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APA 6th Edition

 Place the reference list on a new page separate from the text of your writing;
label this page “References” and alignit at the center at the top of the page. Do
not use bold face, underline, or qoutation marks for the title.
 Apply hanging indentation. This simply means the lines following the first line in
an entry should be indented from the left margin.
 All text should be double space just like the rest of the paper.
 Follow this sequence in writing the names of the author: Last name, First name
Initial. Middle initial.
 Arrange the references in alphabetical order based on the last names of the
authors.
 Do not cut or add to the titles.
 Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title, the first letter of the first
word of its subtitle after a colon, and the proper nouns.
 Italiice the titles. When the article title is used, italice only the journal title.
 For online sources, make sure to remove the hyperlink of the URL.
 For print sources, place a period at the end of the entry.
 Put “n.d.” ( no date ) for sources with no date.
The following are some of the sources most commonly used in
research writing. Look closely at the given examples. Pay
attention to the sequence of entries, parenthesis, italocs,
capitalization, and punctuation marks.
Sources Examples
Articles from an online journal Barrot, J. S. (2013). A macro perspective on key
issues in English as a second language (ESL)
 If the articles has been assigned with a
pedagogy in the postmethod era: Confronting
digital object identifier (doi) then you
challenges through sociocognitive-transfornative
should indicate it. Otherwise, use the
approach. The Asia-Pasific Education Researcher.
URL of the article preceded by a signal
Doi: 10.1007/s40299-013-0199-4.
pharse “Retrieved from”. Include volume
number, issue number enclosed in
parentheses (if available), and page Guthrie, K., & McCraken, H. (2010). Reflective
number/s. pedagody: Making meaning in experiential based
online courses. Journal of Educators Online. 7 (2),
1-21. Retrieved from
http://www.thejeo.com/Archieves/Volume7Numbe
r2/GuthriePaper.pdf
Book Sections Antonio, L. C. (2010). Study on
recyclables collection trends and best
 Include page number/s and place practices in the Philippines. In M.
it/them at the end of the entry. Kojima, (Ed), 3R Policies for
southeast and East Asia. Eria
Research Project Report 2009-10(40-
70). Jakarta: ERIA.
Books
Friedman T. L. (2009). Hot, flat and crowded: Why.
Single author
we need a green revolution- and how it can
renew America. NY: Picador.

Two author
Dryzek, J. S., & Dunleavy, P. (2009). Theories of
the democratic state. NH: Palgrave Macmillan.

Multiple auhthor (with seven authors) Plata, S. M., et al. (2006). Research, process and
 Format of book with two or multiple product workbook. Laguna: Trailblazers
authors applies to all sources. Publication.
Conference Procedings Sipacio, P. J. (2013). Perceived effectiveness
of zero-plastic waste initiatives in
Philippines cities: A policy review with
recommendations of innovation and
sustainability. Preceedings from the 2nd
Hong Kong International Conference on
Education, Psychology and Society, Hong
Kong.
Internet Sources OWL Purdue University Online Writing Lab.
(n.d.). Apa style. Retrieved from http://
owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10
Journal Articles

 Italicize the journal title.


Include volume number,
issue number enclosed in Magno, C. (2010). The role of metacognitive skills in
parenthesis (if available), and
page number(s) developing critical thinking. Metacognitive
Learning, 5, 137-156
Single author Barrot, J. & De leon, K. (2011). Accuracy order of
the grammatical morphemes in the oral
Two authors production of preschool pupils. Indonesian
Journal of Applied Linguistics. 3 (2), 63-76.

Multiple authors Barrios, A., Bolanos, E., Cequena, M., Barrot, J., &
Gabinete, K. (2013). Investigating the
relationship between college student's self-
perception and actual performance in reading
and in writing. Philippine ESL Journal, 11, 23.
Personal Communication
S. Tabiola (personal communication,
 Personal communication or
should not appear November 30 2014)
in the reference list. However,
you should cite this in-text (S. Tabiola personal communication,
using the sample format on November 30, 2014)
the right
Same author in the same year Barrot, J. S. (2013a). A Macro perspective on
key issues in English as a second language
(ESL) pedagogy in the postmethod era:
Confronting challenges through sociocognitive-
transformative approach. The Asia Pacific
Education Researcher. Doi: 10.1007/s40299-
013-0119-4.

Barrot, J. S. (2013b). Revisiting the role of linguistic


complexity in ESL reading comprehension. 3L: The
Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies.
Retrieved from
http://core.kmi.open.ac.uk/download/pdf/11494968.pdf
Thesis and dissertation Tui, G. (2013). Toward an
internationalization model for De La
Salle University (DLSU): An assessment
of current approachesin two Asian
institutions (Unpublished doctoral
dissertation). De La Salle University,
Manila.
Sample Format

References
Barrot, J. S. (2013a). A macro perspective on key issues in English as a second language (ESL) pedagogy in the
postmethod era: Confronting challenges through sociocognitive-transformative approach. The Asia-Pascific Education Researcher. Doi:
10.1007/s40299-013-0119-4.
Barrot, J. S. (2013b). Revisiting the role of linguistic complexity in ESL reading comprehension. 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English
Language Studies. Retrieved from http://core.kmi.open.ac.uk./download/pdf/114968.pdf
Barrot, J. & De leon, K (2011). Accuracy order of the grammatical morphemes in the oral production of preschool pupils. Indonesian Journal of
Applied Linguistics. 3 (2), 63-76.
Dryzek, J. S., & Dunleavy, P. (2009). Theories of the democratic state. NH: Palgrave Macmillan.
Guthrie, K., & McCraken, H. (2010). Reflective pedagogy: Making meaning in experiential based olnine courses. Journal of Educators Online, 7
(2), 1-21. Retrieved from http://www.thejeo.com/Archives/Volume7Number2/GuthriePaper.pdf.
OWL Purdue University Online Writing Lab. (n.d). APA style. Retrieve from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/10/
Tiu, G. (2013). Toward an internationalization model for De La Salle University (DLSU): An assessment of curremt approaches in two Asian
institutions (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). De La Salle University, Manila
Important: If the type of information you need to include in your
reference list is not included as an example in this lesson, refer to
the APA Formatting and style by the university Online Writing Lab
(OWL) at purdue university at
http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resources/560/01.
THANK YOU