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R.I.M.T.

- COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE

STUDY ON

Auroville…

SUBMITTED BY:
SUBMITTED
BY: Chetan Verma
Arshdeep Singh
Ar. Monica
Bansal Shikha Khatter
Satpreet Kaur
Lakhvir Singh

What is Auroville?
Auroville is a universal township in the making for a population of up to 50,000 people from around the world.
How did Auroville begin?
The concept of Auroville - an ideal township devoted to an experiment in human unity - came to the Mirra Alfassa as
early as the 1930s. In the mid 1960s the Sri Aurobindo Society in Pondicherry proposed to Her that such a township
should be started. She gave her blessings. The concept was then put before the Govt. of India, who gave their backing
and took it to the General Assembly of UNESCO. In 1966 UNESCO passed a unanimous resolution commending it as
a project of importance to the future of humanity, thereby giving their full encouragement.
Why Auroville?
The purpose of Auroville is to realize human unity– in diversity. Today Auroville is recognized as the first and only
internationally endorsed ongoing experiment in human unity and transformation of consciousness,also concerned
with - and practically researching into - sustainable living and the future cultural, environmental, social and spiritual
needs of mankind.

When did Auroville start?
On 28th February 1968 some 5,000 people assembled near the banyan tree at the centre of the future township
for an inauguration ceremony attended by representatives of 124 nations, including all the States of India..

Where is Auroville?
Auroville is located in south India,mostly in the
State of Tamil Nadu (some parts are in the State of
Pondicherry), a few kilometers inland from the
Coromandel Coast, approx 160 kms south of
Chennai (previously Madras) and 10 kms north of
the town of Pondicherry.

Who are the Aurovilians?
They come from some 35 nations, from all age
groups (from infancy to over eighty, averaging
around 30), from all social classes, backgrounds and
cultures, representing humanity as a whole. The
population of the township is constantly growing,
but currently stands at around 1,700 people, of
whom approx one-third are Indian.

History:-
Auroville was founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa,
known as The Mother. She was a disciple of Sri
Aurobindo, a yoga guru. She believed that this
experimental community would evolve humans by
bringing a more advanced consciousness called the
supramental. The Indian government endorsed the
township, and in 1966, UNESCO, the United
Nations' cultural organization, passed a resolution
endorsing the project.

In the inauguration ceremony attended by delegates of 124 nations on 28th February 1968, the Mother gave Auroville
its 4-point which are as follows:
1.Auroville belongs to nobody in particular. Auroville belongs to humanity as a whole. But to live in Auroville,
one must be the willing servitor of the Divine Consciousness.
2.Auroville will be the place of an unending education, of constant progress, and a youth that never ages.
3.Auroville wants to be the bridge between the past and the future. Taking advantage of all discoveries from
without and from within, Auroville will boldly spring towards future realisations.
4.Auroville will be a site of material and spiritual researches for a living embodiment of an actual Human
Unity.
The Matrimandir:-
•In the middle of the town is the Matrimandir, an unfinished golf-ball-like giant globe covered with golden discs.
•It was conceived as "a symbol of the Divine's answer to man's inspiration for perfection.“while approaching, "silence is
compulsory”.as this place is for meditation.

•Radiating from this centre are four "zones" as indicated by The Mother: the "Residential Zone", "Industrial Zone",
"Cultural Zone" and "International Zone". Around the city area proper a so-called "Green Belt" has formed through
rigorous and steady rehabilitation of the land, which includes farms and forestries.

MATRIMANDIR

Government, belief system:-
•Auroville is governed by the Auroville Foundation through an act of the Indian Parliament.
•The Foundation, fully controlled by the Indian Ministry of Human Resource Development, currently owns about half of
the total land required for the township.
Society and population:-
•Although originally intended to house 50,000, the actual population today is 1,829 (1,398 adults and 431 minors),
752 of whom are of Indian origin.
•The population has been described as "middle-aged men with ponytails and tie-dyed T-shirts, riding motorbikes.
They are from 38 countries, and have "given up their lives at home to come and live in what is a real-life Utopian
project.
Economy
•Paper and coin currency is not used in Auroville. Instead, residents use electronic cards which connect to their
central account. Visitors, however, are allowed to pay in cash.
•According to Auroville Today, one has to be "able to save the substantial amount required – of the order of Rs 15
lakhs (approximately US $ 35,000) upwards – to start a life in Auroville".
•Residents of Auroville are expected to pay a monthly contribution, and are asked to help the community whenever
possible, by work, money or kind according to the guidelines laid down by The Mother.
•"Guest contribution", or a daily fee payable by the visitors of Auroville, constitutes a part of Auroville's budget. There is
a system of “maintenance” (salaries), whereby some Aurovilians are supported by the community.

Location:-
•Auroville is composed of a cluster of properties some 12km north of Pondicherry.
•It can be easily reached via the East Coast Road (ECR) which connects Chennai and Pondicherry.
• The visitor center and Matrimandir can be reached by traveling eight kilometers westwards from the signposted
turnoff at the ECR.
•Turning east leads directly to Auroville Beach, several hundred meters away.
•A real example of community living, gradually flourishing, Auroville is conceived as a ‘Universal Town'.
•This is a place were people with different nationalities, beliefs and culture live in harmony.
•The main feature of this city is that many countries constructed permanent pavilions, which reflects the customs,
beliefs and culture of their countries.

•Really a Universal town, the populations speaks different kinds of language, nearly 50 languages are spoken here.
• A major draw here is Matrimandir, a modern architectural marvel, with a globe as high as 30 meters and have lotus-
shaped foundation urn.

The dot at the center represents Unity,
the Supreme,

the inner circle represents the creation, the conception
of the city:-

the petals represent the power of expression,
realisation.

AUROVILLE SYMBOL

.The creation of the Auromodèle and Aspiration communities near the village of Kuilapalayam was also approved. the residential zone to the south. the Mother laid down the basic concept for the town.Evolution of the urban form 1965 Mother's sketch •In her 1965 sketch of Auroville. the cultural zone to the east and the industrial zone moved to the north. national and local way of seeing things is quite striking. This sketch delineated all the important activity areas that would fulfill the vision of making it a universal township. The international zone was relocated towards the west. •The concept was as much practical as it was visionary and the way in which it is fitting in with today's international.

Production over the years:- •The following graph summarises data available for key crops from before the AVFG. irrespective of the community needs.Around them other communities came into existence. At this stage. . They not only became residential areas. Realizing that the Auroville population was around 400 people in 1980/81 the amount produced per capita was far higher then than it is now. 1966 nebula 1967 emergency galaxy 1968 galaxy History of farming in Auroville • Reforestation and farming were practised from the beginning of the Auroville community. farmers were still pushing production in whatever could be grown. in 1969. •Two of the agricultural communities founded fully grown farms Auro Orchard (60 acres) and Annapurna (135 cares). but also came to house small handicrafts units.

