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You are on page 1of 11

A manometer is used to measure gas pressure.

manometer used?

2. Explain how a gas exerts Gas molecules bounce against the sides

pressure on its container. of the container, Pressure = Force/Area

3. Which gas exerts less therefore,

pressure, the one on the the more collisions, the more pressure.

right or the left?

4. What is the value of The gas on the left exerts less pressure

standard atmospheric

pressure in kPa. 101.3 kPa

5. If the difference in height in

the manometer on the left is

75mm, and atmospheric

pressure is 100 kPa, what is

the pressure of the gas in

the left manometer?

Pgas = 90 kPa

Patm – h/7.5

Patm + h/7.5

and a barometer. Take notes on page 381 sample problem; Do #1-8 page 382

Due: HW #12: Do #25 28 and 40 page 390 and 391. If you have trouble deciding

when to add, and when to subtract atmospheric pressure, first draw a sketch

of the manometer. Add atmospheric pressure if gas pushes more than

atmosphere.

Due: HW #13 Notes page 384 385; Do #29, 30 page 391

Due Tomorrow: HW 14 # 32,33,34 page 391

Due Wednesday: HW 15: Notes page 385; Do # 16 p 388; #35,43 page 391

Extra Credit: #44,45,46, 48,49,50 page 392 (20 pts) (label it HW #16)

Whatever is not done in class is due Friday, April 30. HW 14 Due Tuesday,

Test Wed.

How do you solve these problems?

1. An open manometer, such as the one in figure 15.4, is filled with

mercury and connected to a container of hydrogen. The mercury

level is 62 mm higher in the arm of the tube connected to the gas.

Use this model ( Patm - ht/7.5) kPa

Atmospheric pressure is 97.7 kPa. What

is the pressure of the hydrogen in kilo

pascals?

Patm – ht/7.5

/

97.7kPa – (62mm 7.5kPa/mm)

= 89.4 kPa

Temperature and Heat

• Temperature is the average kinetic energy

of molecules.

• Absolute zero is -273.15oC,

-273oC.

• To convert from Celsius to Kelvin add 273

• To convert to Celsius subtract 273.

• One Celsius degree = 1 Kelvin degree!

Do #9- 12 in class

9. a. 86K - 273K = -187oC

b. 191 K - 273K = - 82oC

c. 533 K - 273K = 260oC 11 a. 559oC

b. 417 oC

d. 321 K - 273K = 48oC c. 111oC

e. 894 K - 273K = 621oC d. -253 oC

e. – 213 oC

+ 273K = 296 K

F2 = 38 g/mole

b. 58oC + 273K = 331 K CO2 = 44g/mole

O2 = 32 g/mole

c. -90oC + 273K = 183 K

N2 moves the fastest

d. 18oC + 273K = 291 K because it weighs the

+ 273K = 298 K least.

e. 25oC

States of matter

most movement

entire container. do not have enough attractive

force to stay near each other.

least

movement

which are attracted to each other. with lots of attraction and little

How do you solve problems with closed end

manometers or barometers?

2. A closed manometer, like the one in figure 15.4, is filled with mercury

and connected to a container of nitrogen. The difference in the

height of mercury in the two arms is 691 mm. What is the pressure

of the nitrogen in kilopascals?

has a pressure of zero,

adding or subtracting changes

nothing!

How do you solve these problems?

3. An open manometer connected to a tank of argon has a mercury

level 38 mm higher in the atmospheric arm.

Use this model ( Patm + ht/7.5) kPa

If Atmospheric pressure is 96.3 kPa, what

is the pressure of Argon in kPa?

Patm + ht/7.5

/

96.3kPa + (38mm 7.5kPa/mm)

= 101.4 kPa

Answers to homework

• page 382 1-8 (1/2 credit if the work is not shown)

1. 89.4 kPa

2. 92.1 kPa

3. 101.4 kPa

4. 11.5 kPa

5. All matter is composed of small particles; these particles are in constant

motion; all collisions between particles are perfectly elastic.

6. Gas molecules collide with the walls of the container holding the gas,

and each collision exerts a force on the container. The force of collision

and the number of collisions cause pressure.

7. In an open-arm manometer one arm of the U-tube is open to the

atmosphere. The gas being studied exerts pressure on the other arm. In

a closed-arm manometer, there is a vacuum above the liquid in one

arm. If a closed-arm manometer is used to measure atmospheric

pressure, it is called a barometer. An open-arm manometer measures

the difference in pressure between the atmosphere and the gas sample.

A closed-arm manometer measures pressure independently of

atmospheric pressure.

8. 16.0 kPa; 10.7 kPa

# 27. An open manometer like the one in figure 15.4 is used to measure the

pressure of a gas sample. The mercury level is 24 mm higher in the arm

open to the atmosphere What is the pressure, in kilopascals,

of the gas in the container if the air pressure is 100.3 kilopascals?

• Patm = 103.5kPa

# 26. In a closed manometer, assume that the height of the levels

differs by 522 mm Hg. What is the pressure, in kilopascals, of the gas in

the container?

• Pgas = 522/7.5

• Pgas = 69.6 kPa

are:

27. 103.5 kPa

28. 106.7 kPa

29. The temperature increases

directly (proportionally) with an increase

in Kinetic energy.

30. Absolute zero means all molecular

motion ceases (stops).

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