SEMINAR ON NETWORK TOPOLOGY

NAME:ABHINAV SINGH BRANCH:CS ROLL NO:02

ABSTRACT
• Although the computer industry is youngest ,the major part of this spectacular progress is contributed by networking.To get acquainted with networks you must know about:
 Network topologies

• • • • •

INTRODUCTION CONTENT Hubs Switch Advantages & disadvantages

INTRODUCTION
• WHAT IS IT?
A Network is a set of devices connected by media links. These devices are termed as Nodes. A Node can be any device which is capable of sending and/or receiving data from/to other Nodes. The links are called communication channels.

CONTENT

Definition of Network Topology Types of Network Topology Differentiation Between the Types of Network Topology

MAIN MENU

OBJECTIVE

EXERCISE

SUMMARY

EXIT

DEFINITION

What is a Topology ? The physical topology of a network refers to the configuration of cables, computers and other peripherals.

TYPES OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY Three commonly used network topologies are:Bus network.

Ring network.

Star network.

STAR TOPOLOGY

All devices connect to a central device, called hub. All data transferred from one computer to another passes through hub.

STAR TOPOLOGY

BUS TOPOLOGY
All computers and devices connected to central cable or bus. Consists of a main run of cable with a terminator at each end.

Popular on LANs because they are inexpensive and easy to install.

BUS TOPOLOGY

RING TOPOLOGY
Cable forms closed ring or loop, with all computers and devices arranged along ring. Data travels from device to device around entire ring, in one direction. Primarily is used for LANs, but also is used in WANs.

RING TOPOLOGY

ADVANTAGES :
•NO TRAFFIC PROBLEMS

•PRIVACY AND SECURITY
• EASY FAULT IDENTIFICATION & ISOLATION •ROBUST

DISADVANTAGES:
• MORE CABLES REQUIRED
• MORE SPACE CONSUMPTION • EXPENSIVE HARDWARE • MORE I/O NODES • DIFFICULT INSTALLATION & CONFIGURATION

TREE TOPOLOGY
Server

Types of Hubs
Passive Hubs:- It simply receive data from one port of the hub and send it to the other ports. Active:- It provide the same functionality of a passive hubs with an additional features . Active hubs repeating the data while resending it to all of the ports.

Switches
• A common solution to traffic problems is to implement switches. • Switches also referred to as multi port bridges. • Automatically determines the MAC address of the device connect to each port of the switch.

DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN THE THREE TYPES OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY

WHAT IS DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN THE THREE OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY?

DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN THE THREE TYPES OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network_topology http://home.att.net/~charlie.net/cMctopology.htm

DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN THE THREE TYPES OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY

STAR
ADVANTAGE 1) Easy to install and wire. DISADVANTAGE 1) Requires more cable length than a linear topology. 2) Security can be implemented in the hub/switch. 3) Easy to detect faults and to remove parts. 2) If the hub or concentrator fails, nodes attached are disabled. 3) More expensive than linear bus topologies because of the cost of the concentrators.

DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN THE THREE TYPES OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY

BUS
ADVANTAGE 1) Easy to connect computer or peripheral to a linear bus. 2) Requires less cable length than a star topology. DISADVANTAGE 1) Entire network shuts down if there is a break in the main cable. 2) Terminators are required at both ends of the backbone cable. 3) Difficult to identify the problem if the entire network shuts down.

DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN THE THREE TYPES OF NETWORK TOPOLOGY

RING
ADVANTAGE 1) Data is quickly transferred without a ‘bottle neck’. 1) DISADVANTAGE Data packets must pass through every computer between the sender and recipient therefore, this makes it slower.

2) The transmission of data is relatively simple as packets travel in one direction only.

2) If any of the nodes fail then the ring is broken and data cannot be transmitted successfully. 3) It is difficult to troubleshoot the ring.

SUMMARY
BUS TOPOLOGY

DEFINITION
•All computers and devices connected to central cable

ADVANTAGE
•Easy to connect a computer or peripheral to a linear bus. •Requires less cable length than a star topology.

DISADVANTAGE •Entire network shuts down if there is a break in the main cable. •Terminators are required at both ends of the backbone cable. •Difficult to identify the problem if the entire network shuts down.

SUMMARY
RING TOPOLOGY

DEFINITION
•Cable forms closed ring or loop, with all computers and devices arranged along ring.

ADVANTAGE
•Data is quickly transferred without a ‘bottle neck’. •The transmission of data is relatively simple as packets travel in one direction only.

DISADVANTAGE •Data packets must pass through every computer between the sender and recipient therefore, this makes it slower. •If any of the nodes fail then the ring is broken and data cannot be transmitted successfully. •It is difficult to troubleshoot the ring.

SUMMARY
STAR TOPOLOGY

DEFINITION
•All devices connect to a central device, called hub.

ADVANTAGE
•Easy to install and wire. •Security can be implemented in the hub/switch. •Easy to detect faults and to remove parts

DISADVANTAGE •Requires more cable length than a linear topology. If the hub or concentrator fails, nodes attached are disabled. More expensive than linear bus topologies because of the cost of the concentrators.

Thank You !!!!t

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