Spanish. Russian. Chinese. in the following order: Tamil. Sanskrit. almost treeless plateau in south India. only a lone banyan tree stood in an expanse of dust and sun-baked earth. Italian. Hebrew. English. Arabic. Long term trends in food production 60000 COCONUTS 50000 GUAVA PAPAYA 40000 BEANS (CLUSTER) Kg 30000 BRINJAL CUCUMBER 20000 LADY FINGER 10000 SPINACH CAPSICUM 0 Total 1981 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 INAUGURATION CEREMONY:- Forty years ago. Swedish and Tibetan. concise and yet far-reaching words of the Charter of Auroville were read out in French by Mirra Alfassa in Pondicherry. They were gathered for the foundation ceremony of Auroville.. Greek. Japanese. Nearby. Dutch. the bare. 1968.. . on February 28th. German. Charter was read in 16 languages. Five thousand persons gathered around an amphitheatre on a barren. Norwegian. and broadcast live.

Indira Gandhi described Auroville as: An exciting project for bringing about harmony among different cultures and for understanding the environmental needs of man's spiritual growth. .The late Prime Minister of India Mrs.

• Autryville is situated 150 KM from Chennai and about 15 KM North of Puducherry • It can be easily reached via the East Coast Road (ECR) which connects Chennai and Pond cherry • There is no public transportation within Auroville .

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Secondary roads Outer ring road crown road tertiary road .

wide. .7 km. • The gravel roads are about 10 m. internal gravel roads. footpaths and cycle tracks. which are tarred but narrow and not well maintained and connect the East Coast Road and Tindivanam-Pondicherry road with village settlements. • The total length of roads within the designated township area is 23. • Most of the internal roads are of a temporary nature giving access to residential communities and public facilities. Road Network: • Auroville's road network consists of access roads. • The existing road pattern is comprised of one circular road around the centre of the township and another semi- circular road passing along the periphery (outer circle) of the designated area of the township.

wide. . • The surface of the internal access as well as circular road has intentionally been kept as gravel to allow percolation of rainwater for re-charging the aquifers. • Geometrics of the major linkages to the township both from the East Coast road and the Tindivanam-Pondicherry road.7 km. access and approaches need to be improved. • The existing road pattern is comprised of one circular road around the centre of the township and another semi-circular road passing along the periphery (outer circle) of the designated area of the township. as well as of the internal roads.• The gravel roads are about 10 m. • The total length of roads within the designated township area is 23.

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Auroville town plan basic distances: .

Four zones of auroville: .

18.9 %= 81 hec 14.3 %= 94 hec 15.1 %= 72 hec 20.0 %= 102 hec 30 %= 153 hec .

Residential Zone: .

comprising of 189 hectares.• The residential zone is located to the south • The largest of the four city zones. • The Residential Zone is bordered by parks on the north. south and west. . • This zone wants to provide a well-adjusted habitat between individual and collective living. • 55% of the RESIDETIAL area is green and only 45% built surface • The Residential Area comprises both village settlements and Auroville community settlements. • Main access to the zone will be through the crown road with further traffic distribution via five radial roads that divide the zone into sectors of increasing densities.

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70 80 . Housing Characteristics Construction Material Area of Unit (sqm) Total 30 .cement 122 165 69 356 Tiles 56 70 20 146 Concrete 11 27 26 64 300 321 146 767 .150 160 and above Local material 111 59 31 201 Ferro .

situated to the east of the Peace Area. • The Cultural Zone will be a site for applied research in education and artistic expression. . the aesthetic sense and culture of the country in a living manner. • One will experience in these pavilion. • Facilities for cultural. art and sports activities will be located in this zone. • Permanent cultural pavilions for each country and also for each State of India are an important feature of Auroville activities.Cultural Zone • The cultural zone to the east • Planned on a 72-hectare area. educational.

Green Belt •The city area with a radius of 1. forests. dairies. medicines etc.though incomplete .25 km width. will be surrounded by a Green Belt of 1. timber. •Acts as lungs for the entire township. •This belt will act as a barrier against urban encroachment. and as a place for recreation.25 km. •Serve as a source for food. and wildlife areas. • Includes organic farms.stands as an example of successful transformation of wasteland into a vibrant eco- system. •The Green Belt . orchards. Rural landscaping urban landscaping .

INTERNATIONAL ZONE AND CULTURAL ZONE • The international zone was relocated towards the west .

perhaps the first in the world. established specifically for world unity. . The Tibetan Pavilion. • The existing buildings in the International Zone are :- Bharat Nivas (soon to be restored to its rightful role as the Indian Pavilion). This last will be "very important" says Sergei • Oroville will also have an International University.The International Zone : • International Zone perhaps presents the smoothest road in terms of its development. Savitri Bhavan. The Guest House of the American Pavilion The Unity Pavilion.

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it has excellent farm-lands. • The rich soil in its environs has been under cultivation for generations. it also have industries there that exclusively cater to the needs of Aurovilians. . • The concept of Auroville's Industrial Zone is changing into an Economic Zone. giving rise to the neighbouring villages of Bharatipuram and Alankuppam. • The Zone provide employment to Aurovilians than to employees coming from outside. and hopefully. it has low-lying waterlogged lands. one of three economic zones in Auroville • It has the most canyons.The Industrial Zone : • The industrial zone Is located to the north .

Site section of auroville : .

4 kms length • Provides an harmonious binding element for all four zones of the city. . • defines and guides the new way of mobility in an urban area.4.water .telecommunication etc.The crown area : • Interconnected flow of urban spaces . • Community / public buildings. energy . • Back bone for infrastructure –mobility .

the uninterrupted running length of the building to be restricted to a maximum of 20 m or alterntively to design the building form in The entire building can be in the extension area accordance to the inner curvatrue Leaving all the other area to organise the covered pathways • .50 m Path can be linear and buildings on either side and not necessarily have 3. . poaticos etc. • The ground floor of the buiding should have much open space for circulation which can be in the form of colonade .Building material should be selected with a view to project a consistent language to the crown building .50 m as floor height of the building .Guide lines forgrowth of crown area • The ground floor of the building to be 3.0m.50 m and the total building height not exceed 10. • The ground floor could also be only visually connected at 3. • In order to be able to maintain curvature of the crown . The path can wind around the building or cut Through the buildings in any which way keeping the continuity of the path and not leaving any space .

m. annually. • A number of deep wells have been commissioned over the last 30 years and today there are over 130 wells.Water Supply • The entire water supply both for drinking and irrigation is dependent on underground sources. It therefore becomes important not only to increase the recharge rate but also conserve and recycle water. of which 60 wells give a significant output. amounting to 1. per day. .m.4 million cu. • Auroville is however located in a district where the ground water situation can be described as 'critical' since nearly 90% of the recharge potential is utilised. • They can together provide an average water supply of 3800 cu.

where a system of check dams helps in storage and recharge of ground water.5 million litres/day for domestic.000 litres to 40. numbering about 60. Of the latter. • The distribution system consists of decentralised pumping units and storage reservoirs.• The drinking water usage of about 4. . • At present the rainwater runoff from roads and paved areas is diverted to the canyons. industrial and gardening purposes is considered excessive and measures are being taken to bring it down to reasonable urban standards. one large overhead reservoir has a capacity of 1.5 lakh litres and 8 medium-size low-level tanks range in capacity from 10.000 litres.

