg 53

Pressure in liquid acts in all directions. 1. The pressure of water increases, the distance of its flow from the holes increases. 2. The depth of water increases, the pressure of liquid increases.

Pg 54

CONCLUSION

1.

When pressure is exerted on liquids, the pressure is transmitted through the liquids in all directions. As the depth of water increases, the pressure of liquid increases.

2.

**THE PRESSURE FORMULA
**

Density of liquid = V Weight of column of water =volume x density x g = hAVg

Height, h

**Force Pr essure ! Area
**

Area, A

Pressure of liquid= hVg

Worked Example Pg 83

**V = 1000 kg m-3, Pressure, P = 2.5 x 104Pa
**

(a)

Using P = hVg

P h! Vg

F (b) Using P ! A

F = PA

2.5 x 10 h! 1000 x 10

= 2.5 m

4

= 2.5 x 104 x 1.2 x 10-2 = 300 N

Worked Example

The scuba diver is at a depth of 15.0 m under seawater. Density of seawater = 1050 kg m-3. (a) What is the pressure of water exerted on him ? Using P = hVg P = 15 x 1050 x 10 = 157500 Pa = 1.575 x 105 Pa (b) If the surface area of the scuba diver is 11.2 m2, calculate the force exerted by the sea water on him. Using

F P! A

F = PA = 1.575 x 105 x 11.2 = 1.764 x106 N

APPLICATION

1. Water tank should be positioned high above the ground. 2. Intravenous drips of a certain liquid from a bottle

APPLICATION

3. Reservoir in the public water supply system is located at a high elevation.

EVALUATION

1. Water is poured in a communicating tubes of different shapes. Which of the following is correct about the water level in each tube ?

C

water

A

B

D

EVALUATION

2 Which design of the dam is best for a reservoir ?

A C

B

D

EVALUATION

3 The liquid levels in all the three containers are the same. The pressure exerted on point X, Y, Z are PX, PY and PZ respectively.

Cooking oil

alcohol

mercury

X

Y

Z

Which of the following shows the correct relationship ? C PZ > PX > PY A PX =PY =PZ B PY > PZ > PX D PZ > PY > PX

**Home work Mastery practice 3.2 text book pg 84 Check your progress 3.2 Exploring pg 169
**

Try challenge Yourself pg 85

- Worksheet 5.1
- Worksheet 3.5
- Worksheet 3.3
- Worksheet 2.12
- Worksheet 2.10
- Worksheet 2.9
- Vernier
- Chapter 5
- Chapter 4
- 3. Forces and Pressure
- 2. Forces and Motion
- Chap 4 Summary
- Chap 3 Summary
- Chap 2 Summary
- 5.2 Refraction
- 5.1 Reflection
- 4.4 GAS LAW
- 4.3 Specific Latent Heat
- 4.2 Specific Heat Capacity
- 4.1 Thermal Equilibrium
- 3.6 Berboulli's Principle
- 3.5 des Principle
- 3.4 Pascal's Principle
- 3.3 Gas and Atmospheric Pressure

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