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Quiz on Homework 10 and 11

1. For what purpose is a


A manometer is used to measure gas pressure.
manometer used?
2. Explain how a gas exerts Gas molecules bounce against the sides
pressure on its container. of the container, Pressure = Force/Area
3. Which gas exerts less therefore,
pressure, the one on the the more collisions, the more pressure.
right or the left?
4. What is the value of The gas on the left exerts less pressure
standard atmospheric
pressure in kPa. 101.3 kPa
5. If the difference in height in
the manometer on the left is
75mm, and atmospheric
pressure is 100 kPa, what is
the pressure of the gas in
the left manometer?

Pgas = 100 – 75/7.5


Pgas = 90 kPa
Patm – h/7.5

Patm + h/7.5

Due: HW 11: Define and draw a labeled diagram of a manometer


and a barometer. Take notes on page 381 sample problem; Do #1-8 page 382
Due: HW #12: Do #25 28 and 40 page 390 and 391. If you have trouble deciding
when to add, and when to subtract atmospheric pressure, first draw a sketch
of the manometer. Add atmospheric pressure if gas pushes more than
atmosphere.
Due: HW #13 Notes page 384  385; Do #29, 30 page 391
Due Tomorrow: HW 14 # 32,33,34 page 391
Due Wednesday: HW 15: Notes page 385; Do # 16 p 388; #35,43 page 391
Extra Credit: #44,45,46, 48,49,50 page 392 (20 pts) (label it HW #16)
Whatever is not done in class is due Friday, April 30. HW 14 Due Tuesday,
Test Wed.
How do you solve these problems?
1. An open manometer, such as the one in figure 15.4, is filled with
mercury and connected to a container of hydrogen. The mercury
level is 62 mm higher in the arm of the tube connected to the gas.
Use this model ( Patm - ht/7.5) kPa
Atmospheric pressure is 97.7 kPa. What
is the pressure of the hydrogen in kilo
pascals?

Patm – ht/7.5

/
97.7kPa – (62mm 7.5kPa/mm)

= 97.7 kPa – 8.3 kPa


= 89.4 kPa
Temperature and Heat
• Temperature is the average kinetic energy
of molecules.
• Absolute zero is -273.15oC,
-273oC.
• To convert from Celsius to Kelvin add 273
• To convert to Celsius subtract 273.
• One Celsius degree = 1 Kelvin degree!
Do #9- 12 in class
9. a. 86K - 273K = -187oC
b. 191 K - 273K = - 82oC
c. 533 K - 273K = 260oC 11 a. 559oC
b. 417 oC
d. 321 K - 273K = 48oC c. 111oC
e. 894 K - 273K = 621oC d. -253 oC
e. – 213 oC

10. a. 23oC 12. N2 = 28g/mole


+ 273K = 296 K
F2 = 38 g/mole
b. 58oC + 273K = 331 K CO2 = 44g/mole
O2 = 32 g/mole
c. -90oC + 273K = 183 K
N2 moves the fastest
d. 18oC + 273K = 291 K because it weighs the
+ 273K = 298 K least.
e. 25oC
States of matter
most movement

Gases move rapidly filling the Gases form when atoms


entire container. do not have enough attractive
force to stay near each other.

least
movement

Liquids consist of disorganized atoms/molecules Solids are organized structures


which are attracted to each other. with lots of attraction and little
How do you solve problems with closed end
manometers or barometers?
2. A closed manometer, like the one in figure 15.4, is filled with mercury
and connected to a container of nitrogen. The difference in the
height of mercury in the two arms is 691 mm. What is the pressure
of the nitrogen in kilopascals?

691 mm/ 7.5 mm/kPa

Since the “other side”


has a pressure of zero,
adding or subtracting changes
nothing!

Pnitrogen = 92.1 kPa


How do you solve these problems?
3. An open manometer connected to a tank of argon has a mercury
level 38 mm higher in the atmospheric arm.
Use this model ( Patm + ht/7.5) kPa
If Atmospheric pressure is 96.3 kPa, what
is the pressure of Argon in kPa?

Patm + ht/7.5

/
96.3kPa + (38mm 7.5kPa/mm)

= 96.3 kPa – 5.1 kPa


= 101.4 kPa
Answers to homework
• page 382 1-8 (1/2 credit if the work is not shown)
1. 89.4 kPa
2. 92.1 kPa
3. 101.4 kPa
4. 11.5 kPa
5. All matter is composed of small particles; these particles are in constant
motion; all collisions between particles are perfectly elastic.
6. Gas molecules collide with the walls of the container holding the gas,
and each collision exerts a force on the container. The force of collision
and the number of collisions cause pressure.
7. In an open-arm manometer one arm of the U-tube is open to the
atmosphere. The gas being studied exerts pressure on the other arm. In
a closed-arm manometer, there is a vacuum above the liquid in one
arm. If a closed-arm manometer is used to measure atmospheric
pressure, it is called a barometer. An open-arm manometer measures
the difference in pressure between the atmosphere and the gas sample.
A closed-arm manometer measures pressure independently of
atmospheric pressure.
8. 16.0 kPa; 10.7 kPa
# 27. An open manometer like the one in figure 15.4 is used to measure the
pressure of a gas sample. The mercury level is 24 mm higher in the arm
open to the atmosphere What is the pressure, in kilopascals,
of the gas in the container if the air pressure is 100.3 kilopascals?

• Patm = 100.3 + 24/7.5


• Patm = 103.5kPa
# 26. In a closed manometer, assume that the height of the levels
differs by 522 mm Hg. What is the pressure, in kilopascals, of the gas in
the container?

• Pgas = 522/7.5
• Pgas = 69.6 kPa

Answers to the rest of the questions


are:
27. 103.5 kPa
28. 106.7 kPa
29. The temperature increases
directly (proportionally) with an increase
in Kinetic energy.
30. Absolute zero means all molecular
motion ceases (stops).

Homework where work is shown only merits ½ credit!