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biogas plants and at least one living machine. Waste water treatment plant .WASTE WATER TREATMENT • The first waste water recycling solution developed were simple inexpensive combinations of septic tank and soakpit. • Later European funds enabled the CSR to research and develop planted filters also called constructed wetland or root zone treatment systems . • Recently Auroville has been researching effective micro-organism technology to improve system performance . • Currently Auroville has over 40 water treatment system of small to moderate size many using horizontal or vertical planted filter beds and also using baffled tank reactors .

is recycled and the balance of 500 kg is incinerated in the Health Centre at 800 °C. are of experimental nature. thermocole. Solid waste disposal •Solid waste disposal is managed by the Eco Service. baffle reactors. which was started in 1995. numbering 22. like rubber items. . • It is estimated that about 3500 kg of wastes are generated per week. fibreglass and PET. • The latter. •The non-recyclable wastes of 400 to 500 kg. • About 1000 kg. •There are about 20 community-level treatment facilities (for residential as well as industrial and commercial units) consisting of septic tanks. •About 2000 kg. •This waste disposal management has been made possible by the introduction of segregation of wastes at the source. of this quantity is organic and generally composted at the site itself. Imhoff tanks. and root zone and lagooning systems. and a study has been taken up to test their efficacy in delivering waste water that will not pollute the ground water. Sewerage and Sanitation: • All residential units have their own system for sewage disposal. and storage batteries are stored in a temporary storage facility until an acceptable disposal solution is found.

17 megawatts. • About 150 houses use solar PV electricity and heaters for their energy requirements. • The power distribution of around 600 consumer connections is carried through a system of 28 distribution transformers and 30 km of underground cables. one in Kalapet and the other one at Thiruchitrambalam.75 million kilowatts of power/year from two TNEB feeder stations. of which 1. • It now installs biogas plants inside and outside Auroville. . Biogas • CSR developed India's first prefabricated biogas plants in ferrocement and subsequently improved on its design. Power: •Auroville consumes about 1. there are about 140 solar water-pumping systems and 30 wind-driven pumps. •The total connected load is 3.5 megawatts are domestic and the rest is for industrial and commercial purposes. • In addition.

communication centre and multipurpose public space. restaurant. Solar Kitchen Bowl • Here it forms the main link between the four zones. • This complex is located in the Residential Crown. . COMMUNITY SOLAR KITCHEN: •The Plaza complex houses the community kitchen and other facilities required for the inhabitants. library. particularly those of the Residential Zone. connecting the public services in each zone. while on the periphery there will be a continuous boulevard. and includes a department store. • On the inner side of the Crown Road there will be a complex of buildings not more than 10 meter high and 20 meter wide.

is one of the largest in the world and it provides energy required for cooking meals for 1000 persons at a time in the community kitchen 1 .PLANNED GREEN AREA 5 . which is already installed and functioning.PEDESTRIAN BOULEVARD 2 .POUR TOUS .SEMI PAVED AREA 3 – PARKING 9 .CROWN ROAD 8.MAHALAKSHMI PARK6 – EXPANSION 6 – EXPANSION .•The complex will integrate several eco-friendly practices- water harvesting. • The solar bowl on top of the Solar Kitchen. waste treatment and use of alternative energy.MEDIA CENTRE AND LIBRARY 11 .PLAZA COVERED 4 .SOLAR KITCHEN 7 .FINANCIAL SERVICE 10 .

sanitation. Services are freely available to local villagers. •The center has a small maternity wing and provides allopathic and homeopathic treatment. •Two branches have been set up in other locations. . and trained village workers are employed to visit the villages and provide aid and advice. •In 1984 the Village Action Group was formed to further develop communication and integration with the villages. health. dental surgery. and massage. AUROVILLE & SURROUNDING VILLAGES :- •Auroville's relationship with the neighboring Tamil villages has always been recognized as an important aspect of the city's growth and development. and training and apprenticeship in crafts. day and evening schools. •One of the very first institutions established in Auroville was the Health Center in Aspiration. •Aurovilians working with the local population have developed programs for family planning. acupuncture.

•Arul Vari is an evening program in physical and general education for about 50 children. •Vanakam is a small hostel for children. and construction trades with a primary school for 125 children. carpentry. •Arul Anandam is a primary school for 25 village children. •Isai Ambalam is a cooperative employing 300 villagers with a primary school for 100 village children. weaving.AUROVILLE & SURROUNDING VILLAGES :- •There are six centers in Auroville working with the villages. stone craft. . •New Creation is a training and production unit for pottery. •It is also the headquarters for the Village Action Group. •Ilaignarkal is an after-work school for Auroville workers and a boarding facility for integrating village youth into Auroville.

. sanitation. •One of the very first institutions established in Auroville was the Health Center in Aspiration. Services are freely available to local villagers. day and evening schools. and trained village workers are employed to visit the villages and provide aid and advice. •Aurovilians working with the local population have developed programs for family planning. •The center has a small maternity wing and provides allopathic and homeopathic treatment. AUROVILLE & SURROUNDING VILLAGES :- •Auroville's relationship with the neighboring Tamil villages has always been recogn ized as an important aspect of the city's growth and development. and massage. dental surgery. health. and training and apprenticeship in crafts. acupuncture. •Two branches have been set up in other locations. •In 1984 the Village Action Group was formed to further develop communication and integration with the villages.

and construction trades with a primary school for 125 children. carpentry. •Arul Anandam is a primary school for 25 village children. . weaving. •Ilaignarkal is an after-work school for Auroville workers and a boarding facility for integrating village youth into Auroville. AUROVILLE & SURROUNDING VILLAGES :- •There are six centers in Auroville working with the villages. •It is also the headquarters for the Village Action Group. •Arul Vari is an evening program in physical and general education for about 50 children. •Vanakam is a small hostel for children. stone craft. •New Creation is a training and production unit for pottery. •Isai Ambalam is a cooperative employing 300 villagers with a primary school for 100 village children.

