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WILLIAM MORRIS

Born March 24, 1834 in Walthamstow, England


Associated with the British Arts and Crafts Movement.

Had a profound influence on building design, although he was not trained as an


architect.

William Morris the designer became famous for his hand-crafted wall coverings,
stained glass, carpets, and tapestries.
MORRIS & REVIVAL OF GOTHIC
ARCHITECTURE
Morris attended Marlborough and Exeter College, at Oxford University.

The young men formed a group known as the Brotherhood, or the Pre-Raphaelite
Brotherhood.

They shared a love of poetry, the Middle Ages, and Gothic architecture.

Edward Burne-Jones Dante Gabriel Rossetti


Members of the Brotherhood read the writings of John
Ruskin (1819-1900) and developed an interest in the Gothic
Revival style.
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
begun in Britain had turned the country into
something unrecognizable to the young men.

The artistry and honesty in hand-crafted material—


not machine-made material—was missing in British
goods.
Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co. 1861
most important designers and decorators, most of the Pre-
Raphaelites were involved in designing for the company.

Philip Webb
Morris & Company

Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB)

"to put Protection in the place of Restoration....to treat


our ancient buildings as monuments of a bygone art."
Architectural commissions
Red House
a grand and simple domestic structure exemplified the Arts and Crafts philosophy inside and out
with craftsman-like workmanship and traditional,
was influential in its design and construction
unornamented design