2. LANGUAGES SPOKEN :- •Official languages of Pondicherry are French.Tamil: Language used by the Pondicherry Government.French: It is also the official language of Pondicherry Union territory. •When communicating between districts of different languages. Also the official Language in Tamil Nadu state. •Status of each languages varies differently with respect to each district. Telugu and Malayalam. generally English is used for convenience 1. It was the official language of French India (1673-1954) and its official language status was preserved by Traité de Cession (Treaty of Cession) signed by India and France on 28 May 1956 • FRENCH LANGUAGES • TAMIL SPOKEN • TELUGU • MALAYALAM . especially used when communicating within and between the Tamil majority districts of (Pondicherry and Karikal) along with issuing official decrees. Tamil.

some 4-5. separated by village and temple lands.000 are employed by Auroville . •Of this total. small and medium scale businesses. educational research. •The activities of the inhabitants are multifarious. town planning. •The approximate total for the larger area around Auroville is 35-40. organic agriculture.000 people. cultural activities and community services. drawn from nearly 30 countries. village development.COMMUNITIES:- •The present `community' of Auroville consists of nearly 80 settlement of varying sizes. •There are 13 villages in the immediate Auroville area. and include affrestation.000. comprising about 20.500 people. appropriate technology and construction. health care. •Today Auroville is a community of just under 1.

Fraternity (art community working together with the local Tamil communities) 1. Aurelec (computer science) 3. health and activities of the village) 2. The impact of the development of Pondicherry and Auroville is noticeable. but is rapidly improving.O.I.•The communities are spread around the area and concentrate on certain activities (listed by their names): 1. The entire area has been certified "backward and in need of development" by the Collector of South Arcot District in 1984. Nine Palms (reforestation and agriculture) General information Total population : 83.580 (G. Fertile (reforestation and agriculture 4. Forecomers (agriculture) 5. skilled and unskilled labourers. census figures as well as the village's relationship to Auroville and projects undertaken by the Village Action Group) . Meadows (reforestation and agriculture) 2.I. Census figures as per 2001) Description of population: Mostly "gounder. Small farmers.O. vanniar" caste (a most backward caste) and harijans. Information on some villages (Lists the G. Aspiration (education. fishermen.

•Installation of hand pumps. very few harijans. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. night school.369 Of •Gounder caste. •DANIDA well project. village • Udavi School. Auroville health sub-centre. Kottakarai 669 Of •Farmers. NAME OF THE POPULATI TYPE DESCRIPTION VILLAGE ON VILLAG E 1. toilets. two night schools and one health worker. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. colony caste •Little cooperation between the two. •There is an Auroville health sub-centre. kitchen gardens and afforestation projects. skilled and unskilled labourers. •Many young men have joined Auroville. 2. TUP. . youth club strong. library. Mostly skilled and unskilled Edayanchavady Revenue labourers and farmers. Ambethkar 533 Of •The Dalit settlement (outcaste) of Kottakarai village. placed Nagar (Kottakarai scheduled directly opposite. • Many children attend Isaiambalam crèche and school. Revenue •Co-op society. women's club. youth club and night school. 3. active youth and women’s club. Trickle-up programme village (TUP). 2. colony •Landless labourers used to work for large landlord. •Toilets and kitchen gardens established. new women's club. selected as model village under the scheme of HUDCO. •Toilets have been constructed and the village has local health practitioners. community health workers.

•Contact through youth club. library. colony) caste etc. youth club. • Night school and women's club. colony • Night school. with Pondicherry state advantages. •Mohanam cultural centre. NAME OF THE POPULATI TYPE DESCRIPTION VILLAGE ON VILLAG E 4. day school. Revenue •Big toddy liquor shop of the area here.369 Of •Prosperous village. village •Encouragement to local dramatists (best in area). village ample water. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Revenue •Facilities include veterinary service. •Installation of hand pumps. Annainagar 470 Of •.Youth club. Dalit settlement at some distance from Alankuppam. kitchen gardens and local health practitioners. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Sanjeevinagar 1. 5. harijan housing. sports club. . 6. also with (Alankuppam scheduled many benefits from Pondicherry State: loans. •Installation of hand pumps. kitchen garden and local health practitioner and a very active women’s club with the help of whom an overhead tank was constructed by AVAG and AV Health centre. street drainage. health sub-centre with trained staff nurse and a High school. Alankuppam 1. •Kitchen gardens and local health practitioners. •Organic farming trial plots.240 Of •Pondicherry State village. and night school.

•Long lived youth club and night school. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. •Women’s group and youth club. but their children come to the Hindu night school. kitchen gardens. •Toilets. 9. •Toilets and kitchen gardens. •Income Generation Programme for Women. night school teacher. 770 Of •Distant from Auroville. afforestation projects and local health practitioners. 957 Of •Dalit settlement of Rayapudupakkam. kitchen garden and local health practitioner. Rayapettai 617 Of •Agricultural village with many working for Auroville. village •The Hindu section is socially conscious and active. woman health worker and farmers of ecological agriculture. Revenue •Half population is Muslim. women's club. primarily agricultural. half Hindu. Muslims have a separate sangam.NAME OF THE POPULATI TYPE DESCRIPTION VILLAGE ON VILLAG E 7. •Women’s group. Installation of hand pumps. •Installation of hand pump. 8. community health worker and night school. village •Contact through development works. . •Auroville health sub-centre. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Aravindhapuram Schedule •Noted in the area for its many members who have taken caste advantage of assistance for harijans and become professional. colony •Good contact with youth club. Rayapudhupakkam Panchayat •Rayapettai is actually a hamlet of this village.

re-housing for harijans. Village & colony Schedule •Govt. kitchen gardens. colony •Women's club. Site of an ancient temple. & Dalit settlement Schedule •DANIDA well project. Irumbai Village 570 Of •A quiet village. Morattandi 1. community health worker. 11. NAME OF THE POPULATI TYPE DESCRIPTION VILLAGE ON VILLAG E 10. caste • All Aurovilians living in Promesse participate in the Arul Vazhi colony project with village children. Settlement caste •Pilot tree planting project successfully carried out here. community health worker. health sub-centre. village reading room. On Madras road near Auroville community of Promesse. conducting kindergarten and evening programmes. •Active women’s club in Dalit settlement. kitchen gardens. •Local health practitioners and kitchen gardens. youth and women's club. colony •Contact with sangam. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. afforestation projects and local health practitioners. small night school. toilets. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. youth attend Village Action Group caste seminars. community health worker. night school. village helps colony. . •Organic farming trial plots. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. library. youth club. afforestation projects and local health practitioners. •Night school and eco-club. 12. Thuruvai 810 Of •Elders participate with youth in "sangam" along with panchayat Village & Dalit Schedule members and president. sport.016 Of •.

Post Office. Revenue •Handicraft & production units. 16. toilets. 15. Auroville village Health Centre. crèche. workers education programme. youth club. women's club. caste •Includes many carpenters living around the carpentry co-op. village. kitchen gardens. day school. Gandhinagar 476 Of Panchayat •Harijan colony of Bommayapalayam. Bommayapalaya Panchayat •Division in leadership makes village organization difficult. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. Lakshmipuram 350 Of •Hamlet of Kuilapalayam. Kuilapalayam 2. •Drama group. • Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. toilets and kitchen gardens. afforestation projects and local health practitioners.102 Of •. m •Night school. 14. night school. •Night school building. •Women's club. •Crèche. NAME OF THE POPULATI TYPE DESCRIPTION VILLAGE ON VILLAG E 13. Large village. •Good contact with Village Action Group. Bank. . Toilets and kitchen gardens. colony depends on Fraternity for water. community health workers. 2. Schedule •Population included in Kuilapalayam above.256 Of •Closest to Auroville settlements. training centre. New Creation school for village children.

Distant seaside village. • Kitchen gardens and local health practitioners. Mathur 1. . night school. Fishermen •Youth club in fishermen’s community. community health workers. Mudaliar Chavadi Revenue • Many educated youths. 21. quite remote. women's club. Kalapet 980 Of •Pondicherry seaside village. Periya 813 Of •Seaside village not far from Pondicherry. village community service days etc. kitchen gardens. village •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School. micro projects. Revenue •Site of large scale industrial development: village •Youth club. Pillaichavadi 1. kitchen gardens and village local health practitioners 20.350 Of •. NAME OF THE POPULATI TYPE DESCRIPTION VILLAGE ON VILLAG E 17. colony •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.Women’s club. 18. Village & Schedule •Night school. •Good contact with Village Action Group. women's club and local health practitioners. Colonies caste afforestation projects and local health practitioners. •Supplementary education in the Government Primary School.490 Of •Agricultural village. Community health workers. Chinna Mudaliar 812 Of Chavadi Revenue •Seaside village. reading room. & •Kitchen gardens started by Village Action Group. Revenue • Youth club. 19.

. •Have sambar for lunch and work on the computer till 5 pm. sometimes even British. Russian. etc. Waiting for Godot at the auditorium. or a dance performance in a temple lit up magically with lamps. Korean. set in southern India. Bauls from Bengal. German. •In the evening there could be a talk on Future Poetry or the Vedas. hear a rock band from Chennai. Bengali. •One can wake up at 6 am to village music and go for a ballet class at 9. •Or one could go to a jazz concert. •There could be an all night theatre festival in the village. Tamil. •Discover that the motorbike has a puncture and either push it for two kilometers through the forest till the next workshop or find a bullock cart to take it in to Pondy.French. SALIENT FEATURES :- •At present many cultures intervene upon an environment that is rural. American. or Bach. a Dhrupad recital. Italian. •English is heard in many accents .

KINDERGARTEN SCHOOL . Govt. of MEANS OF SPECIAL TILES DESIGNED FOR ESCAPE OF HOT AIR India . EXTENDED ROOF FOR •Funded by the Ministry of Human SHADING WALLS & WINDOWS . . humid climate •This school has been designed for Sri Aurobindo International Institute of Educational Research for approx. RECESSED WINDOWS . the school has been designed to create an ideal learning enviornment through play space. AUROVILLE :- •ARCHITECT : Suhasini Ayar Guigan •Eco-friendly low-cost construction tecniques and simlpe passive solar features of a Kindergarten School in warm . 60 children between the age of 3 & 6 years. VENTILATED ROOF BY Resource Development .

PASSIVE SOLAR FEATURES :- •The classroom have load bearing walls of earth and left with a natural finish. the kitchen/dining space is in cold blue as it is not in direct sun when it is used in mid-day. •The colour of the room is in relation to their location in terms of movement of sun. •However. which is a shading device cum beam to support the tile roof . •The rooms are painted either in cool or warm colours depending on the cardinal direction and how much of The reflected or direct sunlight enters the classroom. the lintels . •For example. are painted in different colours thus enabling the children to identify with their group space. .

. besides classrooms. this colour is more refreshing to the sense than a warm colour. •Recessed windows provide sun and rain protection as well as cosy window seats for the children. •Creepers and plants provide shade in the transitional spaces. •The roof is made up of burnt clay tiles on an understructure of prefabricated reinforced cement concrete beams.PASSIVE SOLAR FEATURES :- •But as it is also the hottest time of the day and children would be tired after a whole morning . Of multipurpors room for craft.and music . •There are a no.that open onto the gardens that are roofed to provide shade. theatre. •Special glass tiles and ventilator tiles in the roof allow hot air escape and at the same time provide an interesting play of light.

has rammed earth foundation. •These were manufactured manually using the auram 3000 block maker. which are cement stabilized with 5% cement content. •The plinth is in CEBs (compressed earth blocks) with a DPC of 1:3 cement mortar. WALL FINISHES : •Both the internal and external wall surfaces are left natural without any paint and water repellent finishes . •The soil used was excavated on site . WALLS : •All the pillars and walls are in CEB’s .CONSTRUCTION FEATURES :- FOUNDATION : •The bldg. the earth excavated from the trenches was mixed with cement (5 %) and with sand. •As the soil was not of sufficiently good composition .

overhangs.CONSTRUCTION FEATURES :- ROOF : The pyramidal roof is of mangalore tiles with an understructure of prefabricated rcc rafters manufactured on site and assembeled in situ with grouting of the joints using a combination of ferrocement and rcc poured in situ.and gutters-for the chanelling of the rainwater from the pyramidal tile roofs. OPENINGS : •All the openings of the buildings have an rcc element that is a combination of three things – lintels. .

INTROVERT PLANNING AROUND A CENTRAL HALL . WITH CLASSROOMS ON THE PERIPHERY. KINDERGARTEN – FLOOR PLAN . THE CENTRAL HALL WITH VENTILATING TILES IN ROOF CREATES NATURAL VENTILATION DRAFT BY ALLOWING HOT AIR TO ESCAPE AND FORCING IN COOLER AMBIENT AIR THROUGH THE CLASSROOM WINDOWS.

FLOORING : •The internal flooring is cement coloured with red oxide laid on a cement screed of 1:10. •The toilets have ceramic tiles both for flooring and as dado. •The doors are a combination of teakwood recycled from demolished houses in pondicherry and welded mesh. .CONSTRUCTION FEATURES :- DOORS & WINDOWS: •All the windows are made with steel grills with glass fixed on them. •The cupboard doors have transparent glass fixed in window frames.

•It derives its name from the big solar bowl on its roof which provides part of the steam for cooking on all the sunny days of the year. •The other part of the steam needed.LA CUISINE SOLAIRE . AUROVILLE :- •ARCHITECT : Suhasini Ayar Guigan & Anita Gaur •The Solar Kitchen building has been designed as a major collective kitchen for the Auroville community and was finalized in December 1997. •Since then it has served lunches in its Dining Hall and in the same time sent lunches to different outlets like schools or individuals. . is provided by a diesel fired boiler.

SOLAR KITCHEN .

•Steam is generated using a bowl that is a 60-degree section of a sphere of 18. •At the later stage. •The project also demostrate the appropriateness of compresses earth blocks and ferro-cement roofing channels supported by an innovative channel truss beam.•This project was built to demostrate the use of solar thermal energy in the steam generator in cooking meals thrice a day for about 1000 people.the steam will also be used for food processing and laundry service. . •The project will thus support organic farming within auroville and in local villages by being the main purchaser for their products used for meals prepared in the kitchen.65- m diameter.

15 pm or sent to individuals by tiffin and two thirds is sent to all the schools already around 11.15am • Since September 2006 also on Sundays lunch is served in the Dining Hall between 12. dinner is served between 6 and 7. except Sundays. •Since October 2006 every evening.15 and 1 pm. mashed potato or fresh salads and eastern items like idli/dosai. •Daily curd and freshly made juices are available .15 and 1. except Sundays. •One third of these meals is served inside the Dining Hall between 12. dal or chutneys. prepared largely of the vegetables and grains grown organically in and around Auroville. •There is a choice between western items like pasta.30 pm •The Solar Kitchen is providing a vegetarian and kind of cosmopolitan menu.•Throughout the year approximately 700 lunches are prepared daily.

over the main kitchen area is a long – span ferro-cement channels prefabricated at the site and installed manually at 4.spanning 10 m . •The store rooms and auxiliary areas have the normal ferrocement channels upto 6. •The roof. •The vent provided for solar chimney also provides diffused daylight. .5 m above the floor level.5 m span.ROOF :- •Several roofing systems have been used. •The dining hall has doubly-curved roofing where the prefabricated ferro-cement shells are used as lost shuttering. •Solar chimneys have been incorporated in the kitchen and dining hall to enhance natural ventilation.

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MATRI MANDIR IN CENTRE OF THE CITY . •It itself acts as the landmark of AUROVILLE. does not belong to any particular religion or sect. centre of the city. •From matrimandir. • Matrimandir.e. •It is called soul of the city and is situated in a large open space called Peace. the future township will radiate outwards. LOCATION :- •It is situated in the heart i. INTRODUCTION :- •ARCHITECT : ROGER ANGER •Matri mandri (in sanskrit MATRI means MOTHER & MANDIR means TEMPLE) • Matri mandir which means THE TEMPLE FOR MOTHER •It is an edifice of spiritual significance for practitioners of Integral yoga.

MATRI MANDIR IN CENTRE OF THE CITY .

SURROUNDINGS :- •EAST – GAIA •WEST – BHARAT NIWAS •NORTH – TOWN HALL •SOUTH – INFORMATION CENTRE KEY PLAN TOWN HALL GAIA BHARAT NIWAS MATRIMANDIR INFORMATION CENTRE N .

the universal mother – which seeks to help humanity move beyond its present limitation into the next step of its evolutionary adventure. •MAIN AIM OF MATRIMANDIR :- •To provide peace & silence. . the great supramental consciousness. •The matrimandir is there for those who want to learn to concentrate.•EVOLUTIONARY PRINCIPLE :- •According to SRI AUROBINDO’S teachings . •It belongs to no religion.” •The faliur of religion is they divide.because the mother said “ let it not become a religion. the mother concept stands for the great evolutionary conscious & intelligent principle of life.

in the centre of which is placed a crystal globe.•ABOUT MATRIMANDIR :- •The Matrimandir is in the form of a huge spherical structure surrounded by twelve pedestals. •This reflectance give Matrimandir its characteristic radiance. •Inside the central dome is the central meditation hall known as the inner chamber. •The central dome is covered by golden discs and reflects sunlight. illuminated by a single ray of (sun) light from the heliostat mounted on the roof. •From the entrance. . two helical ramps serve as entry and as access to the inner chamber.

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•The site immediately around the Matri Mandir is landscaped in three ways: -the first is an existing banyan tree on the site. •The symbolism of the structure is in flux: but at least one powerful association is that of the primeval egg (here representing developed human consciousness) breaking free from Matter (here represented by the earth/ground). -finally there are the Matri Mandir gardens and associated landscaping.the second is an urn containing soil from different countries (as a symbol to the internationalism of Auroville). •THE BANYAN TREE . .

HISTORY :- •The foundation stone of matrimandir was laid at sunrise on 21 st feb. 1971 – the mother’s 93 rd birthday. DIMENSIONS & GEOGRAPHY :- •The matrimandir is spherical in shape & has the largest optically perfect glass globe in the world inside its inner chamber in the upper hemisphere of the building. . •The matrimandir & its surrounding gardens in the central peace area can be visited by visitor’s after collecting free passes.

SYMBOLISM :- •The four main pillars that support the structure of Matrimandir. and carry the Inner Chamber. •These four pillars are symbolic of the four aspects of the mother as enumerated by Sri Aurobindo. and are named after these four aspects. four of her leading Powers and Personalities have stood in front in her guidance of this Universe and in her dealings with the terrestrial play N •MAHAKALI N •MAHASARASWATI INNER W E W CHAMBER E •MAHALAKSHMI S •MAHESHWARI S . •Four great Aspects of the Mother. have been set at the four main directions of the compass.

her compelling attraction and captivating grace... . her impetuous swiftness and world-shaking force. her (north pillar) overwhelming will. Mahakali Another embodies her power of splendid strength and irresistible passion.Name Symbolism Maheshwari One is her personality of calm wideness and comprehending wisdom and tranquil benignity and (south pillar) inexhaustible compassion and sovereign and surpassing majesty and all-ruling greatness.. Mahasaraswati The fourth is equipped with her close and profound capacity of intimate knowledge and careful (west pillar) flawless work and quiet and exact perfection in all things. her intricate and subtle opulence. her warrior mood. Mahalakshmi A third is vivid and sweet and wonderful with her deep secret of beauty and harmony and fine (east pillar) rhythm.

no religion or religious forms.INNER CHAMBER •The spacious Inner Chamber in the upper hemisphere of the structure is completely white." •There are no images. "The most important thing is this: the play of the sun on the centre. no incense. •In the centre a pure crystal-glass globe suffuses a ray of electronically guided sunlight which falls on it through an opening at the apex of the sphere. no organised meditations. the symbol of future realisations. Because that becomes the symbol. no flowers. with white marble walls and white carpeting. MEDITATION CHAMBER RAMP SPIRAL STAIRCASE WATER TANK RAIN WATER STORAGE .

4 times 12 ) . MATRIMANDIR •12 is a very important figure ( 24 – 2 times 12 ) . •12 large and 12 small petals •12 meditation rooms inside large petals •12 gardens around matrimandir •Inner chamber & walls – inscribed in 12 m radius cyllinder 12 RADIATING PATHWAYS •Matrimandir horizontal diameter 3 x 12 = 36 m •Lengt h of matrimandir oval = 30 x 12 = 360 m. ( 48 . •Walls of inner chamber – 12 facets ( carved stones ) { they represent 12 months of the year according to the mother } •Ceiling – 12 facets •Inner chamber – 12 columns •12 radiating pathways in all directions ( symbolise 12 rays of sun . . (36 – 3 times 12 ) .THE MATRIMANDIR & THE NUMBER 12 :- •The 12 is the figure of mahashakti – creative power.

THE MOTHER'S SYMBOL AND THE PETALS :-
•The meditation rooms inside the twelve stone-clad 'petals' surrounding the Matrimandir carry the names and
colours of the ‘petals’ in the mothers symbol.
•These are:
Sincerity
SINCERITY PEACE
Humility
Gratitude HUMILITY
EQUALITY
Perseverance
Aspiration
Receptivity GENEROSITY
GRATITUDE
Progress
Courage
PERSERVENCE GOODNESS
Goodness
Generosity
Equality ASPIRATION
COURAGE
Peace
RECEPTIVIT PROGRESS
Y

Meaning of colours

In March 1934, Sri Aurobindo indicated through the (above placed) colour chart of the twelve petals pertaining to
the symbol:
•Center and four powers, white;
•The twelve all different colors in three groups:
top group red, passing to orange towards yellow;
next group, yellow passing through green towards blue;
and third group, blue passing through violet towards red.
If white is not convenient, the center may be gold (powder).

According to Sri Aurobindo the colours mentioned generally have the following significances, though the exact
meaning may vary "with the field, the combinations, the character and shades of the color, the play of forces":
Red physical
Yellow thinking mind
Blue higher mind
Orange supramental in the physical
Violet divine compassion or grace
Gold divine Truth
Green life
White the light of the Mother, or the Divine Consciousness

GARDENS :-

•There are twelve gardens surrounding
the structure, converging around it in the
huge petal crown from which the
Matrimandir arises.

• In 1969, when discussing the gardens,
the Mother indicated that they would have
to be of such quality and beauty that
people visiting them would experience,
physically and concretely, the significance
of each garden

PERFECTION A.YOUTH 11.CONSCIOUSNESS 3.ROSE GARDEN .LIFE 6. EXISTENCE 2.WEALTH 8.HARMONY 12.LIGHT 5.PROGRESS 10.MATRIMANDIR B.UTILITY 9.GARDEN NAMES 1.BLISS 4.AMPHITHEATRE G.POWER 7.GARDEN OF UNITY C.

there was no amphitheatre as yet.THE AMPHITHEATRE :- •At the time of auroville’s inaugration ceremony.Red sandstone . •MATERIAL USED FOR CLADDING :.a shape has been dug into ground & as it focus a white urn in the shape of lotus bud has been placed on the top of a small mound which was clad with bricks. in 1968 .

.m. •It is 2m deep & it steps from a family of circles.m. with slopes. & 7.4.98 m ( including outer slope ) •Area .Dimensions :- •Inner diameter -75 m •Outer diameter .400 sq.500 sq.

. the French architect she chose for the project. •After this. and the practical work of overseeing the engineering requirements for the construction was given to the Aurovilian architect/engineer Piero Cicionesi who lead the development up till the completion of the Inner Chamber. approved globe model for the structure was presented to the Mother and to the residents of Auroville.CONSTRUCTION PHASE (1970-2000) 1970 •It all began with a vision the Mother had in January 1970. •The foundation stone was laid on February 21st 1971. and in 1971 the final. Roger presented her with various possible designs. and work could start. which was taken up by Roger Anger.

•The excavation was started in March by Aurovilians and Ashramites. anchored on the foundation. . and by November 1972 all the pillars were concreted up to ground level.FROM 1971 . •The foundation stone was laid at sunrise on 21st February 1971 . •In February 1972 the excavation was completed. •In June 1972 these footings were cast. •Construction of the sphere started with the erection of a steel-pipe scaffolding. but was later taken over by a paid local work force more equal to the task.the Mother’s 93rd birthday.1973 EXCAVATION AND FOUNDATIONS •Research into the design of the structure went on simultaneously with the excavation of a ten metre deep crater at the centre of Auroville for the foundations. •The next phase of the work was the casting of the four huge pillars which emerge from the bottom of the crater up to ground level to support the sphere. and measured over ten metres deep and fifty metres in diameter.

25 p. on the 17th of November 1973. •It was later discovered that this first slab joining all the four pillars . . •Then came the concreting for the first slab.was completed at the very moment that The Mother left her physical body in Pondicherry. •It was completed at the Western pillar summit at 7.•The scaffolding reached a height of ten metres to support the 400 ton weight of the first slab of the sphere.m. •Steel mountings to hold the discs planned for covering the outer surface of the finished structure had also to be fixed in a regular pattern. •Wooden scaffolding and temporary towers for hoisting had to be erected on the four pillars.each named for an aspect of the Supreme •Divine Mother . in perfect weather. which went on without rain interruption for six days during the peak of the monsoon season.

these brackets and this ring-beam would support the floor of the inner chamber.FROM 1974 . By the beginning of 1975 work on the ribs at all four pillars had reached the half-way point after a steady succession of concretings. situated more than 14 metres above ground level. •Casting of the second level slab was completed in March 1974. . •This beam was cast in December 1974. •During the autumn of 1974 construction entered a new phase with work on the four pairs of cantilevered arm-brackets joining together the four rib pairs in a ring-beam at the centre.1979 THE PILLARS •During January and February of 1974 preparations proceeded for concreting the first layers of the four pillars which would form the framework of the sphere.

and the work on the walls of the Chamber began. •In June 1976 the pipe scaffolding was taken down and for the first time the interior space of the Matrimandir was visible. . •This beam was finally cast in a two day concreting which began on the 28th of May 1976. •These were poured in layers using a specially fabricated steel shuttering. •At 29 metres above ground level a final ring- beam supports the roof of the interior chamber. Concreting of the floor of the Inner Chamber took place in November 1976.•By September 1975. the ribs had begun to curve inwards and upwards and preparations were underway to join the ribs in a ring beam at the top of the sphere.

1987 THE SPACE FRAME •The space-frame to support the skin of Matrimandir is a grid of triangles of varying sizes which runs •the length and breadth of the sphere. and though many possible materials could be used to cover the triangles of the space frame. •The outer skin will finally be covered by golden discs.FROM 1979 . •It allows for a double skin. . the original plan was for cement inside and outside (subsequently. ferrocement was chosen as the most adaptable material for the outer skin and tinted glass for the inner skin).

went on simultaneously with laying of the marble on the floor. •Meanwhile initial research into the Chamber’s air-conditioning system was done. •The first stages of preparing the symbols . Germany •the tools for engravings on marble slabs. made in the workshops. •During 1990 the twelve columns were given a lengthy treatment to give them the perfectly white matte finish desired. and slowly the colour of the lower reaches of the twelve-sided Chamber was changed from cement grey to dazzling white.to support the crystal globe . •Staircases that enter the building through each of the four pillars up to the first level were meanwhile under construction.and raising of the funds needed . plus experimenting on the mirror of the heliostat to eventually safely direct light onto the crystal globe.1991 THE INNER CHAMBER •During three years of concentrated work the Inner Chamber took shape. . • After years of research into the best materials for the Chamber .FROM 1988 . •Over 1.200 of slabs of white marble were mounted.all the various elements found their place: seamlessly welded and galvanised zinc columns of sixty centimetre diameter imported from Italy the Makrana marble to cover the floor from Rajasthan pure white marble for the Chamber walls from Italy a temporary heliostat designed to direct a single ray of sunlight onto the crystal the seventy centimetres diameter crystal globe manufactured by Zeiss.

. •A large Auroville construction group took up the three major works of producing the ferrocement elements for the outer skin. building the twelve outer petals. •Fine white marble was being purchased for the mosaic finishing on the first and second levels of the structure and for the double spiral staircase which connects the two levels. and tiling the existing Amphitheatre with natural red stone from AGRA.THREE MAJOR WORKS •In the meantime work on the concrete reservoir for rainwater under the sphere of Matrimandir had been ongoing.

condensers and pumps as well as electrical control panels were all in place.woven in India from imported wool . •The water piping duct. •The air-conditioning system is now up and running almost inaudibly in the Chamber.1992-2000 AIR-CONDITIONING •Experts started working on drawings for the Inner Chamber’s air conditioning in 1989 and made decisions about the type of system in May 1992. which cover the entire floor area of the Chamber. • In this year the underground space for the chilling plant (at the Amphitheater) had been cast and the spaces for the air-handling units inside the north and south ribs of Matrimandir were complete.000-litre tank for chilled water .was well on the way to completion by February 1993. • On arrival at Madras Airport in April 1991. •The 80. it was passed through customs in record time and driven straight to Auroville. •Compressors.was ready early in 1994. the only one of its kind. . is the biggest optically perfect glass globe ever made in the world. CARPET •The carpet .assembled from fibre-reinforced polyester panels . running from the Amphitheater to the Matrimandir had been constructed. •The next morning it was hoisted in its packing crate up to the Inner Chamber. • The process of laying the carpet took nearly six days to finish. beginning on the 19th of February. •It took six months to weave the twelve sections and two spare pieces. CRYSTAL GLOBE •The seventy centimeter diameter 'crystal' globe.

modifications of the prototype were made. concave and convex discs. The majority of the discs' shells have finally been made of stainless steel. a first series of discs was made in polyester. Resulting from further research and experimentation. In August 1995 the gilding of the discs started under the guidance of a master gilder from Germany. About 461 big convex discs (2. . Over 100 discs were made using the method of gilding which the master gilder taught the workers at Auroville. Mounted onto the structure by a system of metal rods. before it was discovered that this method might not be suitable. they will have the practical function of shading the building from the strong sunlight of south-India.3 m diam) and 954 small (1. and not of polyester. After several years of trials.THE GOLD DISCS The outer skin of Matrimandir is to be totally covered by decorative. attaching themselves to the gold discs forced a reconsideration of this method of gilding. Birds and bees.4 m diam) concave discs were to be produced. golden.

. each of these circular spaces will carry the name and colour of one of the 'petals' of the Mother's symbol.are to be centres for 'silence and concentration' with meditation rooms built inside each of them. gradually descending to ground level and the inner gardens.as the main structure itself . •The petals are fanning from the promenade around the pond beneath the Matrimandir and extending for over forty meters. •Once completed. •This is not only so because they add to the image of the New Consciousness breaking forth from Matter. but also since they .THE PETALS •The twelve stone-clad 'petals' around the Matrimandir form an intrinsic part of the complex. so that users can choose the appropriate space according to their need of the moment.

four of which lead directly into Matrimandir via staircases between the pillars. Making the foundations of the petals started in 1992 and today the twelve petals are completed.is nearly completed. •The first meditation room in the first petal. . •Red Agra stone has by now covered most of them. mainly grass covered petals. on the left side of the main entrance to Matrimandir.•There are twelve pathways between the petals. which lead onto the inner gardens. •Circling the big petals there are twelve smaller. and eight of which lead to the pond underneath. •Each petal will contain an egg-shaped meditation room corresponding in colour and vibration to qualities like sincerity. aspiration and others.

CONSTRUCTION PHASES: 2005 •A large aluminium scaffolding (15 m high) stands in the middle of the chamber to give access to the central hole in the ceiling which is being modified. . •This work includes the re-painting of the entire ceiling.

and most radials within it. •It already looks very beautiful. •Pierre. Somu & team. ‘ Sincerity '. SPACE BELOW MATRIMANDIR. is almost ready. which won't be paved. Pascal & team.TWELVE LARGE & SMALL PETALS •Two meditation rooms . PATHWAYS ON THE FUTURE ISLAND •By August end. Somu's team will complete the 1st circular pathway. was completed 3 months ago. AT GROUND LEVEL •The white marble Lotus Pond is being completed by Fabrice. •They will then carry on with all other pathways on the future Island except for most of those in the west side. Carlos & team are busy completing the nine others. ‘ Peace ' & ‘ Equality' . . ‘ Perfection '. •Peter's team cuts all the stones. Shanta. are open for meditation and a 3 rd . •The surrounding area is also almost complete thanks to Alain. •The last of the 12 small petals . •They are all at a very advanced state of completion and should be completed before the end of 2005. Pashi.

Dirk. Michael & Gilles). This highly sophisticated system will incorporate maximum flexibility and the latest water saving techniques. Sprinklers and drippers will be placed only when the designs are finalised.INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE FUTURE OVAL ISLAND (WATER & ELECTRICAL SYSTEM) Irrigation system of the future Island : 3 quotations for the main components of this system have been received and the order is about to be placed (Luca. . Pashi.